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icma&Ll  Cdvaoru  rap 



Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  rolling 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Lisa  Gltclman 
Leonard  DcGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Mary  Ann  Hellrigcl 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A.  Dctlg 
Gregory  Jankunls 
Douglas  G.  Tarr 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  Maryland 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 

Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Helen  Endlck 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Research  Associates 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Karen  A.  Detig 

Assistant  Editors 

Keith  A  Nier 
Gregory  Field 
Lisa  Gltelman 
Martha  J.  King 


Grace  Kurkowskl 

Gregory  Jankunis 

Student  Assistant 
Bethany  Jankunis 


Rutgers,  The  Stale  University  of  National  Park  Service 

New  Jersey  John  Maounis 

Francis  L  Lawrence  Maryanne  Gerbauckas 

Joseph  J.  Seneca  Nancy  Waters 

Richard  F.  Foley  George  Tselos 

Rudolph  M.  Bell  Smithsonian  Institution 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission  Bernard  Finn 

Howard  L  Green  Arthur  P.  Molella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingold,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  University 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Christiansen,  Charles  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Westinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 



The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 


National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Gattelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 
Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 
General  Electric  Foundation 
Gould  Inc.  Foundation 
Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 
Idaho  Power  Company 
International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

1889.  Mining  -  Foreign  (D-89-52) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mining  and  ore  milling  in  Canada,  Chile,  Europe,  and  New  Zealand.  Some 
of  the  items  deal  with  inquiries  about  Edison’s  ore  milling  and  processing 
machinery.  Other  documents  pertain  to  ore  samples  sent  to  Edison  from 
various  sources.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Osgood  S.  Wiley,  an  Edison 
agent  in  the  United  Kingdom  who  was  dismissed  in  1889;  James  Dredge,  the 
coeditor  of  Engineering ;  and  S.  J.  Ritchie,  a  businessman  seeking  to  utilize 
Edison’s  ore  milling  process  in  Canada. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 

correspondence  regarding  foreign  mining  properties  and  ore  samples  sent  to 
Edison  for  assay;  correspondence  about  Alfred  O.  Tate’s  Canadian  business 
dealings  with  George  D.  Dickson  and  W.  H.  Dean;  letters  of  transmittal; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

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,,  ™un,  ohio,  January  intn,  mug. 

Mr  Thomas  A. Edison 

Dear  Sir:  . 

■rith  your  request  when  at  our  office 
ive  sent  you, by  express, to-day, a  san- 
<C  the  iron  ore, with  which  you  said 
iperiments.  This  is  the  same  kind  of 
-r  y°«r  agents  at  Coo  Hill, in  Canada, 
y  experimented* 

wpios  or  the  copper  and  nickel  ores 
o  us, and  upon  receipt  or  them  will 
e  also  of  the  matte  v/e  are  now  nal> 

.s,  ,  .  \  ..  \  W  / - — -  of  this  oity  who  is  largely  inter¬ 

ested  H  -hoi  offcper  Mid  nickel  nines.and.  the  iron  mines  with  wh<ch 
Afe  are  c Annefcted ,  is  Aow  in  New  York, and  desires  the  privilege  or 
calling  you  ni^l  pursuing  the  conversation  wo  had  with  you  at 
our  oi.ioe.  Ho  has  boon  at  -your  place  some  5  or  c  times, but  has 
been  unable  to  see  you.  We  trust  that  you  will  he  so  kind  as  to 
fnmlT  • h1'''  R  sh"rt  interview,  for  we  have  several  metallurgical  prol^ 
si'1  connection  with  these  ores  that  are  of  vital  importance  to 



ddk"j\  Ihdd  \J  (farm—  A  e*M.  l/\~  ds\rkt-~ 

Telephone  No.  3063. 


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H.  P,  McINTDSH, 

Roams,  9  and  10  Wade  Block, 
No,  10 B  Superior  St, 

/oA^JLsrU.,  (Gqn.  39  1889. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 


While  in  New  York  I  ordered  the  Superintendent  of  tho 
Central  Ontario  Ry. ,  to  ship  to  me  at  O&ange  ,  N.  J.  ,  a  barrel 
of  Titanium  iron  *re.  I  had  it  shipped  in  my  name  so  that  the 
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for  you  to  have  any  other  ordei*  than  this  to  get  it  ,  please 
inform  me  and  I  will  send  whatever  order  is  necessary. 




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lij^on  ilou^e  “  13,”  N’oi‘tl\mnbeillh,itcl  Svei\ue, 

\  v  X  LONDON. 

A  \  w.c.  Peb.etlj.  1889. 

T.AiEdis  on  Esqr. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Edison, 

Re  Mr.  Wiley's  account. 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  811(1  Mr*  Wiley's  ver¬ 

bal  statement  to-day  that  you  had  now  received  a  proper  statement 
of  his  account  from  himself,  I  have,  in  accordance  with  your  re¬ 
quest,  drawn  upon  you  for  the  amount  of  my  advances  to  Mr.  Wiley 
as  per  account  already  rendered:  the  draft  being  forwarded  to 
Messrs  Drexell  Morgan  &  Co.,  of  New  York,  for  collection.  Mr&  Wi¬ 
ley  has  just  been  to  me  for  further  advances  upon  the  ground  that 
material  which  he  has  bought  and  which  was  to  be  delivered  within 
a  few  hours  c.o.d. ,  would  not  bo  left  unless  ho  paid  for  it,  and 
he  could  not  get  toe  money  from  Mr.  Dredge  as  he  was  not  at  his 
office,  and  did  not  know  when  he  would  be  there.  X  explained  to 
Mr.  Wiley  that  you  had  requested  me  to  make  him  advances,  and  more- 
overyou  had,  from  your  letter,  not  appeared  to  have  appreciated 

the  motive  which  prompted  me  to  put  myself  t>  the  inconvenience 
of  making  him  advances  in  the  first  instance.  Thereupon  Mr.  Wiley 
explained  id  me  the  exceedingly  unpleasant  and  unsatisfactory  re¬ 
lations  that  he  had  with  Mr.  Dredge  and  that  he  had  recently  been 
obliged  to  borrow  *15  or  so  from  some  comparative  strangerin  order 
to  meet  the  payments  incidental  to  the  erection  of  the  Ore  Milling 
apparatus.  Of  course  you  may  think  that  this  is  nobusiness  of 
nine,  but  when  I  point  out  to  you  the  reason  why  itis  a  matter  of 
concern  to  noyou  nay  think  differently.  Mr.  Wilv  is  here  in  con¬ 
nection  with  sons  business  of  yours  in  which  r  have  nofaing  whatever 
to  do.  it  is  true,  but  at  the  same  time,  everybody  will  naturally 
suppose  that  I  have  something  to  do  with  it,  and  whether  I  have  or 
not,  you  are  known  to  have  something  to  do  with  it  and  so,  your 
credit,  primarily,  and  mine,  by  induction,  is  equally  involved  in 
any  question  of  credit  concerning  Mr.  Wiley's  operations  here.  The 
recent  complications  with  Mr.  Dredge  and  Mr.  Wiley  compel  me  to  say 
that  if  Mr.  Wiley  is  to  proceed  here  with  this  Ore  Milling  business 
as  no  doubt  he  is  to  do,  you  should  have  a  satisfactory  under¬ 
standing  with  Mr.  Wiley  and  Mr.  Dredge,  and  make  provision  for  Mr. 
Wiley  s  expenses,  so  as  to  save  all  concerned  from  discredit  . 

I  objected  to  make  Mr.  Wiley  any  advance  in  faith  of  your  request 
that  I  should  not  do  so,  but  he  put  his  case  so  strongly  that  there 
seemed  to  be  no  alternative  on  my  part  but  to  advance  him  the  small 

amount  required,  (and  the  smaller  the  amount  the  greater  the  scan¬ 
dal  in  this  case,)which  I  have  accordingly  done. 

I  sincerely  trust  that  there  will  bo  no  complications 
here,  arising  out  of  the  Oro  Milling  buiiness,  that  may  prejudice 
the  Phonograph,  which,  together  with  your  name,  is  so  conspicuous¬ 
ly  before  the  public,  that  anybody  could  do  almost  anything,  having 
your  authority.  The  greatest  danger  of  all,  in  a  matter  of  this 
kind,  with  a  man  of  the  admited  inexperience  of  Mr.  Wiley,  is  the 
falling  into  the  hands  of  undesirable  people.  I  wish  not  to  be  un¬ 
derstood  as  making  any  criticism  on  Mr.  Wiley  to  his  prejudice  or 
otherwis-e,  nor  as  to  his  fitness  or  unfitness  for  the  work  he  is 
doing,  my;. only  solicitude  is  for  your  greater  interest,  as  con¬ 
cerns  the  Phonograph  and  my  own  interest  consequent  thereon. 

Faithfully  Yours, 


^leio6e4.y.'°^?cuLtitv  ('"^afccata)  SoCct ^xbiaetloii/ 
@ontpcuvijy,  iiuivufced. 

UTTERMOST***  ffSSrtJ/  Offices  ,t,Jto(uy  WorAf:- 


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tCy  Bear  Tate: 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  fath.  I  certainly  think  you 
night  to  write  a  letter  to  Mr. Dredge  in  Mr. Edison's  name,  approving 
>f  what  he  has  done.  I  think  it  in  a  mistake  to  go  to  this  expense 
it  the  moment  in  London,  but  it  has  been  started  and  under  these  cir- 
iumstances  the  only  thing  to  be  done  is  to  pay  for  it,  and  the  first 
•hing  to  do  is  to  assure  the  man  who  is  attending  to  the  matter  that 
.t  will  ce  paid  for. 

Yours  very  trilnly, 

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Teleph^g  No.  3663. 


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cfioom  10  e^abc  c&focft, 

9lo.  108  Su-pcxloz-  Street. 

I^L^o-dLa-  vt-eL,  (3  —  ...Apr.-io/.isas.. . 

Thoa.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  Vj0<rv>-oX  -h. 

Orange,  N.  J.  J 

Ji  l-rr'lio.  1 

Dear  Sir!"  X. 

Mr.  Hitohie  haa  talked  )  with  us  generally  about  .  ^ 

<K:»-  K«  J-Z&Z  Co-frU^-^ 

the  efforts  and  experiment*  you  /'have  been  making  with 

- : 

regard  to  the  separation  of"  nickel  and  copper  contained 
in  our  ores  at  Sudbury*  aX^C  C-<*—  c^i  «*»  ~ £T 
I  suppose 

only  repeating  what  he  has  often  said  S 

to  you  during  the  time  he  has  been  there,  that  what  we 
want  and  most  desire  is  the  ability  to  produce  metallic 
nickel  at  substantially  the  same  price  that  it  costs  to 
produce  copper.  There  does  not  seem  to  be  any  good  reason 
why  this  ought  not  to  be  done,  and  there  is  only  one 
thing  necessary  and  that  is,  how  to  do  it. 

The  question  of  refining  works  is  immediately  upon  us 
and  it  will  be  impossible  for  us  to  defer  putting  them  in 
process  of  erection.  It  is,  therefore,  of  the  utmost  importance 
that  whatever  you  can  do  towards  perfecting  what  wo  desire, 
an  indicated  above,  should  be  done  at  the  earliest  moment 
possible.  We  want  a  furnace  separation  of  these  metals 
whioh  will  give  us  quick  results.  The  slow  processes  used 
in  the  leaching  process  are  in  many  respects  very  ob.ieotion- 
able.  The  whole  matter  between  you  and  us  may  be  put  in 

T.  A.  E.  2 

two  questions;  What  oan  you  do?  How  soon  oan  you  do  it? 
Wo  will  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  at  once. 

Yours  Truly, 

'fia  Caa&diafl  Sajpa  ft. 

^  dJU*/k . 

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E  N  G  IN  E'ER  I N  G  : 



Telephone  No.  3683.  r „ 

Kuiii.u  m  niiUAM  if.M.ur  axd  sami:s  j>hkd(,t.. 

fiaf  /&St/  &/,  /a  0  :  , ,  />  M#SS  4  X/ Xg  X.  X  ^ 

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/J!/  &**  ^  xfifi 

Thomas  A.  Edison*  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J» 

Dear  Sir!- 

I  have  been  informed  that  you  are  desirous  of  obtaining 
a  mine  of  .auriferous  iron  pyrites  and  as  I  have  a  property  of  that 

kind  I  will  leave  a  sample  of  the  ore  at  your  laboratory  with  this 

letter.  Tho  ore  according  to  Messrs.  E.  Balbach  &  Son's  assay 
carries  .aixlsaa  dollars  &  sixty  three  cents  per  .ion  of  .g0fi2  lbs. 

I  have  from  five  to  seven  tons  of  the  ore  hero  that  you  may  have 

if  you  so  desire.  This  lot  of  ore  I  had  sent  on  as  a  sample  and  I 

am  expecting  to  form  a  company  for  smelting  it:  but  I  understand 
that  you  have  a  cheaper  process,  so  I  should  be  pleased  to  hear 
from  you  on  the  subject. 

The  mine  is  in  Chile,  where  I  have  been  for  The  Edison 
Electric  Light  Co.  for  the  past  five  years.  The  vein  is  nearly 
vertical  and  is  explored  by  two  tunnels,  one  about  100  metres  and 
the  other  200  metres  long,  said  tunnels  are  about  30  metres  apart, 
the  vein  is  from  6,  to  £  feet  thick  and  with  modern  machinery  can 
readily  turn  out  one  hundred  tons  of  ore  daily,  3uch  as  sample. 

The  location  of  the  mine  is  very  favorable,  being  only 
1000  metres  from  the  main  line  of  railway  in  Chile,  the  climate  is 

(  X.  A.  E.  2.) 

good  and  common  labor  very  cheap* 

Should  you.  feel  interested  in  the  subject  I  ah&uld  bo 
pleased  to  give  you  further  particulars* 

Very  Truly  Yours. 

y/OTAs  cw 


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YH ' 

Telephone  n°  3663  . 


HTti/J  HV  Wtl.UAM  H.MAllr  J,V/J  JAMES  DREltUH. 

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T^£<£-  ^jJLa.K.eL,  (3 _  — Sept*... lath.,— 1889. _ 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq, , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir! 

Your  favor  of  the  10th  inst  received. 

We  will  be  pleased  to  learn  the  results  you  obtained  from  the 
shipment  of  ctfpper  orb  of  Way  31st,  1880. 

Yours  respectfully. 

^2^,  tf/fk 




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Adresso  Tdldgrnpliique :  />,  <^/ 

DYER  (Anvors).  Ss  CJ'fr?— 


BAST  NEWARK,  N.  J.  r/r>  A  J  ”  J  '  ' 

Capital  9  250,000.  O^U.  ■ 

Edison  T^^^'*****^ *******$  ^ 

Voltmotora,aIport.'^doV  Voltmeters  ^  £ 

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Lighting,  Telegraph  and  Tclepha 

BER&MANN  AND  COMPANY,  2/  x  ,  ,  /?  ' 

Capital  S  750,000  ^ 

lison  Phonographs, 
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for  Theatre  regulation 

_  /^-e  cJ*  c/^ 

STANDARD  THERMOMETER  0°  ^  ^  ^  ^ 

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Metallic  Thermometers.  ^  ^ _ 

THE  TELEMETER  COMPANY  ^~^>-y<i  CE*+  ' 



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«  j) 

Oil  and  Iron  in  New  Zealand  -  Tho  Now  Zealand  Government 
havo  recently  published  a  roport  upon  the  potroloum  de¬ 
posits  of  the  Taranaki  district,  which  apparently  havo 
a  great  future  beforo  them.  The  oil  come?  to  the  surface 
in  many  places  noar  New  Plymouth,  besides  impregnating 
the  surrounding  country  to  such  an  extent  that  farmers 
havo  had  to  abandon  many  wells,  on  account  of  the  petrol¬ 
eum  gushing  into  them  with  tho  water.  To  ascertain  wheth¬ 
er  there  was  a  probability  of  those  oil  deposits  proving  j 
a  mercantile  success,  the  Government  of  New  Zealand  de¬ 
puted  Mr.  Gordon,  inspecting  engineer  of  tho  Minos  De¬ 
partment,  to  visit  the  locality.  Mr.  Gordon  made  a  care—  j 
ful  survey  of  the  country,  and  in  hi3  lengthy  report  ho  ! 
affirms  that  “petroleum  exists  over  a  large  area,  and 
that  it  is  only  a  quostion  of  boring  to  the  requisite  dep 
depth  to  get  at  tho  source."  Tho  deposits  have  a  two-fold 
advantage  -  if  successfully  developed  they  not  only  have  j 
at  their  disposal  the  Australasian  market,  now  dependent  I 
on  America  for  oil,  but  they  would  further  provide  with  ■  j 
fuel  tho  • cal  local  iron  industry,  at  present  resting  ! 
upon  limited  supplies  of  coal  and  ohar coal.  Along  tho 



shores  of  tho  Taranaki  district  otrotoh  the  famous 
iron-sand  beaohes  of  Now  Zealand,  beaches  composed  en¬ 
tirely  of  pulverised  iron  ;oro.  Oountloss  millions  of 
tons  of  this  material  lie  along  the  western  coasts  of 
tho  North  Island  of  New  Zealand.  The  oro  produces  splen¬ 
did  iron,  but  is  somewhat  refractory.  .This  would  be  a 
trifle,  however,  if  an  abundant  supply  of  cheap  fuel 
were  available  for  smelting  purposes.  This  seems  being 
to  be  now  forthcoming  in  tho  shape  of  petroleum.  For 
some  time  past  oil  has  been  largely  used  for  smelting  in 
America,  and  there  is  no  reason  why  it  should  not  be 
successfully  adopted  in  New  Zealand,  tho  Taranaki  oil 
having  plenty  of  body  and  being  admirably  adapted  for 
fuel  purposes.  It  may  be  noted  that  while  the  oil  depos¬ 
its  of  America  and  Russia  are  several  hundred  miles  in¬ 
land,  those  of  Now  Zealand  aro  actually  on  tho  coa3t,  so 
close,  indeed,  that  the  beach  of  Now  Plymouth  is  pitted 
with  petroleum  oozings.  What  is  now  wanted  is  some  trial 
drills  to  test  the  quantity  and  character  of  the  oil 
supply,  A  few  drills,  in  tho  vicinity  of  New  Plymouth, 
ought  to  bring  to  the  surface,  not  only  enough  oil  to  pro 
vide  tho  locality  with  smelting  fuel,  but  also  sufficient 
for  several  refineries.  It  is  curious  that  while  millions 




are  invented  by  the  public  of  thin  country  in  puroly 
speculative  gold  mines,  hardly  any  funds  are  devoted 
to  sinking  wells  for  petroleum  in  Burmah,  Canada,  and 
Nevr  Zealand.  In  America,  hundreds  of  timos  ovor,  a  sin¬ 
gle  well  has  proved  as  remunerative  as  a  gold  mine,  yet 
although  petroleum  can  be  easily  enough  turned  into  gold, 
such  is  the  demand  for  it,  English  investors  have  hither¬ 
to  ignored  petroleum  undertakings.  Presently  they  will 
rusheinto  it,  just  as  shippers  have  rushed  into  the  oil 
steamer  business,  building  sixty  tank  vessels  in  less 
than  five  years,  after  a  prolonged  period  of  similar  in= 
difference.—  Engineering!* 

Hotel  Victoria, 

Northumberland  Avenue, 

^V//  London>  w.c. 


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(u^j&)  _Jj}.  foot 

»7  K ■  in,~^ (hMtK  I? z<j. 

You  have  doubtless  by 

expo  rimont  od  3uffi  a  iont- 

i  your  magnetic  ore  separator,  both  in  your  laboratory "t 

pretty  definitely  both  the  accuracy  and  the 

would  03  glad  to  have  your  answer  to  the  following  tjuestions : 

7IR8T.  Wnat  would  be  the  approximate  cost,  per  ton,  of  the 
oro  as  mined  from  the  Ground,  for  crus  hint;  and  separating  the  iron 
contained  in  it  from  trie  silica  or  other  foreign  matter,  by  your 
process?  (Xctwf  6  2.  c^»  |a.t^  Cv^cL?~tm^ 

SfCui.'!).  ilow  much  iron  will  you  bo  compelled  to  waste  in  the 
rocky  matter  which  you  separate  from  the  iron?  I  "k  (&  2*  UMiXt  fasj 

fc/  tKU|Uv,v(  cwt  ' 

THIRD.  How  high  a  grade  of  oro  can  you  produce  from  an  ore 

currying,  as  .mined,  say,  forty  per  cent. 
(0^  C*v\M'>v£«dU  CooX*  IW  t£v  fat? 

ducing  an  oro  that  -would  yield  sixty  pi 
sixty-oight  per  cent?  •  ""fcstvt  SuE-vCtd 



product  of  t:n 

To  llOW  low  K  i 
mine,  without 
r  ting  i 

su-ent#  szrsss 

F.IXTti,  AUo'vinr;,  ts  is  usually  trio  case  in  all  magnetic 

t)f  01'°  csn  you  UQU  ti'10  Wholo 
•owinj;  any  portion  of  it  into  tno 
it  int.0  second  class  piles? 

lot  thirty 

n‘°  mined  io  throw  into  tho 
waste  hasp,  trio  so-  hoops  usually  carry  in,-,  about  forty  per  cont. 
iron,  how  much  of  the  cost  per  ton  for  minins  can  you  save  by 
Grinding  lip  the  whole  amount  mined  and  saving  all 
in  it? 


ore  contained 

ChrytovUVVvt*..  K'-Uw^vn  C-Cr^t*  «  |  b^rtw-’c/y  LZ(c 
ir^TI  2.0  tui  if*  Cc^ai" ci-c\u-sr>ACt  Le  Ve  @.&6  < 

.ilEJTJl.  Can  yoa  lov,“r  the  phosphorus  contained  in  magnoi 

•os?.  ^.<SA  C.t-.V*t~~ 

C.6.  id 

EIWITil.  •"Hi  tile  fine  ore  which  is  obtained  by  your  crushing 
end  separating  process  be  worth  as  much  per  unit  of  iron,  when  de¬ 
livered  at  the  furnaces,  os  the  Lake  Superior  Hesaoinor  ores  con¬ 
taining  an  oqually  high  percentage  of  iron?  So  (.fcd  3^vww-/  S 

^  Cj  0~L*  6%"  ’ 

NIHTH.  qailiufe* the  mining  of  tho  Canadian  magnetic  ores  One 
Dollar  par  ton,  the  Railway  and  Lake  freights  One  Dollar  and  sixty 
cents  per  ton,  the  duty  Seventy-five  cents  par  ton,  seventy  per 
com.  of  the  ores  carrying  fifty-five  per  cent.  and.  thirty  per 
cent,  carrying  forty  per  cent..  Can  you  deliver  this  ore  in 
Cleveland  at  as  low  a  price  per  .unit  of  iron  as  the  Lake  Superior 
ores  can  be  delivered  at  seme  place?  The  7,ake  Superior  ores  being 



♦  80  Wall  street, 

P.  O.  Box  957.  Telephone  Call  875,  Mew. 

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.  December  ,11th , . -/<?<? 9 . 

Dear  sir: 

You  v/ill  doubtless  remember  that  I  visited  your  laboratory 
in  the  month  of  July  for  the  purpose  of  making  enquiries  respecting 
your  ore  separator.  You  were  then  kind  enough  to  promise  that  you 
would  furbish  me  v/ith  an  account  of  the  working  of  the  separator  at 
your  mines  in  Pennsylvania.  But  as  X  noticed  that  you  soon  afterwards 
went  across  the  sea,  I  presume  that  the  promised  statement  has  been 

Mr.  S.  J.  Ritchie  called  upon  me  on  Saturday  last ,  and  informed 
me  that  you  have  since  then  made  a  very  great  improvement  in  your 

method  of  separating  and  cleaning  iron  ores.  I  shall  be  very  greatly 


obliged  if  you  can  furnish  me  with  a  description  of  *£  and  its  capa¬ 
city,  together  with  analyses  or  other  particulars  showing  results 
where  your  machinery  is  in  operation.  I  should  like  to  know  in  par¬ 
ticular  whether  any  of  the  sssutteb  separated  ores  have  been  smelted, 
and  if  so,  whether  the  charge  of  the  furnace  has  been  made  up  exclu¬ 
sively  of  the  milled  ore,  or  in  what  proportion  it  has  been  mixed  with 
lump  ore.  There  is  an  impression  that  it  might  choke  the  furnace  if 
used  alone. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Thomas  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange , 

New  Jersey,  U.l 

Secretary  Ontario  Mining  Commission. 

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Edison  Laboratory. 

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1889.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (D-89-53) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mines  and  ores  to  be  bought,  sold,  worked,  or  tested.  Some  of  the  items  deal 
with  the  mining  interests  of  individuals  who  either  wanted  to  sell  property  to 
Edison  or  to  have  their  ores  tested.  There  are  also  numerous  inquiries 
regarding  Edison’s  ore  separation  process. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  for 
Edison  to  test  ore  samples;  routine  offers  of  mining  properties  and  ores  for 
sale  to  Edison;  correspondence  and  reports  by  Samuel  G.  Bum  regarding  his 
ore  survey  work  for  Edison  in  Virginia  and  North  Carolina;  bills  and  receipts; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-89-01  (Battery)  and  D-89-70 
(West  Orange  Laboratory  -  Suppliers). 


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402  Qarden  £ 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange, H.  J. 

_ ' 

Dear  Sir:-  Judge  Habersham  who  writes  the  enclosed  wishes 
me  to  oall  your  attention  to  the  same.  In  regard  to  the  ohromlte, will  let  j 

NjV^  ^ 



'  It  very  t 

Very  truly  yours. 





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t-tcj  p"  J 

THE  G.  D.  R5Y  MICfi  COMPANY, 


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Mr.  Dickson,  February  21,  188;9. 

Mr.  James  MacNaughton  has  sent  some  ore  here, 
which  I  understand  contains  Titanium.  Mr.  MacNauehton  tells  me 
that  the  Titanium  occurs  in  crystals,  and  that. there  is  no  chemi¬ 
cal  combination  between  this  element  and  the  iron.  We  would  like 
to  have  some  of  this  ore  run  through  the  separator  as  soon  as 
possible— to-day  if  practicable.  Perhaps  Mr.  Edison  would  like 

to  examine  the  concentrates  before  Mr,  MaoNaughton  is  oonmuni- 
oated  with. 

Cable  address,  Wnlbniiin,"  IMiilndclpliln. 

@rtiFi’ii!  fQrrrljiinitisr  office  of 

"fw mores,  Wo  Mo  WAILIBAUM  &  (BAD™ 


Specialties.  so6  South  Fourth  Street , 

Jlewelyn  Park  N.J. 


,  At  th*  r«que«t  of  Mr.  John  Birkinbirie  we  have  shipp-d 

to  day  to  the  laboratory  at  ^lewelyn  Park  the  following  parols. 
%J^Box  of  Pit  or  Ladle  Slag  ^ 

1  Box  of  Cupola  SJ ag  ^ 

J  Box  of  Converter  Slag  ^  r~:'  ^ 

1  K»a  of  Mill  Soale  ^  ‘ 

J  Keg  of  Mill  Cinder  C^" 

in  regard  to  the  material  marked  "Cupola  Slag"  the  writer  is  in 
doubt  whether  it  is  Iron  Cupola  or  Spiegel  Cupola  Slag,  the  latter 

was  asked  for  but  the  slag  looks  i 

i  like  the  former  and  we  have 

written  the  Penna.  Steel  Co.  who  kindly  furnished  the  material  for 

further  information. 

Trusting  thatjthe  samples  will  answer  your  purpose  we  remain. 

lijjyJ  dti 


.  Yours  Very  Truly. 

,  Cable  address,  “  Wnlbaum,”  l'lilladelpliia. 

Qnirnil  SQcrtljmibisr  JJrolfors,  OI. 

Wo  Mo  WAMBAUM  eft 

206  South  Fourth  Street, 

Laboratory  of  Thos.  A.  Bdison 

. . lyay . 

Referring  to  our  letter  of  80th.  itfst.  in  re;;ard  to  sla{i 
Bl,r,t  yo”  ror  'xpsrimental  separation  we  have  heard  from  the  Parma. 

Sttai  Oo.  that  tha  slajj  markad  'Cupola"  : 

i  Cupol  a  slaf;  and  r 

Wa  hava  baan  informad  that  ^of  Manganese  when  present  as  an  alloy 
destnuryes  tha  magnetic  properties  of  ironSild  unless  you  specially 
desire  to  try  it  or  doubt  the  accuracy  of  our  information  wa  will 
not  send  a  sample  of  Spie;;el  sla«  until  wa  hear  from  you. 
ihe  P«nna.  Steel  Oo.  were  unable  to  ;;ive  us  any  data  in  regard  to 
tha  chemical  composition  of  tha  sla;;s  they  sent  but  are  much  inter- 
-asted  in  the  outcome  of  tha  experiment. 

Of  tha  materials  sent  we  think  the  sreatest.  practical  benefit  would 
be  in  successfully  treating  the  Qhpola  and  Pit  or  fcadl a  SlaBs  as  at 
present  no  attempt  is  made  to  utilize  these  as  they  ;5o  at  one*  to 

!  otner  materials  are  usually  < 
!  writer  was  told  a  short  time 

J'iirnace  is  about  as  «ood  a  separator  as  any  yet 

a!>o  by  a  Mill  Manaaer^the  Blast 

Yours  Very  Truly.  . 


Cable  aclUrcHH 

©rucriif  {JQmrljmibisr  ^roller 



o  Mo  WAILMAUM  <&  (C©o0 

3i)6  South  Fourth  Street , 

. March  Uth. . i 889. 

Wm.  K.  Dickson  Laboratory  of  Xhas.  A.  Edison 
Orange  N.J, 

Dear  Sirs- 

Vr>  received  this  morn  in;-;  the  samples  of  the  slag  you 
so  kindly  sunt  us  and  are  much  disappointed  at  the  results  as  no 
practical  benefit  appears  to  be  derived  from  the  seperation. 

We  could  not  expect  very  much  from  the  Mil]  Scale,  Mill  Cinder  and 
converter  Spittings  as  they  are  al  ready  fair  shape  to  go  to  the 
Blast  Furnace  but  we  did  hope  that  the  Ladle  and  Cupola  Slags  would 
be  susceptible  to  treatment  as  at  present  the  Iron  they  contain  is 
a  total  loss  for  these  slags  go  direct  to  the  dump. 

We  presume  the  presence  of  Mn.  may  effect  the  seperation  or  possi¬ 
bly  the  samples  cent  were  particularly  clean  ones. 

If  you  made  any  analysis  of  the  original  samples  we  would  be  pleas- 
-ed  to  receive  them  as  we  could  tell  from  those  whether  or  not  the 
samples  were  average  ones. 

Thanking  you  for  sending  us  the  results  and  regretting  that  they 
were  not  more  satisfactory  -we  remain. 

Yours  Very  Truly. 

Friend  Edison: 

Referring  to  your  message 

through  Mr.  In Bull,  regarding  the  Montana 
gold  mine,  I  desire  to  say  that  Oov.Hauser 
will  be  glad  to  forward  to  you  a  sample  of 
the  average  ore;  but  as  the  mine  is  100 
miles  from  any  railroad,  the  expressage 
will  be  very  heavy,  and  therefore  lie  asks 
with  how  anal!  a  quantity  you  could  get 
along.  Would  100  pounds  be  sufficient  for 
your  purpose?  Do  you  wish  the  ore  pulver¬ 
ized  or  in  its  original  state,  a a  it  comes 
You  can  have  it  either  way. 
Yours  truly, 

from  the  mine. 

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\  Telegraph  SlmwncetoH-,1.  III.  _ „ 

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Penokee  and  Gogebic  Development  Company, 



19  Dey' Street, 

New; York,  ,  pt 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  H.  J". 

Osar  Sir: 


>  t  send  you  by  express  'to-day  a  cigar  box  of  the  Ora  that 

I  referred  to  when  I  saw  you  Saturday  as  being  an  Ora  found  fins  in 
its  natural  state.  The  condition  o i  tna  Ore  as  you  will  receive  it 
is  just  as  it  is  mined.  This  Ore  is  said  to  be  magnetic,  out  not  very 
strongly  so.  It  is  also  low  in  Iron,  I  would  suggest  that  this  Ore 
be  thoroughly  dried  before  you  attempt  to  separate  it.  If  you  will 
kindly  give  Mr. Dixon  instructions  about  this  you  will  greatly  oblige 

Yours  truly  , 

spell  plii°r  5Par  AV1?1’1^  ^ompai?y,%. 



Fine  ground  Stoically  Pure  Fluor  Spar  a  Specialty,  for  use  of  glass  Works  and  Shemicals,  ^ 

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19  Dey  Street, 

New  York,'  m  7,  iaa9. 


A.  0. Tate,  Esq., 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange ,  N,J. 

•Dear  Sir; 

I  send,  directed  to  you,  to --day  by  express  a  small  box 
of  Ore.  In  the  box  you  will-fy/a  letter  addressed  to  me  from 
Mr.W.  G.Rowe  of  Reading,  Pa./This  letter  win  explain  the  matter 
fully.  Please'  show  this/ietter  to  Mr. Edison  and  ask  him  what  ho 
thinks  of  the  Ore  fop/  separating  purposes.  Have  the  Ora  separat¬ 
ed,  and  please  s yA  me  samples  of  the  concentrate  and  tailings, 
■and  also  l4tnp/know  what  the  percentage  of  metallic  -iron  is,  and 

Yours  vary  truly, 


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Cable  address,  “  Wnlbaunt,"  4’liilatlclpliia. 

Qpiirnil  {Qmlpmbisr  broker#, 



206  South  Fourth  Street, 

Laboratory  of:  Thos.  A.  Edison 
Orange  *'.  J. 



Would  you  kindly  advis^if  B^teplos  of  ere^pJL  of  which 
v/as  sont  you  on  the  5th.  inst.  have  been  received,  for  if  not  we 


will  send^jw*i  a  tracer.  Our  principal  3  in  ihis  matter  are  anxious 
to  hear  t«e;  results  of  your  seperation  and  alp*  to  receive  ,osti- 
-mayes  on  cast  of  plant  as  per  ours  of  the  10th.  ult.  They  are  ne- 
-goiating  with  other  people  and  we  are  afraid  that  if  we  are  unablo 
to  place  some  data  before  them  soon  they  may  make  other  arrange- 
-ments.  Awaiting  your  reply  we  remain. 

lour*  Very  Truly. 

ICattbb’s  Goods,  covered  Heeds,  Leathers  and  Self- go  n  fo  it  Art  no-  mat  Wires. 

0^ . . 

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©onrntl  {JQrrrlpmhisr  Jjrokn 

t>  (.flTo  Mo  WAILMAIIM  (0©o, 

SUPPLIES,  y'  ,  ,  Iti' 

*.  yfg V'U  *°6  Smith  Fourth  Street, 

(  June  «5th.  ,. 

Laboratory  of  'Chos.  A.  Edison 

&*+-  v*  "  '-f 

Your  esteemed  favor  of  the  2^th.  inst.  cam#  dul  y 
and  in  reply  we  respectfully  refer  you  to  our  Jetter  of  the  1 
uit.  which  covers  largely  the  information  we  wish.  V In  would  £ 

ask  for  samples  of  1 

>  you  have  recently  tasted, 

-pies  1st.  of  the  Crude  Ore  before  treatment,  2nd.,  concentrates 
from  separation  and  3rd.  tailings  from  separation  in  order,  chat  our 
principals  can  obtain  sufficient  knowledge  of  the  benefit  they  will 
derive  in  treatment  of  their  ore  by  your  method  to  justify  them  in 
the  erection  of  a  plant  at  their  mines.  As  you  can  see  by  the  date 
of  our  first  letter  to  yon  on  this  subject  there  has  already  been 
considerable  delay  in  obtaining  the  information  we  desire  and  vie 
would  be  greatly  obliged  to  you  if  now  after'  testing  the  ore  in 
accordance  with  your  letter  of  the  21th.  ult.  you  w«u! d  put  us  in 
a  position  to  communicate  with  our  principals  at  your  earliest  pos¬ 
sible  convenience.  We  would  also  like  to  know  the  proportional  -amo- 
-unt  of  each  product  of  seperation  that  is  in  one  hundred  parts  of 
crude  ore  what  percentage  of  concentrates  and  tailings  will  be  ob- 
-tained.  Awaiting  your  reply  we  remain.,  -7- 


Wv -V^'3  MX 

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way  t 

July  26th, 1889. 

Dr. Thomas  A. Edison. 

Orange, N.J. 

Dear  Sir;. 

I  am  interested  with  others  in  a  vein  of 
material  which  has  assayed  as  follows;- 

SllloB*  35,33* 

Ferric  Oxide.,  88,66* 

Phos  acid. 


7,84  % 


Several  of  the  samples  have  assayed  as  high  as  20*  phos  acid, 
and  is  therefore  valuable  as  a  fertilizer,!!  the  ferric  oxide  or 
oxide  of  iron  can  be  eleminated  from  the  phosphorio  acid. 

This  rock  has  baffled  several  chemists  to  treat  it  with  aoids 
and  one  of  them  suggested  calcination  process  in  order  to  render 
the  phos  acid  more  soluable  and  to  rid  it  of  the  excess  of  ferric 
oxide.  Some  of  the  samples  assayed  about  20*  ferric  oxide, which 
the  chemists  say  is  too  in  iron  and  injurious  to  vegetation. 

^  rFlhse  letrme°hrnlrCe,0r  f0rward  *  pr°per  P^i^foTtriri 

rlease  let  me  hear  from  you  on  the  subject, and  oblige  1 
fours  truly 

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vestogation  of  the  oolitic  ores  and  find  that  the  so-called  lime 
stone  ore  of  Southern  Ohio  has  thi‘d  peculiarity;  that  in  one  part 
of  a  hill  they  get  ore  such  as  we  inspected  when  at  the  factory 
which  is  oolitic  in  character  and  in  other  places  in  the  same  hill 
it  changes  into  that  of  the  irons  such  as  we  had  there.  That  is, 
the  same  vein  changes  from  the  oolitic  to  the  other  ores.  I  have 
not  been  able  to  find  any  other  beds  in  Southern  Ohio.  Have  also 
made  considerable  inquiry  in  Tennessee  and  have  got  quite  a  number 
of  specimens  from  that  Southern  iron  region  and  find  nothing  that 
is  oolitic  but  a  number  of  tlB  specimens  seem  to  have  so  oxidized 
as  to  have  the  pink  color  and  some  a  beautiful  yellow.  Do  you 

care  to  have  the  satrplos?  Can  forward  them  if  desired. 


^  ..  /?„  > 

YourB  resp ' y , 

Dear  Sir:- 

At  the  request  of  our  mutual  friend  Hr.  viiiard  I  ship  you 
samples  of  our  Oswego  ore, namely, one  cask  marked  -fine  o-e-  and 
tv/o  barrels  marked  -coarse  ore-;  both  also  marked  -from  O.I.*  s. 
Co.-, as  per  :ienclosedreceip,ts  from  the  Northern  Pacific  Express 

WiH  you  kindly  advise  Hr.  Viiiard  of  their  receipt, and  ask 

him  what  disposition  he  wishes  made  of  them? 

&<-ss  £2s££/  s7sis\y  <6  >£l4.Gcf  ~  ?~<£c.—  ZZZL^^, 

*  ^■^U-«-  fi>  «5«_- tst^&S  S^  **  £, 

£>v— 6^-1^/^-  /jsm^s  J|pisi-w«i  -»^_  tpfLctJi^  s' — t^S - 

&-^£s-sr  cd£r  tf-ut-o^  lj  *i^p'  -<—  ^  t£^"  ^5«-<S^=» 

Tf^c^L-  -y  —  geC.  si^ZZZZZZZ^ 

•^t?  <*>  ^  c^ 

^  >  $-3*  <*^'- 
/£>  /&-4-&S  -  s-^c* - J2^J*  <-, 

Xhj^c^L  ^  ( oawV  c|  f,V4  -x . 

°~^  \WX4^  Cu,„  ^ 

*Zr*Mx.......  UvWvw^fec^->-a^  c^; 

C<'-“sCtA^^^  ‘A^V^^b 


V& UZ&-*.  r 

Uj  t(.i -fwf.  rio.C  -oM  I . /r\*J  . 


1889.  Patents  (D-89-54) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  to  and  from  Edison’s  patent 
attorneys  and  agents,  along  with  other  letters  relating  to  domestic  and  foreign 
patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters.  Included  are 
letters  pertaining  to  patents  for  the  electric  lamp,  the  dynamo,  the  phonograph, 
and  ore  milling  machinery.  There  are  also  letters  concerning  lamp  patent 
litigation  in  the  United  States,  Canada,  and  Great  Britain.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  Richard  N.  Dyer,  George  E.  Gouraud,  Lemuel  W.  Serrell, 
Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  and  Grosvenor  P.  Lowrey. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

mm.  - 



3i<cLt^oi\  Sou^e  “8,”  Noi'tliunjWlkqd  Syenite,  $.W. 




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33<dli^on  ©oit£e  “  S,”  j^oi'tl^urqbeilci^d  Svei\ue,  $.W. 

Dear  Sir: 

We  have  carefully  considered  the  Mexican  patent 
question  as  stated  in  yourlotter  of  December  Slst.1888  and  the  let¬ 
ters  enclosed  therewith.  You  speak  of  our  writing  to  Mr.  Mendtz, 
but  we  do  not  see  what  there  is  for  us  to  write  him  at  present.  It 
appears  from  his  letter  that  two  patents  have  been  granted  in  Mexi¬ 
co,  both  of  which  are  withheld  until  a  payment  of  $150  is  made  in 
each  case.  These  patents  we  assume  bear  the  date  of  the  decroe  .Sep¬ 
tember  29th, 1888.  You  seem  to  have  received  a  copy  of  only  one  decree 
but  MendfczS  1  otter  refers  to  two, so  there  was  probably  one  issueoL- 
for  each  patent.  No  doubt  one  patent  covers  Set  84  and  the  other 
Set  85,  since  it  appears  from  Gouraud's  letter  and  from  the  list 
of  patents  which  he  has  sent  us  that  he  only  forwarded  these  two 
sets  to  Maxi oo. 

With  regard  to  Case  84  both  United  States  patents 
covered  by  this  set  have  been  issued;and  were  issued  before  Septem¬ 
ber  29th, 1888,  the  date  of  the  Mexican  patent,  so  that  this  patent 
can  be  proceeded  with  without  affecting  any  patents  here.  As  to 
Set  85>  two  United  States  Patents  have  boon  issued,  both  before  tbe 


Mexican  patent  and  these  patents  are  therefore  not  affected  by  the 
Mexican  patent,-  but  there  are  still  four  applications  pending  in 
the  United  States  Patent  Office  which  are  this  .set  and 
if  the  Mexican  patents  for  ten  years  under  this  set  is  proceeded 
with  the  patents  which  may  be  issued  on  these  applications  will  be 
limited  to  the  itierm.of  the  Mexican  patent.  The  applications  relate 
to  methods  of  making  phonogram  blanks.  Two  of  them  are  those  whioh 
were  in  interference  with  'fa inter  on  which  priority  of  invention 
was  decided  against  Mr.  Edison  and  they  arc  therefore  of  no  value. 
Another  relates  to  a  method  of  making  cylindrical  blanks  by  forming 
such  blanks  with  an  opening  on  one  side  and  subsequently  closing  such 
opening  by  filling  it  with  melted  wax.  The  fourth  relates  to  mak¬ 
ing  phonogram  blanks  by  first  molding  the  cylindBU  and  then  cutting 
Ithem  internally  and  externally  to  make  true  surfaces  .  This  applica¬ 
tion  has  been  rather  badly  rejected  in  the  Patent  Office  on  the 
ground  Ofalack  of  invention  and  we  do  not  know  that  it  is  of  much 
consequence.  We  think  you  should  ask  Mr.  Edison  whether  he  considers 
it  will  be  any  great  loss  if  die  patents,  whioh  may  sometime  be  is¬ 
sued  on  these  two  applications,  should  be  limited  to  ten  years, and 
if  he  thinks  they  are  of  small  consequence  there  is  no  reason  why 
the  Mexican  patent  in  Case  85  should  not  go  on  also. 

It  appears  that  in  these  matters  the  Mexioan 
Government  has  dispensed  with  the  requirement  of  certified  copies 
of  prior  patents  in  other  countries  so  there  will  be  nothing  te  do 

A.O.  5.3* 

apparently  in  order  to  hare  the  patents  issued  exoept  to  sendjto. 
Mendtz  the  required  amount  of  $150  for  each  patent. 

We  think  there  should  also  be  a  third  Mexican 
patent  taken  which  will  include  all  the  United  States  Patents  that 
have  been  issued  up  to  the  present  time  with  the  exception  of  t  hose 
included  in  Sets  84  and  85.  We  have  the  certified  copies  of  the 
United  States  patents  necessary  to  do  this  and  can  forward  them  to 
Mendtz  if  you  wish  us  to  do  so, but  before  doing  this  the  matter 
of  cases  84  and  85  should  be  settled  and  you  ought  at  once  to  get 
Mr.  Edison's  views  on  the  matter  as  stated  above  and  instruct  Men¬ 
dtz  accordingly. 

We  return  the  letters  of  Col.Gouraud  and  Mr.  Menddz 


Yours  truly, 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq, 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  arranged  with  Mr. Edison  on  Saturday  to  give  some 
testimony  at  the  laboratory  on  Wednesday , the  2»rd  inst.,but  I  find 
that  the  other  parties  will  not  be  able  to  go  on  until  Thursday. 
Will  you  please  ask  Mr.Edisonvon  Tuesday  morning  whether  Thursday 
will  suit  him  and  telephone  me  immediately  what  he  says, and  twill 
be  glad  if  you  will  also  s:ee  that  he  bears  it  in  mind  and  ^  /eady 
to  testify  on  Thursday. 

Have  you  the  address  of  Mr. Mendez  at  the  Oity  o|  Mex- 
iso?  It  seems  to  me  hardly  safe  to  send  him  a  draft  without  Ms 
special  address  for  theremay  be  others  of  the  same  nane  ^Mexico. 

If  you  have  the  address  please  telephone  me  this  also.  P 

Yours  truly. 

[  v  ,\.<A 

»JL'1  a  /Ty 

Jany.  22nd.  1889. 

Dear  Edison, . 

This  letter  will  contain  brief  reference  to  two  items  of 
news,  one  bad  and  the  other  good.  The  first  is  that  we  have  lost 
our  action  against  the  Gower  Bell  Company  and  have  consequently  to 
pay  the  costs  whioh  amount  to  ./,  half  of  which  I  have  paid 

and  the  other  half  of  which  Messrs  Mackerell  will  draw  upon  you  at 
30  days.  It  remains  for  us  to  determine  whether  we  shall  accept 
this  defeat.  The  deoision  is  considered  by  our  Counsel  as  being 
most  arbitrary,  unreasonable  and  unfair,  as  both  sides  of  the  case 
were  really  not  heard  and  further  pursuit  of  the  matter  will  in¬ 
volve  a  new  trial,  as  to  appeal  upon  the  case  as  it  is,  would  be 
to  appeal  upon  an  incomplete  case.  I  am  very  much  d®6gaetiadwith 
the  result  and  have  not  yet  made  up  my  mind  whether  I  would  like 
to  pursue  the  matter  further  or  not.  If  I  had  nothing  else  to  do, 

I  should,  but  these  litigations  make  suoh  a  terrible  draft  upon  • 
one's  time,  mental  and  physical  powers  that  I  am  loth  to  deprive'^my 
pursuit  of  the  more  important  business  of  th<$  Phonograph  as  must 
necessarily  result.  I  shall  be  glad  to  have  your  feelings  upon  this 
question  and  if  you  prefer  to  pursue  it  I  will  do  so,  ooute  qui 
coute,  otherwise  I-  aljall  let  the  matter  Btand  over  as- we  are  not 
compelled  to  decide  ohe  way  or  the  other  for  several  months~to 
come,  and  perhaps,  we  can  do  so  then  with  more  deliberation  than 
we  .can  at  the  present  moment.  So  much  for  the  bad  news.  It  is  the 
first  time  in  my  life  I  have  ever  been  beaten  in  an  action  and  I 
don’t  consider  I  have  been  beaten  by  reason  of  the  faot  that  the 
case  was  not  heard  on  both  sides. 

Now  for  the  good  news  which  more  than  compensates  for 
the  bad.  The  London  Stereoscopic  Company  tried  to  bully  me  into 
recognising  that  they  had  some  rights  under  their  original  license.. 
I  completely  knocked  them  out  with  the  result  that  they  had  entirely 
abandoned  their  absurd  position  as  was  evidenced  in  the  most  conclu¬ 
sive  manner  recently  reported  to  you,  of  their  having  interposed 
objections  to  the  issue  of  our  new  Phonograph  Patent  Case  84.  They 
probably  thought  this  would  so  frighten  me  that  I  would  at  once  seek 
to  compromise  with  them,  but  after  the  first  shuffle  of  the  cards 
they  had  to  lead,  and  their  lead  vfas  to  apply  to  me  for  an  exten¬ 
sion  of  the  time  allowed  by  the  law  under  which  they  were  compelled 
to  file  particulars  of  their  objection.  Instead  of  refusing  an  ex¬ 
tension  of  time,  which  was  practically  asking  me  to  give  them  more 
time  to  do  me  an  injury,  I  cheerfully  consented  to  give  them  all 
the  time  they  wanted  and  stated  as  my  reason  for  doing  so,  that  if 
they  opposed  the  issue  of  the  Patent  they  would  have  to  develop 
all  the  weak  points  there  were  in  our  specification,  and  I  would 
rather  have  all  the  weak  points  taken  out  before  the  Patent  was 
issued  than  have  the  Patent  with  them  —  the  effect  of  this  slap 
in  the  face  was  so  successful  that  when  the  time  of  the  extension 
that  was  so  cheerfully  accorded  them,  expired,  instead  of  filing 
their  objections  they  withdrew  their  opposition  stating  that  "the 
reason  for  their  coming  to  this  decision  is  that  they  are  advised 
by  experts  that  your  claims  do  not  comprise  anything  material  to  the 
manufacture  of  Phonographs*.  This  may  be  taken  as  finishing  the 


the  Stereoscopic  episode.  The  last  thing  I  heard  before  the  de¬ 
cision  arrived  at,  was  from  Kennard,  the  surviving  partner  of 
Nottage,  the  original  licensees,  an  elderly  and  very  rich  man  who, 
sent  me  word  that  he  would  spend  every  farthing  of  his  fortune, 
and  if  he  died  before  he  had  done  that,  leave  his  executors  instruc¬ 
tions  to  proceed  until  the  issue  of  our  Patents  were  prevented.  I 
have  not  heard  how  he  is  since  he  got  my  last  message  which  produced 
his  withdrawal  of  the  opposition. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 


No  18  3  BROAD  STREET  jan.  22 

schidt  bought  3,fi00  Atchison,  supposed  to  be  for  foreign  ac¬ 
count.  General  list  dull  and  steady. 

Law  Offices  of 


No,  40  Wall  Street, 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq  . 



Dear  &ir:- 

Referring  to  your  latter  of  the  $$1|h  fnst*  with  which 
you  sent-  copy  of  letter  from  Ool.  flouraud  etotihg  that  nil  tha  Port¬ 
ugese  patents  had  been  i<6(ied  for  fifteen  year*,  we'  <10  dot  see  that 
puoh  letter  oalle  for  any  other  aneWey  than  a  Simple  acknowledges- 
m«nt.  If  flouraud’fe  statOmerli  Is  torr«j<i  i,  i\\  e  blitted.  plates  patent 
Witieh  we  supposed  Was  SdriotfSiy  aWe  kited  by1  the^Yofiugiese  pwtent 
under  Set  84  is  hot  liAUei  by  fifedh  PoKttgW** TR*sr  matter 
is  however  -cleared  up  by  the  recent  decision  of  the  jti/pfeinr  Ciourt 
ih  the  Bate  bit  a.  tihdef  that  deeisiqft  if  the  Portugese  paientthad 
been  issued  for  five  year*  With  the  privilege  6f  ax tons ion  oft  fff- 
’t^ibh  years, they  would  only  limit  th'a  halted  State*  paten#  to  ©Lf-taon. 
years  provided  the  extension*  were  dbta ined  ^  due  timers 

-fe  have  earefally  re  aid  OpJ.dOUr^d',#  lefta*.  pf  4cnua- 
*y  5th  enclosed  with  yours  of  the  4«nd.  You  wi^  r@v<gnfcer  that  as 
to  Me*hoo  w„e  have  already  eon  eluded  th«\t  Jt%  wpuld  W  berious  liartn 
tw  haye  the'two  >!exi«*  pa^ryt*  ih  tho  Bate 

«Mt  Yill  permit  b<&?  ehmutp  in  yov»  tnetrcctMm*  to  001 »  flourau d 
with  r?fore^ps  tp  ?^,rtugel,  tp j*VMke£  ?ur*ny,  *Uly  and  Ar^rntin* 

Republic,  these  $>eirtg  fh?  /pwntricc  In  »h^  p»t*dt*  are  granted 

-  ■  -  •  l-:-.-:.  •  _ . , _ =- _ '  ■:  •  -•■ " '  •-  ■•  ' '  j  L. 


tbt  varied  terms  up  to  fifteen  years  with  the  privilege  of  extension 
to  fifteen  years.  Under  th e  new  oonstru ction  of  the JBaw here  thero 
is  no  reason  why  Gouraud  should  not  take  patents  in  these  coun¬ 
tries  ,  paying  the  fees  for  the  short  terms  only,  provided  there  is 
n6  doubt  that  they  would  be  ma intained’fey  the  payment  of  the  sub¬ 
sequent  fees,-  sp  we  think  you  can  tell  ColfGourfcud  that  in  the 
countries  mentioned  he  need  not  now .pay  the  fees  for  the  whole 
term  or  wait  until  the  United  States  patents  ara  issued, end  that 
he  may  accept  the  refundment  of  fourteen  yeefe  feeb  on  the  Austrian 
patents  in  cases  86  add  87, which  he  says  the  Austrian  government 
will  make.  We  have  ourselves  at  various  times  fully  explained  to 
Col. Gouraud  the  reason  why  he  has  been  obliged  to  pay  the  whole 
IS  years  in  these  countries  and  we  supposed  that  ha  under 
that.  It  is  hbwever  urWtSfcbbe'afy  to  discuss  this  subject  any  fUfthe*1 
in  view  of  th&  field  dfecibidh. 

41  a*C  Wi»it ih«  Hehdec  tt>  ddy  to  complete  th#  Mexican 

pat  ehte. 

0£u  (XJ  (ooCt 5 

'  ^  /f7Vi'C/ 

^2^L/o-^ _ 

f’^EL . 

— ^  ^  s&*\S  s&skjlJ  \ 

/2*~~  * </  ~t/  ■  a~.  6  ,  4aY  of<^  | 

:  S&s^Ls  s/*0l*^ex. ^€xJ 

(jcU<Z+*0  y$0*AA4«s  (£&££)  (3jZZ~fiyr~ 

_ ^a^cC'  ^aJ  S&'fzve*0&.ctet4e06  <t-%e£t-Ji£^r>~yaJ 

cyg  S&L'  //& 

s£~  "25^7  /<Z«*£ t*n*-t~> 




IEH'LEWIS  ^o/> 

r'L  l  -u  •-  (, 

T.  A. Edison  Esq.,  ’* - - - . . . . 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Entz  contract.  By  request  of  Mr.Insull, 

I  have  prepared  duplicate  copies  of  the  contract  with  Mr. Entz  .which 
please  find  enclosed  .whereby  you  agree  to  pay  him  a  royalty  for 
manufactures  under  his  two  dynamo  patents  ,whai  Granted,  PI (*>.s e 
have  both  your  signature  and  his  witnessed  by  two  witnesses.  Then 
in  the  event  of  your  desiring  to  record  the  contract  at  the  Pat¬ 
ent  Office, there  maybe  two  witnesses  of  reocrd.  Also  fiXl  in 
the  omitted  date  in  the  second’irocital ,if  you  know-  what  the  date 
is, but  if  is  not  vital.  / 

If  after  Mr.Insull  sees  Mr. Entz, any  changes  are  desir¬ 
ed  in  this  oantraot,please  lerf  me  know, and  I  will  give  the  same 
inmediate  attention.  / 

Awaiting  your  further  favors, I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours 

(Biota  ted  ) 

Law  Offices 


My  Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

No.  40  Wall  Street, 


^  4lEW  York January  31st 

. 188  9 

The  Board  of  Examiners  in  Chief  insist  on  our 
arguing  the  three  phonograph  cases  which  have  been  appealed  to  them., 
on  the  7th.  You  will  recollect  that  Mr.  Seely  spoke  to  you  about 
having  a  complete  phonograph  and  a  capable  man  to  work  it, sent  to 
Washington  for  use  at  the  argument.  I  hope  that  you  will  be  able 
to  do  this, since  I  attach  a  great  deal  of  importance  to  it;,  in  the 
argument  of  the  ease.  As  I  have  frequently  told  you,my  theory  of 
these  matters  is  to  interest  the  tribunal.  One  or  two  good  musical 
cylinders  and  a  couple  of  cylinders  which  can  be  turned  off  and 
talked  on  to,  would  be  about  the  right  thing.  The  man  could  go 
down  on  the  night  tra  in,  Wednesday,  the  6th,  and  meet  me  in  the  morn¬ 
ing  at  9  o'clock  at  the  Office  of  Heorge  W.  Dyer, 1003  F  Street. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Tot  Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 


N.  J. 



No.  40  Wall  Street, 

tA.  Q,  Tate  Esq. 

. . 


We  have  *  0^.  9*,^  gMlflM 

Wl'h  j6^  ot  J^rr-  W  m  Uhtnk  it  meets  the  re¬ 
quirements  of  the  situation,  and  we  hive  it  M  ool.  Gou- 

•Md  as  you  ffequ  «s  ted  . 

Referring  to  yo#  idtitf  off  lei  Inst,  enclosing 
Qol.  Oouraud'a  lette*  relating  to  djjf^s'iildnd  to  tKe-English  patent 
under  Case  84,  we  do  not  see  that  there  is  anything  fd#  ijM  to  do 
in  this  matter., unless  Col.  Gouraud  wish®  us  to  f arguments 
fri  aarm#tof  tK^  app  Li  oat  idns  ahd  if  Kd  do*  f  supppde  he  will  1st 
us  totkrtr  himself .  Wd  think  ft  would  bi  Well  for  have  copied 

of  -the  'Engiish  patents  Vrf erred  id,  in  the  notice,  of  opposition 
and  w.«  will  witfte  to  Col.  Qouraud  to  have  them  s.e^t  us. 

self  • 


t>c.  t; 


Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

N ew  York, . February . 6th, . 18S9......188 

EdwardH.  Johnson,  Esq. 

President  Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

16  and  18  Rroad  Street, 

My  Dear  Mr.  Johnson: 


A  matter  has  arisen  within  the  last  two  days 
which  contains  the  possibility  of  danger  to  the  interests  of  the 
Light  Company  and  hence  I  desire  to  call  it  to  your  attention,  and 
to  place  myself  and  Mr.  Griffin,  who  is  associated  with  me  in  the 
matter,  upon  record.  You  will  recollect  that  the  Consolidated 
Electric  Light  Company  after  that  company  hai.  passed  into  the  con¬ 
trol  of  the  ffestinghouse  Company,  brought  a  suit  in  Pittsburgh 
against  the  Mc.Keesport  Company  upon  the  fibrous  carbon  patent  of 
Sawyer  k  Man.  Unlike  the  Mew  York  suit  no  mention  was  made  of  tho 
interference  proceedings  in  the  bill  of  complaint  and  when  the 
complainant  took  its  testimony  it  made  out  a  simple  prima  facie 
case,  that  is,-  put  in  one  of  our  lamps  and  put  an  export  on  the 
stand  who  swore  that  tho  lamp  was  an  infringement  of  the  patent. 

On  the  cross-examination  of  the  export  Mr.  Tomlinson  made  him  admit 
that  the  publication  in  the  Herald  of  December  31st,  1878  was  a 
full  anticipation  of  the  invention  and  was  earlier  in  date  than 
the  application  for  the  patent. 



Mr.  Tomlinson  had  one  or  more  conversations  with  Mr.  Thurston, 
who  was  retained  in  the  matter,  as  to  what  his  course  should 'be. 

I  find  that  Mr.  Thurston's  advice  was  also  conveyed  in  a  letter  to 
Mr.  Tomlinson  dated  May  28th,  1888  of  which  I  enclose  a  copy.  The 
advise  was  to  put  in  no  testimony  except  the  proof  of  the  Horald 
article  and  to  rest  there.  Mr.  Tomlinson  I  find  did  this,  and  in 
addition  took  the  deposition  of  Prof.  George  P.  Barker  to  the 
effect  that  the  Harald  article  was  a  full  description  of  the  in¬ 
vention.  The  complainant  then  went  on  taking,  what  its  counsel 
termed,  testimony  in  reply,  and  on  Monday  last,  after  making  out 
what  we  consider  a  very  incomplete  case,  the  counsel  for  the  com¬ 
plainant  notified  us  that  they  had  closed  their  testimony  in  reply 
and  then  gave  us  notice  that  they  would  on  Saturday  next  move  the 
Court  to  fix  a  day  for  final  hearing,  thereby  indicating  to  us  that 
they  would  dispute  our  right  to  take  any  more  testimony  at  all. 

We  were  then  confronted  with  the  condition  of  affairs  that  had  been 
made  for  us  by  Mr.  Tomlinson  upon- the  advice  of  Mr..- Thurston.  Mr. 
Tomlinson  had  charge  particularly  of  these  fibrous  carbon  cases, 
and  while  he  was  taking  the  testimony  and  formulating  the  course 
of  action  in  the  Pittsburgh  case  I  was  at  work  upon  the  Trenton 
cases.  I  do  not  mean  to  say  that  had  I  been  more  intimately  con¬ 
nected  with  the  case  at  the  time  the  course  was  formulated  it  would 
have  occurred  to  me  to  dispute  Mr.  Thurston's  advice  since  he  is  as 



eminent  as  anybody  in  the  profession,  but  I  refer  to  the  fact  that 

I  had  nothing  to  do  actively  with  the  case  simply  to  show  that 

I  am  in  no  way  responsible  for  the  policy  pursued.  I  have  for 

some  days  thought  the  position  now  taken  by  complainants  counsel 

would  be  probably  taken  by  them,  and  it  has  been  a  matter  of  very 

serious  consideration  by  myself,  and  after  Mr.  Griffin  came  into 

the  case,  a  matter  of  almost  daily  consultation  between  him,  Mr. 

Rogers  and  myself.  Mr.  Seward  whom  we  have  consulted  thinks  that 

the  course  pursued  under  Mr.  Thurston's  advice  was  an  unusual  one 

and^fraught  with  danger  to  the  defendant.  Mr.  Griffin  has  gone  to 
Providence  to  see  Mr.  Thurston,  and  ^Saturday  we  intend  to  ask  the 
Court  to  set  the  matter  over  for  a  week  so  that  wo  can  prepare  our 
own  motion  and  make  a  full  presentation  of  tho  case.  There  are 
several  details  of  a  technical  character  of  which  we  can  take  ad¬ 
vantage,  and  we  feel  that  the  Court  injnatter  of  this  importance 
would  hardly  shut  out  any  material  part  of  our  case.  It  is  a 
matter  however  entirely  within  the  discretion  of  the  Court  and  the 
Court  can  do  anyone  of  several  things: 

1.  Prevent  us  entirely  from  taking  any  more  testimony; 

2.  Make  us  confine  any  further  testimony  to  particular 

3.  Let  us  take  any  testimony  we  want,  but  make  us  do  it  in 
a  very  short  time;  and 



4.  Permit  us  to  take  any  testimony  we  want  and  give 
us  ample  time  to  do  it  in. 

The  first  and  second  positions  would  be  very  in¬ 
jurious  to  us;  the  third  would  be  inconvenient  but  would  not 
hurt  our  case  materially, whilo  the  fourth  would  be  everything 
we  would  want. 

Mr.  Edison  has  in  the  past  asked  me  to  keep  him  in¬ 
formed  of  any  turn  in  affairs  which  might  bring  the  fibrous 
carbon  caso  to  an  early  decision  so  that  he  could  pursue  experi¬ 
ments  with  a  view  of  avoiding  the  patent.  I  saw  him  last  night 
and  explained  the  situation  to  him  Mlly. 

Yours  very  truly, 


I»  STItIUlT, 

y—  , 

CjaCscTy  ^ 


^2*  ^e_<^ 


/f — 2^  - 

'  /<^yyy  <?£=*  &£*-<  ^€^2^  * 


^£-4 l^c.  A^ts  £  y«i^z-c_ 

&  2t+&- 


.  ^(^XowJL.  ( 

ji)Ov^xa^j^  (o  rv^> j 

*(L^U  aix^c^oj^^  1  'n 

JL&a*  /w»-wj  •  yt^jt.  *-|^ 

.  -^5  t-AAJoir 

^_a&4  /  '(ti  ii4--«j  $|^tjL>-e^to 

. (y&JLi.  J-c4-^|  iyj  -jfaX-e^~^  o-^ 

( ,  CKMJ  V  w£<  jc  «  J ,  fILft  Juej^ul^w 

o|  itil^'  (J  <rqf^o«-tj  (olv^yf^-O 

(5»-«-0<A  ^CcX*-wJ-  »  ^XamsL^, 

fVufr^T  — 'f'/C-^!■«-*>|,^-'  (*vc-  Ax>-qS*Qs 

vC-e-'O-®'  ^C_a— A.  |^JL^fyT^c^i--^o  - 

liXiLS.  /|6fc_*-4--«_^-^<-|  ^J2-jBU<-  -^j 


jiXA-tXj2-4  -^^-*-  •  (J'M/' 

!  OU^cuj  (?_^l>Lc-  /j pXa-ct^*-'  JL  fn^i 
t*:.  OL-e^yo*^u-&L^  {-aA.  ^  «f; — 


;  r  Jr..}-. 

*1/^  >  *^KV 

T.A.  Edison  Esq; 


Dear  Mr  Edison; 

Some  days  ago  a  lawyer  friend  of  mine,  knowing 
that  I  was  interested  in  the  New  York  State  Phonograph  Company,  cal— 
led  my  attention  to  a  rather  curious  feature  in  one  of  the  Tairjter 
patents  which  he  had  incidentally  run  across  while  engaged  in  a  pat¬ 
ent  examination.  My  curiosity  being  aroused  I  sent  for  copies  of  alL 
the  Tainter  and  Bell  phonographic  patents^ and  made  a  somewhat  care¬ 
ful  examination  of  the  same  with  the  effect  that  I  have  made  an  ex- 
tremely  important  legal  discovery  affecting  your  patent  protection 
to  the  phonograph  and  the  same  should  be  thoroughly  explained  to 
you  without  delay.  It  will  give  me  pleasure  to  call  at  your  labor¬ 
atory  any  afternoon  this  week  that  you  may  appoint  and  explain  the 

law  Offices  of 



law  Offices  of 




./!£/& aroh  4,  89.  y/ffl 

R  a  n  d  0 

.  1  p  h,- 

Make  a  check  for  flyer  &  Seely  for  $1450. 80. 

New  York, . March  4th,  . 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  February  85th  and  to 
Col.  Qou  taud's  letter  of  Feb.  Hdih.we  .have  to  say  tot  the  working 
usually  required  for  patents  in  the  European  countries  is  aLmost 
nominal  and  usually  censist  s  in  having  perhaps  one  of  the  patented 
machines  made  and  operated  and  procuring  a  certificate  to  that  of- 
feot.  The  details  however  differ  in  the  different  countries 

leot.  me  details  however  differ  in  the  different  countries  andwe 
think  it  waild  be  best  and  safest  for  Col.  Qouraudas  he  suggests 
to  get  d efinite  information  from  his  agent  in  each  country  of  what 
is  required  there,  then  if  it  is  necessary  for  ^Mr„  fidisen  to  do  any 
thing  Ool.|<aoumua  can  notify  him.  We  do  not  think  that  Col.Gouraud 
should  rely  upon  Mr.Edisoi  to  attend  to  these  rattens  without  any 
further  action  on  his  part  as  he  says  because  th  e  t  imes  at  which  to 
working  must  be  done  would  have  to  be  noted  and  toe  working  for 
each  country  taken  care  of  in  time,  and  it  would  be  much  easier  for 
Oouraudto  ke®  the  run  of  these  things  aid  to  notify  you, than  for 
you  to  attorn?  t  to  do  it  here. 

Yours  truly. 





16th  February  1889. 

T,  A.  Edison  Esq. , 


Dear  Sir- 

“  The  working  of  foreign  patents". 

As  you  are  doubtless  aware  some  of  the  countries  require 
by  their  laws,  that  the  patented  apparatus  shall  within  certain 
times,  be., manufactured  in  the  country.  Kindly  inform  me  whether  you 
are  sufficiently  inarmed  as  to  what  manufacturing  is  to  be  done 
so  that  we' do  not  lose  any  patents  by  our  default  in  this  respect. 
If  you  are  in  possession  of  the  necessary  information,  X  presume 
without  further  action" on  my  part,  I  can  rely  upon  you  to  put  me 
in  possession  of  the  necessary  facilities^e^hfaa  other  than  money 
for  accomplishing  this  object.  If  you  are^in  possession  of  the 
necessary  information  kindl^.-so  inform  me  and  I  will  get  it  from  the 
Agents  in  the  various  countries. 

I  have  just  received  notice  from  Austria  that  we  must  com 
mence  to  manufacture  on  case  84  in  April  next. 

Faithfully  yours , 

G.  E.  Gouraud. 


.  DYER  &  SEELY, 


Referring  to  your  foreign  ore  milling  patent*  .Set 
89,  the  Patent  Office  of  Norway  has  required  the  application  to  be 
divided, into  three  divisions,  one  division  to  cover:  the  first  three 

elaime  of  the  present  application,  that  is  to  say—  to  tontain  the 
construction  of  the  liopper ,  the  use  of  an  air  current  on  the  fall¬ 
ing  material ,  the  use  of  a- bar  magnet,  the  method  of  separating 
tyr  depositing  a  particle  of  iron' on  the  gold  particle  and  then  us¬ 
ing  the  magnetic  separator,  and  the  method  of  treating  hematite 
ores  by  heating  the  same  to  make  them  magnetio  after  pulverizing, 
and  then  separating  by  magnetic  attraction. 

The  second  application  is  to  contain  the  method  of 
treating  sulphurets  by  nitric  acid  and  nitrate  of  mercury, and  the 
use  of  a  centrifugal  drier  for  saving  the  acid. 

1  ,  The  third  application  is  to  be  on  the  mechanical 

method  of  separating  the  crystals  in  oolithio  iron  ores. 

The  Norwegian  Patent  Office  gives  us  only  until 
March  19th,  to  act  in  this  matter  so  we  shall  be  glad  of  your  in- 

T.  A.  E.  2. 

structions  Immediately  as  to  whether  you  wish  to  limit  yourself 
to  the  subject  of  your  first  three  claims  as  above  stated  or  to 
file  separate  applications  for  both  the  other  matters,  or  for  one 
of  them.  We  shall  have  to  cable  instructions  to  Paris  in  this  mat¬ 
ter  so  kindly  reply  at  once.  , 

The  Patent  Office  of  Germany  has  made  the  same  re¬ 
quirement  of  division.  Please  instruct  us  also  as  to  what  is  to  be 
done  with  the  German  application.  We  have  until  April  5th  in  the 
German  case  so  there  is  not  so  much  haste  about  this. 

Yours  truly. 

(Dictated)  dyer  &  seely, 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

new  YORK, . March . 11th., . 488  9 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Orange , 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  8th  inst.  we  have  to 
say  that  there  ie  no  appeal  whatever  from  the  decision  of  the  Depu¬ 
ty  Minister  of  Agriculture  in  the  caBe  of  the  Canadian  lanp  patent  . 
Our  counsel  in  Canada  have  made  efforts  to  have  the  decision  re¬ 
viewed  by  the  Minister  of  Justice  or  the  Minister  of  Agriculture, 
but  they  have  both  declined  to  interfere  with  the  decision  of  the 
Deputy  Minister. 

j-frf  -  oZ  ->3 


9c. . 


— . — . 

DYER  &  SEELY,  j 

40  Wall  Street. 




Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . March  12th . -1889 

Richard  N.  Qyer  Esq. 

Hotel  Lafayette, 



My  Dear  Mr,  Dyer: 

I  arrived  from  Philadelphia  this  morning  and  have 
y°Ur  t0^rgrara*  Dr*  Barker'B  cross  examination  was  begun  yesterday 
raorning^nine  o'clock  and  continued  until  eleven  o'clock  last  night. 
On  account  of  Dr;  Barker's  engagements  at  the  college  we  were  not 
able  to  proceed  with  his  cross  examination  to  day  and  it  is  kept 
open  until  his  testimony  in  the  fibrouB  carbon  case  is  out  of  the 

I  hardly  know  what  to  say  about  having  Prof.  Brack¬ 
ett  testify.  I  think  your  experience  with  him  in  the  fibrous  carbon 
case  ought  to  determine  the  matter.  Unless  he  is  a  very  excellent 
witness  he  cannot  in  my  judgment  strengthen  the  case. 

I  have  seen  Mr.  Griffin  and  he  will  write  you  about 
the  fibrous  carbon  case. 

A  copy  of  the  opinion  in  the  Canadian  case  has  been 
received.  Mr.  Johnson  has  sent  for  it  to  give  it  to  Mr.  Lowrey,who 
is  to  prqoare  an  opinion  as  to  its  effect  upon  the  United  States 


R.  N.  D.  2. 

patent.  There  is  a  case  on  the  calendar  in  this  District  which 
will  shortly  come  before  Judge  Wallace  which  will  raise  the  ques¬ 
tion  as  to  how  far  the  term  of  an  American  patent  is  effected  by 
such  a  decision  as  has  just  been  made  in  the  Edison  case  in  Canada. 
Mr.  Seward  wrote  Mr.  Johnson  advising  him  of  it, and  Mr.  Johnson  has 
also  turned  that  letter  over  to  Mr.  Lowrey.  Mr.  Seely  was  at  Mr. 
Johnson* 8  office  when  the  latter  received  this  letter  from  Mr. 
Seward  and  Mr.  Johnson  then  announced  that  he  should  send  it  at 
once  to  Mr.  Lowrey  for  his  consideration. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Law  Offices  of 



No,  40  Wall  Street, 

We  have  your  letter  of  the  18th  Inst,  enclosing  let¬ 

ters  from  Col.  Gouraud  .  We  see  no  objection  to  Col.  Gouraud  hav¬ 
ing  the  foreign  application? prepared  in  England, we  sending  him  cop«- 
ies  of  the  specifications  and  drawings  which  we  filed  in  the  United 
States  Patent  Office.  We  think  that  if  this  plan  is  adopted  the 
best  way  will  be  for  us  to  send  Col.  Gouraud^  whenever  we  file  an 
application  in  the  Patent  Off ice, a  copy  of  the  specification  and 
dr swings, and  in  following  such  plan  we  ought  now  to  send. him  copies 
of  all  applications  which  have  been  filed  Bince  the  last  foreign 
case  was  made  up.  In  doing  this  however  the  question  would  arise 
whether  all  of  these  things  should  be  included  in  foreign  patents, 
and  whether  Mr.  Edison  or  Col,  Gouraud  shall  decide  which  are  to  be 
patented  abroad, and  which  are  unnecessary  to  patent.  You  had  better 
see  what  Mr.  Edison  thinks  about  this  and  if  he  wishes  the  decision 
to  remain  in  his  hands  let  us  know  and  we  will  bring  to  the  laborer 
tory  a  set  of  tracings  in  the  applications  in  question  so  that  he 
can  select  those  to  be  sent  abroad.  We  have  been  Intending  to 




muko  up  a  new  foreign  case  *9  soon  as  we  pould  find  time  to  dp  bo, 
but  npw  instead  of  doing  this  we  will  eiraply  pend  the  copies  abroad 
of  all  the  oase^  or  of  such  as  Mr.  Bdieon  should  designate. 

Yours  truly, 





£  I  c  EHGL06Ei;*aUC  A  C  LETTERS  EOR.'.  MESSRS:  DYERl  4:  SeEE*.  S  TOGETHER 
,.  tOf  OARRY.nOUTliMYi.  REQUEST,  •  THEE  0000 1  REASONS,"!  FOR  U  WHICH  i,  H  E  3  WILL !  BEET  ASi’GLEARUY1'  A8 

I  i.  do«- 

l;B  Y  i  ADOPT  ING  t".  M  Y  REGOMMGNDA TION  0  I  ?,  WIELf  8A  VE !.  TIME  5. 1 N  !  THESFIEll 

a  for  ;  ex  aminat  lONitesFLETOHERE  Moulton  tQiC^r  4.  SiruFreoeriokkBramweeu;  c  anoi.Thef.ade 



H.  v£  SEELY. 

Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . April . 10, . -188  9 

A.0,  Tate  Esq. 



Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  herewith  we  hand  you  the  two  assignments 
from  Mr.  J.  B.  Entz  to  Mr.  Edison, which  have  been  duly  recorded 
in  the  Patent  Office. 

The  patent  for  the  Unipolar  machine  has  been  issued 
and  was  sent  by  us  to  the  Machine  Works. 


T.A.Edis on  Esq. , 
Deqr  Sir: 

Re  Contract  with  Justus  B.Entz.  Referring  to 
my  lengthy  letter  to  you  of  the  16th.  ult.,and  to  a  copy  thereof 
sent  by  me  to  Schenectady  for  Mr. Entz, please  find  enclosed  a 
letter  from  Mr. Entz  to  me, just  feceived, dated  April  30, stating 
that  he  has  attached  to  his  eopy  of  his  contract  with  you, the  copy 
whioh  I  sent  him  of  my  said  letter  to  you  of  the  16th.  ult . 

I  suggest  that  you  attach  the  enclosed  letter  from  Mr. 
Entz  to  the  contract  between  you  and  him,  as  it  properly  constitutes 
a  part  of  that  instrument. 

.  A^W^,ib,  «,„■■„  JQZ&U. 

- - «r«4»*  jisiw  zmi. 

%8<  A.- Winn, 

Orange,  N.  Si 



Uy  dear  Mr,  Edison: 

Mr.  Thurston  of  ^evidence  •rrlr^  ^  ^ 

l«g  and  spent  the  day  With  me  yesterday,  and  to-day;  He  4* 
ewpelled  to  retam  to  PmKUwt  to-night,  hot  eapeota  to  *9  here 
•gain  on  Friday  morning,  end  on  Friday  therefor.,  if  ,11  gooe  f*rdr- 
•Wy,  I  will  bring  him  td  aee  yon  and  alee  to  the  iaa»  faetoyy  to 
light  experlaamts  if  they  are  te  be  shown  there. 

Since  i  have  Been  yow  water  analogues,  x  hate  id  a  de- 
gree  Ipat  interest  ■■■■liliiMili  in  the  deaumstnatiem  of  *h«  t-SOblesr 
by  the  actual  lights  themselves. 

If  I  wndaratood  yen  ceyrecUy,  yon  also  *****  *h*  y«*r 

analooM  a  mere  farorabla  lllastration;  and  yr 

«•  way  as  wwU  go  upon  the  one  and  drop  the  other,  *3*ate  hdf- 
*T,r»  •"■•iileate  year  Tlevs  fally  to  Mr.  yy*on; 

If  yon  afaonld  think  it  dasirtble  to  oarry  on  tha  two  4*r 
•nitrations  and  there  afaonld  remain  an  epinlon  at  the  hearing  that 
the  case  will  he  faenefltted  by  haying  Hr.  Dyer  take  eharge  of  these 

#**&*&**  «*  ***  mm-,  i  «m  ^ 

w*  *****#!&>  m* *******  dtto» 

^•***>*1  fe*  Imiybt;  offM*  w}&  fAfiftrs  ***£*» 

■**9*  mm*  **"**>**»  t*»  «s**v 

T»rjr  t?aiy  yto*. 

-  Mfcriotb,  i«N, 

**  «w  Xdlsant 

^g/<  // 

tw  «m 



*h*  onoleHd  telogian  will  oxplaln.  ,  tolojOwawd  T4k> 
y  thl.  morning  *a  poaolblo  *o«a  to  MT.  ^  N  Inoww*^ 

I  taw  "otWn«  *»*»■  **«  «mun  *>d  no  Uttw 
**  i  Wn  Uimvh*  hx»  m  t64  «oant*no  t«  n*n 
be  hw-o.  I  thought  H  vary  «o«l»Wo  tun*  his  foXf  m 
****  ttp*n  ®*  fWflNMW  dtmutwMlon.  ng  U  lntfco  way  *f 
ttaWtth  )U«  wtpwrlfmo  -Oro  *baut  how  .u*h  mm 
IMI*  i“*n  tto  pi>Mido  in  oonwt*  than  X  a*v 

**"hlr  I  m  trying  to  got  a  Mooting  katwoen  fright,  %», 
in  whloh  Dyon  wm  giro  no  ttaoiaftst  »m  trm .  Pitto- 





'./ijM-p  i7t.Vi. ,  1««9. 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Patent  Suit-  at  Pittsburg.  I  expect  to  reach 
P.  on  Sunday.  Our  headquarters  will  be  at  the  Duquesne  Hotel 
I  will  keep  you  informed  as  to  our  progress, and  will-  telegraph 
you  when  we  .think  it  important  for  you  to  be  present.  I  assume 
that  you  will  not  care  to  go  to  P.  unil  the  last  moment.  I 
will  have  a  room  ready  for  you, and  will  personally  lock  after  your 
c  omf ort . 

P.S.  The  latest  indications  are  that  the  trial  may  begin  on 
Monday.  If  so, I- may  telegraph  you  on  Monday  to  ccme  to  Pitts¬ 
burg  Monday  night. 

U6.x  £  z 4;,,  , 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  leave  for  Pittsburg  to-night, and  will  keep 
you  fully  advised  by  telegraph,so  that  you  will  not  start  until 
everything  is  quite  ready  for  you. 

The  more  1  see  of  our  oase.lhe  more  1  feel  that  it  ought 
to  be  won  on  its  merits. 

I  intended  to  go  out  to  see  30  u  before  leaving, but  so 
many  things  have  crowded  in  on  me  during  the  last  two  or  three 
days, I  have  not  been  able  to  ‘■leav  e. 

Very  truly  joutb, 

May  18,1880 ,  S.B.Eaton  per  C. 






Law  Offices  of 


(Dictated)  No,  40  Wall  street, 

New  York, . May....2Srd~, . . .188  9 

A.O.  Tate  Esq,  / 

Orange,  / 

N.J.  / 

Dear  Sir:-  / 

In  reply  to  your  ldvber  of  the  22nd  in  at,  we  would 
say  that  we  have  been  trying  to  Arrange  the  matter  of  the  assign- 
ment  of  Mr,  Edison's  patents  now  held  by  Mr,  Handford.and  have  seen 
Mr.  Edison  and  Messrs.  Drexel, Morgan  &  Co.  at  different  times  about 
it  .  We  have  not  been  able  to  cjomplete  the  arrangement  because  v/e 
could  not  see  Mr.  Edison  this  week, but  if  possible  we  will  see  him 
to-morrow  and  then  :  settle  the (matter. with  Drexel, Morgan  &  Co, and 
write  Mr.  Handford  about  it.  j 

|lirjstal  ®eha?ap\i-(Bable 

(Sinlhtmj.  N?  1  iSmthhutg, 
New  York  Mav  29th, _ 9. 

Friend  Edison:-  t  ///'  £ 

I  have  the  full  record  of  the  Patent  Office  in  con¬ 
nection  with  the  interference  between  yourself  and  Nicholson  in  the 
matter  of  the  Quadruple*.  I  think  it  will  clearly  show  to  an  Ar¬ 
bitration  Committee,  that  you,  and  not  Nicholson,  are  the  inventor, 
of  that  system  of  transmission,  and  T  have  arranged  to  settle  the 
question,  as  between  the  Western  Union  Company  and  the  Postal,  by 
arbitration,  instead  of  .in  the  Courts. 

Notwithstanding  the  record  appears  to  me  clearly  in  your 
favor,  I  would  like  to  have  a  few  minutes  talk  with  you  on  the 
subject.  I  would  also  like  very  much  to  see  your  Laboratory.  I 
therefore  propose  to  go  to  Llewellyn  Park  to  call  0n  you  about  the 
middle  of  the  afternoon  next  Saturday,  June  first.  Will  you 
please  say  by  return  mail  whether  or  not  this  will  be  agreeable 
to  you,  and  oblige. 

Yours  very  truly. 




people  Together'  have  fought  our  case  will  have  an  excellent  influence 



(Dictated)  dyer  &  seely, 


No,  40  Wall  Street, 

new  York, . June  llthT . . 188  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 


New  Jersey. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edisonl- 

Since  seeing  you  Sunday  it  has  occurred  to  me 
that  if  you  propose  to  make  your  records  by  filing  caveats  in  the 
Patent  Office  a  canplete  scheme  for  keeping  the  records  should  be 
formed  and  followed  out.  To  do  this  in  such  a  way  that  the  caveats 
could  be  promptly  filed  so  as  to  getAin  the  Patent  Office  within 
four  or  five  days  of  the  time  we  prepare  them  is  what  is  needed. 

If  you  cculd  make  your  sketches  on  the  mimeograph  the  matter  would 
be  made  quite  easy.  You  would  need  three  or  four  mimeograph  file 
plates  accurately  fitted  so  as  to  form  a  bed  large  enough  for  your 
purpose.  Then  make  sketches  within  a  space  on  each  mimeograph  sheet 
equal  to  the  clear  space  on  a  legal  sap  sheet  of  type  writer  pjper. 
You  could  then  have  a  number  of  copies  carefully  struck  off, Bay  si* 
on  type  writer  legal  sap  of  good  quality.  You  could  send  us  four 
copies  and  the  written  description.  We  would  simply  add  the  formal 
opening  and  closing  clauses  to  the  description  and  have  it  type- 
wri  tten .making  four  c<pies, one  original  and  three  carbons.  One  set 
of  drawings  and  specifications  would  go  to  the  Patent  Offise;one  set 
of  both  would  go  in  our  flies;  one  set  of  both  (best  carbon  copy 

of  description)  we  would  preserve  and  when  there  was  enough  matter 
collected  we  would  have  it  bound.  These  sets  for  permanent  bind¬ 
ing  would  have  copies  of  petitions  and  oaths  attached  and  would 
show  all  dates  and  signatures;  volumes  when  bound  to  be  sent  to 
you}  the  fourth  copy  of  both  drawings  and  description  to  be  en¬ 
dorsed  with  dateB  of  execution  and  filing  and  sent  to  you  to  be 
put  in  temporary  binder  for  your  use  while  waiting  for  permanent^ 
bound  copy}  the  two-  or  more  extra  copies  of  drawing  to  be  carefully 
preserved  under  lock  and  key  where  they  could  be  found  in  future 
years  or  to  be  destroyed  if  in  any  danger  of  being  circulated} the 
original  copy  of  description  to  be  kept  in  our  files  or  returned 
to  you.  As  to  the  caveats  of  the  new  set  already  Bent  infwe  could 
get  blue  prints  of  drawing  and  have  cooies  made  of  specifications 
for  permanent  binding  and  other  copies  for  your  temporary  binder. 
Instead  of  keeping  a  temporary  binder  you  could  have  prints  of  the 
drawingtmade  on  thin  sheets  and  pasted  in  a  book,  or  you  could  have 
a  book  specially  bound  so  that  it  would  open  flat  and  print  the 
copies  directly  into  thsljbook.  As  you  see  it  could  be  very  nicely 
arranged  provided  you  caild  use  the  mimeograph.I  suggest  that  you 
at  least  give  it  a  trial.  I  find  out  that  Rowland  went  out  to  the 
laboratory  and  made  the  drawings  you  wanted  the  day  after  you 
wrote  Mr.  Seely ,scme  three  weeks  ago, but  you  were  not  there.He  was 
at  your  laboratory  yesterday  and  will  be  there  again  tomorrow  morn- 


Law  Offices  of 


No,  40  Wall  Street, 

Your  letter  of  the  12th  inst.  together  withnCol. 
Gouraud' a  letter  of  the  31st  ult.  and  the  papers  sent  by  Col.  Gour- 
aud  with  his  letter,  were  handed  to  me  yesterday  by  Mr.  Schulse- 
Berge.  I  went  through  the  criticisms  of  Sir  Frederick  Branwell  very 
carefully  and  have  written  a  letter  to  Col.  Gouraud  which  will  be 
mailed  to-day  returning  the  papers  with  our  answer  to  the  criti¬ 
cisms.  It  was  a_v;ery  simple  matter  which  should  have  been  attended 
to  in  Bngland  without  the  risk  of  delaying  the  case  by  writing 
here#but  the  course  taken  by  Col. Gouraud  is  the  right  onetsince 
it  would  enable  us  to  BStthan  right  on  ary  important  raatter.Whai 
such  a  one  arises. Of  course  it  does  not  concern  us  fcefcsonally  fbut 
feeling  sensitive  as  to  ary  criticism  of  Mr. Edison's  moral  attitude 
- on  the  question  of  inventions, the  remark  in  Goumud's  let¬ 
ter  that  "it  is  evident  that  Sir  Frederick  considers  you  are  trim¬ 
ming  pie  tty  close  -  not  to  say  more  *  struck  us  as  being  particular¬ 
ly  offensive.  There  is  nothing  in  Bramwell's  criticisms  to  warrant 
ary  suoh  Insinuation  and  the  insinuation  is  more  an  indication  of 
the  character  of  thj  man  who  made  it  than  a  reflection  upon  Mr.Bdi- 

A.-0  T.3. 

son.  Yotimight  cable  Gouraud  as  he  requests.  I  return  his  letter  to 



in  tt/d,  previous  cases.  The  fact 
for  doing  it,  might  give  sise  to  tl 
Cases  whloh  sir  Frederick  is  anxioi 
however,  we  may  safely  leave  to  thi 
I  shall  be  angle 
and  also  the  date  of  their  departui 
"Patents”,  and  on  their  departure  ‘ 
by  which  they  have  actually  left. 

te  very  question  in  oonneotlon  with  the  earlle 
is  to  avoid.  As  to  the  expedlenoy  of  this 

i  Judgement  of  our  Patent  Agents. 

>us  to  know  of  the  safe  arrival  of  these  paper 
je;  so  kindly  cable  on  their  receipt-the  word 
'Patents”  followed  by  the  name, of  the  steamer 

Yours  sincerely 

G. E.Gouraud. 


After  the  next  mail  I  will  send  you  Sir  Frederick  Bramw ell's  re- 
-port  on  CASE  88,  whicj*  will  also  require  your  attention,  but  there  is 
Plenty  time  for  this,  as  this  CASE  fcas  not  to  be  filed  for  some  weeks 
yet.  Your  attention  is  however  urgently  requested  to  the  CASES  now  s&ni 
you  viz:-  CASES  86  &  87. 


Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . June...23nd» . 188  9 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  21st  inst.we  have  to 
say  that  under  the  Portugese  patent  1 m . .patents  are  considered  as 
being  granted  foiHlffull  term  of  fifteen  years  although  the  taxes 
may  be  paid  for  only  five  years  when  the  patent  is  is  sued  Jan  d  uncfer 
the  decision  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States  in  the  Bate 
case  the  United  States  patent  runs  until  the  actual  expiration  of  • 
the  monopoly  in  the  foreign  country. So  long  as  the  Portugese  pat¬ 
ent  is  maintained  therefore  there  is  no  dargsr  to  the  United  States 
patent  and  In  Portugal  the  fee  for  the  full  term  can  be  paid  at 
any  time  when  it  is  desired  to  do  so. For  this  reason  we  concMdsd 
to  take  out  only  a  five  years  patent  in  Portugal  in  order  to  save 
the  expense  of  paying  all  the  taxes  now. 

We  will  say  that  in  our  .next  bill  against  Mr. Ed¬ 
ison  we  shall  credit  him  with  the  difference  in  the  cost  between 
a  five  year  and  a  fifteen  year  Portugese  patent.  In  our  bill  for 
these  foreign  patents  we  charged  for  a  fifteen  year  patent, but  af¬ 
terward  in  view  of  the  Bate  decision  and  of  a  decree  of  Portugese 


government  we  decided  that  it  was  only  necessary  to  pay  the  taxes 
for  five  years. 

Yours  truly, 


Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 


-  A.  of  Tate  Esq. 

'Ndi  son's  Laboratory, 
^  l  '  ,,,,  Oreinge,  N.  J. 

1  /;<  /'  ?■ 

%  Dear  Mrv  Tate:-  ■ 

New  York, . June  22nd,  - 

At .Mr.  Edison's  suggestion  I  cabled  several  days 
^  jincfl/tjt  Edfswan^Iiondon ,  to  send  another  copy  of  the  appeal  rec¬ 
ord  in  the  Hoi lap4,case , and  I  signed  the  cable  Edison. When  the 

’.Edison,  at 

/  *  Orange, New  jfrseyiikindil^ldt  me  know  and  I  will  call  for  it. 

?  K  ,  ;  J  j 

c°PyJi8  rodeived, since  I  suppose  it  will  be  sent  to  l 


rsyery  truly, 

■X  'Xr. 

-  Law  Offices  of 

•  (Dictated)  DYER  &  seely, 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

John  F. Randolph  Esq, 

My  Dear  Sir;— 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  19th  inst,  and  thank  you 
for  the  same.  I  am  so  anxious  to  learn  of  Mr.VanCle/ve* s  where¬ 
abouts  that  without  waiting  your  convenience  to  conmunicate  to  me 
what  infoimation  you  received  through  Mr. Hippie  and  Mr^Jordan.I  wr|fc£_ 
asking  that  you  inform  me  what  you  have  heard.  If  you  can  find  out 
in  ary  way  where  VanCleeve  is  it  would  oblige  me  to  have  you  do  so. 

So  anxious  am  I  to  learn  of  Van  Cleeve's  whereabouts  that  I  would 
,  ,  „  MaSct 

detail  a  man  specially  to  hunt  him  up  ^jjjfind:.but  his  last  where¬ 
abouts.  I  desire  to  use  him  as  a  witness  in  Mr.Edison's  behalf  if 

Yours  truly, 

A#  $1* 


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A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 


N.J.  (/_ 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  June  30th, in  which  you 
ask  us  what  reply  you  shall  make  to  Col.  Gouraud's  telegram  asking 
whether  he  can  complete  Cases  84  &  85  for  Denmark, we  have  to  say 
that  we  have  consulted  Mr. Edison  about  this  and  idjview  of  the  fact 
that  the  applications  still  pending  in  the  United  States  Patent  Of¬ 
fice  which  are  included  in  Case  85  are  of  comparatively  little 
importance  and  that  patents  have  been  issued  here  on  everything  in¬ 
cluded  in  Case  84, Mr. Edison  thinks  the  Denmark  patents  can  be  ta¬ 
ken  out,  so  you  had  better  inform  Col.Gouraud  that  he  can  complete 
the  cases  referred  to. 



No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . July .....6th,  .- . . 188  9 

Yours  truly,  . 

^yuaJ~.0.y  (r 

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tyt'i'Mj  »  SVh 

^-<5  ~ 


(Dictated)  dyer  &  seely, 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

ThcmaB  A.  Bdison  Esq. 


Dear  Sir:- 

New  York . j...u  1 . y . 1.....0  .t  •h»--188  9 

Wa  enclose  official  receipts  for  the  4th  years  tax  on 
your  British  patents, Nos.  7582  and  7584  of  1885  which  relate  to  the 
phonoplex  telegraph,v?hich  taxes  have  been  paid  by  us.  We  also  en¬ 
close  an  assignment  to  you  which  has  been  executed  by  Mr.  Handford 
and  recorded  by  him  in  the  British  Patent  Office  and  which  includes 
eight  patents  taken  out  in  Mr.  Handford*  s  nans  as  conmunic  at  ions 
from  you  and  on  which  Mr.  Handford  has  been  paying  annuities 
for  the  Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  tight  Co.  Limited.  Mr.  Hand¬ 
ford  says  that  that  company  instructed  him  to  assign  these  patents 
to  you  so  that  you  might  be  able  to  assign  them  with  certain  others 
to  the  oanpany  all  at  ;one  time.  Probably  the  conpany  or  Drexel.Mojv 
gan  &  Co.  will  communicate  with  you  about  this.  The  assignment 
{  which  we  Bend  you  also  includes  two  patents  on  electric  rail  my s, 
Nos.  1022  of  1888  and  2857  of  1883.  These  are  the  patents  about 
which  there  was  some  discussion  with  Messrs.  Drexel .Morgan  &  Co. 
which  ended  in  our  instructing  Mr.  Handford  to  assign  the  patents 
to  you , Drexel .Morgan  &  Co.  agreeing  to  this  on  the  condition  that 
you  should  give  them  a  letter  stating  that  you  held  the  title  'to. 

the  patents  in  trust  for  yourself,  themselves  and  Mr.  0,  P.  Lowrey  . 
We  will  inform  Messrs*  Drexel  .Morgan  Ss  Co.  that  the  assignment 
has  been  made, and  thayjwil  1  probably  let  us  know  what  else  they 
want  to  do  about  it.  The  assignment  also  includes  two  patents, Mos. 
7682  &  7584  of  1885  relating  to  the  phonoplex  telegraph, which  of 
course  belong  to  you. 

Please  acknowledge  receipt  of  the  enclosures. 


"  (Dictated) 

Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, .,-- 

Thomas  A.Edi8  ai  Esq. 



Dear  Sir:- 

Wa^retum  h-dfewith  the  letter  of  Col.Gouraud  refer¬ 
ring  to  Case  88/which Jfc.  McGuire  harded  us.  We  have  replied  to 
this  letter  ana  re$D 

»med  to  Col.  Gouraud  the  papers  which  he  sent 

Yours  truly,  ^ 




28th  June  1889. 

.  A.  EDSSON,  ESQ: 

New  Jersey.  '  U.S.A. 

X  am  obliged  for  your  letters  which  have  duly  come  to 
with  reference  to  the  above  Patents,  and  from  Messrs  Dyer  &  Seel 
have  received  -the  documents  I  sent  you  for  consideration. 

These  are  now  in  the  hands  of  my  Patent  Agent  in  London,  who  tru 
the  additional  information  now  at  his  disposal,  to  property  file 
Patents  for  Great  Britain. 

Sir  Prederich  Bramwell  also  looked  into  this  Patent,  and  I  enc 
the  remarks  he  made  in  connection  therewith.  Mr  Hardingham  has  agai; 
gone  tW  the  Patent,  and  studied  the  points  raised,  by  Sir  Frederic] 

I  enclose  you  a  copy  of  Mr  Hardingham* 8  letter  ,  and  by  separate  po, 

I  am  sending  you  the  draft  complete  Specification  for/this  CASE,  which 
kindly  consider,  and  return  to  me  at  your  early  convenience.  There  is 

1  immediate  hurry  for  thi 
1  the  previous  instance, 

•‘the  English  Patent  Office. 

10  >  still  I  should  like  after  perusal 
that  you #  should  return  them  to  me  for 
it  in  order  in  good,  time  to  present  to 

\  Law  Offices  of 



No,  40  Wall  street, 

New  York . August.20th, . 1889,. . 188 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 

Orange,  N.J, 

Dear  Sir: 


Upon  receipt  of  your  order  of  the  11th  inst.  requesting 
us  to  furnish  you  with  a  full  set  of  patents  on  Uynamos  and  Motors 
Electric  Brakes, and  Transformers,  we  wrote  to  the  Patent  Office 
for  an  estimate  of  the  cost  of  triUc  cqpies  of  all  patents  issued 
relating  to  those  classes.  .We  enclose  the  estimate  herewith, 
which  shows  that  under  the  class  of  Generation  of  Electricity, 
the  following  number  of  patents  were  issued:  Magneto-electric 
768;  Induction  coils,  112;  and  Systems  of  Distribution,  136, 
making  a  total  of  1016;  under  the  clasB  of  Electricity-Motive 
Power,  the  following  were  issed:  Motors,  337;  Car  Brakes,  74; 
Transmission  of  Power,  32;  and  Locomotion,  403,  making  a  total 
of  846,  The  total  number  of  patents  issued  under  these  two 
classes  is  1862,  which  we  can  obtain  for  you  at  the  rate  of  ten 
cents  per  copy.  If  you  do  not  care  to  take  all  the  sub-classes 
mentioned  in  the  estimate,  ihidibatbethoM  whl ohoy ouud o anot owantj r 
and  send,  ub  a  check  for  the  balance  at  the  above  rate. 

You  will  notice  thatAestimate  mentions  patents 
.issued  in  electrical  signalling,,  this  however  t*  has  nothing  to  do 


/£ 0 W(Zc/t(/((/y  ( EQUITABLE  BL 

Saturday,  3:15  P.  M. 

The  following  is  a  telegram  I  have  just  received  f; 
Mr.  Pfl aun , 

S.  B.  Eaton. 

cool  ?  a"  1 “r  Edlson  titled  to  exclusive  use  of  char- 
co„l.  ,/e  are  fully  satisfied  that  aft  er  Edison 'a  invention 
b0!Tblifd  t0  the  TOTld  there  was  entire  Se  of 

amenled  to  iv°f  S'""  T  *”  “d  that  the  ^ 
was  amended  to  pave  it  an  entirely  different  direction  and 

chides  ^r<,n  +  f  had  be6n  in  its  ori Sinai  form.  Various 

Testimonvif1^11^41011  f°r  patent  favorably  commented  upon. 
Testimony  of  Broadnax  shows  that  the  idea  of  claiming  carbons 
made  fron  fibrous  and  t  exUle  mater  ials  was  an  a  ft  «£££££ 

delav  innaiiUf  lf^able  ^n^cannot  1,6  sustained;  explanation  or 
tSva/  ^-lying  for  patent  by  Sawyer  and  Man  unsatisfactory. 
Sawyer  and  Man  were  following  wrong  principle  of  small  re- 
si  stance  and  strong  current;  Edison  accomplished  great  dis¬ 
covery  of  hi  tfi  resistance  and  low  current.  Opinion  then 
quotes  at  length  from  Edison  patent  two  hun.dr  ed  twenty  three 
fofihf^dT"01^111’  *  mistaken  in  saying  that  but 
‘  soovery  of  Edison  attenuated  filament  in  Perfect 
Vacuum  electric  lighting  would  never  have  become  sc  fact,  we 

haett^rtV11  b0  tllS  disoover,y  °f  Edison  because  he 
has  a  patent  for  it.  This  may  not  be  the  case,  it  may  be 
the  discovery  of  some  other  person,  but  whoever  discovered  it  • 
it  is  undoubtedly  a  great  discovery  in  the  art  of  practical 
lighting  by  electricity.  The  opinion  concludes  with  did;  r 


they,  Sawyer  and  Man  succeed  in  making  lamp  of  commercial  valtB 
or  in  finding  out  the  principle  on  which  it  could  be  made.  V/e 
do  not  so  read  the  evidence. 

Magnus  Pf laun . " 



‘  European  and  Domestic  Financial  and  Commercial  Telegraph  Agency, 
No,  6  BROAD  AND  19  WALL  STREET,  N,  Y. 




Now  York  City , 7th0ct .  1880. 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  intended,  to  go  out  and  dine  with  you,  and  spend  tho  eve¬ 
ning.  But  tho  a  onforoneo  on  tho  l«'i  lamest  Case  has  last  ;d  all 
day  in  my  office  until  5-30,  and  tho  accumulated  work of  tho  day 
will  compel  mo  to  continue  at  work  this  evening.  I  am  pushing 
things  all  along  tho  lino,  and  it  keeps  mo  busy  day  and  night. 

I  procured  a  certified  copy  of  Bradley's  decision  lato  this  ' 
afternoon.  I  am  keeping  tho  typewriters  at  work  to  night  malting 
copies.  One  copy  has  just  come  in, and  I  send  it  to  you  by  boar  or, 
thinking  you  may  like  to  look  it  over  this  evening.  Please  keep 
it . 

When  I  took  tho  lawyers  up  stairs  to  lunch  today,  Mr. 

Korr  called  me  over  to  a  table  whore  he,  Westinghouso  and  associate* 
wore  lunching.  JLr.  Westinghouso  remarked  t o  mo  that  ho  felt  very 
much  hurt  by  your  calling  him  a  "shyster"  in  this  mornings  "iTorald" 
Ho  was  really  cut  u.p  about  it. 

I  shall  certainly  go  out  to  see  you  tomorrow  morning, 
'lease  present  my  compliments  to  the  Countess,  and  bolio^vo  mo  to 



yjsCU'  3fcv/(>Qatoyiav  -Q;  THRO  . 

T. A. Edison  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir; 

Mr. Hastings  will  go  to  Canada  on  Friday  to  look  up  the  law 
firm  you  mentioned.  Insomuch  as  we  do  not  know  the  name  of  the 
firm,  perhaps  it  would  be  better  for  you  to  address  an  autograph 
letter  to  F.S.Hastings,  asking  him  to  go  to  Canad*  to  retain  that 
law  firm  in  your  interest.  He  might  show  your  letter  to  that  firm 
as  his  authority  for  acting  in  your  behalf. 

If  this  meets  your  Approval,  please  send  a  letter  to  Mr.Hast- 
ings,  44  Wall  Street,  te-morrow,  sq  that  h»  will  get  it  by  to-mor¬ 
row  evening. 

Before  MR.Hastings  uses  the  letter  he  will  find  out  whether 
these  parties  are  engaged  on  the  other  side,  and  will  also  decide 
whether  it  Would  be  Hid  Wise  thingr  to  do,  everything  considered. 

Very  truly  yours. 

(Dictate  d) 

Law  Offices 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 
Dear  Sir:- 



We  have  your  letter  of  this  date  with  six  French 
patents  of  Mr.  Edisonji.  We  are  sending  these  to  Paris  tb  have- pro  of 
made  of  their  exhibition  there  and  have  written  to  Mr.  Hammer  to 
give  what  assistance  he  can  to  bur  agents  there. 




No.  40  Wall  Street, 

We  enclose  the  tracing  of  your  application  No. 716 
for  multipolar  machine  .  The  Kxaminer  has  made^obj action  to  this 
case  that  the  arrangement  shown  in  the  drawing  is  inoperative  for 
the  reason  'that  though  the  device  woujd  generate  a  current  in  the 
position  shown  in  Figure  1,  when  the  device  has  rotated  90° the 
current  becomes  nil,  while  at  160° degrees  it  becomes  reversed. This 
is  clear  from  the  consideration  that  at  180°  the  coils -are' still  ■' 
in  the  same  polarity  as;:  in  the  figure,  while  the  brashes  ■connect'1 
to  the  neutral  points  90°  removed  and  hence  of  reverse  polarity.* 

We  would  be  glad  if  you  would  have  seme  one  study 
this  out  and  see  whether  it  is  correct.  If  the  drawing;  is  wrong 
W-  e- should  have  it  corrected  and  Mr.  Kennel ly  or  stme  one-atrfche: 
laboratory  *an  probably  show  us  how.If  the  drawing  is  right  and?thj 
Examiner  wrong, we  would  like  to  be  furnished  with  such: explanation 
as  we  can  use  to  convince  him  of  his  error.  !•  f  ■  L" 

Kindly  return  the  tracing  with  your^re^yr 

Yours  truly, 

W  TJcl 

VY%  |^\a>  .(  £-£^G\v\Jj  Oyv\M/\rr<*J  duitt/ft*  , 

.  •«'-''-i  r-»‘l".„ii.  v »!»,,  i  f 
if  jUUt^  £  jus-'^jt-  i 

A^^jr  U*  l*;.  4=Wv  ■&bv.r 

AS  ;•;  •;  -••  v:_, 


Law  Offices  of 
DYER  &  SEELY,  . 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

A. 0. Tate  Esq. 

N ew  York, . Oct. 29.,.. .1889... 


Dear  Sin- 

Referring  to  the  correspondence  sent  with  your  letter 
of  the  21st  inst.  which  we  return  appears  that  Ool. 
Gouraud  wants  the  following  information  : 

1.  Whether  Edison' s  U.  S.  patent  contains  a' broader 
claim  on  cutting  as  distinguished  frcm  scraping,  as  izi  his^case  86. 

We  think  the  1st  claim-  of  patent  Mo.  393, 967, dated  December  4,1888 

covers  the  matter  broadlyrin  the  following  language:  "The  method  of 
recording  sounds  for  reproduction  consisting  in  impressing  sound 

vibrations  upon  a  cutting  recording  point  and  thereby  cutting  in 
the  recording  surface  4^/record  corresponding  to  the  sound  wavos( 
in  contra  distinction  to  the  fonnation  of  such  sound  records  by  a 

scraping  action." 

Patent  No. 393, 968  contains  the  following  claim; 
"A  phonograph  recorder  having  for  its  reewnding  point  a  cutting  tod 
witl^th^putting  edge  in  advance  of  the  stock  of  the  tool, substantial¬ 
ly  as  set  forth." 

2.  Whether  any  publication  was  cited  by  the  Pateifc 
Office  as  a  reference  to  these  claims.  As  to  this  we  have  to  say 


that  no  anticipation  was  over  brought  up  by  the  Patent  Office, the 
claims  having  been  allowed  without  ary  objection  of  that  kind. 

3.  As  to  the  references  cited  against  the  Oraph- 
ophone  application  in  the  Patent  Office , we.,  sippose  what  is  wanted 
is  with  relation  to  the  patent  of  Bell  ft  Ta  inter,  No.  341, 214,  dated 
May  4,1886  which  obtains  the  broad  claims  for  cutting  the  record. 
We  find  by  an  examination  of  the  record  of  this  case, in  the  Patent 
OfficOjthat  the  only  matters  cited  against  it  were  English  patent 
No. 1,644  of  1878  and  the  description  contained  in  Volume  27  of 
"Engineering", page  327, relating  to  the  "six-penny  phonograph"  . Ihe 
publication  in  "La  Nature*  of  the  Lambrigot  experiment  was  not 
referred  to  and  we  do  not  believe  the  Patent  Office  was  acquainted 
with  that  publication  at  the  time  the  Graphophone  application 
was  before  it.  The  limitation  contained  in  the  last  clause  of  the 
1st  claim  of  the  Graphophone  patent, No. 341 ,214^8  evidently  male 
in  view  of  the  United  States  Patent  to  Reynolds, No.  287,106  dated 
October  23,  1883. 

We  think  this  answers  what  Mr.Hardingham  requires. 
We  send  $ou  herewith  copies  of  all  the  U.S. patents  referred  to  here¬ 
in  and  we  think  it  would  be  well  for  you  to  send  these  copies  to 
Col.Gouraud  in  answering  his  letter. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Dear  Edison:- 

re  Lambrigot’s  anticipations. 

I  enclose  copies  of  letters  from  Mr  Hardingham 
my  Patent  Agent,  regarding  the  Graphophone  claim  for  cutting. 

I  am  told  that  Conrad  Cook’s  report  on  the  Graph¬ 
ophone  Patents,  extracts  from  which  were  published  in  the  Graphophone 
Syndicate  prospectus  I  sent  you,  c ont aine  d._re f  e 
Ljpnbrlgnt’s.  as  published  in  the  "Engineer1  of  about  the  same  date, 
but  although  he  tried  to  smooth  it  over  as  unimportant  yet  it  was 
considered  of  sufficient  importance  for  the  promoters  of  the  Grapho¬ 
phone  syndicate  to  leave  it  out  of  their  "prospectus. 

Wanted  from  America. 

Mr  Hardingham  says  that  it  is  important  to  know 
whether ^there.nisoinoyoiirV'Uriift^d  States  Patent  the  same  claim  as  con-- 
t  aine  din  your  English  Case  86,  viz:-  No  2  "The  employment  of  a  cutting 
style  havingiia 'trua-cbut't'irig 'action1?  If  there  is,  he  asks  "was  there 
any  reference  to  publication  in  this  connection  brought  forward  by 
the  United  ‘Patent  Office  as  alleged  anticipation,  and  if  so 
what?"  He  also  says  that  it  would  be  important  to  know  what  refer¬ 
ences,  if  any,  were  made  in  connection  with  the  issue  of  the  American 
Graphophone  Patents.  He  thinks  that  it  may  probably  be  found  that 
the  Patent  Office  did  make -reference  to  the  Lambrigot  experiment.  If 
so,  that  fact  would  have  great  weight  herein  showing  that  they  made 
a  claim  in  their  British  Patent  in  the  face  of  knowledge  of  the  prior 
publication  in  question.  You  have  in  your  own  possession  information 
regarding  any  references  to  your  own  patents,  perhaps  you  can  get  the 



information  as  regards  references  in  connection  with  the  uraphophone 

•yours,  sincerely 

s'Jncanrtoti  .  ioni'xcf'n.';,!  v-j 

0J  -  ov  o b'ru  '  fA  b psi-i  sjsdxtni  tai 
'jd.L'/fa  ■unfbtrS'nq^r  er i 

t :  r-..  :  '  ■ 

403xrcpfcli3a  : : .TirHt-  if-UaO'f  >  \  '  . 


-  ,  Copy  Of  Letter. 

Ffcom  G.  G.  M.  Hardingham,  To  Colonel  Gouraud. 

Col;  Gouraud, 

Dear  Sir,  x 

In  compliance  with  your  instruction’s,  I  have 
examined  the  specification  to  Johnson’s  Patent,  No  6027,  A.  D»  1886, 
aind  considered  the  question  Whether ,  by  virtue  of  that  Patent,  the 
proprietors  thereof  have  acquired  an  exclusive  right  to  cut  “in  a  sol- 
«id  body  the  record  corresponding  in  form  to  the  sound  waves*;  regard 
being  had  to  the  description  of  “Lambrigot’ s  Speaking  Plates",  publish 
~ed  in  “La  Nature*  the  3rd  of  May  1879.  No  309. 

Lambrigot'-ref erring  to  Edison’s  original 
phonograph-describes  the  substitution  for  the  reeordifig''poihl  of% 

■a  jpall  blade  of  steel  in  the  £TKfilfe*'  tBV  surf  acT  operated 

in  consisting  of  “a  layer  of  steaxiis^-Tlie4  ste6l''bla’de'va,fiuaed  to 
is  employed,  first,  to  scrape  down  the  stearine  and  impart  t*  it  a 
perfectly  smooth  surface,  and  secondly,  under  the  influence  of  the 
sound  vibration’s,  to  striate  the  stearine  surface  and  produce  therein 
an  exact  record  of  the  vibratory  movements  to  which  the  blade  is  sub-  ■ 



Assummg  No  309  of  “La  Nature"  to  have  been  published  in  this  country  • 
before  1986,  it  would  seem  clear  that  “the  method  of  forming  a  record" 
by  “cutting  in  a  solid  body"  was  net  capable  of  being  validly  patented 
at  the  date  named  in  .the  broad  sence  defined  by  Johnson’s  first 
.  claim* 

From  his  specification,  it  would  'dppear  that" 
the  working  extremity  of  the  recording,  style  is  so  formed  as  to  cut 
and  actually  remove  the  material  from  t|e[xeco^vgrpove  and  hot  merely 
to  displace  it.  The  first  claiming  cj^seVdeesinot ,hdwete?  liniit  the 
method  of  forming  the  record  to  this  ki-n^f^r^^^iclkdes 
broadly  such  a  method  of  cutting  the  r^jord  ns  would. .be  affected  by 
the  employment  of  a  recording  style  in'  the1  form’ of  a  knife  blade 
as  proposed  by  Lambrigot.  Johnson’s  |juLappeaw~tt-have  been  to  pro- 
-duce  a  continuous  record  groove  with 

guide  to  the  reproducing  style;  but  i^^m^behob'viods  -thdtt'th'is'fs 
precisely  the  result  which  Lambrigot  secured’  by,,tiife  :emt»lbynlent  Of  his 
knife-blade  recording  style.  '  ...  ••• t  ••••  - 

bi>-  »:.■ 

Your’s  Faithfully 



4  .  7 

.•From  G.  G.  M.  Hardir.gham*  C.  1C.  To  Colonel  Gouraud. 

4th  October,  1889. 

Colonel  Gouraud.  '  ^ 

Dear  Sir, 


Copy  Of  tetter. 

X  herewith  semi  you  i  letter  which  I  treat  vd .11  oet  your  present  re-  i 

In  order,  however,  that  its  contorts  ray 
not  min'le ad  you,  I  should  perhaps  oxplnir  ore  point  whi  eh  i  r  ret  ali- 
-uboi  to,  and  whi  oh  would ' indeed  be  beyond  the  scope  or  your  inquiry. 
What  I  have  dcr.e  is  to  deal  with  Joluison'c,  ’irst  claim  a.-.  X  j'inii  it.  j 
and  not  as  it  might-  he  if  fame  hue.:  is.  .certain  manner.  ..The  claim  as  it  ! 
stands  appears  to  me  to  cover  in  a  •  voa-t  cftcs  the  cutti rsp  of  a  record 
groove  whether  the  ountents  of  the  groove  be  actually  removed  (an  would  j 
result  from -the  use  of  a  turning  tool)  or  whether  the  sides  of  the  j 

groove  be  simply  parted  (as  would  .result  Itti'Q  use  of  what, 'in  wood 

turning,  is  known  a  "parting  tool1'.  Prom  'Johnson ' s  spoci  i'i. cation,  X 
am  disposed  to  think  the  intention  was  to’ claim  oplythe  formation  of 
a  groove  of  the  former  character;  but  I  consider  the  claim  is’ wider 
than  this,’  and  suffices  to  cover  the  latter  method  of 'cutting.  In  this 
•  respect,  the  claim  in  anticipated  tty  the  publication  in  "La  Nature". 

You  will.. perceive  that  the  above  point'  in  [p'f  considerable  import- 
-ance,  because  Edison  uses,  what  I  may  call  “a  material-removing  tool, 
as  distinguished  from  a  "displacing"  or  "parting"  tool. 

(See  No-  12,  591i’p  page  9  lines  8,8-EO). 

You  will  find  on  reference  that  the  second  claim  to  your’ patent  No  IK,  { 
598  was  modified  to  read- as  foliows:- 

11  The'  method  of  and  apparatus  for  recording  sound  waves  substanti- 
_  -ally  as  heroin  described,  the  cutting  edge  of  the  recording  style 
being  in  advance  of  the  stock  of ' the  tool  and  having  a  true  cutti:-, t 


TKg  subject  n-iittuv  of  l.n  ir.  in  in  my  opirvim,  ai'ff  :r  ',.t  j  r  both 
S.j?!;:.  Ii ar.’.bi’igot 1  ts  publication  of  Io79  and  from  Jc  jk u  1  it  speci  fication 
No  o:OH7'Tr 

I  herewith  if  i'i  the  papers  left  »ith  roe,  anti 

Your';.:  Truly 

G  •  G «  M  •  Hav(H  r. r.h am  • 

f  .  .  - 

Law  Offices  of 

*  '  DYER  &  SEELY, 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . ,No.v...,.6..tli».188y... . 

A.0, Tate  ESq , 


N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  sent  to  the  office  of  the  Light  Co.  for  EUison 
note  books, Nos.  37  and  53  and  they  inform  <d  us  that  the  books  had 
been  taker  out  of  the  vaults  sometime  ago  and  were  probably  in  your 
hands. Wo  are  going  to  take  testimony  in  the  Hliscn-Swan  interf  Ir¬ 
ene  e  and  it  is  very  important  that  we  should  have  these  books  at 
onee.If  they  are  in  your  po ss ess i on  wi 11  you  kindly  send  than  to  us 

You  re  truly, 



Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York,. . November. . 8th,  188  9-. 

My  Dear  Mr. Tate 

When  I  last  saw  Mr.Ndison  he  spoke  about  prosecut¬ 
ing  vigorously  some  of  his  old  applications  relating  to  electric 
lighting.  1  wish  you  would  say  to  him  that  I  an  devoting  my  even¬ 
ings  now  to  the  study  of  these  old- cases  and  will  be  prepared  with¬ 
in  a  week  or  so  to  lay  before  him  a  plan  of  campaign. This  I  propose 
to  do  before  actually  forwarding  any  papers  in  the  cases  to  Washing- 

Yours  very  truly  , 

To : A. 0. Tate  Ksq.  W 

Orange , 




A.O«Tate,  Esq., 

Private  Secret ary 

Dear  Sir:- 

Welch  V.  Edison.  I  beg  to  acknowledge  your  esteemed 
favor  of  yesterday  containing  letter  from  Mr.  George  S.  Hale,  of 
Boston,  dated  the  4th  inst«,  addressed  to  M ft.  Edison.  This 
matter  strikes  me  as  ra±her  serious,  judging  from  Mr.  Hale's 
letter, and  I  will  giveyit  my  eawly  and  prompt  attention. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . November. . ll-r1889,- 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq, 



Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  to  advise  you  that  taxes  have  to  be  paid  in 
December  on  the  following  foreign  patents  of  Mr. Edison:  two  German 
patents  on  the  phonoplex  telegraph;  two  French  patents  on  the  same 
subject, and  one  French  patent  and  one  Belgin#)patent  for  ore  sep¬ 
arators.  • 

Please  instruct  us  as  to  whether  you  wish  us  to  have 
these  taxes  paid. 

Yours  truly, 

I'  (o-  <o. 

£■  | ,  J-r\" 

-  •’  Dear  Mr.  Tate:- 


Re  Reeder  Patent.  In  writing; .the  French  Company 
will  you  kindly  tell  Ahem  that  any  information  they  may  be  asked 
to  give  us, or  our  correspondents  in  Paris .Brandon  &  Eils, about 
the  foreign  patents  on  the  Reeder  invent  ion, they  may  safely  give*/ 
Apparently  they  hesitate  to  give  any  information  except  to  Mr. 
Edison  personally,  and  that  takes  too  long.  We  would  like 
to  have  than  answer  some  questions  about  the  expiration  of  for¬ 
eign  patents,which  Mr.  Brandon  will  ask  them  in  our  behalf.’ 

Hoping  you  will  find  some  way  to  help  us  out  and  expe¬ 
dite  this  mat ter, as  above  stated,  we  r  ana  in, 

Nov.'  13  th.,  18  89.. 

Very  truly  yours, 


P.  O.  Box  2979. 



9z*^  -i -%/fo 

New  York,  November 31,  1889. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison! 


I  have  several  times  unsuccessfully  triad  to  see 
you  in  regard  to  the  above  case,  which  you  may  remember  concerns 
District  Telegraph  Signal  Boxes.  As  defendant’s  time  expires  tip 
last  of  this  month  and  we  cannot  take  testimony  after  the  !40th,  I 
have  noticed  your  examinat  ion  for  November  27th,  2  p.  in.,  at  your 
laboratory,  hoping  in  the  meantime  to  obtain  an  interview  with  you. 
Wont  you  kindly  write  to  me  appointing  sometime,  afternoon  or 
morning,  when  1  can  call  and  talk  over  the  ease?  It  will  not  take 
very  mueifclSfciBe.  I  havo  secured  a  copy  of  your  caveat  from  Mr. 
Serrell,  and  will  bring  it  with  me.  If  it  is  more  convenient  for 
you  to  come  to  New  York,  you  could  stop  in  to  see  me  any  time  dur¬ 
ing  the  day. 

Very  truly  yours. 

To  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 


<T\  L  o  '  ‘ 

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Law  Offices  of 




Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq. 


New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir:- 

New  York, . No.vejnber....23rd,.....1889 . 

Sometime  ago  I  spoke  to  you  about  an  application  of 
Mr, Edison  on  the  new  toy  phonograph  which  had  been  allowed, and 
you  desired  me  to  write  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing 
Co.  with  reference  to  taking  out  foreign  patents  on  it  before  the 
issue  of  the  United  States  Patent.  lohave  never  had  any  reply  to 
this  letter  and  I  suggest  that  if  no  foreign  patents  are  to  be  ta¬ 
ken, Mr. Edison  ought  to  have  the  United  States  patent  issued.  There 
are  still  about  four  months  however  before  it  is  necessary  to  pay 
the  final  fee. 

Yours  truly, 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

Welch  vs.  Edison.  Referring  to  our  recent  in¬ 
terview,  please  let  me  rsnind  you  that  you  wero  to  hunt  up  am  give 
me  the  bill  which  you  paid  Wiliams, of  Boston,  about  $300^, togeth¬ 
er  with  any  other  data  which  you  may  have  relating  to  this  matter. 
Probably  the -party  referred  to  was  Charles  Williams  Jr. .then  of  115 
Court  St., Bo st on, though  I  am  not  certain  that  this  was  his  business 
title  at  that  time. 

Pardon  mo  for  impressing  on  you  the  importance  of  prompt 
and  thorough  action*’ 

Very;  truly  yours. 

gi.  Mu  -  ^ ^ 

Dear  Sir: 

I  learn  that  the  Edison  Company  in  England,  has 
commenced  a  suit  on  your  Feeder  Patent  in  England.  Would  it  not 
be  well  for  me  to  eomnnnicate  with  the  attorneys,  in  order  to  ex¬ 
change  information?  If  you  approve,  please  send  me  a  letter  from 
yourself  to  the  proper  party  in  London,  requesting  them  to  give 
mo  full  information.-  I  shall  then  enclose  your  said  letter  in  one 
of  my  own,  and  thus  open  correspondence. 

Hoping  the  above  will  meet  your  approval,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Law  Offices  of 

No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York,....- . November  . .26,1889 . 

Alfred  O.Tate  Esq, 


N.  J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

Your  letter  of ' the  25th  inst.  received  and  as  re¬ 
quested  we  enclose  you  herewith  a  copy  of  the  letter  sent  by  us  to 
Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.  Our  office  copy  of  the 

drawing  which  we  sent  to  them  at  the  time  has  not  yet  been  returned. 


“lo-t-j  TJ  W,--o 

New  York,  Oct.  19,  1889. 
Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co. 

95  Milk  Street, 


Mass . 

Gentlemen: - 

An  application  of  Mr.Edison  for  the  new  toy  phono¬ 
graph  invented  by  him  before  he  went  to  Europe  has  been  allowed  by 
the  Patent  Office.  It  covers  a  large  number  of  improvements  in 
the  construction  of  the  toy  machine  and  Mr .Edison  has  suggested  to 
us  that  you  may  wish  to  arrange  for  taking  .out  foreign  patents  on 
it  before  the  patent  is  issued  in  this  country.  We  have  now  nearly 
six  months  in  which  to  do  this  but  if  you  wish  to  do  anything  in 
the  matter  you  should  proceed  at  once, so  as  not  to  delay  the  issue 
of  the  patent  here  any  longer  than  is  necessary. 

We  enclose  a  copy  of  the  claims  allowed  in  this 
country  and  also  our  office  copy  of  the  drawing  so  that  you  can  see 
what  the  device  is.  Please  return  the  tracing  when  you  have  examin¬ 
ed  it. 

Yours  truly, 

Dyer  &  Seely, 


(  Dictated. } 

.  Law  Offices  of 



No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . Nov. -37-th* 1889  . ■■ 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 


We  inc late  herewith  caveat  No.  117  for  Mr.'  Edison's  signature. 
Please  have  him  sign  as  indicated  in  pencil,  and  swear  to  the 
oath  before  a  noaary  public  who  should  affix  his  seal. 

You  will  also  see  that  the  specification  is  signed  by  two  wit¬ 
nesses.  ' 

We  are  holdind  Mr.  Edison's  sketches  and  description  of  this 


(Jr'  caveat  until  the  cavoat  has  been  filed, when  we  will  send  it  to  you 
to  complete  your  fecordd.  > 


^  •  r 
t?~i  4  o  c  'r 

c  »  /V?  -  \  / 

£/>£{-  Cortasli^-  y 




40  Wall  Street. 


J&r  . . 

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Atyesi  %&£&, 

Kfctt  mefk; 

Law  Offices  of 

(Diotat ed)  DYER  &  SEELY, 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq. 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

New  York, . December . 9th-, . 188-9 

The  application  for  patent  which  we  filed  for  you 
on  the  invention  of  Mr.Kennelly  consisting  in  heating  the  plates 
or  the  solution  or  both  for  an  electric  light  meter  has  been  allow¬ 
ed  by  the  Patent  Office  with  good  claims.  Do  you  wish  to  have  the 
patent  issiLed?  If  so  please  advise  us  and  we  will  pay  the  final  fea' 
Should  there  be  any  assignment  in  this  matter  from  Mr.Kennelly  to 
you  ? 

Y/e  understand  from  Mr.Kennelly  that  since  this  appli¬ 
cation  was  filed  another  new  point  has  arisen  that  is  to  amal¬ 
gamate  the  meter  plates  while  they  are  still  hot. If  this  is  a  mat¬ 
ter  of  any  importance  it  seems  to  us  an  additional  patent  should  be 
applied  for. Please  instruct  us  if  you  wish  us  to  make  an  applica¬ 

Yours  truly, 

>/Uia1  /  ^L'-  I  ’g-8-e) 

0  , 

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,/V<3M>  Jb;7o, . Dec.  IS, _ i589 

0.  A.  Tats,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary. 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

My  Dear  Mr.  Tate:  — 

In  our  'suits  for  the  sustaining  of  U.  s. 
Patent  248,4%  covering  the  combination  of  the  inverted  lamp  and 
the  reflector,  with  other  elements,  it  is  alleged  that" the  corres- 
ponding  Italian  patont  has  expired  by  limitation  of  term. 

Will  you  kindly  give  me  such  information  as  you  have 
regarding  the  facts  in  this  case,  and  oblige. 

Yours  very  truly. 

General  Counsol. 

_ _ 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of 
27th- No  vanha*- to  gather  with  oiother  from  Major  Eaton  dated  Decan- 
-ber-  5th. 

I  need  hardly  say  that  it  will  afford  me  very  great 
pleasure  to  be  the  mean*  of  reiving  you  any  information  that  to  have 
at  ourt  disposal  with  referaice  toil  he  ■Feeder*  patent.  We  are  how- 
-ever:  only  in  the  initial  -stage  ahd  1  think  we  shall  best  meet  your 
views  -by  sending  a  copy  of  ^Major  Eaton’  s  letter  to  our  Solicitors 
Messrff'^shursfc.Mo'rt'iB.Criqp  Ik  Co.,  ahd  asking  than  to  supply  me 
with" their  views  of  our  present  position. 

.  r  will  write  by  this  mail  to  Major  Eaton  in  the 
same  sense-  as.  I  an  now  writing  t,o  you. 

1  «n  very  hopeful  that  to  shall  establish  this  pa- 
-tehat  and  pro  ye  it  to  be  of  very  considerable  value. 


T. AH. Edison  tfsq. ,  2. 

■M  J,  had'  the  pleasure  of  seeing  Major  Eaton  several 
times  while  Fw*r  in  New  YoUc  and  have  had  ihe  pleasure  of  meeting 
Mr  .Lewis  several,  times  recently  in  Paris,  they  do  not  need  any 
personal,  introduction  to  obtain  my  good  offices.  In  fact  you 
knbw  that-  E  arn. always  glad  to-do  anything  I  can  to  promote  yonr 
interests:  imithis  country. 

Trusting  that  you  -are  well  and  with  best  Christmas 
wiBhessto  Mrs. Edison  and  yourself. 

:i  remain.  Dear  .Mr  .Edison, 

Yours  very  truly, 

S'-£xro  dSc ip., 

In  the  matter  of  taking  foreign  patents  on  the 

toy  phonograph, some  of  our  arrangements  are  dependent  on.  the  pre¬ 
cise  ijountriea  in  .which  the  patent  is  to  be  taken.If  the  toy  Pho¬ 
nograph  Compapy  has  not  written  you  we  would  take  it  as  a  favor  if 
you  would  stir  them  up  about  this  matter.  Alsokindly  bear  in  mind 
your  promise  to  our  Mr.Dyer  that  you  would  give  us  a  a^eek.on  aeeou nt 
of  the  Phonograph  Manufacturing  Co. 

Yours  very  truly,  ^  t  y  ^  v' 

©ppieES  P0R  Patents, 


CC-  ,/ssj 

(£$/  aj^o-'h/d-  me  j/ileadule  la  Injhlm 

yau  id  a/  an.  ^  '1  . ,  yaut 

a/i/idica/ian  iteUad Q'fo-  '/ 4  ■£.  >  ylalenl 

f“  n  ■ 

mad-  duly,  a/lamcd. 

(Hide  y&nad  ya-uel-nnicnl  jle  fjggo.^J 
j/uiyadle  al any.  lime  midden  d-uvnumldd. ^hi 
dale  ajl  adlamancc.  (Hide  yialenl  mild 
yell) lied  and  cleluieied  adaul  idu 

■ce  mce/ed 


ti:  .ate  o:.  to  v/hct 

rovi.v:£jg0^wtot  wt- 

, . . . m  fHEFER: 

Thomas  Alva  £  d  1  son  Esquire 

Honored  Sir  i 

Your  esteemed  Representatives,  especially 
Colonel  Gouraud^have  intrusted  me  with  your  patent 
applications  in  Germany.  You  are  surely  aware 
that  we  have  to  suffer  here  under  rather  peculiar 
difficulties  and  they  can  hardly  be  *xplained  by 
way  of  correspondence.  I  would  therefore  offer  to 
shortly  report  on  that  subject,  if  it  be  of  interest 
to  you,  and  hold  myself  prepared  to  follow  your 
kind  wishes  in  regard  to  such  matter. 

Most  respectfully  and  obediently 



Franc  c 



Switsorl  mil 
-■'•a  atria 
Run  Mia 
Downy  _  . 



Turh  oy  :c 



Japan  x 

1Toy:  South  Wales 

Queens  lend 


South  Australia 

Tasman ia 

Here  Zealand 

Cape  of  C-oort  Hope 



Argentine  Republic 
Hawaii  x 
British  duiana  x 
U.  S,  Colombia  x 
Congo  3V oo  State 
Rettador  x 
Finis  til  X 
Cruat  ornala 
Hone  Koiie  x 
Jamaica  x 
Siberia  x 

1  fatal 

Sorvis.  x 

Straits  Sottlomcsitr 
V  on  o  xu  el  a.  x 

1889.  Phonograph  ■  General  (D-89-55) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  technical  and  commercial 
development  of  the  phonograph.  Some  of  the  letters  are  by  Edison’s  attorney, 
Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  and  relate  to  Edison’s  suit  against  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  and 
John  C.  Tomlinson.  Also  included  are  letters  about  musical  recording  sessions 
at  the  West  Orange  laboratory,  correspondence  regarding  phonograph 
exhibitions,  and  requests  for  information  about  phonographs  and  cylinder 
recordings.  Individual  letters  pertaining  to  more  than  one  phonograph 
company  are  also  filed  in  this  folder. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  unsolicited 
correspondence  about  the  Gilliland-Tomlinson  affair;  routine  requests  for 
information  about  the  phonograph;  letters  of  transmittal  and  other  routine 
business  correspondence;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 


J)/tAia:,  Umlaut  K  CoJ’itomnEroits. 

Parlor  1. 

_ Janly_ia, _ //fcfs 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Tate: 

I  send  by  express  today  two  receiving  diaphragms 
which  arc  in  bad  shape.  We  have  been  unable  to  prevent  them  from 
scratching,  and  I  thought  X  would  send  them  to  you  and  have  them 
either  fixed  up  or  have  you  send  us  new  ones.  I  would  be  much 
indebted  if  you  would  return  these  at  the  earliest  possible  moment, 
because  we  are  badly  in  need  of  them.  I  asked  Wangeman  to  get  up 
a  box  of  new  musical ■ cylinders  for  me  and  he  said  he  would  send 
them  over  to  160  Broadway*  I  telegraphed  to  Walter  Miller  over 
there  and  instructed  him  to  send  them  to  me  at  the  Brand  Pacific 
Hotel.  I  have  not  reoeivod  them  yet.  We  give  an  exhibition  at 
the  Illinois  Club  tomorrow  night,  and  I  shall  be  very  much  embar¬ 
rassed  without  them. 

I  wish  to  mention  to  you  privately  that  I  notice  on  the 
end  of  all  Wangeman' s  cylinders  a  peculiar  musical  trade  mark  - 

operatic  selection  particularly  this  musical  trade  mark  is  a  little 
out  of  place. 

Yours  very  truly. 



140  NASSAU  STREET,  (Moreo  Bulletins.) 


New  York, . 

/(?'...  1 86^ 


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T.  A.  Edison, Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

At  Mr. Auerbach's  request,  an  interview  took 
place  at  my  office  today  between  him,  Lippincott,  Bush,Lewis  and 
myself.  Auerbach  says  Tomlinson  is  an  utterly  ruined  man  in  this 
community,  and  wanted  to  Hnow  if  something  could  not  be  done  to 
give  him  back  his  character.  I  told  Auerbach  that  Tomlinson  had 
your  money,  and  that  the  first  thing  for  Tomlinson  to  do  was  to 
give  it  back  to  you.  Auerbach  intimates  that  perhaps  he  will  ad¬ 
vise  Tomlinson  to  hand  over  the  money.  Lewis  and  I  were  very 
careful  not  to  give  away  any  part  of  our  case.  We  answered  no 
questions.  If  Auerbach  or  Tomlinson  calls  on  you,  perhaps  it 
would  be  well  for  you  to  refer  them  to  me.  However,  of  course 
Jrou  will  use  your  own  best  judgment  about  that. 

If  Tomlinson  thinks  he  can  beat  us  at  law,  he  will 
fight.  If  he  thinks  we  can  beat  him,  he  will  call  on  you  and 
give  you  the  money.  Nevertheless  we  cannot  take  the  risk  of 

giving  them  any  of  the  facts  of  our  case. 

•/?«,  /»■> }  =■■>>  ■  t 



30/,  y  r?  c? 

My  Dear  Sir:  _ _  /  /  Q  /*  j 

Replying  to  yair  favor  of  yesterday  .please  let  mG  say 
that  the  reason  Why  X  have  not  sent  you  the  draft  of  the  Reso¬ 
lution,^  that  I  have  applied  to  Mr.Tomlinscn  to  know  if  he  has 
the  original  agreement, and  am  waiting  for  his  answer.  Mr. Ins nil 
as sur es  me  that  the  agreement  was  oxeeut ed,o cnsequently  I  decided 
to  write  a  note  to  Mr.  Tomlinson  about  it.  If  1  cl0  not  get 
track  of  any  orginal  contract  in  this  way, I  will  then  send  ypu 
the  Resolution.  Hoping  this  will  bo  satisfactory,!  remain. 

Very  truly  yonrs, 

Mr.A. O.Ta to , Private  Seo’ty 

.-Portland  &  Willamette  Valley  Railway  Co. 

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yf  New  York,  February  3,  1SS9. 

;•  .'My  deair^Mr  Tate: 

/{  V  / 

I  Will  you  please  lot  me  know  vrhen  you  are  to 

have  the  next  experiments  with  the  Phonograph  and  musical  instru¬ 
ments,  as  I  should  like  to  run  out  to  the  laboratory  and  be  pres¬ 
ent  . 

J.  hope,  also,  that  I  will  get  that  phonograph  some  day. 

I  need  it  every  hoiir. 

Very  truly  yours, 

*  yO 

>  *>  w.i-  7  /- 

tU...-  J 



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Dear  SirS- 


ir  £  C 

PHILADELPH I  A, .  ^.PX  •,18t  ih ....  - 

My  friend, Professor  George  P.Barker,told  me  a 
few  days  ago  that  you  expected  your  phonograph  would  soon 
be  perfected, and  I' write  to  ask  you  whether  you  have  made 
any  arrangement  with  any  individual  or  company  for  the  manu¬ 
facture, distribution, or  sale  of  this  instrument  in  the  State 
of  Pennsylvania.  If  you  have  not  made  any  such  final  arrange¬ 
ment,!  should  be  glad  to  know  what  your  ideas  are, as  several 
friends  of  mine  who  are  among  our  most  active  and  energetic 
business  men  might, I  think, like  to  form  a  company  to  introduce 
this  invention  when  perfected.- 

When  you  answer  me  please  let  me  know  when  the  invention 
will  be  mechanically  perfected  so  as  to  be  capable  of  useful 

introduction  among  business  men. 

You  may  recall  that  our  firm  represented  you  in  th< 
of  E.H.Wilson  £  Co.-  vs.Ihomas  A.Ed-ison,,- 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq. 

Menlo  Park, 

Yours  respectfully 

Cl -d/jjchwuLj 

New  Jersey. 


I  air,  desirous  of  procuring  a  Phono¬ 
graph  and  have  applied  for  one  at  the  Phonograph 
Company's  office  on  iith  Avenue,  near "28th  fitreet,this 
city,  but  am  informed  that  I  cannot  be  supplied  with 
a  machine  for.  a  month. 

I  understand  that  they  have  discriminated 
in  some  instances,  supplying  certain  applicants  with 
machines  at  once.  If  possible,  will  you  kindly 

suggest  some  way  of  hastening  the  fulf  ilHment  of  my 

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S61  BROAD  ST. 

My  Dear  Sir** 

Your  Jotter  reoetyed#  j  dp  not  pare  particularly 
about  the  copy  of  the  phonograph,  ,rMcle  I  Rant  you,  unless  you 
"ere  going  to  destroy  it,  in  which  w*at  y*«  way  re-nail  tow* 

If  however,  you  would  like  to  , put  it  up**  file  plpaee  retiirt  it'. 

I  should  be  glad  If  *diB6h  would  give  a  few  momenta  at* 
tention  t o  the  salient  -points  of  thf*  article, as  it  explbirt*  def¬ 
initely  the  matter  about  which  J  was  talking  to  him  last  Tfodneaday 
upon  the  occasion  of  our  delightful  ViSit  to -the  laboratory*  . 

Mr.  Edison  then  expressed  tome  the  opinion  that  there  might  be 
something  in.  my  sohdfco  of  the  magnet  ie  Cord  or  mi re (as  a  medium 
of  record)  as  p  ertaining -to  music,  but  very  likely  not  in  articu¬ 
late  speeoh.  till  you  kindly  recall  to  hint  the  conversation 
and  see  if  he  is  willing  att  acme  future  time  to  talc*  up  the 
matter  and  see  if  there  i»  anything  in  it?  With  regards  to 
Mr.  Edison,  I  an 

Teithfully  yours*  % 

Mr.  A.  o.  Tate. 




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LJ- .  /n  if  ', 


Attorney  and  Counselor  at  Law, 


A. 0. Tate  Esq, 

Dear  Sir; 

cn  k  '  '  '  : 

.  4  -  VY  S 

140  NASSAU  STREET  §>'  % 

Rew  Yorl^ . March  19th  1889 . 1  88 

Secty  Orange  N.J. 


Q _ 

Please  advise  me  whether  applioation  Tor  rights 
and  licenses  under  the  phonographic  patents  as  the  same  are  applies 
b,le  to  clocks  must  be  made  to  Mr  Edison  or  whether  he  has  parted 
with  the  same.  If  he  is  open  to  entertain  a  proposition  a  client 
of  mine  of  means  will  I  think  make  him  a.  ca3h  proposition  relative 




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/20  £%/)vae/tt/a#/\  s 

T.A.Edison  Esq., 
Dear  Sir: 

.Sliw  __Aprdl_8th._  A&i 

Referring  to  our  agreement  with  Mr .Lippincott 
not  to  bring  suit  against  Messrs.  Gilliland  and  Tomlinson  -for  six 
months, I  beg  to  say  that  the  time  expired  on  tho  5th.  inst., three 
days  ago.  So  far  as  Mr.Lippineott  is'  o one erned, there  is  nothing 
to  prevent  our  commencing  suit  now.  Awaiting  your  further  in¬ 
structions  in  this  regard, I  remain, 

Dictated  to  Stenographer  by.. 

c . 

. .^Pd5 . 



Makers  of  the  “  Fit..  ,  . 

Fatcnt  ““  ond ! 

At  <Z*si 
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Telegrams,  OLRICK,  London.  ^ / 

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a/- Aasj-  *a v  tCO-isvJ'6%^:  J  fox-tcl-t,  'tt^uulc^C 
LEWIS  OLRICK  &  CO.,  „  y  ,  j*  . /  / 

giiflinccro,  (AALcl-xaA-  Mfx/Ph  /ALAAAsP 

BOILER  MAKERS  TO  H.M.  WAR  J  S  A  Q  '  /  '  /  ■  /  ' 

AND  INDIA  OFFICES.  O-tASh-eA-  Clpl'l'lsl/xsCpJ. <hl^  f<U~  U/Kl,/-  Ma^A'^MsP^Aj . 

V  IsblA^  C^CtSLAAsO^Aj  ’-PlAsty  SftAA>~$<s  #/  tAist'V'  i*-L^ 

'Ll,  .'V<-t^tf  /PiasuiaJL  a 

Makers  of  the  “Field”  ^  * 

Patent  Boilers  and 

Tubes.  siA/Cfc-K 

^fflO-cIoco  (Snflfnco-'i*;  *  ^ 
of  all  description!, 

Av£&t'  Ut,  4r^uL  Y\ 

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AAy  yAzAf  ci£/Oi,ci/-t^y  /e  ye  flaAfcua 

stv-o-i*j!pAL  tiscA)-AI  ■  a  _ _ _  / 

K  .  'Pl.lstA.tJi 
'ULAsA.  CIasiaJoJa 

'Kills  GaiiVXJJ aV!CmGlJ*M151k, 


— Apr-il — 1 S- 

_ SM*. 

My  dear  Tate: 

I  shall  be  in  New.  York  City  in  the  course  of  a 
week  and  shall  surely  come  out  and  see  you.  I  have  practically 
closed  the  phonograph  deal,  and  upon  satisfactory  terms.  We  have 
had  a  hard  tussle  here,-  more  on  account  of  the  failure  of  the  man 
who  had  the  option  in  the  first  place, (and  his  inability  to  handle 
a  matter  of  this  kind,)  than  anything  else.  We  have  orders 

for  nearly  four  hundred  machines;  that  represents  $16,000  worth  of 
business  before  we  are  ready  to  take  our  offices.  I  should  say 
about  80  per  cent,  of  the  orders  were  for  phonographs.  The 
prospect  for  business  in  our  line  here  in  this  territory  looks  very 
well  indeed.  I  am 

Yours  very  truly, 


$ mwO/i  &G  Tby^tdCjj  ^C'tr^Auuu 
.  ffasufliv  dhi^zjo.  hn+nday  oy 

&U  C  C£o^.  ‘  ■  ,'' 

Yjf  OiAs\Q,&lA''\  Cl/lAsAJ. 


^  *  a 

[  \Vnj\A  Baltimore,  Upi  -  AVrU.^  t  IMPS).  \ 

jMn  Thomas  Edison,  Menlo  Park,  N.  j(r  '  v'-’  /7, 

'  °ear  Sir  !""In  tha  pj^isio^  tJ^hor^ap.^^ 

foul  cl  the  same  result  be^tain^-by 

the  battery,  when  in  workirig^bVdor ,  $W,noW aoea^vuti/^ 

I  machine  9  '  \  Wj//  A 

In  Washington,  where  I  have  seen  th^  pCnog?^»h^  the 

I  battery  does  not  seem  to  give  satisfaction.  in  Baltimore, 
the  city  supply  of  water  is  abundant  and  the  pressure  hea¬ 
vy.  The  Pillings  water  motor,  here,  has  been  mentioned  as 
the  smoothest  runner, 

I  was  told,  at  Washington,  that  the  Phonograph  is 
flmade  to  run  with  the  battery  that  accompanies  the  machine, 
jjand  that  any  other  arrangement  would  not  answer. 

If  you  can  answer  my  question,  will  you  please  do 
I  so,  and  oblige  , 

Yours,  respectfully, 

12  St.  Paul  st*  ,  Balt.  ,Md. 

,«/  / 

—  (yfytf/r/Y/yx.  y/$[  May  4.  1889.  x/-J 

^  I  enclose  herewith  Mr,  Kdison's  notes  in  regard 

I  to  the  Toy  Phonograph  business,  which  you  telephoned  for  to-day, 

A  1  also  enclose  for  your  information  copy  of  Mr.  Kdison's  affidavit, 
<  which  I  forwarded  to-day  to  the  department  State  Board  of  Asses- 
|  sors,  Trenton,  N.  J.,  together  with  RBTURn,  relative  to  the!  af- 
CX?611*8  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Co.  Mr,  Lewis  dictated  the;  affi- 
davit.  Baton  &  Lewis’  letter  (also  enclosed)  contains  their  viewB 
Vi  in  re®rd  to  this  matter. 

\  I  telegraphed  you  to-day  as  follows:  "January  18th.  Maguire, • 

which  means  that  the  artioles  re  Tomlinson  and  Gilliland  appeared 
„  in  the  N.  Y.  papers  on  that  date.  My  recollection  iB  that  the 

j  EVBNING  StIN  article  was  printed  in  their  issue  of  17th  January,  and 

>  all  the  morning  papers  had  it  the  next  day.  I  send  you  clipping 

j  from  the  "N,  Y,  Herald"  to  verify  date. 

j  Just  at  present  the  Daboratory  is  crowded  with  Y.  M.  C.  A. 

delegates,  and  things  aro  in  more  or  less  confusion. 

I  will  mail  this  letter  in  the  "Speoial  Boston"  box  at  the 

grand  Central  Depot,  to  insure  its  quick  delivery. 

Httt.  rT 



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HLEW,S  .  A£/./>  7/k-j/v  May  10th. _ 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Bear  Sir: 

Re  Gilliland  and  Tomlinson  suit.  Enclosed 
please  find  your  statement, in  the  form  of  an  affidavit  not  sworn 
to, prepared  by  our  Mr.  lewis.  Please  retain  it  for  future  refer¬ 
ence  as  occasion  may  require.  It  is  meant  to  correctly  state  • 
the  facts  in  this  case  as  to  which  you  will  be  ultimately  examined 
as  a  witness. 

Thomas  A.:  Edison, Esq.,  //  a  J>  fa'?*  /  f -4*  5 

Dear  Sir:  (/('&' \\  // /  f-y  /  J/  t  S 



Roswell  Smith . 

Frank  H. Scott,  Treas. 
Ch&s.F.  Chichester,  Assilre&s. 

:FUStISMER.S: —  . 

,  cp><st  <7  S^-^70 


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unless  sooner  stopped  by  pressing  the  little  arm  above  mentioned. 

There  is  apparently  no  diminution  or  speed  as  the  spring  un¬ 
coils.  It  stops  short  when  run  down.  It  is  obvious  that  if  I  use  a 
larger  and  more  powerful  spring  that  I  can  get  a  longer  action.  I 
have  seen  the  leading  spring  men  in  New  York  in  the  course  of  my 
experimentations  and  theyo tell’ me’  that  they  can  furnish  me  with 
springs  that  they  guarantee  will  run  over  thirty  minutes  and  do  my 
work  but  for  all  practical’ purposes,  six  minutes  is  long  enough  for 
it  is  no  trouble  to:.-,  the  user  to  puli'  the  little  handle  and  thus  wefr- 
wind  it  up  again.  The  weight  of  my  entire  apparatus  is  lessthan 
seven  pounds' and1  presents  a.  neat  appearance  when  coupled,  up .•  with 
the  phonograph.  The  drum  and  lever  handle  are  only  to  be  seen,  at 
the  left  of  the  phonograph  frame  which  lattert  is  elevated  a  few  in¬ 
ches  on  the  table  to  permit' the  governor  and  its  gearing  to  go  unde 
neath  thus  being  -out- of  sight.  The  starting  and  stopp  ing  are  .sim¬ 
plicity  itself.'  Th;. start,  the  user  of’  the  phonograph,  merely  pulls 
the  drum  arm  towards  him  a  few  times,  releases  the  governor  stop 
and-  the  cylinder  will  revolve. at  the  speed  above  mentioned  for  six 
minutes..  To-  stop, he  merely  depresses  the; little,  arm' that  .engages 
1  th'tr  fan.  fAe  phonograph  ■proper,  remains  exactly,  as  before.-  The.only 
ilifferimoe  is  that  the  motor  and  battery  are  removed.-  There  -is*  no 
noise  -in  tfie  working  of  the  geai*.  The  machinists  who  have  been  doinp 
ihe.  work  for  me  say  that  my  attaphment  can  be.  manufactured;  In- .quan¬ 
tity1  and  connected  with- the  phonograph  for  less  :than  seven  do, liars 
each.  The  one  I  have  now  rrunnig  is  the  last  of  nearly  a  do,|^  that 

£&,,«  0//.-M  o/  ■ 


■  ;  .■■■■•.  , 0/  <&«**  <0H~4 

S'r/wi'i,  <3///.  Sox.  Strum  SBniYt/uia, 

W  MttfSJH  ■  i  ••  *-  •.  >•;  Mrmu  *3p  a»<Y  t 30, 

2  Edison  cJeui  ^<h4, . . Si 'S’ 

1  have  had  constructed  but  found  faulty  in  one  respect  or  another. 

You  will  notice  that  t  run  at  40  revolutions  per  min¬ 
ute,  t  have  run  at  all  speeds  from  a  snails  pace  to  over  185  par 
minute  but  1  find  excellent  results  at  forty  although,  as  you  know 
speed  is.  only  a  matter  of  gearing.  I  apparantly  have  a  surplus  of 
power  even  at  high  speed.  The  effect  of  slow  running  you  will  appre¬ 
ciate  is- very  important  for  a  cylinder  such  as  you  use  can  be  made 
at  the  speed  I  am  now  running,  to  carry  several  times  as  many  words 
as  i.t  now  holds  at  the  speed  or  over  100.  In  other  words  you  can 
make  yqur  cylinder  only  two  or  three  inches  in  length  and  thus  do 
away  with  the  objectionable  ..feature  of  bulk  in  mailing. 

I  have  'mad?  application  for  letters  patent  for 
my  spring  attachment  and  ^  beli-eye  that  I  will  obtain  strong  claims 
.  on  1;he  same.  It  is -my  wish  tq  turn  it  over  to,  ypu  on  terms  that  are 
fair  and  right  for  that  is  <\11  I  y/Mt  ...and  *  a™  satisfied  from  my 
knowledge  of  your  honorably  character  tty^t  qyepything  will  p?  sp.tis 
factory . 

You  will  recognise  that  its  application  to  the  phono¬ 
graph  is  a  death  blow  to  the  graphophone  for  with  the  perect  repro¬ 
duction  accomplished  by  your  machine,  working  with  a  spring  that 
a  child  can  handle,  no  person  would  think  of  using  a  graphophone. 



/(>/ <'/{/</«■!//. 



A‘Y"/,rr>  M 




■7;  Yjtrtf  w/r/Yff/h 


JY/r/fy/ff  .w/wy, 


.  U,M«A  June  6,  1889 

Thos".  A,  Edison,  Esq,, 

<*«*.,  H. 

Dear  Sir: 

As  it  is  a  long  time  since  I  bothered  you  with 
a;ay  of  my  importunities,  I  take  the  privilege  of  asking 
for  another  favor,  similar  to  those  which  you  have  grants, 
me  heretofore, 

"■  The  ladies  of  our  Society  are  getting  up  a 

lawn  party,  which  they  have  named  nF£te  champetre  des 
cinqjsens .  n  For  the  representation  of  the  sense  of  hear¬ 
ing  they  have  asked  me  to  procure  for  than  one  of  your 
phonographs,  and  X  write  to  inquire  if  there  is  any  way 
in  v/hich  I  can  secure  the  use  of  one  for  one  day:  June 

12th.  If  you.  can  assist  n 

l  this  matter  you  will  not 

only  put  me  under  obligations,  buT  the  ladies  will- nrj.s 
up  and  call  you  blessed. ,n 

Very  truly  yours. 

f  t  fft  }&>r)  f  *  ,  * 

c  -ffice#  U. 

building  , 

•yt/f.w>  //c-/X y  ; 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Dear  Gir:  ’ 

»J.LT‘  f°r  «>•  ««■»  TLT “*!■  h*'  i“«  •»  «a»™S, 

pleading  in  the  United  States  Court  thsiv.  UndGr  the  rules  °f 
the  first  Monday  in  thp  mril.xU  9  their  appearance  was  /*»» 

Complaint  was  ?Led.the  ?husththU-°GedinS  the  m°^»  Sch^ur 
Sfjy  °f  and  was  made  *•  on  ?L 

on  or  before  the  first  Monday  of  July  ^  ansWer  mUst  be 

demurred  to^th*  *£  “r  •“«*'**  will  be 

that  even  if  all  we  state  in  our  *?"!  wil1  taie  the  ground 

-= st 

t,  .  Very,  truly  yours, 

Edison  Laboratory. 



. 'C 

sdsXA^Is^^  . 

/  xt^/^A-u^^Co  . 

^U. <AA*CL^jJU^  . IZte/..' 

</tl JLrS?C£!f^ 

^t^PA-jyCc/ . 


A  'UaJZs . 

Edison  Laboratory. 



A.  .1.3...'^^^/^^  . 

jzjfa, A~^d£rJL<y. ^Ar^^dlr. ^A^Lfs^J^  . 

. *&*£-  &f^Yr . <r?-v&-  ./n& . 

^UtA  \ 

Edison  Laboratory. 

Beahtelsvillo,  Pa. 

Snoure  Wangemann  passage.  Give  him  letter  credit,  hraxel  $500. 
Have  him  report  to  Hammer  fbr  first  two  weeks  to  help  him  ge:t 
his  phonos.  alD  going;  after  that  notify  me  art)  I  will  instruct 

R.  H.  I.  G.  0.  N. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

. . . 

6L,  fcdi . 

. .  . . . . ; . . . *  ^ 

—(. . . . —/SA?!.. . . ttdJL . . 


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New  York  City , August  7th.,lSS9 

RECEIVED  from  Thomas  A.  Edison  one  thousand  dollars 
($1,000.)  on  account  of  cash  di’sbur soment s  in  tho  suit  of  Edis 
against  Gilliland. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir- : 

I  received  an  invitation  to  visit  the  ; 
Labratory  at  Orange,  to  play  a  few  solos  in  the 
Phonograph,  which  I  must  decline.  I  am  obliged 
to  you  for  the  invitation,  but  as  it  will  not  ben¬ 
efit  me  in  any  shape  by  an  advertisement  or  fi-  j 
nan ci ally,  I  think  I  will  not  come,  V/ougarman  § 
told  mo  that  it  would  advertise  me  when  I  was 
there  last  time,  but  it  did'nt,  and  I  doubt  if 
one  of  the  tubes  ever  went  to  Europe  at  all. 

Now,  if  there  were  to  bo  a  number  of  celeb¬ 
rities  to  perform  in  the  Phonograph,  I  would  most 
willingly  and  gladly  accept,  under  the  impression 
of  getting  an  ad.,  however  I  am  greatly  obliged  to; 
you,  for  thinking  of  me. 

Yours  very  truly,  .  | 

552  Lexington  Ave  .  j 

Brooklyn,  N.Y.  j 

(  Will  Lyle  ) 

1st  Regiment  <^and  and  0a>sk@stva, 

,N]RNt'HSf!  CH  N|.  P.  UjMICJ'!. 

jdeadc.[i.iapteps,  1  39  and  ’1'41  IVJapket  St., 

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Edison  Laboratory. 


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I  met  your  lir  Logue  in  Washington  a  few  clays  ago  and  I 
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would  expect  to  boar  all  expenses  incurred,  by  way  of 

Transportation  for  either  man  or  material  and  before  going  any 
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upon  thik  subject  of  the  Phonograph  f  rom  it  I  eould  gather  infor¬ 
mation  as  to  the  principle. 

IV ill  you  be  bind  enough  to  answer,  and  oblige. 

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Law  Offices  of  J.A.  Beecher,. 

800  Broad  St.,  Newark,  N.J.  Hov.  1, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Sir: 

I  wish  to  communicate  to  you  by  the  Or aphophone , 
a  few  points  which  have  come  to  my  observation,  in  the  use 
of  this  machine,  and  also  of  the  Phonograph  which  I  think, 
may  be  of  some  personal  use  to  you,  and  may  result  in  your 
making  the  Phonograph  particularly  a  more  useful  machine,  to 
members  of  the  Legal  Profession  and  to  business  men  generally 
in  theirmoff ices.  One  objection  to  the  Phonograph  is,  that  th 
the  adjustments  are  so  intricate,  thA  they  require  too  much 
skill  in  the  operator,  and  I  am  glad  to  learn  from  Mr.  Smith 
whomrepre sent s  your  company  here,  and  who  has  furnished  me 
with  one  of  those  machines,  thet  you  have  a  sililar  apparatus 
to  that  which  i  s  used  on  this  maohine,  'The  Graphophone"  by 
which  the  record  is  made  without  requiring  any  skill  on  the 
part  of  the  operator.  I  think  the  Graphophone  in  respect  to 
the  mode  of  making* the  record  upon  the  oylinder,  is  as  near¬ 
ly  perfect  as  it  can  be.  But  the  delicate  adjustments  nec¬ 
essary  in  the  Phonograph,  to  enable  one  to  get  a  good  re¬ 
production  of  what  is  said  to  it,  make  it  a  less  desirable 
instrument  than  could  be  wished,  on  account  of  that.  Another 
objection  which  is  of  considerable  importance,  I  may  say  of 
great  importance  to  lawyers,  is  that  the  wax  cylinder  of  the 
Phonograph  is  too  short.  By  the  time  you  are  fairly  at  work 
you  must  quit  and  put  on  another  and  pare  it  down  and  make 
the  various  adjustments  which  I  have  spoken  of,  -  and  that 
may  properly  be  objected  to,-  before  ypu  can  go  on  with  your 
brief  or  whatever  other  matter  you  wish  to  have  recorded 
upon  the  cylinder.  Now  by  the  time  a  man  has  diverted  his 

Ia$rt6ntion  for  the  purpose  of  making  these  various  delicate 
adjustments,  he  will  have  forgotten  the  most  valuable  part 
of  hid  brief  even  though  he  is  familiar  with  the  maohine, 
and  requires  but  little  distraction.  Now  this  is  so  seroous  a 
matter  that  I  think  you  should  at  once  consider  the  feas¬ 
ibility  of  making  a  long  cylinder.  Besides,  the  piper  or 
funnel  is  much  too  large,  and  much  too  long,-  more  so  than  is 
necessary.  The  funnel  should  be  as  light  as  possible,  and 
not  over  three  or  four  inches  in  length,  for  the  practical 
use  of  the  operator,  or  Type -writer  in  transcribing  from  the 
cyl inder. 

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ljx~  ~^yftyyA  ^ALsp^ytf^  $As~dsstiSyLAy  J?j&yy[/6^sfru^  Votf&di^ 

OijLsdd  dude*.  cCkSL4/j  fttu-dtLwv-  (X'dy66^.  AsA^coidl 

(l//uvJ  dA~  JpAyT^TlASlAy o  (>/-y$bc  PtS2/SSl^y»  t^dco6/  ds 
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d-l  fcso  (j  i &d  Odye-c 

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.  32cvo  Nov  ,13 ,  : 

A.  0. Tat  e, -Esq..  , . . . _  '  -  ■ _ .  ___  :  _ 

. . .  ,...D.ear_.Mr... Tate; _ ... _ •; _ _ .. __ . _ _ . 

. . . . .  — _ _ .  to.  thank  you  for  -ydur'  kind,,  favor  re  - 

.garcUng-JlTesting.  phonograph..11 _ .I-_8ncpep_ded  on  Saturday  in  making/  . 

.arrangements.  _W-ith_Mr .  Chas.A. Cheov  er  .  and  now  jigve  a  jpa  eh inejat  my 
.room  where  am.  learning  how  to  handle  it  and  making  a  very  pra'c- 
—..i  sal,  test  of  its  use  in  my  sjtenggraphic  bus  the s  s ,  by  di.etati  ng 
...SO.. 000  words .  ’  a  rep-ort  of  a  Medical  Convention  which  I  took.  The 
subject  matter  is  ,  of  course,  very  difficult .  However ,  my  style  of 
working  is  somewhat  like  Mr.T.A.E 's— start  in  Saturday  night  and 
eat  and  sleep  alongside  the  machine  until  I "got.  there."  There  is 
a  good  deal  to  learn  about  the ’ mechanism  of.  the  machine  and  second  / 
"how  to  dictate."  A  lady  typewriter  at  the  phonograph  office 
(Choover 's )  is  reproducing  my  cylinders  and  she  was  quite  •  "In  rap¬ 
tures"'  when  I  went  up;  town  yesterday  afternoon,--  She  said  "Your 
dictation  is.  the  best  I  havo  ever-  heard."  1  delivered  Her  12  cyl¬ 
inders  this  A.M.,  and  think  every  one  iB  perfect. 

I  think  however ,  for  my  use  everything  must!  work  up  /to  '.the  \ 
very ^highos t  point  : , Much  obliged  for  your  kindness  in  writ  irig  t o 
160.  I  have  a  '  let  her  from  thom.this  .  A.M.  and  have  advised  them 


Mr. Thomas  A.  Edison,  ,  i  •(  .  \v-vVS  A 

Orange, N.J.  UJY^  XJ  ^  , 

0881  Sir:  . 

Polonius.I  believe, once  saiji  "Brevitjjis  the  so'tll  .of 
wit ''.so  I  will  be  as  brief  as  possible  that  ^1  may  npt  un^o^^cd  ** 
much  upon  your  valuable  time.  ^  j,4e  ,,u,c 

■  and  I  have  one  of  your  gr apfio^r^lpy^n.^hi ch 
itini?  for  about  a  week.  . T 

we  have  been  operating  for  about  a  week,  ^in-r^dwi^g  th^  repro¬ 
duction  it  occurred  to  me, the  first^Ways ^)^atten^i%p,that„ 
there  was  too  much  confusion  of  other  sou^s  coming  f ronC^d^J^^ '  get  clearly  the  words.  Th^sj^tfOnce  jet  meTto  thinking  how  f 
the  matter  might  be  remedied,  and, this  m<ji|iihg,I  made  j^^xperiment 
which  gave  me  very  satisfactory  results;  |md, be)i£ving  tha^you 
would  be  interested  in  it, decided  to  write  you  on  the  subject. 

The  secret  I  claim  to  have  discovered, is  simply -the  placing  of 
a  core  (transferable)  in  the  paper  cylinder.  In  making  my  experi¬ 
ment  I  used  a  soft  rubber  tube, slightly  shorter  than  the  cylinder 
(so  as  not  to  interfere  with  its  proper  adjustment  to  the  holders), 
and  a  fraction  less  in  diameter.  This  rubber  tube  I  coated  thinly 

with  cotton, using  mucilage  and  cotton  batting, the  surplus  of  the 
latter  being  carefully  brushed  off  after  drying.  I  then  found  that 
my  tube  fitted  closely  and  neatly  into  the  paper  cylinder.  In 
using  this  first  appliance. I  find  that  I  get  the  words  much  more 
distinctly  than  formerly, and  tun  less  worried  by  the  harsh  sounds  , 
as  formerly  sent  forth  by  the  cylinder. 

.«*  Gr- 

I  believe^hat^solid  rubber  core  (soft),  fitting  the  cylinder 
closely, would  meet  with  still  bettor  results;  and  also  think  that 
some  hard  wood. with  lint  or  rubber  covering, would  give  good  results. 
However, as  you  are  thoroughly  posted  both  as  to  the  best  nonconduc¬ 
tors, as  well  as  to  the  best  conductors, of  sound,  I  am  sure  you  will 
give  my  discovery  a  scientific  and  practical  test.  Of  course  the 
core  is  to  be  used  when  dictating, as  well  as  when  receiving, the 
message  or  letter, and  is  transf erable. 

I  am  also  impressed  with  the  idea  that  a  diminutive, pointed¬ 
toothed  (like  the  teeth  of  a  cross-cut  saw)  wheel  might  be  used 
for  contact  with  the  cylinder  instead  of  the  naked  point  of  the 
needle, and  thereby  destroying  entirely  the  grating  sound  from  the 
needle.  This  is, however, only  a  surmise, on  the  practicability  of 
which  I  have  neither  the  facilities  or  the  means  for  testing.  Were 


I  in  the  condition  to  do  so  and  met  with  a  success, you  would  be  the 
first  advised  of  it. 

Simply  for  the  sake  of  identification  I  will  say  that  my  -home 
is  in  Charleston, West  Va. ;  am  a  brother-in-law  of  Senator  John  E. 
Kenna,of  the  same  state,  and  urn  now, and  have  been  for  several  years, 
connected  with  the  U.S. Geological  Survey. 

In  the  event  of  either  of  my  suggestions  proving  of  value  £0 
you,  as  I  am  a  poor  government  clerk  with  a  large  family  to  sup¬ 
port,  I  leave  it  entirely  with  you  to  make  such  acknowledgment  to 
me  as  you  may  deem  fit. 

My  office  address  is  U.S. National  Museum, Washington, D.C. .where 
some  of  the  Survey  offices  are  located. 

Trusting  to  have  a  line  from  you  at  your  convenience,  I  am, 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

Ti-i  e  N ewYo  rk.  N ew  Haven  and  I  Iai^tford.Rail  Road  Company: 

New  Haven,  Conn  SKaL.  _188^_ 

a.o,  ojife  ^2^22 

0  , 

ly^^AU xy .  iaaa,  Co  Imx:  J^c*W  <m_a . 

f-'  j^\  u;uXc  i/|  iaaaa-A  yVvouA^^  ur^Li  -'C-^too  tJL^^rjJl -  y-X  — --^ 

yw„J^.  <L£p~^  u yL^  ^  c*a^/ 

^  .  Lu  Zll  a^Pp 

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K  cjxJ  »•.  /  .  n  -  /  /)  ^ 

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\  J  V  \] _ 

^^avO-^/V/aa^  U^|j 




'  <=<^-*3  -rnS 

Q,  it  ^  SW^  fu~» 

dX^tK-e^r/  '' 

Ogden  Utah  November  23,  1389. 

Mr  Thomas  A  Edison 

Orange  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

You  have  no  doubt  received  poems  and  poetry  (alleged) 
regarding  the  Phonograph  until  life  has  become  a  burden  to  you,  and 
if  this  instead  of  amusing  you,  has  an  opposite  effect,  you  will  have 
to  lay  the  blame  at  the  door  of  your  own  invention. 

I  had  thought  of  sending  this  to  the  Century  Magazine;  but 
upon  surveying  the  "Heavenly  Maid",  I  concluded  that  her  poetic  feet 
would  look  smaller  in*Llewellyn  Park  waste-basket. 

.  nk-  "/a 


I  am  yours  Truly 


Agt  Colo -Utah  Phonograph  Co. 


"When  Music,  heavenly  maid,  was  young" 
She  sane  a  song  and  laughed  a  laugh; 

But  little  dreamed  she  stood  beside 
A  listening  patent  phonograph. 

And  so  she  sang, with  good  right  lung, 
S^ng  to  the  birds, the  flowers,  the  trees 
Her  love  song  mingled  with  the  breeze 
Twined  round  the  waxen  phonograph; 

Twas  first  a  song  and  then  a  laugh 
A  silvery  strain,  a  liquid  laugh; 

You’ll  find  them  in  the  patent  ’graf 
The  laugh,  the  song  that  Music  sung 
“When  Music,  heavenly  Maid,  was  young" 

by  Geo.  Denison. 

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Tho  characteristic  feature  of  the  grammophone  is  not  that 
it  supersedes  tho  writing  of  letters  and  telegrams  or  the  prepara¬ 
tion  of  manuscripts  in  editorial  rooms,  but  that  its  use  is  limited 
to  the  repeating  of  speeches,  musical  compositions  and  the  like. 
Another  peculiar  feature  is  the  complete  separatism  of  the  rsceiYsr 
from  the  repeater,  which  latter  is  called  "hear-graramoplSjne"  by 
tho  inventor.  Any  one  satisfied  with  the  enjoyment  of  having  the 
sounds  repeated  to  him,  and  who  does  not  want  to  produce  phonograms 
or  sound-plates  himself,  need  only  to  buy  a  hear-grajunophone • 

Then  he  orders  plates  from  an  establishment  which  manufactures 
them,  in  a  similar  way  aB  the  owner  of  a  mechanical  music-box 
orders  new  tubes  for  his  machine.  It  is  stated  that  the  price  of 
the  hear-grammophone  will  not  exceed  M.1Q0  and  of  the  plates  M.3. 

The  operation  of  the  grammophone  is  likewise  essentially 
different  and  manifestly  more  perfect.  The  point  or  pencil  does 
not  make  an  impression  in  tho  coating  of  a  tube  as  is  done  in  the 
phonograph  and  graphophone  by  virtue  of  the  vibration  of  a  mem¬ 
brane,  but  works  exactly  like  an  etching  pin,  i.e.,  it  makes 
spiral  lines  on  a  metal  plate  covered  with  etching  varnish,  thus 
having  to  overcome  a  much  lower  resistance  than  the  Edison  pencil. 
These  spiral  linoB  are  then  eaten  in  tho  plates  by  acid  which  sec¬ 
ures  their  indelibility.  The  phonograms  Or  sound-plates  are,  so 
to  speak,  speaking  or  singing  etchings-  Erom  this  it  is  obvious 
that  the  grammophone  makes  a  separation  of  the  work  necessary. 

The  etching  cannot  be  done  by  everybody,  and  the  making  of  the 
sound-plates  should,  therefore,  be  left  to  special  estabUshnents, 
which  might  be  compared  with  copper-plate-print ing  offices,  music 


stores  or  music-bo*  factories* 

Of  great  importance,  further,  seem  to  be  the  following 
points  on  which  the  inventor  Berliner  properly  lays  special  stress 
The  original  plate  can  be  enlarged  by  a  photographic  process,  and, 
in  this  manner,  the  sound  can  be  increased  (which  should  in  itself 
be  much  stronger  than  the  sound  of  the  phonograph)  to  such  an 
extent  that  it  can  be  heard  by  thousands  of  people  at  the  same 
time*  Again,  impressions  of  the  sound-plates  can  be  taken  on 
paper,  in  any  desired  number,  by  means  of  a  rolling-press,  and 
these  impressions  can  again  be  changed  to  sound  plates,  exactly 
like  the  original,  by  a  photo-mechanical  process  (helio-typing). 
This,  naturally,  greatly  faoilitateB  the  forwarding  and  propagation 
of  the  phonograms.  Finally,  it  must  be  considered  a  great 
advantage  that  no  bulky  electric  battery  or  electro-motor  is  ne¬ 
cessary  to  operate  the  hear-gramroophones,  as  is  the  case  with  the 
phonograph.  The  grammophone  is  Bimply  turned  by  hand  or  by  clock 
work  at  pleasure,  whereas  Taint  or  uses  a  treadle,  similar  to  that 
of  the  sowing  machine,  to  produce  the  circular  motion. 

<ppl  ^  rw^> 

Ciuu^t  III. 

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Beai-  Sir: 

My  recollection  is  that  you  have  in  your  possession 
the  originals  of  the  contract  between  Vr.  Edison  and  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Company  of  Ocober  28th,  1887,  and  the  contract  between 
Mr.  Edison  and  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  of  May  12,  I8S8. 

It  is  important  for  me  to  have  by  Tuesday  morning  at  latest 
exact  copies  made  with  perfect  accuracy  including  punctuation  and 
everything  else  of  these  two  contracts.  The  copies  should  be 
made  from  the  originals  and  should  be  carefully  compared.  Will 
you  kindly  have  this  done  and  send  me  the  copies  by  the  mail  of 
Monday  evening.  If  you  are  away,  I  hope  your  representative  will 
attend  to  this  matter  without  delay. 

I  believe  printed  copies  were  made  of  both  of  these 
contracts-.  If  so,  printed  copies  will  answer  just  as  well  provided 
that  they  be  carefully  compared  word  for  word  and  comma  for  comma 

Will  you  kindly  nave  the  person  who  makes  these  copies  writ) 
on  the  bottom  of  each  copy  that  ho  has  compared  them  and  tha,t  the 
copies  are  strictly  accurate.  -V 

Hoping  you  will  not  disappoint  me  in  the  above  matter,  I 


Eery  truly  your 3, 

(s'!  (ttl  Cry\  J.  J-'  T~ V  nn 

Edison  v  Gilliland  &  Tomlinson.  We  bog  to  say  that 
the  answer  of  the  defendants  is  due  on  the.  31st.  i  nst . ,  the  tine 
for  serving  it  having  been  extended  at  the  request  of  Messrs  Cou- 
dert  Bros.  When  the  answer  is  filed,  the  taking  of  testimony 
can  be  eomenced  at  once..  Possibly  the  case- can  bo  heard,  in 
March  or  April  tho 'gh  more'  likely  i'n  May  or  .Juno.  Shall  we  push 
the  taking  of  testimony  vigorously,  or  not? 

Awaiting  y aur  instructions,  wo  remain, 

Vary  truly  yours, 

New  York, New  Haven  &  Hartford  R.R.  Co. 


<4 ^  . 

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l^XAAA  ^^1  r/^JU  > 

C  r  ft/w^.  ayv^U^^P/' Hr"  <x/  JLXakX-  yicxi^-v^.. 

New  York,  New  Haven  &  Hartford  R.R.  Co.  New  York,  New  Haven  &  Hartford  R.R.  Co. 


...  .  .New  Haven,  Conn . 

<2r  '  ~~ 

y  /Qmm! 


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\%ax,  o-Xj—  .  (sl~- /Q-a)  /vyi^Ph  yiAi 


/u^Xa_|  p-^w^  ”t ~^(y(xjj  jj ,  | 

Alfred  O.Tate,  Esq, 


■I  •r“  ykw 


Orange,  H.  J.-  |  \ 

Bear  Sir;  j 

|  f  * 

I  enclose  hor?Wit^  duplicate  copies  of  the  agreement  of  Octp- 
ber  28tli,  1837,  between  Thomas  A.Edison  and  Edison  Phonograph  Com¬ 
pany,  with  the  signatures  left  in  blank.-  The  original  of  this  con¬ 
tract,  as  I  learned  from  the  copy  sent  me  by  Mr.  Maguire,  is  hope¬ 
lessly  full  of  errors,-  Inasmuch  as  this  contract  is  one  of  the  ex- 
ibits  in  the  series  now  in  preparation  for  tho  purpose  of  organix- 
mg  tho  .United  Edison  Phon  ograph  Company,  I  have  Jiad  the  errors:’, 
corrected  and  the  contract  set  in  type.’  Will  you  kindly  have  Mr. 
Edipon  execute  the  duplicate  copies  sent  herewith  so  that  they  may 
be  filed  among  his  records  as  substitutes  for  the  one  originally 

I  send  also  a  copy  with  the  signatures  printed  in,-  Will  you 
kindly  take  particular  care  to  see  that  both  Mr. Edison  and  yourself 
sign  exactly  as  the  signatures  are  printed.-  I  have  adopted  what  I 
suppose  to  be  your  usual  signatures.' 

Very  truly  yours. 

Directions  for  using  the  Phonograph. 

1.  Dust  out  the  inside  of  all  new  cylinders  before  placing  ther. 
on  the  machine. 

on  a 

Shave  off  all. new  cylinders  perfectly  smooth  before  putting 
record^ JjyjW gi/.,  t  LU.,  ^  ,  ,7, , 



"by  withdrawing 
the  cylinder,  and  turn 
means  of  the  flat  head* 


'/first  stop  the 


ihe  extreme  ri  ht  of  the  4  rachjine. 
,/5“"  ,A“  front,  turn  the  small 
lower  the .carriage 
fasten  .fie  bal}., j  oint  &y,a..sKkrp 

ray  and  ^tartffie  machine  by  replacing  ,plug,  J,. 

“•  T  rmoe  the  speaking  tube  in  posfi'hcin'./'  Listen  In'  'the  mouth 
piece  after  turning  down  the  front  bar  again,  and  after  seeing 
that  the  knife  is  cutting,  at  the  same  time  adjust  the  depth  of 
redo tdi-ng c nd Sdl e  by  means  of  the  small  flat  headed  acre  above 
the  recorder,  until  it  is  heard  to  just  scratch  upon  the  wax,  Talk 
in  an  ordinary  tone 
the  mouth, 

6.  Ji.f  “  “r  wi»  J.1UH1-  oar,  remo1 

tube,  and  M3S£-aj)  the  carriage  and  brush  off  ." the  wax  adhering  to 
the  cylinder, 

7.  Toreproduce,  swing  the  reproducer  to  the  front  and  follow 
Rules  3  &  4.  Attach  the  reproducer  tubes,  and  allow  the  ear 
pieces  to  rest  of  their  own  weight  in  the  ears,  then  lower  front 

8.  Should  the  reproduction  not  be  distinct,  ifsl i^h^ttir^r' 
wa-y  of  the  large  headed  screw  at  the  top  of  the  carriage  wAl 
improve  it. 

UC1,  unui  111  1S  heard  to  just  scratch  upon  the  wax.  Talk 
mary  tone,  holding  the  mouth  piece  about  two  inches  from  , 

•  w  tt'C&P Ofi-Pi  (vice  4‘scua! its  <0b„ 

Up  th°  front  bar»  remove  the  speaking 


left .  Qf&btyrt-ti- 

10.  There  — 

6  n  {.  Ut  m  pf  £tto  ti  cV  '/sH't-vj'- 

„  1  +  1  &or  fa*  front  bar;  When  turned 

,  .conpletel-y.  dW.  the  cai'/la/ge> i'&vels  forward  over  the  cylinder. 
When  raised  halfway,  the  carriage  is  a  threat  yoffi'  the  cylinder 
which  is  its  normal  position,  ^when i  rai^dreer^i^y  Wef 'Carriage 
travels  back  for  rep  ret  it  ion  2&e-  t'wv  sw-V 

11 1  h  n0t  in  USe  ralse  the  %t!o^ thf 

12.  When  the  battery  has  not  sufficient  strength  left  to  run  the 
machine  up  to  speed,  pour  out  the  solution  and  refil  with  new 
solution  to  the  marie  on  the  glass  jar. 

13.  Keep  ttie  machine  clean  and  well  oiled. 

1889.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Company  (D-89-56) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Co.  Many  of  the  documents  deal  with 
stock  and  royalty  matters  involving  Mary  Hemenway,  Jesse  Lippincott,  and  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Co. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
meeting  announcements;  bills  and  receipts;  duplicate  copies  of  selected 


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'Acw  hteurfy. _ Eeb.._0th*. _ 

My  Dear  Sir: 

Mr.Tomlinsai  has  at  last  admitted  to  m0  by  letter 
that  ho  has  in  his  posBOBsion  the  original  contract  of  Opt.  S8, 
1887,between  Ifr.Ediscn  and  tho  *.P.Co.,and  hepromises  to  give  it 
to  mo  upon  presentation  of  an  order  for  it.  I  believe  yon  ax® 
the  Secretary  of  the  B.P.Co.  If  so, Kindly  signi  tho  enclosed 
order,anl  rotum  the  same  tone.  Then  I  will  present  it  to  get  tho 
cqjrtract  from  Mr.T. 

Please  also  send  me  two  printed  ocpies  of  this  dontract. 
Mr.Lippincott  requires  a  oopy.and  perhaps  I  can  use  yonr  prints 
foms.  Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  early  replytI  remain. 

Very  truly  y  aura, 

Mr.A.'O.Tate, Private  Secretary. 



LEWIS  ”'“f  \  Feb,  14th.  m.9 

■  ?  0/1/  f  y 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq.,  _  '  <  6  ' 

Dear  Sir:  ~  " — , 

Enolosod  please  find  the  original  copy1  of  the 
agreement  be  tv/ eon  you  and  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company,  dated 
Oeti  28,1887, duly  executed  by  both  parties, the  same  being  the 
agreement  which  1  have  recently  pro Cured  frott  Mr-.TomlinB  <h-,in 
whose  keeping  it  was. 

you  v/ill  bo  interested  to  kridw  that  l  have  carefully  cun- 
pansd  this  agreement  v/ith  the  printed  copies  of  it  which  ydlh'ove, 
and  find  that  they  agree  with  the  exception  of  one  or  two  entire¬ 
ly  unimportant  typographical  errors.  For  ail  practical  purposes 
you  oan  assume  that  the  printed  copies  are  correct. 

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2,  May  2nd.  1889. 

My  dear  Mr.  Eaton  : 

This  morning  I  had  my  first  business  inter¬ 
view  with  Mr.  Iiippincott  in  several  days  and  I  called  his  attention 
to  your  favor  of  April  22nd.  He  says  that  he  thinks  the  best  way 
to  correct  the  error,  if  one  has  been  made,  is  for  him  to  pay  $300 
additional  to  Mr.  Edison  when  he  pays  the  last  note  and  this  will 
be  done  unless  you  have  some  other  suggestion  to  make.  Your  let¬ 
ter  gave  me  the  first  information  on  this  head,  the  Hemenway  stock 
having  always  been  figured  at  $150  per  share. 

very  truly, 


'tlt/ffsfftf/i,  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

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Doa-  Mr. Tate: 

Mr. Perry  tells  me  to-day  that  $300.  was  paid  him 
as  a  Commission.  That  makes  the  total  amount  $22,500.  Is  that 

/  Please  return  this  letter  to  me  with  your  answer. 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.B. Eaton  per  C. 

May  8th. ,1889, 


In  the  contract  between  Thos.  A.  Kdison  and  .Tease  H. 
lippinoott,  under  date  .Tune  28th,  1888,  re  la  made  in  the 
Hr st  Olauao  to  the  llemenway  stock,  and  the  amount  mentioned  in 
the  contract  as  having  been  paid  for  this  st.ock  in  $22,500.  Thin 
ia  an  error.  There  were  150  shares  of  stock  sold  to  Mrs.  Hemenway, 
and  the  price  paid  for  the  same  was  $148  per  share,  making;  the 
total  amount  $22,200,  or  $800  less  than  the  anount  named  in  the 
above  contract.  You  told  me-  some  time  ago  that  if  I  would  write 
you  about  thin  matter,  y.ou  would  adjust  it  with  Mr.  Lipp ’ n 
attorney . 

Private  Secretary. 


'MW  UfficCQ 



yfccw &cr/C  June  7th..  1.89. ' 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Private  Secretary, 
Dear  Sir: 

Re  Hemenway  Phonograph  Stock.  Your  valued  favor  of 
yesterday  enclosing  the  letter  of  Reginald  Gray  of  Boston, to  you/ 
dated  May  24,  is  just  at  hand.  There  is  nothing  to  show  that  Mr. 
Gray  represents  Mrs.  Hemenway  except  what  he  says.  But  we  will 
make  no  point  on  that.  Let  us  reply  to  him  as  if  he  were  her 

Practically  speaking, Mr.  Gray's  letter  is  to  the  Ph6no- 
graph  Co.  itself.  That  is  to  say  h'e-.probably  addresses  you  as  • 
an  officer  of  the  Company, and  wants  to  know  how  it  is  getting  along 
In  answering  this  question, the  fact  that  Mt.  lippincott  has  bought  ' 
most  of  the  stock  of  the  Company  might  be  mentioned, but  after  all 
that  is  not  the  information  which  I  think  you  would  naturally 
give  in  reply  to  the  letter.  It  seems  to  me  that  you  ought  to 
state  in  reply  how  the  business  is'  progressing, in  general  terms, 
and  give  any  general  information  which  an  officer  of  the  Company 
would  naturally  give  to  a  stockholder  making  a  similar  inquiry. 

After  having  written  that  part  of  your  letter, I  suggest 
add  at  the  bottom  a  paragraph  somewhat  as  follows: 

"Doubtless  you  have  heard  that  Mr.  Jssse  H.  Lippincott 
"has  purchased  most  of  the  capital  stock  of  our  Company. 

"Should  you  wish  to  write  him, his  address  id  No.  160  Broadwav 
"New  York  City."  y 

Possibly  Gray's  letter  is  inspired  by  seme  hostile  motive 
arising  but  of  Mr.  Edison's  recent  tilt  with  Briggs  and  Jacques. 

You  remonber  that  in  the  contract  of  October  2S,  1887, between  Mr. 
Edison  and  the  E.P.Co.-,the  B.  &  J.  agreement  of  Oct.  1,1887, 
was  assigned  to  the  E. P. Co. , together  with  all  royalties  and  monies 
due  or  payable, or  to  become  due  and  payable  to  Edison  thereunder. 
Possibly  seme  hostile  party  is  trying  to  draw  seme  statement  or  ad¬ 
mission  from  you  as  Secretary  of  the  E.P.0o.,to  be  used  against 
you  hereafter.  that  as  it  may, a  letter  in  vague  and 
general  terms  such  as  I-have  suggested  above  can  do  you  no  harm. 

The  said  letter  from  Mr.  Gray  which  you  sent  'me,  I  return 
herewith, and  awaiting  your  further  favOrs, I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours. 

Thomas  A.  -Edison,  Esq,, 

prapge,  }fr  J. 

Pear  Sirj- 

Re  Edison  Phonograph  Co.  We  beg  to  make  the'  following 

'll).  The  by-lawS  of  this  Company  hfe  quire  a  Board'  of  five 
diifeiJt'obs.  to  bd  chosen  .annually  on  t^e  dliisst  Monday  of  October . 

An  hhrihal  meetlrig  shoul,d  haye  been  held  dn  October  ^  1888.  Port  a 
having  beep  Tie.ld,  it  is.  .909^3?  drainable,  .although;  ^  np.  mpapa 
ipp.eraiiye  f  ^  ^topjc^olgers*  meeting  i|hqul<l  np\T  Ije  Jield  to 

elect  a  Boar^,  The  vot  jLjrjg  power  on  the  stock  remains  where  it 

was.  Shall  I  arrange  to  have  a  meeting  held  now,  or  do.  you  pre¬ 
fer  to  let  the  Board  remain  as  it  is  ?  Messrs#  Gilliland  and  Tom- 
lihSbh  bre  biembiirs  tif' thS  kPe&eht  BoSbd  • 

-te. )  At  a  spbbial^jnoeting  of  the  Soar'd  held  September 
n,  1S88,  the  Gi^l'i^Land^gency  ppqprpct  waa  reyo)^,  and  a.  pew 
con^ftf,  f*9  with  yflu^f,  pf  ^t,«.  Wit  Wi)Wtep  of 

that  meeting  are  recorded  ik  the  gqpk  of  M^ptep,  ani}  «j>ne  meeting 
has  been  held  since,  also  recorded,  to  wit,  Ootober  24,  1888, 
to  act  on  certain  Lipjiihcott  agreements*  but  the  minutes  of  the 


said  meeting  of  September  11,  have  never  been  read  and  approved  at 
a  subsequent  meeting.  It  may  turn  out  to  be  desirable  ,  when  we 
begin  to  take  testimony  in  our  case  against  G.  &  T.,to  have  no 
contract  with  you  like  that  of  September  11  th,-  1888,  in  existeribe. 
A  possible  law  point  might  be  taken  against  us  by  the  other  side, 
based  on  the  fact  that  you  apparently  dle'cted  to  caned  the  Gilli¬ 
land  contract.  Do  you  abb  "any  bisection  to  a  meeting  Of  the  B£ard 
being  held*  at  which  meeting  the  minutes  of  September  11th,  1888, 
may  bo  disapproyed  so  far  as  relatep  t,o.  your  agency  contract  ? 

If  you  see  n°  objection,  we  think  it  had  better  be  done. 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply,  we  remain, 

pLe-H)  - 

%/&,$/<//, -M  *  (frfonti ,  ■' 

-.  y/u^wj 

,.  :  .  i _ _ 


June  17,  89. 

Major  R.  8,  Baton, 

180  Broadway,  Now  York. 

I  onelnse  herewith  draft  of  letter  for  Mr,  Reginald 
Ura.y,  in  regard  to  Hemenway  stock.  In  the  first  part  of  this 

As 4 

letter  I  have  said  more  than  wire  really  necessary,  but  have  done 
so  simply  for  the  purpose  of  elaboration  -  my  idea  being:  to  give 
the  impression  that  I  desire  to  submit  .freely  end  fully  all  infor¬ 
mation,  and  that  I  have  gone  a  little  out  of  ny  way  to  do  so. 
Kindly  let  me  know  if  you  approve  of  this  letter? 

Yours  truly. 

Private  Secretary. 


.Turin  1  K , 


HnjjimO c*.  dray,  Jlsq., 

00  bnyonsl  Are  fit  .’out. , 

fioyt-on,  Maas. 

Pear  SAr:- 

I,  have  before  mo  this  mmlm  your  letter  nf  M<Uh 
ultimo,  iifli-jjijj,  on  behalf  of  Mrs.  Knmenwny,  An.Co-.Tiat ion  repp  noting 
tlm  W. non  Phonograph  'Company,  nr.  an«wm*  to  vl  i T'.oh  boon  *V>3 nyo? 
ov»;  t.o  ny  absence  from  OmifjO.  I  take  jO.o nanro  n<w  in  ffri'flCt  yAnej 
witliyau*  ."«(p\n8t. 

In  order  that,  you  may  Antolli.iently  unrti&fctend  t.h.o  manner  An 
which  t.h»  Phonograph  wainesn  throughout.  in  conducted  pt  tho  pre- 
Bpnt  time,  At  A  a  neneefinry  for  mo  to  $ni*  vm  i®  that  tho  contract, 
between  Mr.  liaison  and  tho  Kdi  wn'PUnnoflrnph  y,  v-vroby  tho 

latter  acquired  the  rights w hi <i  it  poHaosana,  ijav0  to  1  dison 
tho  oxo lu flive  rigjrt  to  mam .Cac turn  pi  ono(;raphs  and  aupplios  for 
saJ.'O  in  tho  United  ftp tefi  and  Onnsfta,  tie  articles  ®  iwufno turn* 
to  bo  delivered  only  t.o  tho  hfli  eon  Phonograph  lomimny  or  its  noni- 
nftoa  -  or  in  ot.b.or  words,  the  Company  onntonpl  utofl  m  a  -k  ot. .Art'.  the 


art.ielnts  noiuf'ioturnd  for  At  by  Mdison. 

Those  rnsnufac iu^  rights  wore  last,  year  assl>;no<t  by  ?'»•. 

.^(t A  son  to  a  corporal.  Aon  sal]  od  tho  Mrtison  Phonograph  ’"nr k y,  and 
the  1  at  tor  eroot.nd.  lo'fjo  factory  buAl  dlnijs  in  Ora l'i'Ft  Wirt  orpi  Apped 
them  for  c.  a  opacity  of  t,v<o  hundrod  cortpl  ot.o  pi  ono^rnphs  por  day. 

At.  the  present  tpr-y  hove  n-t’.o  rid!  j  vcu-y  of  about  t.wpj  vo  hundred 
inst..n>rin.ts,  many  of  which  fire  I  bdliove  a  Ire  fitly  in  the  hands  of 
the  public,  and  civin^  c;nnd  sat- A  afnct.j  on,  and  t.pny  aro  ciontinuinc 
tip  1  -Ivory  lit  the  rate  of  about,  t.vro  hundred  and  forty  iris  Iru  non  to 
per  wo ok. 

v,ith.  rojj'i’d  to  tho  affairs  o  f  t.po  Mdison  Phonograph  3<»n,pany, 
probably  you  alroarly  know  +.1  ■. at.  Mr.  Josso  I*.  Tiipp incott ,  roproson- 
tint;  the  hurt!  AmorAooi  Phono^riph  fionproy,  pure  Via  sod  all  t.vo 
stock  of  the  J*  armor,  oxonptiny;  t.po  shares  pr  odiously  purchased  by 
Mrs,  !  I'rtnon'.Tay ,  but.  I  do  not  think  y  a>  arc  av'ar  n  t.ipt.  Mr,  TV’ A  son 
arranged  this  sale  An  puch  a  way  as  t.o  proto  at  Mrs,  Hormnway  rron 
any  posaiblo  loss.  In  the  nO|»ot  Ant  ions  bet  wo  rn  MdAson  (rr-;  in  addition  t.o  Pi  a  o«n  hoi dine..,  all  tho  stockholder's, 
oxc.  q'+.Anti  Mrs,  !;omonwa.y)  and  Mr.  T.Appi  nor>t,t ,  tpo  t.  ot. ai  «nn  offered 
for  t.p.o  ot o ok  afforded  an  average  prince  por  shtf’o  l<#r  nr  than  tho 
pr' ice  paid  by  Mrs,  Kemonway,  w'd.  cli  was  inevitable  in  a  transact.  Aon 

ini'jjo  numl 
vlt  o  lb's. 


'i’)iAb  t'AIJ.  «33sy  any  foars  v >u  oh  ”rn.  'lopinnvfiiy  may  Hum  ha?, 
us  to  t.ho  safnty  of  hnr  Arrmatnont . 

your  prrmAssion  I  vA  «i«  to  risk o  a  su^nst  Aon,  vOij  oh  is 
tint  t  think  At  vail  cl  bo  vary  flosirablo  for  yoiu'  bo]  f ,  as  Mrs. 
llononvftty '.<j  r  oprosontatAwio,  R>t>  TV.  T.ipj.  Ancot.t.  to  offoc  t  comuni- 
c«  Aon  v>  Ith  n«rl*  ot.hnr.  JTr.  TiApi'inoot.t  ’  s  artt-ross  As,  T'o.  J.r,n 
Brondvay,  TTovr  York  BA  tv . 



stockholders  of  record  in  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company.  You  can 
fill  in  the  notice  such  hour  on  the  1st  of  July  as  will  be  most 
convenient,  in  your  judgment,  considering  the  time-tables  of  the 
Railway.  Please  notify  us  of  the  hour  that  you  fill  in. 

Section  36  of  the  New  Jersey  law  requires  that  the  trans¬ 
fer  books  of  the  Company,  and  the  books  containing  the  names  of 
stockholders,  shall  be  open  to  every  stockholder,  from  now  on,  un¬ 
til  the  annual  election,  and  that  it  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  Sec¬ 
retary  to  prepare  and  make  out,  at  least  ten  days  before  every 
election,  a  full,  true  and  complete  list  of  all  the  stockholders  of 
said  Company  entitled  to  vote  at  the  ensuing  election,  with  the 
number  of  shares  held  by  each,  which  list  shall  be  made  and  arrang¬ 
ed  in  alphabetical  order  and  shall  at  all  times,  during  the  usual 

hours  of  business,  be  open  to  the  examination  of  any  stockholder 
of  such  Company;  which  list  shall  be  produced  by  the  Secretary  at 
the  Annual  Meeting. 

The  notice  of  the  meeting  must  be  mailed  to-morrow,  as 
ten  days’  notice  is  required,  of  the  meeting.  Please  send  us  a 
duplicate  list  of  the  stockholders,  so  that  we  may  prepare  an  af¬ 
fidavit  of  the  mailing  of  the  notices. 

Will  you  kindly  telephone  us  in  the  morning  of  the  re¬ 
ceipt  by  you  of  this  letter,  so  that  we  may  know  that  it  has  atten¬ 





<ylw>  Junfi  2i3_t., 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

e/o  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J.  ays^ 

Dear  Sirj- 

Re  Phonograph  Co.  annual  meeting.  It  appeaW  th,t  the 
Bytos  provide  that  the  annua!  meeting.  shall  be  held  at  the  of¬ 
fice  of  the  .company.  The  certificate  of  incorporation  states  ' 
that  the  office  of  the  company  shall  be  at  Harrison.  The  only 
stockholders*  meeting  that  was  ever:  held,  was  held  at  Harrison. 
All  of  the  directors'  meetings  have  been  held  there,  excepting 
tnose  where  the  Edison  agency  contract  was  acted  upon. 

In  view  of  the  above,  the  proposed  sto  ckholderV  meeting 
had  better  be  held  at  Harrison.  Mr.  Edison  need  not  attend. in 
person.  The  stock  boo*  of  the  company  will  show  that  he  holds 
more  than  a  majority  of  the  stock  in  his  name.  He  can  give  a 
proxy  and  the  proxy  can  vote  on  his  stock.  That  would  be  all 
right,  notwithstanding  the  fact  that, in  a  certain  sense,  title  to 
the  stock  is  in  Mr.  iippincott,  or  in  the  N.  A.  P.  Go. 

Very  truly  yours, 



oourty  nw  rrsrx 



T  h  on  a  fi  Maguire  boinc  duly  sworn 

dopes os  anti  Ray  s : 

I  fim  nmpl  oynfl  an  Amt  A  nfcant.  in  tho  off ion  of  tho 
Roorotnry  of  tho  Rrtison  Rhonnflr  «!>h  Company ,  nnrt  on 
Jnno  Hint,  1KK0,  X  mailed,  in  envoi  op*  s  duly  stamped, 
and  addressed,  a  copy  of  the  notion  hereto  annexed, 
marked  Exhibit  A,  to  e«h  of  tho  fnUnwiw  parties, 
tho  bwoo  either  bej.nn  or  hn-rinp;  boon  stockholders  in 
tho  said  Company,  to  wit: 

Thomas  A .  Rrtj.  non , 

A.  o.  Tat, o, 

Samuel  InstlX , 

Jno.  "■ .  Tomlin  Tn, 

R.  T.  (rilliland 

S.  bernpiftrin , 

.T.  0.  Reiff, 

R,  H.  Johnson, 

F,  Toppan, 

R,  N.  TV  or, 

A.  Y.  Keller, 

Jno .  P.  ntt, , 

Ohas.  'Jut,  ehol.or , 
Urn.  Mary  Romenwny , 

Oran.fjn,  R .  J . 

OrnnflO,  R.  J. 

19  Roy  St,.,  How  York  Oity. 
Rroxol  Rrt;j.,  Row  York  Tit.y. 
Rmpire  Rity <3 trio  no., 
Row  Yoi'k  Rity. 

TO?  vi.  HAth  St.,  Row  York. 
;M7  fifth  Avo.,  Row  York. 
Rdi  aon  R1 00 trio  J'i.’jht  Ro., 
A/i  ’"all  St,,  Row  York.  Sity  R1  no  trio  So . , 
Row  York  Rity. 

40  v/all  St.,  Row  York. 
Orim/jo,  J . 

Rdi  son  Laboruto  >y ,  Orange., 

R.  J. 

Omiy;o,  R.  J. 

0/0  Reginald  Srny,  Rsq. , 

00  Revonshiro  St,.,  Ronton, 
Hass . 

SubBcri  botl  an  cl  sworn  t.o  befoj-e  me 
t,h j.H  twonty-neooncl  clay  of  .Tnno ,  lKSfi. 


hxhibit  A, 

TtnxrsnTT  pjjo’:o<?raP]I  noHPAJTY 

Orange,  N.  .T.  Juno  VXt  1H8P . 

hoar  ?>ir:- 

Koticn  in  hero by  n i«on  that  tho  Annual- 
Mooting  of  tho  Edi  son  Phono, "im^h  'lonntiuy  will  bo  held 
at  the  nffioe  of  tho  enmpany  at  tho  Tovm.  of  3’arrison, 
in  tho  Jaunty  of  Hudson,  Btn  to  of  ’Tow  Jersey,  on  7-tnnrtny , 
the  #«t  rtay  of  July,  law,  at  two  o’oJooIf  in  ihn  after¬ 
noon  of  that  rtay, 

Tho  Transfer  Hooks  will  bo  ttlosert  for  thi  a  purine 
fit  tho  n  Toon  of  business  on  the  37th  inst . ,  nnrl  will 
bo  opened  on  tho  morning  of  the  hint!  rtay  of  July,  lafip. 

{ Si  (Tied  )  A.  0.  T 

Dear  Mr.  Tate: 

This  latter  is  rather  curt.  I  do  not  quite  like 
r  doublyugiad  that  your  letter  was  so  guarded. 

Very  truly  yours,, 

S.  B.  Eaton  per  C. 


^2 .  <us.  ,Sl  j. 


'lyCc.-  ^ yo-. — —  /?  *.<(-,  "  I 

^  /ZZ*.  2L.  4  &  e^ZZ~. 



V  0.0 


Major  S.  t5.  Nat- on. 

_ .<f  ' 

S’t/rt <?//,. 

Jiwe  29 .  » >/W 

New  York. 

Neft;'  Sir:- 

llexe-  is  another  letter  ftom  Mx-.  Gx-a* ,  wTiioh  I  have 
no  i,  answeredt. 



OPPIOE  OP  %'UJi  mi won  phomocrapii  CO. 

Harrison,  H.  J.,  August  14th,  ll&O. 

Hear  Sir: 

Ploaso  take  notice  that  a  special  meeting  of  the  Board 
of  Directors  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company  will  bo  hold  at  Mo. 
19  Doy  Street,  Mow  York  City,  at  10-#0  A.  M.,  Friday,  August  lGtfc, 
1K89,  for  the  purpose  of  electing  officors  and  of  considering  and 
taking  action  upon  certain  contracts  proposed  to  bo  entered  into 
with  tho  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  iianufaot  ring  Company. 

Charlos  Batchelor, 
John  P.  Randolph, 
Samuol  Insull, 



Thomas  A.  Edison. 



John  P.  Randolph,  Esq., 



hear  Sir: 

Re  Edison  Phonograph  Company:  Will  you  kindly  send  to  mo 
by  return  mail  inf ormation  as  to  the  number  of  shares  of  stock 
in  the  Edison  phonograph  Company  which  ■stoodmin  Mr.  Edison's  name 
on  1st  July  1889.  That  is  the  day  of  the  last  annual  meeting  of 
the  Company  and  I  should  like  to  have  this  information  at  your 
earliest  convenience. 


yjtcu'  &c>r4y_ 

August  20thI889 


Very  truly  yours, 


/<?■$  equitable  BUILDING) 

yltcw  .iwf -Nav^-fcilvXaiS- 

Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

A.O.fate,  Eaq«,  Secretary. 



- - V  <?"j£ 

Dear  Sfcr:- 

Rep lying  to  your  favor  of  yesterday,  reoeived  today,  ask¬ 
ing  what  is  the  date  of  the  Annual  Meeting  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Conipany,  1  beg  to  say  that  the  Annual  Meeting  should  be  held  on 
the  first  Monday  in  October  in  each  year. 

You  will  remember  that  no  Annual  Meeting  had  been  held 
for  three  years,  but  that  we  held  a  special  annual  meeting  on 
July  1st,  1889.  Inasmuch  as  no  meeting  was  held  last  month,  we 
can  hold  the  Annual  Meeting  now  in  the  same  way  as  we  held  the  spe¬ 
cial  meeting  last  July,  to  wit,  by  notice  and  advertisement. 

Under  the  agreement  between  Mr.  Edison,  Mr.  Xiippincott 
and  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company,  Mr.  Edison  can  vote  on 
the  stock  held  by  him  as  collateral  security* 

If  you  wish  a  meeting  held  now,  please  let  me  know  and  Z 
will  attend  to  all  the  details*  Please  also  send  me  a  list  of 
stockholders  ,aa  appears  by  the  books  of  the  Company, with  the  num¬ 
ber  of  shares  held  by  each. 

I  should  add  that  it  is  not  necessary  to  hold  a  meeting 

unless  you  particularly  desire  it.  Under  the  by-laws  ewisting 
Directors  hold  over. 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply,  1  remain. 


1889.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  (D-89-57) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  Many  of  the  letters  are  from 
the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  relate  to  stock  matters  and  to  agreements 
between  Edison,  the  Phonograph  Works,  and  other  parties. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
meeting  announcements;  orders;  other  routine  business  correspondence. 

(OaP (■  CSL  .  Cyff/ c?  S  i  ('  rfA-  ft-/l  /  P  /  /*■'  °s 

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A. 0. late  Esq,, 

Private  Soorotary, 

Dear  Sir; 

Your  favor  of  the  22s t.  Inst,  was  received  this  moriv 
ing, relating  to  Seo.  i  of  the  agreement  of  Hay  12, 1888,  bet  wo  on 
Mr. Edison  and  the  E.P.Worhs.and  will  have  my  early  attenttitfi. 

X  note  that  ycu  say  you  will  explain  the  matter  further  personally. 
Hoping  to  bo  favored  with  a  call  at  your  early  o enveni eno 0,I  re¬ 

Very  truLy  yours 

t/\  (e>-<fuk  tn'rvd+zlci)  S'txatrry J 

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.......  .  .  .  ;  . 

ykew  3^-y^fjune  3rd.. 1889. 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., President, 

Dear  Sir: 

Tate's  n„«s+’RS  Phon°eraph  Works  Stock.  Replying  to  Mr. 

M  8  ,’"alle  a  Certifi«te  stating  that  the  capitals 

iffalse  fiian+V  S?  aertifioate  made  in  pursuance  of  the  Act 
sever  ally  liable  ZTutTfT  J1**  “  Shan  be  Joint**** 

«■«  ».r.  .tt.kholawl  S' omd°t  th»r°l?ta"?hS"raf ' 84  ”“i8  ,  . 

S’SSr1°"’!ae,'a‘1°n  ,han  c*eh-*he 

^  th  the  ^e<3U9St  within  thirty  days, will  reader 

2s^j^s.-srss  jjs: 

ut  *  1  ®usgest  that  they  be  immediately  stamped  with  the  stat 

utory  legend, and  that  a  corresponding  stamp  be  improved  S  the 

stubs  from  which  said  Certificates  were  torn.  We  have  in  our 
office  a  rubber  stamp  containing  the  statutory  words,  and  if  it 
will  suit  your  convenience, wo  will  stamp  the  Certificates  for  you 
if  you  will  send  than  to  me.  Or  I  will  lend  you  the  stamp. 

(6)  ; ‘Inasmuch  as  the  Statute  requires  that  a  Certificate 
of  fully  paid  up  capital  be  filed, I  suggest  that  such  a  Certifi¬ 
cates  prepared.  If  you  will  tell  me  exactly  for  what  considers-- 
tion^varioueushares  of  stock  have  been  issued,  I  willprepare  such 
Certificate  for  you, if  you  desire. 

Awaiting  your  early  reply,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

U  Bdisart  Wtfki.  t  tditphBned  iu  ytd  ta*. 

day  to  send  mi  fcy  fcsil  tonight  a  iiot  if  th»  stock,  bid*  re  in  the 
Jtdison  Phonograph,  forks.. 

I  ha#  proper  ad  a  certificate  of  the  payment  in  of  the 
entire  capita*  etook  of  this JJompany,  which  will  hare  to  ho  signed 
by  the  Secretary,  it  *acyfe  to  me  to  inquire  whether  you  propose 
to  call  a  ideating  of  tije  Directors  of  this  Company  flop  the  puipese 
of  electing  anew  Secretary  $n  yeur  place,  during  your  absence 
abroad  t  If  ysu  intend  to  adejpf  thia  couraw,  than,  there  is  no 
iatnedlate  necessity  of  filing  the  pertificete  before  soup  departure, 
u  the  new  Secretary  mey  sign  In  your  place. 

There  la  no  expreea  provision  of  the  Kew  Jersey  Corps* 
ration  Statute,  under  which  stack  nay  bd  issued  for  services.  X 
understand,  from  the  correspondence  between  tis  upon  thia  subject, 
that  the  stack  iaBued  to  Tomlinson,  BatOhelop  ond  Tata  stands  upon 
s  as  having  been  issued  “for  services,  rendered*.  Is  it 

your  booki 

not  possible  to  change  the  entries  so  as  to  make  the  stock  appear 
to  have  been  Issued  for  cash  to  Mr.  Bdison  and  afterwards  trans¬ 
ferred, as  a  gift, from  him  to  the  present  holders  ?  That  course 
should  have  been  pursued  originally;  it  would  have  obviated  all 



A. 0. Tate, esq., 

°/o  Thomas  A.  lwl'/abh,BBq., 
Orange,  N. 

ify'/Vttr/tf/ft/t/ (EQUITABLE  BL 

June27,_1889  . 

Dear  Sir> 

Re  Edison  Phonograph  Works ,  trrat  agreements  I  am 
engaged  in  the  preparation  of  a  trust  agreement  to  be  eke anted  by 
Mr.  Edison  to  the  Garfield  Safe  Deposit  Company,  in  pursuance  bt 
your  understanding  with  Major  Eaton. 

I  think  it  best  to  annex  to  the  trust  agreement  copies 
of  the  agreement  of  May  12,  1889,  between  Mr.  Efrison  and  Edison 
Phonograph  Works.  I  presume  you  have  printed  copies  of  the  said, 
contract:  If  you  have,  will  you  be  kind  enough  to  send  me  two  or 

three  of  them  f  The  agreement,  is  to  be  executed  in  duplicate 
and,  therefore,  two  copies  will  bp  required  for  that  purpose. 

Will  you  be  kind  enough  to  inform  me  whether  our  figures 
agree  t  In  the  preparation  of  this  agreement,  I  am  assunlng  that 
52  per  centum  of  the  entire  capital  stock  of  the  Phonograph  Works 
has  already  been  issued  to  Mr.  Edison,  and  that  this  amount,  to 
$156,000.  or  1560  shares;  as  I  compute  it,  38  per  centum  of  this 

amount  equals  $59,280,  or  592S/K>  shares . 

1  am  also  assuming  that  the  dividends  declared  in  ex¬ 
cess  of  25  per  oentun  are  tp  be  paid  over  by  thi  Ifttbt  Company  to 
Mr.  Edison. 

Upon  these  assumptions  I  have  already  drawn  the  trust 
deed  and  will  have  the  same  ready  for  execution  as  sdon  as  you 
have  sent  me  the  printed  copies  of  the  contract  of  May  12,  to  be 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Sfeq., 

Orange,  JJ.  J, 

Dear  Sir:*- 

Pe  Mlson  Phonograph  Woi*s:  Trust  Agrespent.  We  beg  to 
hand  you  herewith  duplicate  copies  of  an  agreement  to  be  executed 
by  youpsel?  on  the  one  side,  and  the  Barfield  Safe  Deposit  Company 
on  the  other,  in  pursuance  of  an  arrdngenent  eomnunicated  to  us  by 
Mr.  Tate.  Will  jou  kindly  execute  both  copies  of  the  contract  by 
appending  thereto  your  signature  opposite  the  seal.  You  may  then 
either  return  the  contrasts to  us,  to  procure  the  signature  of  the 
Garfield  Safe  Deposit  Company,  or  may  eomnunicate  directly  with 
that  Company,  at  your  pleasure,  and  have  the  two  contracts  executed 
and  exchanged  between  yourself  and  the  Deposit  Co. 


In  the  event  of  your  desiring  that  we  Shall  see  the  De¬ 
posit  Co.  and  have  the  contracts  exchanged,  be  kind  enough  to  send 
to  us  with  the  contracts  executed  by  you,  a  certificate  for 
S92  8A0  shares  of  the  capital  stock  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works, 
made  out  in  the  name  of  the  Garfield  Safe  Deposit  Co,;  we  can  then 
deliver  the  certificate  and  one  copy  of  the  oontraot  to  the  Com¬ 
pany,  and  obtain  the  other  copy  of  the  contract  and  send  it  to  you. 

_  Yours  truly,  _ 


59 . 

Mr,  A.  0.  Tate, 

Edison  Laboratory. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  answer  to  your  communication  in  regard  to  phonoplex  zincs, 
we  have  not  been  making  mercury  zincs  for  sometime  past,  but  it  may  be 

possible  that  in  making  a  small  amount  of  mixture  the  o,uantity  should 

vary.  I  think  it  would  be  better  that  these  zinos  should  be  made 
by  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  as  they  are  prepared  for  that  class 
of  work,  and  are  now  making  all  of  the  Edison  battery  zincs,  and  when 

we  make  these  we  have  to  make  special  preparation  for  them.  I  spoke 

to  Mr.  Batohelor  about  this  some  days  ago. 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  4th  inst.  referring  to  the 

proposed  agreement  between  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  the  Garfied  Safe 
Deposit  Company,  I  beg  to  state  that  I  have  retained  no  copy  of 
this  agreement,  but  I  understand  that  the  trust  has  been  accepted 
by  the  -Barfield  Safe  Deposit  Company.  If  you  will  kindly  send 

me  one  of  the  copies  of  the  agreement  in  your  possession,  I  will 
look  into  the  matter  and  comnuni cat e  with  you  further. 


New  York, .*, . 3  th, . 1889... IS 

A. 0. Tate  Esq. .Secretary, 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  bog  to  confirm  my  verbal  request  to  you  to  ex¬ 
amine  all  accounts  at  the  Phonograph  Works.  The  method  of  pro¬ 
cedure  that  I  desire  adopted  is  as  follows: 

First,  all  payments  of  every  kind  must  be  vouohered.  Invoic¬ 
es  must  be  approved  by  the  order  and  receiving  the  book¬ 
keeper  who  makes  out  and  enters  the  voucher  and  by  Mr.MacGruthar. 

On  their  signatures  you  can  approve  the  vouchers  for  payment. 

All  Pay  Rolls  should  be  carefully  checked  and  certified  to  by 
the  time  clerk  or  Pay  Roll  clerk  or  whoever  attends  to  the  making 
up  of  the  Pay  Roll,  by  Mr.MacGruthar  and  approved  for  payment  by 

All  potty  cash  accounts  should  be  carefully  checked  by  you  and 
the  expenditures  for  the  month  should  be  voucherod  and  a  check 
drawn  for  same  at  the  end  of  each  month, the  voucher  bearing  the 
signature  of  the  Cashier  who  disburses  the  money, of  Mr.MacGruthar, 
and  of  yourself  as  approving  the  payment.  Of  course, it  is  just 
possible  that  many  of  the  different  classes  of  clerical  work  may 
be  done  by  one  and  the  same  man.  If  this  is  the  case, one  signa¬ 
ture  will  be  sufficient  in  addition  to  Mr.MacGruthar1 s  and  yours. 

A.O.T. ,2. 

I  wish  you  would  consult  with  Mr.MaoGruthar  on  this  subject, 
and  if  the  plan  roughly  outlined  above  doe3  not  sooin  to  meet  the 
case, I  sliall  be  only  too  glad  to  make  any  such  modifications  as  you 
may  think  desirable.  My  desire  is  that  all  accounts , whether  for 
matorial  or  labor  or  expense, shall  bear  your  signature  and  also 
that  of  Mr.MaoGruthar, as  having  immediate  charge  of  the  office. 

On  these  signatures  I  am  perfectly  satisfied  to  make  the  payments, 
with  such  slight  examinations  as  I  may  havo  time  to  make  when  I  got 
an  opportunity. 

1889.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-89-58) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
commercial  development  of  Edison’s  phonograph  in  France,  Germany,  Russia, 
and  Latin  America.  Some  of  the  letters  pertain  to  the  presentation  of  a 
phonograph  to  the  German  Imperial  Postal  Museum  and  the  demonstration  of 
the  phonograph  to  Czar  Alexander  III,  Peter  Tchaikovsky,  and  Anton 
Rubinstein.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  Julius  H.  Block,  Edison’s  phonograph 
agent  in  Russia.  Also  included  are  two  letters,  written  by  Block  in  1922, 
enclosing  phonograph  testimonials  made  in  1889. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  for 
information;  routine  inquiries  about  foreign  sales  agencies;  letters  of 
transmittal;  other  routine  business  correspondence;  duplicate  copies  of  selected 

Care  T.  A.  Edison,  Esq, 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Rir:- 

I  had  n  conversation  with  Mr.  R,  N,  Dyer,  attorney  far 
the  Edison  Co.,  relating  to  the  introduction  in  South  America  of 
patented  inventions  on  phonographs.  A  gentleman,  Mr.  Y/oodrun,  of 
Virginia/  has  lately  been  travelling  in  the  Argentine  Republic  in 
the  introduction  of  cigarette  machines  made  by  clients  of  ours, 
and  has,  as  he  thinks,  unusual  facilities,  in  connection  with  h2» 
acquaintances  there  and  his  knowledge  of  the  people,  their  wants 
&c.,  for  introducing  and  sellirg  phonographs — perhaps  to  the  extent 
of  rcakirg  sales  of  the  patents  &c. 

I  can  say  of  Mr.  Woodrun  that  he  has  had  great  success  in  the 
work  nihich  he  has  done  for  our  clients,  and  tie  is  spoken  of  as  a 
highly  honorable,  intelegent  and  capable  business  man,  From  my  own 
short  acquaintance  with  him  I  can  s  inply  say  I  have  seen  nothing 
which  would  tenl  to  disprove  this  estimate  of  him.  He  certainly 
seems  to  be  a  gentleman. 

Now  Mr,  Dyer  advises  me  to  write  you  to  this  effect:  Whether 
if  Mr.  Woodrun  {who  is  now  in  Virginia  awaiting  the  manufacture  of 
machines  to  be  shipped  to  South  America)  should  call  upon  you  or 
Mr.  Edison  there  would  be  a' fair  probability  that  some  propositioi 
would  be  made  to  him*  or  that  he  could  be  put  in  the  line  of  liege- 

tiations  with  some  one  who  has  the  right  to  deal  in  the  invention 
for  South  America  and  his  course  made  more  easy  by  a  personal  in¬ 
terview  with  you.  Mr.  Dyer  said  that  he  understand  that  the  man  - 
agement  of  the  f ore ig n  pat ent s  has  been  put  into  the  hand  of  Col. 
Garand  of  London,  but  he  is  of  the  opinion  that  it  might  be  ad¬ 
visable  for  Mr.  Woodrun  to  see  you  and  Mr,  Edison,  ani  that  very 
likely  you  might  be  willing  aid  able  to  arrange  for  him  with  Mr. 

I  will  add  that  Mr.  Woodrun  seems  to  be  in  earnest  in  this 
matter  and  would,  I  thiric,  if  he  could  receive  any  encouragement 
from  you,  through  me,  come  up  f  rom  Vingi  nia  and  see  you. 

Please  advise  me  in  this  matter  at  your  early  convert,  ence, 
and  oblige 

Very  truly  yours, 

R.  H.  Duncan, 

of  Dunoan,  Curtis  &  Page. 


0fflw<ejs  m'wmsm&rmiJi&a. 

January  22nd, 1889. 

Your  attention  is  invited  to  the  following  extract (trans- 
J.ation)from  a  letter  of  the  Postal  Administration  of  Germany, viz:- 

"The  Imperial  German  Post  Office  requests  the  Post  Office 
Department  to  procure  for  the  German  Postal  Museum(in  Berlin)  one 
of  the  new  Edison  Phonographs, as  this  instrument  -  according  to  the 
newspaper  reports  -  is  used  very  extensively. 

"To  judge  from  these  newspaper  reports, the  exhibition  of 
this  Phonograph  in  various  cities  has  been  particularly  interesting 
owing  to  the  circumstance  that  the  words  of  prominent  persons  in 
the  scientific, artistic  and  political  circles  of  America  have  been 
reproduced  at  a  considerable  distance  from  the  place  where  they 
were  spokeni 

"As  the  German  Postal  Museum  not  only  exhibits  its  collec¬ 
tion  of  telegraph  and  other  apparatus, but  also  endeavors  to  show  to 
visitors  their  practical  application, it  would  be  very  desirable,  if 
some  words  spoken  by  some  of  the  persons  referred  to  above  could  be 
transmitted  with  the  Phonograph.  The  Imperial  German  Post  Office  ■ 
would, therefore, be  greatly  obliged  if  the  Post  Office  Department 
would  also  procure  some  such  words  in  connection  with  the  Phono¬ 
graph.  " 

Please  inform  me, as  soon  as  practicable , if  you  can  fur¬ 
bish  this  Department  with  a  thoroughly  tested  phonograph, of  the 
best  finish  and  with  the  latest  improvements, accompanied  with  full 
instructions  for  its  use, and  with  remarks  of  prominent  persons  for 
reproduction, all  packed  with  special  care, so  as  to  insure  safe 
transmission  to  Germany, for  exhibition  in  the  Imperial  German  Post¬ 
al  Museum  in  Berlin;and  if  so, what  will  be  the  price  of  the  same? 


Mr.  T.A.Edison, 

New  Jerseyi 


If  any  improvements  in  the  instrument  are  contemplated, 
and  it  is  in  your  opinion  advisable  to  await  their  completion  be¬ 
fore  comply ins  with  the  request  of  the  German  Office, I  would  thank 
you  to  promptly  advise  this  Department  to  that  effect. 

X  am, very  respectfully. 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Superintendent  Foreign^iils^"""^ 

-  O^wivv-ai^  g-<  -  _ 


April  2", 1889. 

We  wrote  to  Col.Qouraud  about  Feb'y  2nd  and  applied 
for  the  Sandwich  Islands  and  Central  which  letter  we 
have  received  no  reply. 

The  parties  through  v/hom  we  propose  to  operate  in  both 

these  localities  are^  first  class  business  people  and  their  stand¬ 
ing  is  such  that  we  do  not  like  to  trifle  with  them.  If  Col. 
Gouraud  has  made  other  arrangements ,we  would  like  to  know  it. 

And  if  he  has  not  done  so, we  feel  sure  we  could  operate  the  Phono¬ 
graph  for  him  more  successfully  than  any  other  parties  he  could 
reach.  As  you  probably  know  where  he  is, we  would  esteem  it  a 

kindness  if  you  would  make  these  inquiries  for  x 
Very  truly  yours/ 

Ct* 1  c "•' /<f 

,. ,  July,  eetiv.,  1889.  //' 

U)  --  /rw 

|J?KONOOR  A  P  H.  I  I-  -  ,  '  !  , 

"'" . "  (icrt  -m 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  .  ^  _ ~tV  C('^^ 

Orange,  H.  J.,  ^  U^'  «*..  ££*_- 

MiraearSir:  tt._  <w-  rt—  c!'  "f' 

Monsieur  Angelo  Mariani,  a  distinguished  resident  of 

^  i"  "->  ^\J  t  (.  t  c  f  c- 

Paris,  desires  very  much  to -obtain  a  Phonograph.  I  have  consulted 

V  Uu  10  c4~  w  <T.f. 

Mr.  Lippincott  for  advice,  and  he  has  told  me  to  use  his  nane  in 

V'V  {  1  U  (  (.  (  f  t  t.'  •  j  (  ,  \  •  r  (  ■  i! 

corresponding  with  you.  Monsieur  Mariani  entertains  in  his  hotel 
'tiT'^7  k  cr  fc-o  [  L-  r  b  U  o 

or  house  in  Paris  from  one  hundred  to  two  hundred  of  the  most  dis- 

Arvi  cl  ■ — |  ~2-  - —f)  Kfi. 

tinguished  men  of  letters  and  of  science  leach  Saturday  evening, 

and  I  believe  that  the  Phonograph  would  be  shown  to  great  advan¬ 
tage  in  his  hands-.  If  you  will  kindly  give  me  a  letter  introduc¬ 
ing  him  to  some  one  in  authority  in  Paris,  recommending  any 
courtesies  that  they  -could  extend  in  this  direction  to  Monsieur 
Mariani,  the  same  will  be  greatly  appreciated  by  him  and  by  me. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Your  courteous  favor  of  the  2nd.  inst.  just  received,  and 
contents  noted  with  much  pleasure.  I  feared  that  Mr.  Edison  had 
been  too  much  pressed  for  time  before  sailing  for  Europe  to  attend 
to  this  little  matter,  but  I  see  that  like  everything  else  you  aid 
he  have  done  this  mattar well  alsoi 

Thanking  you  for  your /indues  s  and  the  trouble  you  have 
taken  in  this  matter  1  and  believing  that  the  Phonograph  in  Mr. 
Mariani' s  hands  will  help  the  cause,  for  he  is  a  great  enthusiast 
on  the  subject,  I  remain/ 

Yours  very  truly,. 


J.  B'LbOK. 

Fairbanks  St  0!,  H.  Disston  St  Sons, 

(Sulci)  (Sawi  Sc  Mu) 

t  S  B.  Douglas,  Ellipse  Wind  Engine  C". 

(Pump,)  (Wind  Slow,,) 


(Remington  typewriter) 

Coventry  Machinists  C«  L1 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sens.  nr.  Redditch 

Willcoi  t  Gibbs  Sew.  Hut.  O'. 
Seidel  &  Neumann.— Durkopp  St  0!. 


We  use  „A.  B.  C.  Code"  .(-til  U.>,  August  IS  /  24  'XSS  8 

St.-^Eelercifeurcj,  288 


Bat  -eh  ©lor  Esq. 

Oriiijor  N.  j . 

Dear  Sir;- 

ete.  etc.  Those  lilies  are  simply  to  show, 

- -****< - -  that' the  unlimited  hospitality  *  kindness  be-  V 

towed  by  you  upon  me  ,  a  stranger  to  you,  wero^ 
Wri i  on  t  v  *  f011  BOm  on  aterile  sound*  The  days  visit  at'* 

Edisons  Laboratory  will  be  memorable  to  me  till  my  lifes  end.  ' 
I  do  not  know  in  what  words  to. doth©  my  hearty  thanks  &  I  feel 
so  greatly  indebted  to  you,  that  I  wished  I  knew  a  way  how  to  ^ 
partly  reciprocate  your  kindness  *  geijrosity.  ^ 

The  wisfc  you  expressed  at  your  departure  will  be  attended  tov 
”!*•?*•  1  80  proud  t0  say  already,  that  there  will  be  S 

no  difficulty  in  tho  slightest  degree  to  work  the  insrtument  per-v 
feotly  well  by  me.  You  may  imagine  how  I  nurded  my  dear  baby  all 
the  way  to  Moscow,  never  lotting  it  go  out  of  sight.  My  lov  was 

Sstri^enJ  ’“T*  arrival  her0‘  #  attach©^ a  Grenot  cell  &  aet/C* 
instrument  going^  I  tried  the  cylinders  &  wife  able  to  adjust  tho  ' 
diaphragm  so  nicely,  that  I  was  able  to  discern  the  faintest  sound 
without  having  the  ear  tubes,  by  simply  putting  my  ear  to  the 
opening  of  the  diaphragm. 

I  now  anxiously  await  tho  2  boxes,  which  are  on  the  way  & 

I  hope,  contain  some  cylinders,  the  battery  &  the  funnels,  you 
were  kind  enough  to  promise.  This  will  then  make  the  Phonograph 
oomplete  u  can,  beforehand,  predict  a  complete  success  in  the 
highest  spheres  *  in  the  scientific  &  musical  world. 

Best  thanks  for  your  sketch  of  July  23.  I  will  look  into  it, 
TJ  l-,,*!  th!  battery*  1  tov®  attached  the  largest  size  of  a  Gra¬ 
tae  fr  fisapi)ointmont  0°uld  but  work  it  one  hour 

way  tA  4  but  20  minutea  the  second,  when  tho  power  gave 

fw  wTf  ”0t  inoonveni°hce  you,  you  would  do  mo  a  great 

T  itra^yiSi*e  WllSt  solution  y°u  woul<i  Put  in.  I  would  also  ask 
you  to  kindly  state  when  Mr.  Edison  is  sure  to  be  back  home. 

Again  exprosaimg «»  ia% ..t.,  far  a£  I  axp^.n.M  a.  Orange  . 


Jmport  of  JVTachinery,  Hardware  &  c. 

Ofl  no  sob  it  Tt XxifI 

Y'!n  p  TvL7;r 

•io'I  tXrfo  JJ003  ei-*— #sr*jirXra 
:U  .dooIIoiBf'l'S&Sr  Cod.urf6‘ll!tli‘li,ion- 



.  ailtir-uitira  oifcr  jo  a.'iomimrjj;  ar£j-  -tjj oj f s  rc< 


Fairbankii'&.'CvH:  DiBBtsai&JSons.iBu 

■mb  'to  u drfomiio, 

W.^8/Ooig!as,SEi]ips6>WindFnjlB4ir.ul jnisTo:i  bortoi; 

“  °v«V  W^A-SeP'temb'er:..-  to  n..m^ 

WICKOFF,  SEAMANS  A '.BENEOIPT,:  Ji  jbtAlU  010101<!fAiS.«W*.  .rtim  OS  ttSii  .)0:>£0 W  YXXASJC/d- 
(R?!'STOVOT“Y1^  o.1T  iJOv  ™  ^ 

bjlm-isi,  pjsjs.'r’r  o-rsr  c*.  « j  ..  *  j  r  *  U'"°  ~lS8  10 

Coveih/y’HadKlnists  Ut*  ,ltty  fl0'-  oXdwoi.t  o.t  evsd  I  t&sii  ,  v^'ro  ;>  mu  .£  .  - 

o'/o't'.i.fcytijijrt  j  ilj  vi  dvd  rr  i:  beano*  *XXtA  mu  I  tent  ,  ov  tffio.t  of  'pt'  jfem/’*' U 
Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  .  attoi  J£:-i,r::/fomon  \  rT^’r'i  0  "t0t:“i!00 

ni&nwl  uox  mo-il  eldo-jovot  -itorf  oj  “ 

Willcoj  5  Ciii!  Sew.  i-ioeh^Mi^iBatohelor  Esq. 

Seidel  &  Naum»nik~HDiirliopp  &  Oi.  Orange  •  N.  J. 

.  My  dear  Sir;- 

Confirming  my  letter  of  I2/fe4  ult 
•>,  -J. 1  801  able  now  t0  advise  of  receipt  of  the  splen - 
^idid  battery  &  the  24  extra  cylinders  sent  mo. 

I  am  sorry  I  have  to  trouble  /  you  with  a  few  questions,  but  they 
are  put  in  order  to  insure  complete  success,  when  ready  to  demon¬ 
strate  the  instrument,  which  works  simply •  wonderfully  well  with 
the  single  xpHskicHg  hearing  tube,  sent  with  the  battery. 

Since  I  did  not  get  a  six-branch  tube  for  reproduction  ,  I 
constructed  one  here  for  8  persons,  but  was  not  successful,  when  I 
experimented  with  it.  The  sound  is  very  faint.  Will  you  do  me  the 
favor  &  send  me  a  SKETCH  how  you  construct  the  6  &  3  branch  tubes. 

Is  a  certain  diameter  of  the  rubber  £  tube  branches  of  importance; 
if  so  what  should  be  the  diam.  of  same? 

Another  thing  I  shall  have  to  construct  here^  is  the  reproducing 
trump q t  *  the  big  receiving  funnel.  Could  I  get  a  few  hints,  as ? 
to  size  &c  from  you.  I  f  this  be  inconvenient,  or  you  think  it 
more  advisable  to  use  original  attachments  (  which  by  the  bye,  I 
belisve,  I  could  easily  make  in  having' sketches  £c)  could  you  not 
send  me  per  express  above  utensils,  sending  me  an  invoice  by  return 
which  will  be  paid  immediately  on  re-ceipt  of  same. 

I  am  also  greatly  indebted  to  you  for  your  considerate  way  of 
sending  2  extra  gars  £  coppers.  Strange  to  say  it  just  so  happens 
that  2  Jars  were  broken  in  transport  &  one  copper.  As  to  the  SODA 
it  arrived  in  so  damp  a  states  that  it  was  impossible  to  get  it 
into  the  Jars  in  form  of  a  stick;  instead  of  this  I  had  to  throw 
it  in  broken  up  in  powder;  will  it  affect  the  longevity  of  the  bat¬ 
tery??  If  so  how  long  will  it  last  £  what  is  tho  real  substance  of 
the  soda?.?  It  seems  to  me  ■  Natron  bi-carbonioom  (  caustic  soda)*. 

I  found  no  diffic  ulty  whatever  to  set  up  the  battery,  nor  to 
work  the  receiver  £  reproducer  £  the  effects  are  so  miraculous, 
that  a  complete  success  is  certain;  I  cannot  commence  my  work  though- 
beforo  I  construct  tho  proper  reproducing  tubes,  in  order  to  let 

half  a  dozen  persons  hear  the  intrument  at  the  sanle 1  time  V'  ‘~ 

'j'!0  , “  I  have,' 'jt'.o  repeat  my  request  about  the  Grenet  :oellV:,: :  The  op- 
'tioians.  li^rfei'.'say  that  a  Grenet  can  never  be  used:ilonger,Ith^n;'.2oi:,-,:rr; 
minutes-  &  is  good  only  for  small  experiments  of  very  short  dura¬ 
tion'.  '  Now'  I  reColloct,  that  you  mentioned  somothihg!:flilte:;!I2;-hot»rBij 
duration  of  1  have  a  wry  large  one  &  it. ac¬ 

tually  worked  but  20  min.  &, J.  therefore  think  it  muSt^bo  stheiscausev 
of  the  solution  &  that  you  use  another  kind.  The  bell  contains 

fully  a  quart  &  has  3  carbons  &  .'.'{iB.  zincs.  •'  "  -  ' 

I  am  sorry,  that  I  have  to  trouble  you  with  , all,  this, ,  but  .1  v 
wn4(t  to  be  positive,  that  I  am  fully  posted  in  eve ry&lng*7tie'f!ore' 
commencing  my  demonstrations.  {  rjituii 

Honinc  to  hear  favorable  from  vou  I  remain 

romori  oj  xrodvr  (uaoqot/u  oiolqmoa  odtxeni  oi  dobdo  ni  inq  oms 

rliiw  XXow  YXXiildttbrtow  YXqmis  addovr  doxdvr  ,  iiromtxdiu ni  o:[j  oJsUs 

jounuidoqmi  'to  eodcxisnd  odiri  ft  dodu'xxd 

?Oiwca  ’to  .math  odi  od  JoXtxoxle  iudvr  or.  Ii 
siNOdsd  ioxrtiaxroo  oi  avail  XXsxIa  I  ;jrti/£d  dodionA 
, a inixf  wol  a  Jog  I  bXuoO  .Xorarut  nrtivi o oe?  aid  odi  ft  iaqniwdi 
ii  jfrtidi  x/oy  to  ,  inoirnwroani  od  axdi  1  I  '.i/o*  modi  oft  osia  oi 
I  ,o\;d  oxli  ^d  ftoiilw  )  uinom/JuuiiJi  Xsrtiaido  out;  oi  oXduaivbu  Odom 
ion  u o'i  xiXwoo  (oft  uadaioda  gnivexl  ni  ejtsra  .YXiseo  bix/os  I  .ovdXod 
n-uJiod  Yd  ooiovrti  rxc  om  gnihrcoK  ,  aXianeixx  evous  uuedqxa  deq  em  bnea 
.omsu  lo  i trios— od  rtc  Yi°i«ibommi  hiuq  od  XXivr  rfoixfw 
lo  y av;  oisdohisnoo  dxxOY  do't  jxoy  oi  ooidohni  YXisodg  oaXe  ms  1 
onoqqaxi  oa  isxxt,  ii  \na  oi  ognsdiB  .udoqrroo  ft  edsg  sdixo  a  arribnos 
AQ02  orii  oi  eA  •doq.qoo  ono  ft  idoqaxtudi  ni  nodond  odow  adu(,  K  is.di 
ii  Jo  a  oi  ofdiaaoqmi  a  aw  ii  iaxti  ,oiuia  s  qrnab  oa  rri  hovidds  ix 
wonxli  oi  hud  I  axdi  to  osoiaxri  Jdoiia  u  lo  rmol  ni  adst  odi  oixxx 
-iad  odi  lo  \iiivognoX  odj  iuollu  ix  XXxw  Jdobwoq  x;i  qxx  nedodd  ni  ii 
lo  oonuisdtra  Xx.od  exit  ai  isxiw  ft  iacX  i'i  XXivr  gnoX  vrod  ou  II  ??Ydoi 
."(aboa  piJswso  )  mwoinoddua-id  nodiatt  "  om  oi  amooa  ii  ?Tahoa  odi 
oi  don  ,  Y'toi  J nd  odi  qxx  ioa  oi  tovo\edvi  YiXxx  oillih  on  hmxol  I 

.axxoXxxoudim  oa  ota  aioollo  odi  ft  doouboiqod  ft  dovioso  .  oifi  jidovr 
.  igooxfi  ddov;  Ym  ounomnos  ioxtnus  I  ; niuidss  ai  aaosotra  oioXqmoo  a  iuxli 
JoX  oi  dohdo  rtx  .a'odtxi  yniouhodqod  doqodq  oili  iobdianoo  I  Odolod 

New  York  City,  9th  Sep.  /& 

Ch«rlnR  A1  £?  t0  Sau  ^at  Mr*  Insu11  aKked  me  t0  to  see  Mr. 

t  ,  !"  f  a  Claim  8et  up  by  hlm  °r-hia  principals 
against ^ the  London  Sraphophone  Company,  possibly  affecting  that 
Company  s  title  to  the  graphophone  patents  abroad. 

Mr  r™,,/”0  eSdfd  8eeins  Mr*  Cheever  today,  and  have  given 
J1  syaoPsis  of  what  I  discovered  in  order  that  hb  might 
8  nd  At  td  you  by  cable»  and  the  oWsct  of  this  letter  is  to  veri- 
fy  the  cablegram* 

.  /  „  Mr*  Cbeover  had  no  papers  whatever  to  show  what  his  claim' 
his  as87  T9?6  ai1  tak6n  t0  10,1(1011  on  last  Saturday’s  steamer,  by 
hu«inp««Claae;  Mv*  “artln»  ^o,  Che ever  says,  went  abroad  on  other 
business  and  took  these  papers  along  only  incidentally.  The  only 

f  ™  o°"  r  8UCh  recollectl°n  as  Mr.  Cheever  had 

of  the  papers,  which  I  found  was  vague. 

.  .u  Mr‘  °heaver  claims  tha*  at  the  timej^  the  sale  of  the 
graphophone  patents  wes  consummated, certain  other  bartv&s  had  an 
option,  which  technically  speaking  had  not  expired.  Prom  Mr.  C’s 
statement,  apparently  the  option  had  probably  expired,  although 

his  nartiel  to_  tha  «™#rary.  ^  his  claim  is  a  good  one, 

his  parties  will  simply  have  * n  action  to  recover  damages  and  I 
J"™*86.6  how  8ach  an  action  can  in  any  way  affect  the  title,  of  - 
SthS  E!"  *oaohlnS  tha  resent  ownars  of  them.  I  asked  Cheever 
whether  he  ^laimed  there  was  collusion  between  tip  present  buyers 

oAuvinrii^+’h*9  *h8+end  that  the  original  parties  who  thought 
of  buying  might  be  cheated  out  of  their  right s^and  their  option. 

hut  ere.u?8  nothlne  in  the  Papers  he  had?  to  show  oollusion 

but  that  possibly  there  might  have  been.  My  opinion  is  that  if 

faith  11%  % \°  ^  the  Pr08ent  buyars  inspired  in  bad 
^  k  tha  fellers  to  injure  the  original  parties,  an  action 

of  tlL  prSenf^rs  laU9r  Whi°h  would  probably  affect  the  titi 

°haever  8tTated  that  611  tbe  papers  were  in  the  hands  of 
102  %J  Rawson,  London,  who  own  the  claim.  He  would  not  let  me 
X4  name  *»  y°u  by  cable ,  because  he  did  not  wish  them  ap- 

r  y°?  r  11  aft0r  Mr*  Martin  had  seen  you*  But  1  sac  no 
objection  to  giving  you  their  namos  by  mail. 

vnu  hv  T,v«f«e!Ver*thinkS  thEt  the  Sraphophone  people  will  threaten 
you  by  proposing  to  carry  on  business  in  spite  of  your  piftents  un¬ 
less  you  sell  to  them  at  their  price,  and  he  thinks thaV in Z™ 
“rr7/*  7TUld  8*rengthen  your  hand  if  you  owned  this  claim 
ln^allda*®  thelr  title  to  their  patents.  He  is  looking 
+.,  8  body  who  ls  willing  to  pay  him  money  for  his  claim  and  he 
thinks  you  may  be  willing  to  purchase  it.  That  appears  to  be  the 
true  inwardness  of  the  situation.  PP  ” 

I  hardly  think  you  would  invest  any  money  in  a  claim  of 
this  kind,  in  any  event,  but  I  am  sure  you  will  not  unless  you 
first  get  competent  legal  advice  as  to  whether  the  claim  can  be 
made  to  invalidate  the  title  to  the  graphophone  patents  touching  th 
their  present  owners. 

Please  excuse  the  length  of  this  letter,  but  X  feel  it 
to  bo  my  duty  to  let  you  know  just  what  occurred  in  view  of  the 
fact  that  you  took  the  pains  to  cable  me  to  examine  and  report. 

Will  you  kindly  present  my  compliments  to  Mrs  Edison  and 
your  daughter,  also  to  Mr.  Tate,  and  believe  me  to  remain  with  best 

Sincerely  yours. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Care  of  Drexel  Harjes  &  Co.  Bankers, 

Prance . 



lc^fJL^r . 

■.  '4  \  ■  ""  ^  N.  I' 

taircaat  CEKpT CABLNjFFICE.,  16  Broad  StfNew  Yorfe 

&o — . . '^?Ly.4',s’d 

KA^(o-*\  - 



J.  B'^^O1  ;JV 

Fairbanks  &  OS,,-H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

(Sulci)  \'jjBi((#  fi(ei)  0  v  u 

t  S  8.  liislisrEcta*  Engine  P. 

Jmpoht  of  JVTachinery,  Hardware  &  c.  ' 

S^uLurtu  103  ox  amii ' 

Willem  8  Gibbs  Sin.  Kiel.  P. 
Seidel  &  Naumann.— Diirkopp  &  C!i 


(jeLkPHOH  8j») 

1  t  c  h  e  1  o  ; 

We  use  „A.  ft.  C.  Code"  4-th  E 

Sept  7  /  I.  .9  1889 


. -PPP  0  r  a  n  g  e  .  H.  J. 

etc.  etc.  My  dear  Sir;- 

- -  To-day  I  have  to  thank  you  for 

your  kindly  remembering  me,in  mailing  the 
hand  book,  which  I  have  read  most  carefully  & 
in^ which  I  found  some  very  useful  &  instructive  hints  for  the  fut- 

I  have  mastered  the  wonderful  instrument  perfectly  as  far  as  re¬ 
cording  &  reproducing  goes  &  there  remains  but  to  get  a  prop tier 
multiplex  hearing  tube  to  make  the  affair  complete. 

What  would  you  think  of  the  idea  of  putting  a  hollow  wooden 
sphere  say  4"  from  the  diaphragm  of  the  reproducer  (  I  mean  I 
would  take  off  the  branch  tube,  which  you  sent,  ,  leave  the  cork 
&  the  small  end  of  the  rubber  tube  attached  to  the  cork,  which  is 
put  to  the  diaphragm  &  attach  to  this  the  sphere.)  To  this  sphere 
,  which  would  be  bored  in  various  directions  over  the  upper  hal/  • 
I  would  attach  the  double  tubes  for  say  6-8  persons.  Do  you  l!  ‘ 
thrnk  such  an  experiment  worth  making??  ' 

I  am  also  experimenting  with  some  differently  shaped  receiving' 
report ing. OOV01"S  *  WUl  report’  if  there  ahould  bo  something  worth®' 

I  wrote  lr.  Insull  in  regard  to  dynamos  ,  since  we  have  had  ^ 
several  inquiries  lately;  not  knowing,  whether  the  American  Co. 
can  sell  to  us  here,  I  do  not  know  whether  1  shall  be  able  to  get 
a  favorable  reply*.  b  v 

I  have  addressed  a  few  samplos(to  a  friend  of  mine  in  N.  Y?)  ' 

of  some  russian  work  in  cast  iron  &  enamel.  The  former  I  asked 'him 
to  hand  to  you,  the  latter^he  greatest  inventor  of  any  age.  They 
are  simply  to  give  you  &  fir1.  Edison  an  idea  of  what  such  a 

voSk  in  ^  thlS  13  ab*e  t0  produce  &»  1  believe  will  bo  liked  by 
you* ( in  giving  you  an  idea  of  the  working  of  metals  in  this  coun- 
bu+’i  4?-“  f0^wardinG  of  same  has  been  detained  so  loftg  • 

but  I  did  not  find t what  I  needed (ready  &  it  takes  here  a  very  long'  > 




Fairbanks  St  C.°,  H.  Sisston  St  Sons, 

(Snln)  (S>w  *  m«.) 

W.  &  B.  Dugin,  Eclipse  Will  Engine  t 

(I’umpi)  (Wind  Motors) 


(Remington  typewriter) 

Coventry  Machinists  C»  LJ 


Joseph  Perkins  4  Sons,  nr.  Redditcli 

Villen  a  Dials  Sen.  Kiel,  t 

Seidel  St  Naumann.— Diirkopp  St  C?. 

Jmport  of  JVTachinery,  Hardware  &  c 

Address  i  TEt-EO^A 

We  use  „A.  B.  C.  Code"  ,|-th  Ed 

28  /  10  Octobe  'XSS  9 

Gh.  Bat  che  1  O' r  Esq. 

Edison  laboratory. 


()-«blMUON  <9|) 


Orange.  N.  J. 

Dear  Br»  Bat  bhhoelloo  rr- 

Sot  wishing  to  occupy  your  valued 
time  with  my  lamentations  about  the  few  queries  in  regard  to  the 
phonograph,  I  have  Ventured  this  time  to  address  a  letter  to  M?r 
English  St  hav.e  to  report  to  you  to  day  of-' an  invention,  that  »  I 
ttooight,  may  possibly  interest  you  . 

-&  russiah  has  invented  a  new  cell ^  which  ho  claims  to  be  fhr 
superior  to  everything  Invented  Tin  til  nerwr  It  is  patented  in  the 
U.  S.  A  the  number  1b  -4oo2l5«- ,  short! aj§o  inde-rested  ip  getting 
the  patent  papers.  He  wants  to  sell  his- patent  for  America  &  has 
asked  Us  ^to  attend  to  it,  He  claims  the  following: 

1-3-  The  electroproducing  power  of  the  cell  is  2,16  -  2,38  volts. 

fcgaihst  1,8  v.  of  Bunsens} 

2)-  Its  resistance  (inside)  of  thp  size.  of  9»  x  7*  x  6»  iij  <jr,6  - 

0,8  ohms.  ” 

3}-  She  cell  does  not  polarize  . 

43-  'The  eurront  is  very  continuous.  (  I  giv&  "you  the  literal  trans¬ 
lation  from  the  Russian.  ) 

53'-  St  does  not  produce  any  gaseB. 

63-3«hen  the  circuit  is  Unlocked  it  thenaterial  is  not  wasted. 

T4-  Tip*  zinc  is  not  eatennpp. 

*8V  The  current  is  very  cheap, 

'©3-  Very  little  attention  is  needed.  Construction  very  simple. 
m3-  The  liquid  dqos  not  mix  through  the  diaphragus/ 

The  inventors  name  is  Ishmenetzki. 

The  sglgie  ef  a  battery  of  18  cells  would  be  20»xl8*x27'*.- 
Very  tmly  yours 


**  A'  S*~~- 

'Xi.nv^Cy  z£  /a  d^v/yj,  o>£~^ 

**“?  *°?  * — --*•> 

/^t+^&'a. ■  ^?“<i.’*<£  Ayie-*  .  A*y- 


/  ‘~?_‘L*,/*.t-azz.  &  *. 5  , 

A-^y^y  yzr~  Agl  ^A/z^v  —  ^  '^s&- 

^  ^  . 

^  AA^yC^y  y  Ata*  A&  yS 

2yi/L-  yA"0  c  //<ir£^d-  /^<k>»-^' 

^  S? 

(££'/'  .  ...  . . . 

C^U»  3T/$/,  c/m..^&  SY'ysy 

&Y/o/tCMfiaMC  i 5p. 

-^n^.e.  <Te>Ci~,r 

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^  wt  ^rffe.  ^  *£•  A^y^'y^C 

<5^*^-  ■rZl  ^a9c-e*  ^£>  <p<-^*Z—'~, 

<2-7  c^tn^.^  jp, 

a*v^  A^y-  y^-^£> .  &  '*~*y  a-fs>y  2%  *y- 

Ay  . 

**-*-*-*-  <^-&/i-^  ^} —  <=*.  *z-</>.„&^  y-  y^l- 

<^«^v  _ 

/°~c^^  y  Y^L- 

Ae:  <zAezze  ^ 

&  #**T  £A~&dAs2  ^  2%,*^  ts&/l  4/Zl^. 

^  ;^£fc  <^A  t>-/>r-«/**L-  A,_ 

^*~  .  AAp,  &  A&yi*_ 

yE^  <i-.  4_  <yf  sr-<z*y- 

A&.  A*~C-  es^*- 






-Z^4rmht  “4 '  "Q'^f  “ 

flecetved  at  CENTRAL  CABLE  OFFICE.  16  Broad  St.,  New  Yoifc  at^T  ,/ 

<&0- _ ^Ayiyj  ■ _  ^  ^ 

/2\  A  j>Ja  t  *  J')^Ajrr\  — ^CL-Ol  . 


/.Vieov rwA 

<\  c'I/va^kv^ 

yvCx^KyAUAK. yk*-^j 
.  *j>\-AXsy^b  ...  fLo^fcjJL  /nr^jJJI  QiCttCZj.  _^CavCCu  r- 

trading  firm  •  Jmport  of  JVTachinehy,  'Hardware'  &  c, 

J.  ojB  la  OeGilKv-'iJ  \ro  il  \:.  u  I  iioilv/- TTl¥*®®f^fe0  dmsooci  I  ci  Sd&'i 
*‘w0»  a**1*”1  junit  boiutit i 

T?ij?iWW“*  'iQ,  X«w  t-fe  ooe  Snou  I  wloaul#  IHuJism  oij/ b LXKtfif J Wi/otc k 
“jP-VXx °  1“  *  Jibrro  a  t I.jrt xM  oi  a  i  Saeup 

,V|  B!,,0!ia  ,tbrti  0lU  oi  aiinoiat  ooa  totgjnec&IPWfa** 

K  -t ol oi.i  oLuuw  I  one  -ioxUu  or(J  ss  Xlew  aw  Jos 
wyckSb SEAMUS  ixa  nA  L“  ni°^W.Wj,if  f/j^iX88jWU  9 

Y°(UcMingfcti  tflPviitw)!  ’.nriuii  oti  Jon  w  Xu  Olt"  J.  o  J  I  ,  sedan  J  jsidxe  A  brti'A 

a*.ihM2l<batfkit#  &£■*&'&}  ^Idicao-i  :St:i®el«{ifeiRa,'.'iv/bXc5I  im{  ux;*^  IIs  >488/101 
tli^SM'rS  snoJJjsra  J03  oct  nm  X-{«tfeHrM>»oi;i  fnCttow  uov,  edwJ  gn .rrfsJai  X. 

Coventry  Machinists  C°  Ld  _  .  fw  .loin o  0<ia[fc 

I  ^6r!itleftj hi  oitui  ul  ‘filSiftioq01!^^/-.  %w?PiTl  lOhlO  III 

pi,  <B  'g\  Eaq!1^1  C'£1°  bo'loJi'w 

m «  .*.<>»%<&  tyk&<B  rrm°mmr ^ -f 

,eUNatipBtfn.^I)tirkopif.&0»jilJ  yl  nniv.Xg;iTi.rTO?  ^rSi^ihi'rViAv.  stow  uo,  "Mail  i' 
JW*,WftF,>80ou/ti  JrtosF¥l.m.®Tt  cftW/L  Xjiidrt  oo  fi  ovorl  ov  c'jrtNV.  .eoiiw 
■.nix  9j«S.^cf./s  aouwa  wm  nl  . 

mca  x^oijibbw  rtw 

sizes  ;b&  .jinplipB  ,&j  -ithe 

big  “Pereas 

&  seen  in .  Ni  Y  ist  ab  ou  t  .36 .  * .  I  “suppose  X  will  do  right,  if,  af¬ 
ter  my  fii^sfcsVxporimerit  with  '"this  size,  given  by  you,  I  will  got 
a  funn^'MfiiftV^ith  opening  of  36"  &  rest  of  proportions  as  per  size 
given  d^j^ju  foitv the  smaller  one.  , 

The  son^oiNyou  sent  mo  for  the  Grenet  cell,  is  the  samau»ed/ 
here,  &  which  lilted  but  2o  min.  X  will  find  out  the  other  solution 
In  a  few  day^yiime  I  will  be  able  to  show  the  apparatus  to 
the  greatest  living  composer^  P.  TSCHAIKOWSKI"  .  Naturally  it  will 
be  as  desirable  for  you  as  for  me  to  KEEP  a  phonogramm  of  each 
of  the  celebrities  I  will  be  able  to  procure  as  for  in3tanee:Tho 
Bnperor,  Tschaikowski,  Rubinstein,  besides  a'  few  pieces  performed 
by; Rubinstein,  Mershwinski,  Sembrich,  Saint  Saens,  Gounod,  Masse-" 
net,  Dvorak  ft  other  celebrities,  who  are  coming  here  this  winter 
to  perform  ft  to  whom  I  can  be  introduced  by  Tschaikowski  &  Rubin¬ 
stein.  Besides  this  we  have  a  gallery  of  national  celbrities,  which 
would  not  be  of  general  inrerost.  In  order  to  do  this  my  24  cylin¬ 
ders,  of  which  fiome  are  not  trjio  enough  to  be  use«J,  would  soon  be 
all  usod  up  ft  I  there fb re  would  ask  you  to  send  me  some  more. 

At  the  same  time  I  wanted  to  state,  that  if  you  have  some  pretty 
well  used  up  cylinders!  having  buf^little  wax  left  )  they  will 
answer,  because  they  are  to  be  PERMANENT  Records. 

Tschaikowski  would  like  to  make  experiments  in  using  the  phongraph 
for composition;  In  order  to  do  that  we  would  have  to  use  a  fine 
screw.  I  therefore  encloso  a  CHEQUE  on  the  National  Provincial 
Bankk  of  England  for  Ii»  at.  85.-  .  asking  you  to  kindly  mako  use 
of  same  for  sending  me  a  few  parts  ft  some  cylinders,  in  order  to 
be  fully  oquipped  for  the  ,  rather  important,  mission  I  want  to 

,4  &  {{_  ,r,iav.\u  >i  l/i  -io  tmmmi4  . 

Pact  is  j  became  almost:  ill,  when  I  saw  h  erw  thoXthFea©  Qf  ffie  L 
.... -screw  bocamo  injured  through  lotting  down  the  arm;  , yet,  after 

;j  inviostigutinG  utho  matter  closely  I  dont  see  any  v/ay/pf 'avoiAdine . 

. tins  affair..  My  .  request  to-day  is  to  kindly  sencrii 

one  v/ith  200  threads  to  the  inch.  Should  the  fine  .so row . 

\>  aot  aa,  y^3lt0J,her  one  1  prefer  2  fine '  o^es  witirtKo  5  ‘ 

upper-Wt  n4t*>aWj>win  duplicate*  as  well.  An  oxtra^belt .  of,  each" 
kind  &  extra  brushes,  I  beli'eve" would  not  do  harm.  If “yoCe ouidf !°YW 
forward  all  this  per  Baldwin,  express:;*  possibly  addin'  eieW-brapoh  = 
listening  tube  you  would  greatly  hepl  me  to  get  matters  in  ship 
shape  order.  ..  'J  ■.■niumar.n  v-m„uv 

In  order  iriniW  a'gWdIUport1afilo>  bat°tfry  to  take  with1' mo,  I 

.*»  ***»  **&*#*• . . 1 

^len  1  was  k'i^dfy1  °slfeVn  {ii^oSgir  iBn?  worka  by  y0Wi;j.vjJ^iy  | 

L  Mrr  .vou  wore  JuW'firfiforiiiP  fW.IWying  to.  thOO  tie  citric. ."light!  x,  I-  >V 

3®  z\\\  lT£*tlo?Q 

*«r  «  s  wfS ««" '*'ou.  'Wtiwsw  sm 

-  <“  ««  lilw  I  aeoqqua  I  ,A.a&_  i,uoda  *el  /  ireoa  A 

i  .  *°3  Hbv  I  tsio\,  xd  ttovlQ  ,esxa  axiii^xiiiw  J'noCiToqj^^^iT:  \;m  -i  oi 
osia  icq  a*  anoiiToqo'tq  to  iao-i  -i  ”06  to  aniftoqo  di  tyfiowffPSjfetrnft  a 
•  j  >9rfo  i  sXXi.rna  oxli-^ol  xrovis 

\bOBdj.'msa  odj  ax  ,XXou  Jorroii)  oxli  to!  om  irtoa  uos.'no^^fait  <jiXT 
rxoiiixXoa  -xorLt-u  oxli  iuo  urti'i  XXiw  I  .nim  oS  ixxd  boij^Tdoiilw  *  ,otoxI 
oj  at-'iis-rxi.pie  exit  vorio  oi  elds  od  Xliw  X  wot  a  «I 

tXiw  Ji  •<XX«n.iiaK  .  "IM2Y/0MIAU03T  .<X  ^osoqmo j /gnx vi X  ieois,w3  orii 
fbsn  lo  mp.i6t3oriof!.j  x,  ‘Wax  oi  om  -x ol  as  ixoy  iol  oXdxniaob  cs  od 
odTroonsian^  wol  ax,  ^ouxoo-xq  oi  oXdx,  od  XXiw  I  aoiix-idcXou  oxii  lo 
boixnol'xot;  aoooxq  wol  s  aobiaod  ,nioianldufI  ,  idawodxsxIoaT  t'roioqmfI 
-oaus!.!  ,  bontxoQ  .siToxxa  inisa  .xlaiidmoB  ,  xjtanxwdaToM  .nxoianidtxfl  :yd 
•toirtlw  eidi  o-tod  3ftimoo  o-it  odw  .aeiixndoXoa  -lurlio  a  dsTova  ,ion 
-nidixJI  *  ijfewojUsxIua'r  ^d  Doouboiini  od  nua  I  moxlw  oi  A  m-xolToq  oi 
iioixlv/  ,89xixidloo  Xsrtoxisn  lo  iii9XXs3  s  ovsri  ew  sxxli  sebisoa  .nioic 
-nxX^o  frs  \^m  axrii  ou  ui  -to bio  rfl  .ieo'iefini  Xciofisg  lo  od  ion  bXuow 
od  nooa  hluow  ,S?vess  od  oi  rlaLfotro  oxf-ii  ion  ois  omoS  xiaitfo  lo  ,aiob 
.o-iorn  emu  a  om  brroe  oi  rjoy,  dae  Mu  ow  snol9iorIi  I  A  qv  boa  xx  XXs 
^iio-iq  omo a  ovxui  uo^  lx  istli  .oisia  oi  boinav/  X  omii  omsa  orli  iA 
Xixw  ^orii  (  iloX  xxiw  oXii IXJ-lud  anxysxl  JeiobnilYi)  qu  bsau  XX9w 
•  ab’ioaoH  TIXaHAHflai  od  oi  ote  ^oxii  oar/xiood  , t ov/ a rtc 
iiqsi3rtodq  odi  aniax;  nx  ainomiioqxa  o;[sraoi  ojUX  bXwow  islBWosIisdoaT 
P-ffl'*  B  02,/  oi  ovad  bluotii  ow  icxii  ob  oi  -xobio  nl  ;nolixao gniua  nol 
ibionivo-xl  XenciisM  odi  no  HUpBHO  s  oaolono  oiolo-ioxii  i  "  .wotjb 
obu  oxfum  iXbnxd  oi  uo^  artidas  .  -.5S  .ie  .J  iol  bnsXgna  lo  djInaS 
oi  nx  .soobniXuo  omoa  A  ainxxq  v.ol  s  om  gnxbnoa  iol  omsa  lo 
oi  in aw  I  noiaaim  .incinoqmi  Toriisi  ,  sdi  nol  beqqiupo  ^XXul  od 


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»•  *  ••  “w!«£  iHE»W:«lMtfi  ,  :tj^3v/aib  n.L.T»t  r(  ;>!!;;$?  MW  Edition. 


C'oVefitpS'  Mi/ShlAlsls  ti-Li  I 

-'re  , JWi!)  ,cnwuoo  YXJai*xaviti  tl  &  ‘inijitily, 
V  &:Son  j.jnrfiReddlloh  a  u'iot;  yrtti  t> 

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*,  *Tiw  'fX?  '“a* 

'ilrtfltf.tea  v.Hum«i!  odd*,,*  ( otavs  J  aPTraa'iiSisS^aa-aF-io^^,,’ 

f  odW°&fS 

_.t4  „  ;J.  «  m^ohfi^lMWeS  r6f'4^ first -private 

*o:t«iirf!rd  ;X'^{i^i)a¥ii&kl _  . 

o -atx  -on  cp'i  pats-theo  vffi<^] 

-iti  niLtt.bOfajfacuaoo-aeH^tci^fe  -Jo 
oP^&Pd  men  afctoaauyisU  a»i  '4  q^Tf 

inJ  .fill’s  cW4  ^hbJ/U  ffi&¥&Ge 




Fairbanks  &  0.",  H,  Disston  &  Sons, 

Jmport  of  JVTachinehy,  Hardware  &  c. 

10  /  88  Oc*.  89.  188 

W.  i  8,  Douglas,  Eclipse  Win!  Engine  C". 


(Remington  typewriter) 

DJUTIBL  2? SS.Z5. '!•»!’  Q-IXT  CT>, 

Coventry  Machinists  C«  L* 

(Cycles)  0)^2 

Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Reddilcli 

Kilim  &  Gibbs  Sew.  Uacb.  f, 

Seidel  &  Naumann. — Liirkopp  &  C*.  1  havo  arrango^an  album,  which  is  to  serve  the 

(Sewing Machine.)  P^rposo  of  collecting  autographs  of  all  promi- 

0,c- ete'  n0nt  m®n,  beginning  with  the  czar. 

<-$**8* -  Tschaikowski  &  the  professors  havo  already 

■nH+c«w  +  written  down  their  impression  receivod  from 

listening  to  this  wonderful  instrument  &  ,  no  doubts,  it  will  givo 
^^^sicia|suro  to  read  those  expressions,  when  fully  collected,.** 

7*  ™v*  *  do  not  want  to  take  up  moro  of  your  valuable  time 

*  W0,lfd .ask  you  to  write  me  to  whom  1  may  address  my  applications 
for  advice  in  urgent  oases,  so  as  tO  avoid  bothering  you  always??? 

You  will  understand,  that  I  am  very  anxious  indeed  to  receive 
prompt  &  minute  replies,  since  I  will  not  snare  any  amount.,* 

of3iZs!ihimE  TLwChem°  t0  V BU7ossful  end,  but  this  a  matter 
of  impossibility  without  your  s^istanco. 

in  thia'mflttBff  understand  what  exceptional  interest  I  take 

1  eladfy  Put  mY  hoart  &  soli*,  into  this  affair, 
which^I  sonsidor  a  great  honor  &/With  special  pride  I  am  g<6d  to 
sacrifice  a  good  deal  of  busines£  in  order  to  brlng'my^imsto^ l 
advantage  ^o^a  11  Vpf  *  f°  de?lon8tratG  tho  Phonograph  to  its  very  best 
RU!Bia>  what0‘rer  th®  ^ure  result  in  regard  to 
£ll  Part  MSy  be*  815106  1  Cannot  know  wh°  OoL  Gouraud 

will  appoint  as  representative.  What  I  am  aiming  at  is  to  close 
inexnerion?1  ** ^nstrations  before,  tlic-  grounc  is  tampered  by  any 

great  alisoM  "  a11  the  elorY.  that  is  due  to  the 

great  Edison  as  Tschaikowski  expressed  /  himself. 

With  my  warmest  wishes  to  you  &  deepest  esteem  to  Mr. 


p  Ko'-o  -  r 0'^-^ 

CS  Jfa^SES S^lrES  Xvid .. j^riLH>feSr>.^-i;uCGv"!I£Sc. 

J £o H  33  /G^tC  _ 

Received  a^TRAL .CARLE  OFFICE.  16  Broad  St..  New  York  £)  tSSo 

So. _ ^Ki  .  NOV  16 1889 

pj/UsQS^  . Q^JO  o^y\ 

/  / /  F 

^WO- _^t f\j-y^y 

O^Q-*Q  o  tA.  Aj£Lso—r\  /Aj^va.'  <; 

^/^Oroo\.aS&'trY\  d—^  Ay  (M4A _ Cj..QsU\  a 

r-<^-v - Q.  0  A^^yfTCy^^ 

m-eSL-d  _  .^V'  _ 

'^S'  ^>a-<a-C  cAS's*-J\  <J/U2J&£L~j 

^£-*i^T  ^k,^Ue^y  _  .ko  '•'^p'  ,^T^-<<^t_  t^va- 
-'l^a*--*'  ,  <1—^15  A^sg^ 

VujO-  »«'^,,, "^-»«-:*2-  t^ff~ 

'  «^£  . 


k  \raph .  *• 

V- f  i 

Was  ist  der  Mensch?  Bin  much,  ein  Nichts; 
Bin  glueh'nder  Funk e  ew’ gen  Lichts, 

Der  auf  der  kalten  Erde  zischtt 
Vor  Schmerz,  &  ewig  darns  erl  iacht. 

Was  bleibt  von  ihm?  Bin  Fleck,-  sein  Grab; 
Denn  Jeden  loest  ein  Andrer  ab. 

Das  ist  ein  doppelzuengig  Wort: 

" In  seinen  Thaten  lebt  er  fort /* 

Der  Geift  der  Zeitt  wird  ewig  waehren. 

Den  seine  Thaten  treu  verklaeren; 

Er  selbst,  nach  mens chlichem  Ermes sen 
In  wenig  Jahren  ist  vergessen , 

Vergebens  sucht  Ihr  festzuha  1  ten 
Sein  B{Id  durch  freundlicheGewalten,. 

Es  * ist 9  sein  BUd,  A  doch,  gewoehnlich 
Erschetnt  es  uns  nicht  9  sp  re  abend  aehnlich ", 
Jetzt  hast  Du  Zaubrer  unsrer  Zeit 
Von  diesem  Mangel  uns  befreit 
Durch  DetnesbWunderkindes  Macht, 

Das  mint  win  wi  r,  &  gleich  uns  lacht , 

Die  Stimme  nur  vermag  zu  zeigen 
Uns  wie  wir  sind  an  uns,  ureigen; 

Die  stimme  giebt  des  Herzens  Tokens ; 

Ihr  Wohllaut  zeugt  von  innrer  Schoene; 

Ihr  Misston  deutet  Leidenschaft, 
Emporgewuehlt  aus  innrer  Haft, 

Es  steigt  bet  unsrer  Stimme  Klange, 
Gleichvtel  in  Rede  Oder  Sange, 

Auch  unser  Bild  getreu  empor 
Hervorgezaubert  durch  das  ohr, 

Du  wirst  in  Zukunft  Trost  gewaehren 
Den  Kindem,  die  mit  heissen  Zaehren 
Der  Mutter  vtelgeliebtes  Bild 
Zurueck  ztch  rufen  schmerzerfuellt, 

Dem  Gotten,  der  mit  ihnen  trauert,- 
Denn  alle  lausch-en,  lustdurchschauert 
Den  wohlbekannten  Kosenamen, 

Die  gleich sam  aus  dem  S  Jensetts  k ament 
Dem  Frrnnde  bist  Du  Troester  awh, 

Wenn  ihn,  nach  dieser  Erde  Brauch, 

So  He  id  wie  Hass  will  bass  verdriessen, 

Kami  er  des  Todten  recht  genie ssen; 

Dem  Ehrgeiz  &  dem  Kuenstlerthwn 
Beutst  frischen  Lorbeer  Du  &  Ruhm 
Uhd  weisest  ihnen  neue  Bahnen 
'Die  wir  am  heufgen  Tag  kavm  ahnen, 

Denn  einzig  &  allein  durch  Dich 
Erkennt  man  ganz,  wie  kletn  das  9Ich9 
So  hast  Du  Me  is  ter  uns  gegeb-m 
Auf  Erden  schon  ein  kuenffges  Leben, 

Gabst  Dauer  unsrer  krausen  Spur 
Im  Lebensbuche  der  Hatvr, 

Erhoehtest  den  Gehalt  des  Lebens, 

Gabst  einen  Zielpunct  alles  Strebens, 

Uhd  draeust  dem  freshen  Boesewi  cht 
Auf  Erden,  mit  dem  Weltgericht , 

|  EDISON j\ 

V  Wi-cxy.  c^p 



Fairbanks  &  Cs,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

'  W  .88.  Douglas,  Eclipse  Wind  Engine  f. 

Jmport  op  JVTachinery,  Hardware  &  c. 

Wo  use  „A.  U.  C.  Code" 

IO/feS  nd.  Novem  .  188 

Coventry  Machinists  C«  LJ 
Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons,  nr.  Redditcii 

WHICH  8  Gibbs  Sow.  lack,  C*. 
Seidel  &  Neumann.— Diirkopp  &  C?, 

Charles  Batchelor  Esq. 

Orahge  ,  N.Y. 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  5  th. 
inst.  returning  cheque  &  beg  to  thank  you  for  same  ,  you  may  believe 
that  your  generosity  is  fully  appreciated  on  this  side. 

Our  Mr.  J.H.Block  who  has  been  demonstrating  the  Phonograph 
&  who  has  haeOthe  pleasure  of  correspond6ng  with  you  is  at  present 
from  home  &  will  answer  your  favor  fully  on  his  return  • 

Yours  sincerely 

vie  1  tsj  frf  (A,  V* 

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C5^L3BSaL»KS  3MC3E3SiS55^<K-3E3„  ' 


Referring  to  your  reply, under  date  of  the  23rd, of  January 
last, to  this  Department's  letter  of  the  preceding  day, No.  84  471;I 
have  to  invite  jrour  attention  to  the  following  extract  (translation) 
from  a  letter  of  the  Postal  Administration  of  Germany  dated  the 
23rd  ultimo, viz: 

,  "According  to  the  letter  of  the  Post  Office  Department  of 

January  25th, 1889, Mr.  Edison  has  referred  our  reguest  for  a  pho- 
r  hograph  of  the  most  recent  construction- for  the' Imperial  Postal 
Museum,  to  his  Agent  for  Europe, Col, Oourand  of  Little  .Menlo, in- 
structing  him  to  arrange  this  whole  matter  by  direct' negotiation 
vith  the  Imperial  German  Pott  Office.This  Of fice, therefore, open¬ 
ed  negotiations  with  Col. Gourand, but  so  far  has  not  been  able  to 
obtain  the  desired  phonograph.  Meanwhile,  Mr  Edison  has  caused 
several  specimens  of  his  phonograph  to  be  transmitted  direct  to 
Vff^°US  Institu'fcions  ln  Berlin, -e.g.  the ' ' Physico-technical  In¬ 
stitution*  ,  the  'Urania'  ftp.  &c.  .  In  this  condition  of  affairs 
and  as  it  is  not  desirable  that  the  Postal  Museum, which  possess® 
one  of  the  most  complete  collections  of  electrical  apparatus, 
should  be  behind  other  institutions  in  this  respect, we  are  ex- 
oeedingly  anxious  to  obtain  as  soon  as  possible  a  phonograph  for 
tne  Postal  Museum# 

"Relying  on  the  courtesy , hitherto ' shown  by  the  Post  office 
Department  in  this  matter, the  Imperial  German  Post  office  would 
request  the  Post  Office  Department  once  more  to  ask  Mr  Edison, as 
so  soon  as  possible  to  fill  our  former,  order  for  a  phonograph  of 
the  most  recent  construction, and  add  the  articles  mentioned  in 
the  enclosed  list.  It  would  be  very  desirable  to  receive  at  the 
same  time  a  number  of  American  phonograms— speeches  of  prominent 
persons, pieces  of  music, &c.  ftc. —as  has  already  been  stated  in 
our  letter  of  December  31,1888. 

"The  imperial  German  Post'  Office  would  be  greatly  obliged  if 
the  Post  Office  Department  would  kindly  act  as  an  intermediary 
for  paying  the  money  to  Mr.  Edison, and  for  transmitting  the  pho¬ 
nograph  to  Berlin. 

"The  Imperial  German  Post  Office  encloses  herewith, for  trans¬ 
mission  to  Mr.  Edison, a  copy, each, of  the  latest  catalogue  of  the- 
Postal  Museum, and  of  a  pamphlet  entitled  "The  Postal  Museum"  by 

Porf. Thos.A. Edison, 


Essex  County, 

New  Jersey. 

,  .  .'"The  Imperial  German  Post  Office  will  be  greatly  obliged  by 
an  early  reply.  " 

I  enclose, herewith, the  pamphlets  referred  to  in  the  fore¬ 
going  extract;and  would  be  glad  if  you  would  inform  this  Office  as 
to  wfcat  action  you  will  take  in  regard  to  furnishing  the  desired 
phonograph, phonograms, and  the  following  additional  articles  which 
constitute  the  “list"  mentioned  in  the  extract, viz: 

"150-200  wax  cylinders, 

2  recorders, and  five  glasses  belonging  thereto, 

3  small  knives  for  smoothing  the  cylinders, 

.3  i*e.product ors ,  with  the  3  small  knives  and  small  globes 
belonging  thereto. 

3  pair  of  straps, and  3  wire  brushes  for  the  motor." 

Your  early  attention  to  this  matter  .is  requested, in  order 
that  a  prompt  reply  may  be  made  to  the  German  Office. 

I  am, very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant 

Acting  Superintendent  Foreign  Mails. 

<52? — .  .  .  /tH/M  a.T  SHPBbi»-  "  - - 

^  ,;si:,  c-«o 

>  ■  .  •'*1- 



V£.,,V/.„./:  tstr* 

Private"  See.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

0  ra  n  g  e',  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Tate: —  ' . .  "''  !  '•  '" 

Prom  the  advertisement  in  the  ISw^H’roRramme  it  appears  that 
an  Edison  Phonograph  ^  will-  -be  adopted  in  the  Play  the  coming  week 
at  the' Academy  of  Music"  in  ^i a  frity."  '"  ',;'u':’  "'  : 

As.the1  Phonograph- has" been  patented  in  the  Canadas,  I  believe 
this  bringing  of  the’ 'Phonograph  into  the  Dominion  might  possibly 
affect  the  Patents;  and'as'l  know  of"rio- ohe  else'to  send  the  in¬ 
formation  to  I  have  presumed  to  send  it  to  you,  concluding  that 
if  it  is  necessary,  you  will  give  the  information  to  the  proper 

X.«o °an  you  Rive  me  an-y  information  as  to  what  actio* 
if  any, ^looking  to  our  manufacturing  the  Phonograph?  I  have  been 
asked  t/he  question  as  to  when  t.he  Phonograph  will  be  ready  for 
sale  in  Canada  and  in  the  absence  of  any  positive  information  have 
stated  that  the  matter  had  been  unavoidably  delayed. 

(  3  )  A.  0.  T. 

Mr.  Instill  when  I  last  saw  him  in  New  York  stated  that  Mr. 
Edison  was  about  completing  a  new  type  of  Phonograph.' 

If  you  are  liberty  to  do  so,  will  you  kindly  inform  me  when 
this  Machine  will  be  ready. 

Mr.  Bam-  bn  his  return  from  New  York  stated  that  he  had  se¬ 
cured  an  interest  in  the  talking  Doll,  and  that  he  expectednXrtly/ 
the  Model s,now  being  dressed  in  New.  York;  and  that  we  should  have 
the  manufacturing  of  this  Doll  at  our  Sherbrooke  Works.  ' 

Once  this  information  gets  abroad  that  Edison  talking  Dolls 
are  to  be  sold  we  shall  undoubtedly  be  called  on  to  furnish  them 
at  once. 

If  there  are  any  Blue  Prints  or  other  data  that  would  en- . 
able  our  General  Manager,  Mr.  Langton  to  look  into'  this  sub,ibct%'' 
and  faake  necessary  preparations,  could  you  not  send  me  a  copy  of 

the  same, that  is  if  we  are  to  do  the  manufacturing. 

Yours  very  truly,  * 

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mwiim  wf  wmwmwMAiLTj®, 

C2^,__ . 

^•£>.December— 31s.tr1889. 

Referring  to  your  reply, under  date  of  the  12th. instant, 
to  my  letter  No.  88  628, of  the  10th, in  which  your  Secretary  states 
that  he  was  instructed  to  say  that  you  regretted  very  much  the  de¬ 
lay  which  had  occurred  in  furnishing  the  Postal  Administration  of 
Oermany  with  a  phonograph  for  the  Imperial  Postal  Museum, and  that 
you  had  that  day  sent  an  order  to  your  factory "to  ship  at  the. 
"■earliest  possible  moment  ”, addressed  to  this  Off  ice, two  of  the 
largest  type  of  phonographs  complete  &e.,  for  transmission  to  Ger¬ 
many;!  have  to  inform  you  that  as  the  phonographs  in  question  have 
not  yet  reached  this  Department  it  is  deemed  best  to  advise  you  of 
the  fact  of  their  non-receipt. ' 

If  they  have  not  been  would  probably  be  well 
for  you  to  cause  the  packages  to  be  specially  delivered  to  the 
postmaster  in  New  York, advising  him  by  letter  of  the  nature  of  the 
contents, and  to  hold  them  until  instructed  by  this  Department  as 

to  their  disposition. 

This  would  save  expense/and  the  unnecessary  transporta¬ 
tion  of  the  instruments, to  this  city  and  return  to  New  York  for 
shipment  to  Germany. 

Professor  Thomas  A. Edison, 



New  Jersey. 


If  you  will  cause  this  course  to  be  pursued, and  so  in¬ 
form  this  Office, the  postmaster  in  New  York  will  be  instructed 
without  delay  to  despatch  them  to  their  destination; and  the  Oerman 
Office  will  be  advised  of  their  shipment. 

X  am, very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Acting  Superintendent  l-’oreign  Mails. 

$  fr  ' 

/uOU WU- 

vevet . . 1oa  2 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Orange.  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison; - 

It  seems  that  a  more  or  less  interesting  document  of  the 
"Edison  Album"  had  not  been  enclosed  with  the  other  "Autograms" 
of  celebrated  Russians. 

This  document  being  from  quite  a  different  class  of  people, 
it  may  be  of  some  interest  toMa.ny American,  as  compared  with  the 
representatives  of  art  and  science. 

During  the  "seance"  I  took  a.  record  of  the  voices  of  all  pre¬ 
sent.  One  of  the  ministers  expressing  his  admiration  meant  that  he 
would  not  feel  astonished  if  you  would,  some  day,  accomplish  the  feat 
of  transmitting  the  heat  (after  accumulating  it)  by  electricity  from 
the  tropical  climes  to  the  cold  northern  regions.  Another  one  said 
that  he  would  like  to  see  this  wonderful  phonogra,  ph  applied  to  pre¬ 
vent  railroad  accidents.  When  being  asked  by  one  of  the  ministers  how 
he  imagined  thiB  to  be  done-  he  replied  :  "well,  I  dont  know  how" . 



(bs*.  30,  |88?) 

Sincerely  yours 


TRANSLATION  from  the  Russian. 

The  demonstration  of  EDISONS  PHONOGRAPH  effected  this  day  hy  J.H.Blook, 
was  accompanied  with  complete  success. 

The  apparatus  reproduced  with  remarkable  precision  the  various  sounds 
preserved  hy  it.  The  human  voice  was  heard  as  vividly  as  we  only  know 
it  hy  word  of  mouth;  the  musical  sounds  were  a  true  resound  of  instru¬ 
mental  playing. 

In  hearing  the  records, taken  hy  the  phonograph  at  various  times  in  New 
York  and  elsewhere,  as  well  as  during  to-days  demonstrations,  we  oould 
not  hut  become  convinced  of  the  solution  of  the  difficult  problem  of 
preserving  the  sounds  in  their  entire  actuality  hy  means  of  the  phono¬ 

The  reproduction  of  this  actuality  left  on  all  those, present  at  the 
demonstration  ,  a  strong  impression,  and  involuntarily  produced  sur¬ 
prise  of  the  ingenious  invention  and  inspired  them  with  the  conviction 
that  this  remarkable  discovery  will  undoubtedly,  in  the  future,  render 
important  service  to  humanity. 

Penetrated  with  a  deep  esteem  of  the  science  and  work  of  Thomas  Alva 
Edison,  we  sincerely  wish  thiB  great  inventor  continued  success  in 
his  indefatigable,  omnibef icient  activity. 

30  Ootober  1889  (  9.30  -  11  p.m.) 

St. Petersburg,  English  Quay  #10 

(Signed:)  Countess  Woronzoff  Dashkof 
Imperial  Court  Minister  Count  Woronzof  Dashkof 
■Minister  of  the  Interior  .State  Secretary  Iv.Durnovo 
Minister  of  War,  General  Adjutant  Peter  Wannovski 
State  Secretary  of  His(Imperia}.)Majesty  N.Petrof 
Minister  of  Ways  and  Communications  .Secretary  of  State  Hubbeniiet 
Chief  of  the  General  Staff  General  Adjutant  Obrutschef 

p  . 

n  ' 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Orange.  N.J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison; - 

X  am  at  a  loss  to  understand  how  I  managed  to  omi^TH^most 
important  of  the  autograms  of  the  "Edison  Album". 

By  ohanoe  I  found,  among  soma  old  copies , enclosed  sheet ,whioh 
I  had  intended  to  send  with  rav  first  letter, which  contained  all 
the  other  translations  of  different  Russian  Authors  etc. 

I  am  sorry  this  shoua  have  happened  and  beg  to  remain 

yours  faithfully 


Le  Phonographs  est  oertaineraent  1' invention  la  plus  surprenante,  la  plus 
belle,  la  plus  interessante  parmi  toutes  celles  qui  tournent  le  19-me 
siecle.  Gloire  au  grand  inventeur  Edison  J 


14/26  Ootobre  1889 


The  Phonograph  is  certainly  the  most  surprising,  the  most  beautiful  & 
the  most  interesting  among  all  inventions  that  oirourasoribe  the  19-th 
century.  Honor  to  the  great  inventor  Edison  i 

I  heard  the  phonograph  and  was  astonished  at  the  ingenuity  'of  the  inventor, 
who,  although  not  a  musician,  causes  in  the  sphere  of  music  a  revolution 
second  to  none. 

Professor  of  the  Moscow  Conservatory  of  MubIc 
S.  Tanejef 

- - - 

Im  Erstaunen  uber  die  wunderbare  Erf indung,  fiihle  ich  die  geheimnissvolle 
Annaherung  eines  neuen  Lebens  der  Menschheit,  dessen  Bahnen  durch  den  ge- 
nialen  Erfinder  Edison  angedeutdt  werden. 

Moskau  den  14/26  October  1889 


Director  am  Kaiserlichen  Conservatorium  derUusik 


Amazed  at  the  wonderful  invention,  X  feel  the  mysterious  approach  of  a  new 
life  of  humanity, whose  path  has  been'  intimated  through  the  ingenious  inventov 
Edison.  Moscow  14/26  October  1889 


Director  of  the  Imperial  Conservatory 


1889.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Edison’s  Phonograph  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
commercial  development  of  Edison’s  phonograph  in  the  United  Kingdom, 
continental  Europe,  Australasia,  India,  and  South  America-territories 
controlled  by  his  agent,  George  E.  Gouraud.  Included  are  numerous  letters  by 
Edison’s  secretary,  Alfred  O.  Tate,  concerning  Gouraud’s  business  abilities  and 
the  efforts  of  Jesse  Seligman  to  take  over  Gouraud’s  phonograph  agency.  Most 
of  the  correspondence  is  by  Gouraud  and  Tate.  There  are  also  letters  by  J. 
Lewis  Young,  general  manager  of  Edison’s  Phonograph  Co.,  and  by  H.  De 
Coursey  Hamilton,  Gouraud’s  business  associate. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  routine  correspondence  concerning  the  shipment  of 
orders;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

Also  not  filmed  is  a  set  of  coded  cablegram  messages  exchanged  among 
Edison,  Tate,  and  Samuel  Insull.  The  messages  were  subsequently  decoded  and 
transcribed  by  Edison’s  staff.  Photocopies  of  the  decoded  transcriptions  relating 
to  Edison’s  Phonograph  Co.  have  been  filmed  in  this  folder.  The  original 
decoded  transcriptions  can  be  found  in  D-89-20  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Secretary  -  Tate, 
Alfred  O.). 



i,  Queer;  Victoria  $ti‘eet,  S<.d. 

5th  January  1889-. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 


N.  J., 

Dear  Sir- 

I  am  much  obliged  for  your  letter  of  Decenber  15th.  I 
sincerely  wish  that  X  had  had  this  letter  long  ago  as  it  would  have 
saved  us  both  much  trouble.  X  guite  agree  with  you  as  to  your  feel¬ 
ing  that  it  was  "disheartening  &c. 

X  can  now  see  that  the  advice  under  which  I  have  been 
acting  here,  has  been  given  with  insufficient  consideration  for  the 
effect  of  the  foreign  patents  upon  the  relative  American  patents.  The 
mistake  seems  to  have  arisen  from  the  fact  that  it  was  supposed  the 
American  patents  were  already  secured  before  the  foreign  Specification? 
were  sent  to  me.  This  was  my  impression  also,  but  it  appears  not 
to  have  been  correct.  So  far  as  I  am  at  present  able  to  learn,  no 
patent  has  been  issued  which  will  have  the  effect  of  prejudicing 
the  American  patents, and  although  I  know  your  fear  to  the  contrary, 

I  sincerely  trust  it  will  prove  to  be  groundless.  The.  provision 
made  in  your  letter  for  the  future  ,  is  clear  and  specific,  and  will 
remove  all  doubt. 

With  regard  to  Mexico:  the  Specifications  were  sent  to  my 
Agent  there,  but  with  the  knowledge  that  the  parents  could  not  be 
issued  until  certified  copies  of  the  American  relative  patents  were 
filed  with  the  Government  .  I  wrote  to  Messrs  Dyer  &  Seely  with 
reference  to  these  certificates  and  in  their  letter  of  20th  August 
they  informed  me  that  Case  84  contained  the  subject  of  2  U.  S.  patents^, 
that  Case  85  was  the  subject  of  6  American  pgfc&Mations  only  2  of 

Tfr.  A.  Edison  Esq. , 

of  which  had,  at  that  time,  been  patented.  I  have  never  sent  certifi¬ 
cates  to  Mexico  concerning  Case  84  or  85  and  was  therefore  as  much 
surprised  as  you  on  hearing  of  the  decree  to  which  you  refer.  A  let¬ 
ter  since  received  from  the  Patent  Agent  in- Mexico  states  that  he 
■obtained  this  decree  as  a  special  act  of  benevolence,  but  this  he 
did  without  in  Say  my  coxmunicating  With  me,I,in  the  meantime, 
having  been  aware  from  Messrs  Dyer  &  Seelys’  letter  above  referred 
to, of  the  undesirability  of  proceeding  further  until  1  should  be 
advised.  1  should  think- that  the  same  influence  which  could  ensure 
the  benevolence  of  an  irregular  issue,  would  ensure  the  equal  benev¬ 
olence  of  cancelling  it  ,or  at  any  rate,  that  we  should  not  be  made 
the  sufferers  for  circumstances  entirely  beyond  our  control.  I  should 
think  that  your  suggestion  fusing  payment  of  the  fees  would 

meet  the  case.  I  note  that  you  will  deal  with  the  future  applications 
as  regards  Mexico.  Kindly  ask  Messrs  Dyer  &  Seely  to  advise  me  from 
time  to  time,their  action  in  the  matter. 


X  find  that  applications  had  been  made  for  Peru  and  the 
Argentine  and  I  immediately  cabled  to  delay  issue  until  further  ad- 
vieed.  I  have  heard  from  Peru  that  the  patent  has  been  delayed  accord 
ingly,  but  I  have  not  yet  heard  from  the  Argentine* 


I  presume  you  recognise  the  recent  decisions  of  the  Austrian 
Government  with  regard  to  filing  of  applications  there  and  delaying 
issue  until  relative  patents  are  issued  in  America, which  seems  to  wes/t 
the  point  in  your  mind.  I  shall  be  glad  to  have  your  early 
advice  on  this  matteras  I  presume  you  have  no  wish  to  impose  upon  me 
any  expenditures  in  advance  of  the  necessities  of  the  case* 


I  enclose  copy  of  a  letter  received  from  our  agent  with 
reference  to  applications  in  Italy  .for  Messrs  Dyer.  &  Seely’ s  consider¬ 
ation  and  advice. 

In  your  paragraph  2  which  I  have  already  disposed  of,  you 
mention  Denmark,  Peru,  Russia  &  Hawaii.  In  regard  to  Denmark  and 
Russia,  Case  84  &  85  only  were  filed  under  express  assurance  that 
they  would  not  be  issued  until  specific  application  was  made  for  their 
issue.  In  Peru  you  will  have  seen  that  application  was  made  for  Cases 
84  &  85  only,  but,  their  issue  has  been  delayed.  The  application  was 
made  for  Hawaai  and  the  Specification  forwarded  but  were  not  completed 

T.  A.'  Edison  Esq.. 

in  consequence  of  the  absurd  charges  and  the  conparatively  small 
value  of  the  count iy  as  previously  advised. 

In  regard  to  Austria  and  Italy;  I  presume  you  will  not  have 
any  objection  to  giving  me  your  reasons  for  requiring  what  you  do  in 
your  paragraph  3;  namely,  With  reference  to  countries  which  grant 
patents  for  various  terms  up  to  15  years.  First  as  regards  Austria. 

I  presume  that  the  rece&t  decision  of  the  Government  which  I  under¬ 
stand  was  made  in  direct  consequence  of  the  litigation  which  has 
occurred  in  connection  with  some  of  your  patents;  namely, That  patents 
could  be  filed  but  the  issue  delayed  until  the  issue  of  the  relative 
American  patents.  This  information  I  recently  communicated  to  Messra 
Dyer  &  Seely  and  am  waiting  their  instructions .  I  am  since  informed 
that  the  15  years  fees,  which  I  paid  in  Cases  86  &  87, will  be  refunded 
for  14  years  in  consequence  of  that  decision,  and  without  any  prejudie 
to  the  patents  whatever,  I  therefore  hope  to  receive  your  approval 
to  accepting  this  refundment.  Put  that  country  therefore,  out  of 
consideration  with  reference  to  my  next  observation.  I  shall  be 
obliged  if  you  will  inform  me  your  reasons  for  requiring  me  to  pay 
the  whole  15  years  on  Portugal,  Italy,  Turkey  &  the  Argentine  Repub¬ 
lic?  In  other  words  ,why  you  think  it  necessary  to  require  me  to  pay 
the  fees  on  15  years  patents  at  any  other  dates  than  those  fixed  by 
the  laws  of  the  different  countries.  It  is,  of  course,  entirely  in 
my  option  whether  I  take  out  the  patents  in  any  or  all  of  these 
countries,  and  you  will  not  think  it  unnatural  that  I  should  like 
to  know  your  reasons  -  which  must  be  good  ones,  no  doubt  -  for  impos¬ 
ing  upon  me  conditions  that  are  more  onerous  than  than  those  imposed 
by  the  laws  themselyes?A<Jfou  will  appreciate  that  my  outlay  on  account 
of  these  pat  ents  and  I  am  sure  you  will  not  wish  to  make 

it  more  onerous  than  is  necessary,. 

Yours  faithfully, 

'“the  WESTER1  mtflQjg  TOglD.lSGRA^M 

'  •  Ms  Company  Tit  ANsaiixs  and  3DEXT VERS  mterngMOOl. 

,,Uor  ThS^Snn  UNEkI’EATED  MESSAGE,  and  is  delivered  b; 
THOS.  T.  ECKERT,  General  Managor. 

r  on  conditions  limiting  Its  liability,  which  hare  fcsaa  aaaalel  to  br  too  osoder  of  too  following  moouco. 

c  to  too  sending  station  for  comparison,  and  toe  ocopaiur  wm  not  mild  llaall  liable  for  arrora  or  delays 
unount  ol  tolls  paid  tooroon,  nor  in  any  cose  where  tooeUlm  if  not  presented  la  writing  within  sixty  dujTs 

r  request  o t  too  lender,  under  too  condlUons  named  abOTe.  HORym  President. 

UUMI1EB  SENT  BT  1  BEG'IMft  1 

■tf.  <°U  \JL  1 

1  Qj^J2u.&s£-—  m  s 

Booeived  at 9  ^188^ 

r/sd  <?J() 

(STfl  .  d 0  , 

■  UL«r 

*-/-c  J**  -gg^ 


/  ■  -  . 

mr: — 

^ .  *-  ■ 

-■■  -  -  y-K--  . 

12th  Jany  1889. 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq. , 


Dear  Sir- 

You  will  probably  have  read  of  the  great  diorama  by  Phillip 
poteaux  called"  Niagara"  which  is  being  exhibited  here  in  Eondon.  It 
is  inde.ed  one  of  the  sights  of  the  place  and  is  therefore  a  great  succ 
ess.  The  obvious  deficiency  however,  is  the  absence  of  the  accompany 
ing  sound  of  falling  waters,  and  it  has  occurred  to  me  that  with  the 
use  of  a  suitable  funnel,  if  a  Phonograph  were  placed  in  some  position 
where  the  roar  of  the  falls  or  of  the  cataracts  could  be  gathered,  thfc 
such  a  record  would  result  as  would  give  a  very  fair  idea  of  what  the 
sound  is,  and  prove  the  one  much  needed  supplement  to  the  exhibition. 
The  idea  of  bottling  up  Niagara’s  noise  in  this  manner  and  serving  it 
out  to  the  spectators  as  they  looked  at  the  beautiful  canvas,  would 
give  great  pleasure  and  be  a  very  remarkable  demonstration  of  the 
powers'" of  the  utility  of  the  Phonograph.  I  leave  this  suggestion  to  y 

CaiTy  °Ut  *“  101,6  tlat  *1U  t>»  experiment  and  i,  y„„ 

do  .0  let  me  dare  a  cam.  „  you  ^  aafl  ,  aate 

to  the  telegram,  I  will  understand  that  I  may  expect  the  grama  about 
that  date,  and  will  mate  arrangements  with  the  Manager  of  the 
Exhibition  to  ahow  the  Phonograph  accompanied  by  a  lecture  by  the 
man  Whoae  gualifieationa  arementioned  in  the  eneloaed,  abated  by 
lantern  slides  he.  1  found  that  my  engagements  were  so  growing  upon 
me  that  I  have  been  compelled  to  get  someone  to  lecture  for  me  and  I 
am  mating  a  feature  of  this  as  an  advertisement. 

Faithfully  yours, 

G.  E.  Gouraud. 

per  J-L-Y 

cLu  CoiS<f/lA/!- 

'  *S/croLAsC\, 

Ci<i  oy  '^cifr-tny'  (<j— 

,^oO  J  U  Cn^u^ixstr 
A^-lTL  'J^Cy  ^CUT^  Z£z  yj'f. 

Cy  -{rtry,  C.-y\,ctj 

yfi^/Lci  ycn^e^Jy  'i*r-lxsO(Uy  {j^ 

C/\s\s\y  C\.  ^,^_y  (y{/  /l*/~C\sO  CVwyjLt /\^X) 

^OW  -U^cwtj  ^LATVy 

A)  .  . 


^■■U.  .  r„  ^ 


tea ^ 

•  ^W<$~ 



/fcrG~-sbz~A. — — 

0 ^'fetxb  l^vyO  J  N ? 

/Ct2  /'L'v'i-'  dX^CkA^^U  o-^  ^  Q^tr 

JtToU  f^\A\ _ /  /'^-O 

LdLu  C-J’j&'t W u’o^_  r^'<r^y  (XsC- C^oL - 

/^AjcylAj  <w,c/_/  q  jtiHo 

,J%  <1 

UA-rC^y  C^cls  n^jOC(Zi 

/KM-  Cwv-4-«t  /%L  -&'Y' 

(KSVksoL  CisQ  AsCj  fl^f~C~X)  JLatM  cLutyfe-.  I 

Q/U^lM  t  !vJh 

A^jfTny^'  oljL^  oCy^r^-j  /j^l.c.v 

JLaAaj Cl  ^"dr-  ^i^tZCiZ^u 


AL^cWoe^  /CCZiy 

^  -wtr.  5^,  ^  Wo 



wootjTuocLi^ls  no^oocnw^la  wnUngwlOiin  alily  dayy 
na  named  aboTO.  y0RV1N  qreBN,  President. 


mliSisilED  JIESSAQE,  and  la  delivered  by  request  0( 




(k  /T-vueg^  f 



(jj>  tAjX-4a_c~<rv^ 

,  •  — - ~ - “t* - - - - - .  ,  .-,  ■, ■  •■  .  ■ 

'  (S^<v^e>y\[ 

L  ■ 

.  (0.P  5  o  i\  HcvAvjy  s^rf.. 

24th  January  183  9. 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange . 

Dear  Sir- 

I  desire  to,  write  you  in  regard  to  the  Graphophone.  I  feel 
that  I  have  knocked  Emunds  out  .  You  will  see  by  the  press  cutt.ings 
that  there  is  only  one  mention  of  the  Graphophone  to  one  hundred  of 
the  Phonograph.  Notwithstanding  this  ,  however,  strong  parties  have 
negoTiated  with  him  for  the  purchase  of  his  patents  on  the  ground 
of  their  controlling  the  feature  of  engraving  of  which  the  Phonograph 
is  alleged  to  be  an  infringement-, that  is  so  far  as  its  present  form 
is  concerned.  Many  overtures  have  been  made  to  me  by  proposed  pur¬ 
chasers  of  the  Graphophone  for  amalgamation  of  whe  Phonograph  with  tie 
Graphophone,  but  I  have  not  considered  it  desirable  to  give  them  any 

Of  course,  if  the  Graphophone  has  in  it  features  which  the 
Phonograph  infringes,  it  will  prove  a  serious  thing  to  us  unless 
as  in  a  previous  letter  to  me,  you  do  what  you  say  you  can  do  by 
making  it  so  that  it  does  not.  All  presnet  negociations  are  based 
upon  the  fact  of  the  allegation  that  you  do  engrave.  However,  all 
this  may  b^but  I  have  kept  a  stiff  upper  lip,  and  I  know  on  the  first 
authority  ,  that  in  every  case  thus  far.  where  Edmunds  has  in  every 
other  respect  secured  his  purchaser,  he  has  failed  because  of  the  fear 
of  litigation  with  him.  It  appears  I  have  a  reputation  in  London 
for  being  a  good  patent  f ighter^ which  comes  from  the  enormous 
amount  of  litigation  that  has  resulted  from  things  with  which  every 
one  knows  I  have  been  connected  with-  chiefly  your  own  however,-dur- 
ing  the  last  ten  years,  and  Englishmen  do  not  like  to  buy  themselves 
into  a  lawTsuit. 

The  state  of  the  Graphophone  today  is,— that  Edmunds  option 
of  the  business  is  up  at  the  end  of  this  month  and  they  wont  extend 
his  time.  The  money  asked  by  the  New  York  Capitalists  is  £25,000 
and  £33,000  in  shares  out  of  £100,000  .  I  can  buy  the  business  on 
these  terms  myself  but  if  I  did  would  be  indirectly  through 
a  third  party.  I  tn-ve  not  felt  disposed  to  do  so  up  to  this  time. 

It  may  be  that  I  am  making  a  mistake  but  I  should  like  you  on 
receipt  of  this  to  cable  me  a  word  which  will  give  me  your  views  on 
this  point.  It  may  be  if  we  dont  get  control  of  them  now  we  may  have 

the  whole  business  of  Scott  &  Wollaston  and  Gower  over  again  and  pay 
through  the  nose  for  it  as  we  did. 

I  should  like  you  to  use  the  following  code;- 
If  you  have  *0  very  strong  ohjuuUua-;  convictions  oh  this 
point  and  you  fel  disposed  to  be  guided  by  my  judgment 
with  a  full  knowledge  of  the  facts  that  I  have  here  on  the 
spot  ,  simply  cable  me  the  word* Indifferent " . 

If  on  the  other  hand  you  feel  that  under  no  circumstances  we  should 
0  trouble  w  ourselves  about  the  Graphophone 

pad  think  that  I  should  do  nothing  whatever  to  prevent  its  drifting 
into  hostile  hands,  cable  me'Nothing" . 

If  you  think  that  provided  I  can,  without  its  being  known, 
find  the  money  through  a  third  party-  whom  I  can  perfectly  trust-  and 
buy  the  Graphophone  patents, and  pay  the  money  for  the  shares, under 
circumstances  which  will  give  me  absolute  control  of  the  policy  of. 
the  Graphophone,  so  that  I  can  let  it  be  worked  as  an  apparent 
opposition-  and  I  shall  be  certainly  relieved  from  oppeeoAi&R  liti¬ 
gation  between  the  two-  or  ultimately  amalgamate  if  you  should 
think  it  desirable  to  do  so,  cable  me  the  word’ Judgment* .  By  that 
I  shall  understand  that  you  will  leave  it  entirely  in  my  hands.  I 
have  a  feeling  that  it  is  better  to  do  this  while  so  small  a  sum  of 
money  is  invplved..  If  I  do  it  would  be  my  idea  to  have  the.  Grapho¬ 
phone  manufactured  to  the  extent  to  which  people  were  willing  to  bpy 
it  out right, and  confine  its  manufacture  exclusively  to  the  lines  of 
the  Graphophone’ spat ents-  thus  bringing, preventing  the  possibility 
of  the  Graphophone  being  made  under  those  patents  in  any  way  to 
infringe  the  Phonograph’s  patents. 

^It  may  be  too  late  for  me  to  hear  from  you  in  time  to  do 
anything Awhateveryou  cable, must  be  kept  in  strict  confidence  at  your 
end, as  it  would  not  suit  me  to  have  it  known  that  we  had  bought  the 
Graphophone  patents  from  any  fear  of  them.  It  may  be  too  late  for  me 
to  do  this,  and  it  will  be  too  late,  I  fear-. unless  Edmunds  can  get 
an  extension  of  time  which  is  exceedingly  doubtful.  He  has  shown  me 
his  hand  completely  as  a  dernier  ressortjhaving  failed  everywhere  to 
do  his  business  is  trying  to  do  it  wihhme  on  a  bed  rock  basis  to 
himself  rather  than  let  the  thing  slip. 

Faithfully  yours, 

G.  E.  Gouraud. 

Jany.  25th.  1889, 

Dear  Sir, 

I  think  it  due  to  you  and  to  myself  that  I  should  explain 
why  the  French  Academy  lecture  did  not  come  off  as  contemplated. 
There  were  two  reasons;  First,  I  found  that  the  date  fixed  by  the 
Academy. was  only  a  week  prior  to  its  meeting  for  the  purpose  of 
settling  upon,  the  reward  of  the  Volta  Prize,  i  •  , 

Second,  that  it  was  so  near  the  holidays  that  it  would 
have  made  too  much  a  division  of  interest  between  the  holidays  and 
the  Phonograph  to  make  it  desirable  that  the  advent  of  the  latter 
should  take  place  at  that  season:  by  postponing  this  until  the 
New  Year  1889  there  was,  at  least,  some  chance,  and  I  should 
think  every  chance,  of  the  result  being  that  the  award  of  the  Volta 
prize  for  that  year  would  be  made  to  you.  I  intend  to  see  that  it 
is  if  bringing  my  not  inconsiderable  interest  to  bear  in  Paris  will 
count  for  anything.  I  feel  sure  that  you  will  agree  that  I  have 
acted  wisely  in  the  above  decision.  A  similar  invitation  has  been 
repeatedly  made  to  me  by  the  Squivalent  Society  in  Berlin,  and  al¬ 
though  I  offered  to  send  a  substitute  for  the  purpose  they  defined 
that  and  have,  in  the  most  flattering  manner,  intimated  that  anxious 
as  they  are  for  an  early  appearance  of  the  Phonograph,  they  notwith¬ 
standing,  prefer  to  wait  until  it  can  be  brought  by  myself,  which, 

0,f  course»I  appreciate  as  attaching  an  undue  importance  to  myself, 
but  so  it  island  I  have  consequently  stated  that  I  should  do  myself 
the  honor  at  the  earliest  possible  date.  Of  course,  everything  that 
I  have  done  in  England  in  the  way  of  identifying  the  Phonograph  with 

leading  statesmen,  members  of  the  Royal  Family,  letters,  art  and 
science,  reacts  upon  all  these  other  countries  and  the  position  of 
the  Phonograph  may  be  considered  firmly  established  so  far  as  popu¬ 
lar  approval  is  concerned.  There  remains  now  nothing  but  the  Phono¬ 
graph  to  maintain  its  reputation  and  this  I  fel  confident  it  will 
do  so  long  as  you  continue  to  give  it  the  attention  which  you  have 
given  it 4 and  if  you  overcome  the  one  or  two  defects  of  whose  import¬ 
ance  you  have  already  anticipated. 

Faithfully  Yours, 



'E<cli^oi\  fEon^e  “  93,”  ]Sf mribe^lcviiel  Svei^e, 


26th  January.  *89* 

.Edison  Esor, 


Dear  Siri- 





G. E. Gouraud. 

•'  ■  ■■'■y 

Jany.  28th.  1889. 

A. 0. Tate  Esqr. 

Dear  Sir, 

I  have  to  thank  you  for  your  letter  of  Jany.  15th. 

I  am  very  much  obliged  to  you  for  your  prompt  attention  to  my  re¬ 
quest  and  I  hope  you  will  succeed  in  sending  me  a  very  full  col) 
leotion  as  the  walls  are  spacious  and  at  present  quite  blank.  No¬ 
thing  can  fill  them  so  appropriately  or  so  ornamentally  as  the 
photographs  of  anything  pertaining  to  Edison.  , 

Yours  truly, 

j-o-  1~ 


'I<eli^oi\  Sonfte  “  ]vf oic tl\ ti mbe i‘l SSveque, 


w.o.  Jany.  30th.  1889. 

T. A. Edison  Esqr. 
Orange . 

Dear  Sir, 

X  thank  you  for  your  letter,  and  I  am  pleased  to  ob- 

se.^^1^  my  c  ounter-  suggest  ion',  meets-  mi-th^  tyflur.  entire  appro- 
v.ajL,,j^.d  ^you  .may  rely  upon  everything  being  carried  out,  in  pur¬ 
suance  to  this  understanding.  -  r> 

I  shall  be  glad  to  know  as  far  in  advance  as  possible 

Cb'VbH  tO1 

cLa,  "  ' 


'E<c1i£oi\  fiouge  “  53,”  ]v[ o i‘tl\ uni bei‘l kqcl  Sver^ne, 


BTany.  31  at.  1889. 

T. A. Edison  Esqr. 

Orange  N.J. 

Dear  Sir, 

X  beg  to  acknowledge  your  cable  as  follows: — 
"Negotiate  direct  with  Stewart  eoncepcion".- 

To  which  I  replied,  "Request  Stewart  appoint  Lon¬ 
don  agent  to  negotiate". 

My  reason  for  this  is  that  not  having  any  knowledge  of 
Stewart,  I  could  find  out  all  that  I  require  to  know  about 
him  and  conclude  the  business  much  better  than  by  correspon¬ 
dence.  It  .is  quite  probable  that  I  shall  receive  all  the 
correspondence  you  have  had  with  Stewart  before  you  receive  this. 

Faithfully  Yours 


i8l,  Queei\  Vidtorik  $ti‘eet, 

Removed  to  Edison  House, 

Northumberland  Avenue. 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq. , 

The  Laboratory. 

Dear  Sir- 

I  beg  to  inform  you  that  the  cases  S5-6-7-8-&-9  for  Portu¬ 
gal  have  all  been  issued  for  the  full  term  of  15  years-  the  fees  for  h 
the  full  term  having  been  paid.  Cases  84-5  were  first  applied  for', 
for  5.  years^but  the  agent  assures  me  that  the  amended  application 
accompanied  by  payment  for  the  full  15  years  ensures  the  issue  of 
the  relative  patents  as  15  years, -fas  though  the  cases  had  not  been 
taken  in  the  first  instance  for  5  years.  The  present  status  there¬ 
fore,  removes  the  Portuguese  applications  from  the  category  of  any 
possible  detriment  to  the  American  patent  at  which  fact  I  need  hardly 
assure  you  ^  I  am  greatly  relieved  as  you  can  be. 

Faithfully  yours, 

G.  E.  Gouraud. 

S-,  A  '  W 

“  PHONOGRAPH,  LONDON."  No.  3,200 


''  J^dligon  ©on£e  “  13,”  N"oi!tl\unibeitliir\cl  Sveque, 


Feb.  and.  1889 

T. A. Edison  Esqr. 

Orange  N.J. 

Dear  Edison, 

The  Graphophone  in  England. 

The  curtain  has  fallen  upon  the  first  act  in  the  drama 
of  the  "Graphohone"  versus  the  "Phonograph".  This  first  act  began 
in  June,  and  ended  on  the  thirty  first  of  Jan.,  the  day  before  yes¬ 
terday.  Edmonds  has  done  the  best  he  could  and  no  man  could  have 
done  better,  I  think,  but  you  and  the  Phonograph  have  been  too  many 
guns  for  him,  and  guns  of  too  heavy  calibre.  There  have  been  cer¬ 
tainly  ‘more  than  one  hundred  newspaper  outings  concerning  the  phono 
graph,  and  many  of  them  a  column  or  more  than  a  column  long,  to 
one  notice,  of  the  Graphophone,  and  the  Graphophone  notices  have 
rarely  exceeded  two  or  three  inc'hes.  He  has  moved  heaven  and 
earth  to  sell  his  patent.  He  has  had  many  combinations  for  the 
purchase  of  them,  but  one  after  another  they  have  all  fallen 

!G<dli^ox\  S'ou^c  “  53,”  ]vforttiuiij[beilh,T\cl  Sveque, 


through.  Wherever  I  heard  that  he  was  negotiating,  and  I  kept  a 
close  watch  upon  him  1  took  care  to  put  a  spoke  in  his  wheel,  and 
so  demoralised  everybody  that  he  failed  everywhere:  many  people 
would  have  gladly  gone  into  his  patents  if  he  could  have  affected 
some  arrangement  with  me.  Of  course  they  would.  But,  as  I  told 
him,  any  arrangenent  with  me  would  make  his  patents  worth  ten  times 
what  he  was  asking  for  them.  He  has  made  the  most  of  the  fact 
that  we  have  no  English  patent  as  yet,  and  also  he  has  made  the 
most  of  his  several  patents  and  his  upwards  of  100  claims  ,  but  he 
has  everywhere  been  met  by  the  question,  "Why  don’t  you  bring  an 
action  against  Gouraud  if  he  is  infringing  your  patents  and  John 
Bull  does  not  like  buying  himself  into  a  lawsuit  —  not  particular^ 
The  latost  form  his  negotiations  took  were  proposals  to  me  to  buy 
the  Graphophone  patents,  upon  the  theory  that  they  must  be  worth 
more  to  me  than  to  anybody  else,  and  that  they  could  be  bought  now 
cheaper  than  they  would  ever  bepurchasable  in  the  future.  He  show¬ 
ed  mo  opinions  of  Preeoe  and  of  Conrad  Cooke,  both  of  which  opin¬ 
ions  he  had  quoted  in  a  prospectus  he  had  circulated  privately  and 


^elif{or\  Blouse  “  13,”  j|ox<tl\miil)ei<lh.i\cl  SSvenue, 


whi’ahc;  opinions  were  as  strong  as  their  authors  were  capable  of 
making  them,  to  the  effect  that  he  Phonograph  infringes  the  Grapho 
phone,  and  that  the  Graphophone  patents  are  unassailable.  Well, 

1  thought  as  the  last  days  were  approaching  in  which  I  could  have 
any  negotiations  with  Edmonds ,  X  wpuld  put  before  you  the  position 
which  I  d  d  through  my  cable,  in  the  code  of  J.S. Morgan  &  Company 
through  Drexel,  Morgan  Company,  so  that  you  might  share  with  me 
the  responsibility  of  the  decision,  a  decision  of  so  much  impor¬ 
tance,  but  the  day  before  his  option  expired  and  the  day  after  you 
must  have  received  my  cableEdmonds  and  his  partner  came  again  and 
tried  to  bluff  for  the  last  ti  me,  so  that  I  ©  n eluded  it  would  not 
do  to  have  any  negotiations  with  him  on  the  basis  of  buyihg  his 
patent  after  all,  as  it  was  not  likely  that  he  could  carry  out 
such  a  sale  and  I  accordingly  cabled  you  not  to  trouble  to  answer 
my  cable  of  two  days  previous.  WWhether  American  parties  have 
bought  the  patent  or  not  remains  to  be  seen. 

Yours  faithfully, 



'E<elt^0T\  Hotige  “53,”  N01<tVm^eiTaT\(il  Svci\ue, 


Feb.  Sth.  1889 

A.  0.  Tate  Esqr. 

Edison’s  Laboratory 
Orange  N.J. 


Dear  Sir, 

.Referring  to  your  letter  of  the  Slstreminding  me  of 
your  previous  letter  in  regard  to  Mr.  Sabinel  desire  to  Say 
that  I  will  communicate  with  Mr.  Sbbine  and  I  think  I  shall 
see  my  way  to  make  some  terms  with  him  in  regard  to  the  busi¬ 
ness  referred  to. 

Faithfully  Yours, 




w.c.  Fob.  Sth.  1889. 

T. A. Edison  Es'ir. 

Orange  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir, 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  your  two  letters  of  Jan.  29th.. 

X  await  the  arrival  of  the  delegate  appointed  by  Mr.  Stewart  of 
Concepcion,  Chili,  who  shall  have  every  attention. 

Yours  very  truly, 

G.E. Gouraud. 

!  tv  C0:.C”-!  GOURAUD 

I  'v::irT;:i  il  U!l  8GRf.PH'S  oiotatioii 

|  . . . . 


t, .  / 


^  A 

_  i5^ 





LONDON,  26th  March, 1889-- 

&***>  ytr/f-9 




.A.  Edison  Esqr, 



Gainsborough  Gallery. 

3  Gainsborough  Gallery,  In  Bond  street  -  a  few  steps  from 
3  opened  next  week  -  by  the  time  this  ;  reaches  you  -  where. 



W.c.  1st  May,  1889. 


I  beg  te  thank  you  for  your  letter  of  date. 19th  April, 


LC  0  P  Y 

Calcutta, 9th.  April  1889. 


Col.  G.E.Gouraud, 

Edison’s  Phonograph  Company, 

Northumberland  Avenue,  S.W, 


Dear  Sirs- 


By  this  mail  (registered  bookpost)  we  have  forwarded  the 
five  applications  for  leave  to  file  specifications. 

Although  the  Indian  Act  provides  that  an  application  may  be  both  sign¬ 
ed  and  verified  by  an  agent  authorised  in  writing  in  that  behalf,we 
have  thought  it  better  to  forward  the  documents  for  Mr.  Edison’s  sig- 
.  nature  and  verification; first, because  the  power  of  attorney  has  not 
yet  reached  us  and  we  are, otherwise, scarcely  in  a  position  to  sign  the 
verification  which  legally  amounts  to  an  oath; and, secondly , that  we  hav 
not  had  an  opportunity  of  conferring  with  you  on  the  form  of  the  appli 
-cation  which  you  will  find  .have  been  taken  from  the-  printed  specifi¬ 
cations  aent  to  us .Mr.  Edison  should  sign  at  the  foot  of  the  document 
and  also  subscribe  the  verification. 

The  first  paragraph  of  each  application  is  unintelligible 
as  it  stands  and  requires  some  explanation.  It  has  been  purposely 
drawn  in  its  present  form  to  avoid  a  possible  difficulty  that  might 
arise  with  reference  to  the  sealing  of  the  patents  in  England  in  the 


.  2 

interval  between  the  lodging  of  the  application  in  the  Patent  Office 
here  and  its  completion.  The  form  should  be  altered  to  meet  the  cir¬ 
cumstances  of  the  case.  If  you  refer  to  the  Indian  Act  you  will  see 
that  the  forms  differ  accordingly  as  the  application  is  in  respect  of 
a  patent  which  has  or  has  not  been  obtained  in  England,  The  forms 
sent  you  contain  the  wording  of  both  applications  given  in  the  schedul 
to  the  Act, and  may  be  altered  by  striking  out  the  unnecessary  words. 
The ■ alterations  should  be  initialed  by  Mr.  Edison.  Thus, if  patents 
have  actually  been  sealed, the.  first  and  second  paragraphs  will  read;- 

1.  The  applicant  has  obtained  a  patent  in  the  United  Kingdom 

dated  and  sealed  as  of  the  day  of  and  actually  sealed 

on  the  day  of  for 

2.  To  the  best  of  the  information  and  belief  of  the  applicant 

If  patents  have  not  yet  been  sealed, the  form  should  be  altered  as 

1.  The  applicant  is  in  possession  of  an  invention  for 

he  is  the  inventor  ther.eof  and  to  . 

2.  the  best  of  his  information  and  belief  etc. 

Kindly  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  the  papers. 

Yours  faithfully, 


Sanderson  &  Co, 







4th  May  1889. 



T.  A.  Edison  Esq 

My  dear  Edison- 

The  new  patent#  case  90  reached  the  day  before  yesterday, 
tit  has  been  manifolded  and  leaves  today  for  abroad.  The  provisional 
for  England  will  be  filed  probably  today  .  The  new  Phonographs  with 
the  spectacles  have  reached  me  and  they  seem  in  every  practical 
quality  to  mark  great  improvements.  For  loud  records  Hamilton  does 
not  think  they  are  equal  to  thfe  old.  I  shall  be  glad  to  know  whether 
that  is  the  case  in  your  opinion  or  whether  it  is  that  we  have  not 
quite  got  at  the  right  way  of  doing  it.  In  the  manipulation  of  the 
machine  and  clearness  of  articulation  as  also  in  the  automatic 
adjustment  of  the  knife  they  seem  all  that  could  be  desired  for  i 

practical  commercial  use  and  that  of  course,  is  99  per  cent  ^he  quest***  | 

V  j 

We  shall  not  let  them  out  of  our  hands  until  the  patents  are  secured  I 

This  is  rather  a  difficult  question  because  of  the  long  time  it  takes  ! 

to  file  some  of  the  patents,  <rfcMT.<^ they  might  be  shown  and  described 
in  any  country  in  which  they  may  be  secured .without  prejudice  to  the 




patents  in  the  country  in  questiow.c;  the  publication  of  the  patentable 
features-  in  any  other  coxmtry  prior  to  the  filing  of  patents  in  fay 
o*liei»  -of- %ha  oouiitjrtL.B,  will,  of  course,  destroy  the  patent  as  m* 

the  case  with  several  of  the  german  applications  as  you  are  aware. 

Professor  Archibald  and  Mr  Lynd-  a  second  lecturer  who 

is  lecturing  with  great  success  in  Scotland  and  who  was  formerly 

Editor  of  the  Electrical  Review  a  thoroly  practical  scientific  man, 

electrician  and  experienced  lecturer-  Aawe  , 

have  made  numerous  engagements 

.for  lectures  which,  of  course,  must  be  fulfilled  and  in  view  of  the 
explanations  in  another  letter  ,  I  trust  this\ill  meet  your  approval 
in  every  way  and  I  shall  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  if  such  is  the  case 
y&vt  kindly  do  me  the  favour  fey  cabling  me  •Continue"  if  you  agree  with 
me  in  the  desirability  of  continuing  the  lectures^strictly  on  z  plan 
I  have  laid  down,  as  I  siicerely  trust  you  will;  because  I  thoroiv 

believe  in  the  qualified  good  that  results  therefrom.  Or  if  ydiPWt* 
take  a  different/view  cable  me  the  word'Stop'  and  I  shall  not  allow 
them- to  make  any  further  engagements.  The  same  words  will  apply 
equally  to  the  daily  lectures  at  the  Gainsborough  Gallery,  which 
latter.  1  would  have  you  understand  is  a  gallery  devoted  to  art 
exhibitions,  it  is  on  a  graound  floor  in  Bond  St,  a  most  aristocratic 

"PHONOGRAPH.  LONDON.”  ^  Na  *3,200. 



position  altogether.  In  this  connection  I  contemplate  having  a 
series  of  lectures  given  entirely  at  my  own  expense  and  for  which 
complimentary  tickets  will  be  sent  to  for  example  one  evening,  members 
of  the  electrical  societies  and  clubs,  another  evening  Managers  and 
officials  of  the  various  electric  light  Cos  another  eventing  the 
Bank  Managers  of  London,  another  evening  the  Managing  clerks  of  the 
leading  firms  of  Solicitors,  another  evening  the  Managers  of  principaas 
of  the  leading  mercantile  houses  and  so  forth.  The  effect  of  all  this 

will  be  that  when  the  Phonographs  are  ready  for  ttte' market  these 
people  understanding  at  once  the  principles  and. tM^&lity  will  be 
all  the  more  ready  to  receive  it. 

The  advertising  for  this  gallery  and  lec^Mj^  yeiil  read 
simply0  The  latest  Phonograph  received  from  Mr  EdismSS»toeen  lent 

by  Colonel  Gouraud  to  Professor  £.  Douglas  ArchibaldM.  A.  egon  /"or 
'fax***-*'  Sf  4Z*S&*t**~^  *!*r'  ,v 

- - -who  will  explain  its  scientific  principles  at  the  Gains.-  y 

boro  Gallery  ,  Old  Bond  St  at  - —  hour*  For  these  j^cture.s ./Uckfets 

are  given  to  the  visitors  as  they  enter  numbered  acc^H|^||fekhei r 

arrival  which  numbers  entitle  the  holders  to  a  private^^Pfrajpe 

Phonograph  aft^r  the  lecture  in  a  separate  room  ,  which  is  perfectly 

quiet  and' contains  only  life  size  portraits  of  the  queen  and  Princess 




of  Wales.  Thus  all  these  visit'&Fs  have  the  science  of  the  Phonograph 
first  explained  to  them  its  practical  uses  and  manipulation  exhibited 
in  operation  and  then  in  a  private  room  they  hear  in  groups  of  half  a 
dozen  the  various  records  of  voice  and  music.  This  has  not  so  far, 
paid  its  expens  es^and  the  burden  has  fallen  upon  me  as  I  guaranteed 
against  all  losses.  The  proceeds  go  towards  the  payment  of  the  rent 
lighting  and  attendance  .  I  have  had  people  stationed  in  the  hall  and 
at  the  exit  to  take  notes  of  the  observations  of  the  people  who  have  j(^ 
attended  ther^and  there  is  but  one  opinion  expressed  and  that  all 
that  could  be  desired. 

Delivery  of  Phonographs. 

If  I  am  right  in  inferring  that  you  are  now  so  far  satisfied 
with  the  Phonograph  as  to  make  it  in  considerable  quantities  I  wish 
you  would  kindly  let  me  know  by  cable  about  what?  number  I  may  rely  ..r.v.,. 
upon  in  monthly  deliveries  during  the  next  six  months  beginning  with 
the  month  of  June.  Upon  this  infoimation  I  will  base  my  movements 
as  regards  the  formation  of  companies  .  The  publicis  ripe  notr  I 
suppose  for  subscribing  liberally  for  this  enterprise-1-. and  my  idea  is.*.., 
to  form  companies  on  the  same  general  lines  as  hasj-$een  done  in  Amer4^ 
and  which  I  presume  is  in  accordance  with  ycwr  "iew: .  Ky  purpose  is 
to  form  a  separate  company  for  each  country  covered  by'my  agreement 


€DISON  ‘]?OUSE  “  B,”  no^WHHMBE^LiAND  ^VBNUB, 


W.C.  J;  £ 

providing  for  a  fair  proportion  of  money  ind  shares  for  us  in  eaoh  case, 
fixing  only  for  the  first  years  operation  the  minimum  and  maximum  number' 
Phonographs  to  be  ordered  and  supplied.  To  do  this  it  will  be  necessary 



€DISON  FjioUSE  “  B,”  no^mHUMBBI^liAND  flVENUE, 


/  *  w£’  . 

^Sombined  te  maximum  and  minimum  to  indicate  the  same.  Oaj  the  number 

you  will  cable  af^ter  the  words  indicated  ,  I  shall  understand  that  tfe 

number  in  question  will  rffer  to  the  aggregate  number^  of  all  forms  of%^ 

instruments  which  you  intend  making.  My  idea  is  ie«  to  so  organise 


these  companies  as  that  by  our  holding  sSX  shares  which  shall  be 
issued  in  payjuent  of  our  rights  together  with  such  shares  as  we  may 
*OB£S,  purchase  in  order  to  confirm  i^o  the  stock  Exchange  regulations 
we  shall  from  the  beginning  maintain  control  over  the  companies.  The 
Stock  Exchange  rules  in  England  do  not  allow  of  more  than  one  third  of 
the  share  capital  to  be  paid  to  vendors  but  out  of  the  money  part 

of  the  consideration  to  us  I  shall,  \ 

if  you  agree  with  i 

as  to  the  expediencey  of  such  a  course,  apply  for  a  sufficient  number 
of  shares  to  secufre  that  end,  I  shall  leave  to  the  respective  companies 
the  question  of  Policy  as  is  best  suited  to  each  country  4r  qu.e-stioni.  ■ 
as  to  selling  or  renting  the  instruments  .  As  regards  England,  where 
I  am  certain  from  the  advice/  I  have  received,  it  would  be  better  to 
commence  with  the  p o 1 icy’  df - renting  only  as  has  been  determeined  on 
.  in  America,  and  in  the  case  of  England  I  would  propose  not  to  sell 
the  patents  to  a  parent  Company^ but  that  we  keep  the  patents  ourselves  i 
and  form  licensees  '  companies  such  as  has  been  done  in  the  Telephone 
P“il»0*d*,0*y  with  this  differeneee^  that  tte  su^Hdiary  cos  shall  buy 



and  own  the  Phonographs  at  prices  to  be  agreed  instead  of  the  parent 

Co  owning  Phonographs  as  1 

:  the  ease  with  the  Telephone.  Out  of  the 

cash  payments  to  us  from  these  different  cos  I  would  propose  to  foim 

*  stray 

a  fighting  fund  for  the  protection  ofi.our  patents  in  the  following;-  9 
say  a  fund  of  from  £25  ,000  to  £50,000  Spending  upon  circumstances, 
/during  the  term  o^patents/ the  income  from  thee*  investment */to  be 
paid  to  us  as  accrued,.  The  principal  sum  in  part  or  in  whole, as  the 
course  of  events  may  determine  to’^f^  applied  when  necessary  for  the 

protection  of  the  patents.  This  courre  will  enable  us  to  discriminate 
as  to  what  litigation  should  be  initiated  on  our  part  and  will  keep 
in  our  hands  the  control  of  the  lawyers  employed  for  defence  as  well. 
If  you  have  any  comments  to  make  upon  this  policy  or  suggestions 
of  improvement  I  shall  be  glad  to  receive  them.  If  I  hear  nothing  to 
the  contrary  I  shall  proceed  upon  this  general  plan  until  I  otherwise 
advise  you.  The  exception  from  my  contract  of  the  Phonograph  doll. 

business  and  the  non  existence  of  the,  original  Phonograph  patent  in 


this  countryWill  avoid  the  necessity  of  particularising  in  the 
Prospectuses  of  the  English  Companies  al-»^fifrartr  our  patents  cover  and 
what  they  do  not.  It  will  also  avoid  the  necessity  and  expense  of 
submitting  all  these  patents  to  the  ignorant  criticism  of  Directors. 



€DISON  ]?OUSE  “  B,”  Itol^PHUMBEI^hAND  pVE^UE, 


The  license  to  Companies  would  probahtty  he  acceptable  coming  from 
you  direcljas  it  would  from  an  English  Compan^prgvided  the  fighting 
fund  is  carried  into  effect*  It  is  evident  toA.y  mind in  the 
best  interest  of  both  your  reputation  and  the  commercial  development 
of  the  Phonograph,  that  it  Should  so  fax  as  possible,  fee  at  least 
from  the  beginning  and  until  things  get  more  settled  down,  be  rented 
only  which  means  we  can  keep  control  over  them-  and  be  always  sure 
they  are  in  proper  order.  All  this  will,  of  course,  involve  a  large 
capital  and  that  will  be  the  obvious  reason  for  the  formation  of 
substantial  companies.  In  this  connection  1  will  ask  you  if  you  have 
any  occasion  in  the  future  to  commmicate  to  ire  any  views  of  yours 
which  are  contrary  to  what  you  fancy  mine  should  be  X  shall  be  obliged 
n*so  far  as  possible  avoid  the  publicity  which  results  from  cabling, 
because  our  cables  are  likely  to  excite  unusual  observation  on 
the  part  of  the  people  whose  hands  they  come  through. 

Faithfully  yours,  ; 

G.  E.  Gouraud. 

/'’Ajn-o  -  S!-,< 

From  one  obeervatlon  In  one  of  your ^letters  I  might  Infer 
that  you  had  expeoted  me  to  form  my  oompanlee  sooner. 

My  heason  for  delaying  Is  one  which  oannot  but  commend  Itself 
to  your  Judgement  and  approval.  -I  Jf *iS  not  wish  to  float  any  company  until 
I  nas  certain  of  being  able  to  supply  them  with  machines,  and  to  do  other¬ 
wise  would  have  been  to  simply  have  a  lot.bjS  dissatisfied  shareholders 
as  I  understand  exists  In  America,  and  whloh  is  Indicated  by  their  shares 
being  at  a  great  discount. 

A  second  reason  was  that  I  did  not  reel  that  the  Ptonograph 
whloh  l  had  was  one  sufficiently  adapted  for  praotlcal  usee  In  an  offloe 
t0  J.U8ttfy  suoh  steps.  .  The  last  Phonographs  received,  howaysr,  fully 

produce  then,  la  targe  numbers.  me  7i  jinders  tend 
moment  bas_pcme  and  no  time  will  . be.,1  n  pro- 

i  beginning 
Jm  that  lmporti 
i  very  J;ull  statements 

loreowe'r.  the  right  season  Tor  doing  suo^VOuslness. 
my  ?.ng,lls£,‘ company  'not  later  than  ti^^end  or  this 
the  next,  and  there  Is  nothing-  to  dLstraot  my  attentloc 
question,  as  I  feel  sure  you  will  now  understand  from 
made  you. 

?  v  vj?j  .  Qr'il'  ^  A. 

Pd/  k:~^- 


LONDON,  4th  May. 1889.  , 

Your  letter  of  April  12th  reaches  me  on  my  return  from 
Parle.  if  It  tvere  not  that  what  you  write  is  based  upon  a  total  misconception 
of  the  facts,  I  should  feel  deepjy^rleved,  and  obliged  In  Justice  to  myself  and  to' 
you  equally,  to  enter  into  a  lengthy  explanation  and  defenoe  of  the  polloy  whioh 
I  have  pursued,  and  the  motives  underlying  It,  both  of  which  have  been  questioned 
by  you.  -Considering,  however,  theseoond  paragraph  of  your  letter  -page  2  - 
where  you  give  partloulare  oonoeming  the  Information  whioh  has  reached  you,  and 
In  consequence  of  which  you  have  felt  It  necessary  to  wrl'te  me  as  you  have.  It  Is 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Gouraud  Phonpgraph  Contracts.  By  request 
of  Mr.  Insull  XKbeg  to  submit  below  the  draft  of  such  a  letter  as 
I  think  you  ought  now  to  address  to  Col.  Gouraud,  fixing  a  date 
from  which  the  one  year  limit  in  his  two  contracts  should  begin  to 

Orange,  New  Jersey,  May  1889 

Col.  George  Edward  Gouraud, 

Dear  sir:- 

■  Referring  to  my  two  contracts  with  you 
for  exploiting  my  phonograph  inventions  in  all  parts  of  the 
world  except  the  United  States,  Canada,  China,  Japan,  and 
Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  and  referring  more  particularly  to 
the  provisions  of  the  fourth  and  sixth  sections  thereof,  and 
for  the  purpose  of  avoiding  any  future  misunderstanding  as  re¬ 
gards  our  several  rights  and  obligations  under  these  contracts* 
please  take  notice  that  I  am  ready  to  ship  to  you  the  articles 
covered  by  the  said  agreements,  ' for  sale  and  use  conmerc ially, 
in  a  practical  and  commercial  form,  in  quantities  to  meet  your 
requirements  as  indicated  by  your  firm  orders. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison. 

If  you  desire  to  cable  Col.  Gouraud,  as  well  as  write 
him,  X  suggest  the  following  letter  and  cable  to  take  the  place  of 
the  above  letter: 

(Cable. ) 

Orange,  New  Jersey,  "May  1889. 



Ready  to  ship  phonographs  in  practical  commercial 
form  for  sale  and  use  coirmercially  in  such  quantities  as  you 
require.  Am  impatient  to  get  your  orders. 



Orange,  New  Jersey,  May  1889. 

Col.  George  Edward  Gouraud, 

Dear  Sir:- 

•  Referring  to  my  two  contracts  with  you 
for  exploiting  my  phonography  inventions  in  all  parts  of  the 
world  except  the  United  States*  Canada,  China,  Japan,  and 
Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  and  referring  more  particularly  to 
the  provisions  of  the  fourth  and  sixth  sections  thereof,  and 
for  the  purpose  of  avoiding  any  future  misunderstanding  as 
regards  our  severaljrights  and  obligations  under  these  con¬ 
tracts,,  please  take  notice  that  I  am  ready  to  ship  to  you  the 
artioles  covered  by  the  said  agreements,  for  sale  and  use  com¬ 
mercially,  in  a  practical  and  commercial  form,  in  quantities  • 
to  meet  your  requirements  as  indicated  by  your  firm  orders, 
and  that  X  have  sent  you  this  day  a  cablegram  to  the  above  ef¬ 
fect,  which  I  now  confirm,  viz: 


"Orange,  New  Jersey,  May  1889. 


"  Norwood. 

*  Ready  to  ship  phonographs  indpractical  eommer- 

"cial  form  for  sale  and  us o  coirmei,'6  ially  in  sdbh  quanti- 
"ties  as  you  require.  Am  itirpatiOft't  to  get  your  orders. 

»  Edison.-* 

Probably  you  will  criticise  the  above  conmuni cations  as 
being  too  formal.  But  I  urge  upon  you  the  importance  of  not  mak¬ 
ing  them  less  formal. 

Very  truly  yours, 


/A-ifiOirVrSf/ll'fM/ (EQUITABLE  BUILDING } 

■s'K:/y>  7/rr/fy  May  9th. 


T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:  ^ 

^--Re  Gouraud'"Phonograph  Contracts.  Mr.  Tate's 

letter  pf  yesterday  is  ^at  hand, stating  that  my  letter  of  the  6th. 

/  / 

inst.  toy  op.  refers/to  two  Gouraud 'contracts, whereas  there  was  only 
one.  In  reply^I  will  say  that  I  drew  the  letter  from  the  papers 
which  were  submitted  to  me,  and  that  they  contained  two  contracts, 
although, as  you  are  aware,  neither  is  executed.  If  indeed  it  is  a 
fact  that  there  was  only  one  Gouraud  contract, I  suggest  that  in¬ 
stead  of  the  draft  of  letter  to  Mr.  Gouraud, contained  in  my  said 
letter  to  you  of  the  6th.  inst., the  following  be  substituted: 

Orange,  N.J.  May 


Col.  George  Edward  Gouraud, 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  my  contract  with  you  for  exploit¬ 
ing  my  phonograph  inventions  in  all  parts  of  the  world  except 
the  United  States, Canada  and  the  Empires  of  China  and  Japan, 
and  referring  more  particularly  to  the  fourth  and  sixth  sec¬ 
tions  thereof,  and  for  the  purpose  of  avoiding  any  future  mis¬ 
understanding  as  regards  our  several  rights  and  obligations 
under  that  contract, please  take  notice  that  I  am  ready  to 
ship  to  you  the  articles  covered  by  the  said  contract, for 
sale  and  use  commercially,  in  a  practical  and  commercial  form, 

in  quantities  to  meet  your  requirements  as  indi0 -^edby  jour 
firm  orders, and.  that  I  have  sent  you  on  the  -  inst  •  the 
following  cablegram  to  the  above  effect, which  i  nC,vr  confirm: 

(  Insert,  here  the  cable  already  sent,) 

Thomas  A.  Edis011> 

I  understand  from  Mr.  Tate  that  you  have  y^ady  sent 
a  cablegram  substantially  as  above.  That  being  so.t^g  only  thing 
renaining  to  be  done  is  to  send  a  letter  also  sub  stQnti  ally  as 

P.S.  Since  writing  the  above, I  have  procured  from  'fomlihson 
what  purports  to  be  the  original  agreement  between  Col'G‘  aild 
Mr.  E.  But  it  is  intan  unfinished  shape,  a  It  hough  si^^  by  Sour- 
aud.  His  signature  is  witnessed  by  Tomlinson.  The  do<.i?ment  is 
dated  Octobefc  14, 1887, but  across  the  date  a  faint  lead  pencil 
mark  is  drawn, as  if  to  erase  it.  The  sheets  are  mney,  ^rn, and 
pinned  carelessly  together  in  the  corner.  There  is  an  ^xrtra  sheet 
added  at  the  end,  apparently  a  fresh  draft  of  one  of  th(?  sections, 
the  eighth, relating  to  Jacques, Briggs, Puskas,  and  othei.s  / 


.  I  ly  \^  ^ 


/0t*rrSo  -  <&$  / tM-c/  ' 

oiajBi^iEs  mbsssacss-ies. 


AMOTstf  OTTRAL  CABLE  OffiCE,'  16  Broad  St,  New  York. 

g/c_, . .  .  .  Sua-^c&Ct. 


eDISON  f?OUSE  “  B,”  ROF^mHUMBB^liftND  flVBNUB, 


wc-  I6th  May  1889. 

T.  A.  EDISON,  ESQ? 

Orange,  New-Jersey.  U.S.A.  .  0 

Dear  Sir, 

London  Rfcnreosnopic  Co.  &  the  original  Pftppograph. 

Confirming  my  recent  letters  on  this  subject,  I  have  new  the 
pleasure  to  enclose  you  copies  of  the  advertisements  which  have  regul- 
-arly  appeared  in  the  London  dalies  in  the  name  of  the  London  Stereo- 
-scopic  &  Photographic  Co:,  as  well  as  a  copy  of  the  -Caution*  I 
•irinnrted  in  all  the  papers. 

The  enolosed  press  cuM.i»e  bears  reference  to  the  subject,  from 
which  you.  will  observe  the  disappointment  of  those  who  expected  to  see 
the  "latest  Phonograph",  on  occasions  when  the  original  one  was  on 

Yours  faithfully. 




rth  inet  I  received  your  telegram  ae  follower 
•Ready  to  ehlp  Phonographs  in  practloal  commi 





16th  May, 1889. 

Dear  slrs- 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  reoelpt  of  the  following  cablegram 
from  you:  -  OJL  ’V  ‘>.v- 

-aouraud  Norwood.  Can  I  now  exhibit  In  France  Invention 
•covered  by  Case  90  without  endangering  Patent?* 

lot  nor  under  six 
ilea  if  machines  1 

ieks  without  risking  t 
be  used  meanwhile" 

Yours  faithfully 

.  'If-  VD-e 
,  ■  /*-  - 

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Prof*  O.apiPj 
tor.  of  .-the* 'Hurl Jngham 












pLvxSis  -  S 

"PHONr'  o“*PH°  LONDON.", 





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X  X 

^A<A y<^yC^x~ 

x?  *,  z^"  1 

Edison  Laboratory. 

My  Dear  Tate,- 

You  will  (jet  a  oonfirmatio-n  of  the  various?  cable¬ 
gram  which  have  passed  between  us  from  my  Hey  St,  office).  It  is, 
therefore,  unnecessary  for  ms  to  confirm  them  again  in  this  letter. 

With  reference  to  Oomery  and  the  Mexiaan  Company,  I  enolos® 
herewith  some  copies  of  letters  w  hi  oh  we  have  received  from  Mr. 
Connery,  and  on  these  letters  Mr.  Rdison  extended  Mr,  Connery’s 
option  for  two  monthB.  I  wired  you  last  night  to  this  effect  and 
asked  you  to  get  Mr,  Gouraud' s  confirmation  of  the  matter. 

I  also  enclose  herewith  letter  from  Glass,  with  relation  to 
soto  territory  which  he  has"  hwn  in  communication  with  Gouraud 
about.  I  have  written  Glass,  static  that  I  have  forwarded  his 
letter  to  you,  with  the  rosiest  that  you  see  Mr.  Gouraud  and 
cable  me  the  reply.  I  will  advise  Glass  by  wire  as  soon  as  I 
get  your  telogran. 

Referring  to  tho  Seligman  natter,  you  surely  remember  seeing 
Jessie  Seligman  with  m  on  the  day  of  the  Naval  Parade.  You  will 
also,  X  an  sure,  remembecr  me  absolutely  refusing  to  make  m  offer 
for  the  phonograph  as  coming  from  Mr.  Edison.  X  told  Mr.  Seligman 
that  he  would  have  to  deal  with  Gouraud  first,  and  when  Mr.  Seligmai 

'  A.  0.  T 

pressed  mo  for  a  figure  at  whioh  his  Syndics  ate  could  purchase  Mr. 
Kdiasn’s  interest  in  Rouraud  oontracts,  I  told  him  that  it  was 
useless  to  try  to  deal  with  Mr.  Edi  son  until  he  had  dealt  with 
Mr.  Gomrana.  You  will  probably  reoolleot  that,  finally  I  named 
seven  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars  for  Mr.  Edis>n'B  interest, 
pli»s  manufacture,  and  the  oontract.  to  provide  for  certain  limi¬ 
tations  so  far  as  the  use  of  Mr.  Edison's  name  is  concerned.  This 
was  named  entirely  upon  my  own  responsibility .  In  doir*;  so  you 
will  recollect  that  I  refused  absolutely  to  involve  Mr,  Edi  S>n. 

Under  these  circumstances,  Mr,  Mori  arty  mitfit  almost  be 
complimented  in  the  same  mamer  in  which  the  il lustrous  O'Connell 
complimented  Mr.  Disraeli,  when  he  politely  referred  to  that 
gentleman’s  c ome  ction  with  one  of  the  participants  in  the  little 
omoifioafcion  affdir  that  occurred  about,  eighteen  hundred  yews 
ago.  I  world  like  y<ai  to  have  bean  present,  at  the  interview  that 
occurred  right  after  the  receipt  of  the  first  teleg:ram,  detail! 
what  Moriarty  was  doing.  It  so  happened  that  prior  to  your  tele¬ 
gram  gettine  here,  the  Seligmans  had  sent  for  me,  and  when  I  went  ■ 
to  their  offioe  I  had  the  advantage  of  the  information  whioh  you 
had  sent..  Of  course  Seligman  disclaimed  all  responsibility  fbr 
Mr.  Mori  arty's  threats,  and  I  told  thBm  that  it  was  nonsense  to 
talk  about  any  such  figure  as  $200,000  for  Mr  .  Edi  s>n  and  Mr. 
Gourp.ud'a  interest. 

A.  0.  T. 


Directly  i  finish  dictating  this  letter  I  an  goi re  to  see; 
the  Seligmans  again,  and  answering  bluff  with  bluff,  I  am  t,o  tell 
them;,  on  behalf  of  Hr,  Edi  ®.n,  that  they  can  either  deal  with  Mr, 
Gouraud  or  else  go  ahead  with  their  own  business,  and  we  will  go 
ahead  with  om’s. 

V/hile  the  Seligmans'  position  nay  be  very  strong  financially 
and  is  undoubtedly  very  st.  n»ng  financially  -  they  realize  the 
great  importance  of  Mr,  Edison's  name,  to  enable  them  to  success¬ 
fully  launch  Companies  In  Europe.  You  will  remember  that  at  the 
conversation  at  the  Phonogrtph  Works,  on  the  Saturday  before  you 
left,  I  intimated  that  the  Seligmans  could  probably  frustrate  our 
efforts  to  establish  Companies  if  they  so  desired.  The  clannish¬ 
ness  of  the  .Tew  bankers  of  Europe1  is  proverbial.  On  the  other 
hand,  you  should  also  remember  that  people  whose  influence  r*y  bs 
very  great  to  do  us  harm,  may  not  be  equally  as  great  in  preven¬ 
ting  us  from  doing  them  harm.  The  soaring  of  investors  is  a  role 
whioh  w e  are  just  as  enable  of  filling  as  Seligman  Brothers  aid 
their  Jewish  frj. ends.  Nobody  r@al.izes  thiB  better  than  Mr.  Gou¬ 
raud,  1  am  sure. 

We  are  particularly  anxious  to  hear  from  you  as  to  Mr.  Gou¬ 
raud 's  Mother  ownneo  tions . "  My  own  opinion  is  that  he  has  non®, 
and  . that  the  letter  which  he  wrote  out  here,  and  on  whioh  you 
really  went  to  London,  was  written  in  consequence  of  the  overtures 
made  by  the  Seligman  pecple  or  their  representatives. 

We  have  a  letter  from  Gouraud  whioh  says:  "I  now  give  you  a 
rder  for  1,000  machines.  •  Nothing  is  said  whatever  about 

A.  0.  T.  -4- 

payment,  and  we  wired  you  in  consequence,  asking  y°u  to.  arrange  a 
credit  here  in  Hew  York,  so  we  can  get  our  money  on  presentation 
of  invoices  and  bills  of  lading:.  I  hope  to  hoar  from  you  on  this 
subject  within  a  day  or  two, 

Tomlinson,  Rill  Hand  and  Toppan  sailed  for  Kurope  last  Satur¬ 
day,  I  have  no  definite  information  aB  to  the  cause  of  their 
visit  to  London,  but  I  have  always  believed  that  Seligman  origi¬ 
nally  went  into  the  Graphophonn  business  at  the  solicitation  of 
Tomlinson.  You  may  remember  my  suggesting  such  a  thing:  last  May'. 

I  have  absolutely  no  evidence  that  this  is  a  fact,  but  I  consider 
that  these  three  gentlemen  will  be  worth  watohing.  Gilliland 
used  to  stay  at  the  Langhan.  Anyway  you  can  find  out  a  good  deal 
about  their  movements  I  am  sure  at  the  American  F.xehang®  in  London. 
If  you  want  ary  assistance  in  finding  out  what  these  gentlemen  are 
doing,  my  father  will  very  gladly  help  you  in  watching  their 
movements . 

We  have  got  a  great,  deal  of  oo rrespondence  here'  from  Gouraud. 
There  is  nothing  in  it  of  very  great  consequence,  and  in  view  of 
the  fact  that  you  are  in  London  and  fully  posted  as  to  that  we 
want,  I  think  that  I  will  allow  the  enemy  to  answer  the  letters, 
and  simply  put  them  on  file.  Anyway  we  don't  want  to  have  any 
comnunioation  with  Gouraud,  except  through  you,  and  if  we  answer 
his  letters,  it  will  end  in  our  getting  a  great  deal  of  correspon¬ 
dence  .from  him,  about  which  you  will  know  nothing. 

A.  0.  T, 


The-ro  is  nothirg  particularly  new  to  write  you  about  bo  fbr 
as  general  bit  si  ness  is  concerned,  The  Phonograph  Works  is  running 
alorg  pretty  well,  and  I  think  that  by  the  time  Mr.  IMi-w-n  gets 
baok  from  Wiitcpe,  we  will  hi  able  to  show  him  a  prett.y  good  ba¬ 
lance  sheet. 

I  enclose  yai  herewith  extracts  from  some  letters,  which  indi 
cate  that  the  phonograp h  is  rapidly  forging  ahead  of  the  grspho- 

Mr.  Edison  has  been  away  for  a  week  in  Pennsylvania  and  re¬ 
turned  last  Sunday.  If  all  he  says  and  all  Livor  says,  turns  out. 
so,  the  ino n  oo noentrat ipg  business  will  be  a  tremendous  bonanza, 
and  I  shall  retire  to  the;  solitude  of  a  country  seat  in  the  South 
of  Kngland  upon  the  income  which  I  will  get  from  my  interest  in 
the  New  Jersey  and.  Pennsylvania  Ooncentrat  ing  Works. 

I  hope  before  you  get  this  letter-  you  will  have  seen  some  of 
the  people  I  gave  you  introductions  to  and  will  have  posted  us 
as  to  the  general  state  of  affairs  of  phonograph  matters,  and  the 
exact  negotiations  which  Mr.  (Jouraud  has  in  hand. 




’GdISON  FjiOUSE  “  B,”  no^WHUMBEI^IiftND  flVENUE, 



Bth  July, 1889. 

My  Dear  Batchelor:- 

The  Shipping  charges  of  everything  received  from 
you  are  most  exorbitant.  May  X  ask  you  to  give  some  special  instruc- 
tions  regarding- this,  which  should  be  done  at  once  because  if  they 
get  into  the  habit  of  charging  what  they  like  it  will  be  to  our  pre¬ 
judice  when  our  shipments  become  larger.  These  observations  refer 
moire  particularly  to  express  charges.  It  would  be  necessary  for  some 
time  to  ship  by  express  until  the  supply  of  Phonographs  is  uch  as  to 
allow  o  f  shipments  by  regumar  frieght.  The  above  charges  besides 
being  excessive  have  been  quite  irregular,  that  is  to  say  the  charges 
have  not  been  in  proportion  to  the  size  of  the  .packages. 

Hoping  ±BxiuEBrxfrHmxyou  will  give  your  attention 


C.Batchelor  Esqr. 

Believe  me, 

Yours  faithfully 



fleceg  at  CENTRAL  CABLE  OFFICE,  IK  Broad  St*  Hew  York. 

_ Q\Ay 

(M^XsykoJX&  (db&rwCtCihf. 

— . — . L  &ckx  .... . . L  . . . 

~ -  sJcz^A-A 




London,  July  12th,  1889. 

Moriarty,  representing  Seligman,  negotiating  for  three 
■weeks  with  Gourand.  Tried  first  to  buy  his  interest.  He  refused 
absolutely  to  consider  any  proposition  except  sale  of  both  his 
and  To  A.  Edison's.  Selignan  offered  two  hundred  thousand 
dollars  for  these.  Gourand  said  he  would  refuse  as  many  pounds. 
Selignan  owns  foreigh  Graphone.  Seligman  is  trying  to  find 
Gourand's  price,  and  told  him  Insull  named  six  hundred  thousand 
dollars  as  asking  price  for  oombinod  interests  of  Gourand  and 
T.  A.  Edison..  Seligman  threatens  immediate  litigation,  saying 
best  experts  advise  T  A.  Edison  patents  weak  and  Tomilson  has 
given  same  advise  as  inside  information.  Seligman  states  have 
perfected  plans  to  prevent  Gourand  bringing  out  any  company  in 
Europe.  I  have  listened  and  said  nothing.  Expect  further 

developments  to-morrow. 


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V  liYBW  *or K, 

Tate,  Hotel  Metropolo,  London, (July  16,1889. 
Gourand  orders  thousand  phonographs  ."^arrange  payment  in 
Nevf  York  on  sight  draft  with  invoices  and  hills'  of  lading 
attached.,  Connery  wants  threo  months’  extension^  Mexico  to 
get  Government  concession.  Arrange  it  with  Gourqnd.  Insull.  " ’ 



Seligman  wants  us  make 

wiro  fully  later. 

New  York,  July  16,  1889. 

Hotel  Motropole,  London.  / 


offer  here.  Will  see  Edison  and 

New  York,  July  17,1889. 
Tate,  Hotel  Metropole,  London.  1 
You  were  present  when'  Insull  told  Seligman  Edison  would 

o  6 

require  .750  thousand  and  manufacturing  rights  for  his  share 

y  f 

alone.  Edison  refuses  to  deal  with  Seligman  here.  Is  Gourand 
with  any  other  parties?  If  so, whom  and  on  what  Basis?  Insull. 


0  ■  Have 
hearing  o 


Now  York,  July  16th,18S9. 
Tate,  Hotel  Metropole,  London.  1 
you  told  Gourand  about *La  Nature*  article,  and  its 
i  Graphone .  Insull . 



l  ''SelignBa^avpequeBi;  :1 _ 

wnta  »!«  wt  us  .  •>.>  '■mi  1  1  .-~Z 

proposal.  Uoriarty's  statement  absolutely  false.  Seligmans  here 

I.#''*-'  „  '  ■  „  .  Cpr 

disclaim  threats.  Bdiaon  wants  Q  our  and  push  Bale  'or  lease 

.  crapiwv’>/  0  rrm"*;"  •• =■■■■■— ■■■■■•  -  j  ) 

machines rather  lhan.  accept  Seligman's  proposal  or  threats. 


a^^ttlifi!man8  today  and  rofarrod  them  to  Qourand.  Bdifjon  topk 

Instill  " 



V  ...  .  -/4. 

respdniji'ibility  giving  Cpnnery  two  months  extension,  whidh  w# 
.  '  >7  ,  ./(S'  ,■ 

atnang  Oo.  with  monopoly  franchise,  dire.etly 

<Vf  ■" 1  r  *.  ’  *>~'a  ' 

Mexican' Senate  meets.  Ask  Qourand  oonfirm  extension.'  >Uany 

j  ^ y.  mm  v 

North  Aipn.  Phono  Oo.  licences  refusing  graphone,  preferring 

■  2.  *  '  ‘  . . 

iimpgraph.  Yoijr  oourse  With  reliction  to.  SSllgmans  correct. 

•5  2-T:  ■  ■  '  ■  ■  ■■  ~  > 

fomilsan  qnd .  Tappan  sailed  Saturday*  Possibly  with 

relation  to  Graphene?  Yateh  them.  lasull’s  fathw  will  help. 

•  */•; *y  • vi»-3 j’g?V . j%« ,V$ .‘y :: •• 

Nwr  thousand  nutehine 8 ; ;  j  ^ j^at ^  you 

.  T  *••• t’AyXfr'\\  »"•*>-'  V '  **  ‘  .  fc*  y  :  •'  ^  /V  ■*/ ! 

re^ar<i  *°  oth^r  parties  •Qourand  Iq  negotiating  with  . 


*?*•*■  -C,AJBX«E3  3^E^«5^S!l<GS-3E3. 


ECKERT,  Goneral  Manager.  NORVIN  GREEN,  President. 

_ , _ _ _ 

Received  at  CENTRAL  CABLE  OFFICE,  Stock  Exchange,  New  York.  Ou  77  •  yf  1  js 8 . 

GiMsr\  Afl_X4^_AjlAsUyv (Mx^rx — ^X-Caajuoji  yrf&b  &Cui-n*i  'TY'-aa^J- — ^2. 


M  riotlil  jde&n/ 


5:  M 

Ct"/yr.r/t; _ _ - _ _ _ __ 

(f  /t  v/^e,  ^  '!y^ _ 

Replying  to  your  cable  under  dp  te  of  XRth,  Oouraud  greatly 
exons  is  ed  about  offer  which  Seligiram  states  Insull  rrade,  refusing 
to  consider  it  authoritative.  I  have  taken  position  of  knowing 
nothing.  Gouraud  believes  if  Seligimn's  present  negoti  at  ions 
fail  he  oan  analgamate  later  aid  float  Company  fcr  joint  interest, 
States  he  could  not  float  Company  to  se; 1  phonographs  only  now 
even  if  underwritten,  because  opposition  too  strong.  Must  be 
absorbed  or  he  will  Bell  phonographs  or  lease  phonographs  wi til  . 
business  established  to  oapitalixe.  Will  report  Boon  on  his  con 

nection  here. 



London,  July  18th,  1889. 

Understand  perfectly  what  Insull  told  Seligman.  My  inter¬ 
pretation  is  that  mi statements  made  Goarand  simply  to  reduce 
his  estimate  of  values,  and  if  Gourand  named  price  for  hoth  inter¬ 
ests  Seligman  would  consider  two  thirds  of  it  as  cost  of  buying 
out  Goarand,  then  attempt  to  negotiate  again  with  Edison. 

Better  let  matter  rest  until  you  receive  my. letter  mailed  yester¬ 
day  and  others  Saturday  next.  Making  exhaustive  investigation, 
have  not  found  yet  that  Gourand  negotiating  with  others.  He  has 
read  "La  Nature ■ .  Knows  thoroughly  opposition  status.  Wire  name 
Gilliland's  steamer.  Tate. 

ptzz\  ^'V 

J^.Z-C^yx .  . 

toivai  at  CENTRAL  CAKE  'OFFICE,  1 6  Broad  St,  New  York. 

ro'^judll . . . .  d-  y 

JcokLTy  :t&uZrf  (Sk 

-t  JA^U6  c^u&  &&uJau  <&*ASj$J.£ 

0#  Pm  ^OuZ 




Edison  Laboratory. 


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My  Dear  Edison, - 

Tate  has  arrived  and  communicated  your  views, 
by  which  I  shall  be  duly  guidea.  I  am  afraid  that  we  shall  now 

be  too  late  for  this  season,  so  fhr  as  "bringing  out  a  -Eublie - 

Company"  is  concerned. 

You  never  took  any  notice  of  my  letter  regarding  "Moriarty." 
He  now  says  that  In  anil  negotiated  with  him  in  New  York,  under 
your  authority  contained  in  a  letter  signed  by  you, and  that  he 
offered  the  whole  of  the  phonogrsph  rights  represented  by  the  con¬ 
tract  between.  you  and.  me  ftr  $600,000,  saying  that  it  was'only 
the  asking  price."  He  (Moriarty)  Treated  this  in  Tate’s  pr-o- 
senoe.  Moriarty  now  offers  $200,000  for  th<e  same.  I  have  de¬ 
clined  hi 3  offer  with,  thinks.  He  has  apparently  dropped  the 
negotiations,  as  he  has  not  reappeared  si nae  Thursday  last,  four 
days  ago.  His  alternative  to  jiurohasing  the  phonograph  ri^tts 
is  to  annihilate  the  phonograph  patents  and  equally  so  the  phono¬ 
graph  itself  with  a  new  fbrm  of  grsphophone  oostting  only  $20  to 
manufac ttu*e  and  superior  in  every  way  to  the  phonograph. 

Moriarty  says  Iiippincott  told  him  that  phonographs  are  being 
re  turned  on  every  hand  and  gr  sp hophones  being  sent  out  in  thoir 
places  -  36V91  grep hophones  in  use  to  3  phonographs.  Tate  denies 
all  this  and  says  he  knows  nothing  about  the  "improved  and  $20 
griphophon«."  My  reply  to  Insull’s  alleged  offer  is  that  there 


Londo  n,  ,20th  July,  1889  , 


must  be  some  mistake,  as  you  have  never  communicated  with  mb  upon 
the  subject  and  I  had  never  authorized  Inaill  or  anybody  else  to 
offer  my  interests  at  any  price  whatever;  neither  to  negotiate  . 
for  their  sale,  either  separately  from  or  together  with  yours. 

That  if  you  had  authorized  Inaill  or  any  body  else  to  sell  any 
interest  in  the  contract  between  us,  it  mist  have  referred  to  your 
own  share  in  my  contract.  He  insists  that  there  cm  be  no  mistake 
about  it,  and  that  any  offer  Inmill  made  could  only  have  been 
under  your  authority  aid  that  he  is  entitled  to  consider  that  it 
was  equally  made  with  my  knowledge  and  approval.  And  there  the 
matter  stands.  As  he  is  likely  to  turn  up  a^in,  it  would  be  o  f 
some  assistance  to  me  if  you  ooi  place  me  in  a  position  to  say  on 
your  authority  that  you  have  not  authorized  to  make  the  offer  in 
question  or  any  other  offer,  for  at  present  I  am  convinced  that 
Moriarty  thinks  1  am  either  lying  or  bluffing. 

One  of  the  Seligmanns  is  with  Moriarty.  They  make  no  pro¬ 
posals  of  amalgamation,  except  in  the  above  form  of  buying  us  out 
for  a  small,  figure  aB  an  alternative  to  brushing  us  out.  They 
candidly  declare  they  ‘would  not  make  a  phonograph  if  they  had 
the  rigvtsi* 

If  Insull  can  also  cable  me  a  denial  of  having  made  the  offer 
he  is  said  to  have  made,  it  is  desirable  that  he  should  do  so,  as 
uncontradicted  the  circulation  of  such  a  statanent  would  greatly 
prejudice  negotiations,  having  in  view  a  larger  sum  than  that  for 




England  alone.  I  shall  therefore  hope  to  hear  from  yarn  iipon  this 
point  on  rocoipt  of  this. 

Send  me  all  the  favorable  reports  you  can  get  of  satisfactory 
working  of  machines  in  offices.  Also  total  numbers  of  phonographs 
in  hands  of  public  at  end  of  each  week  would  help  me  greatly. 

Phono,  is  exciting  great  interest  in  Italy  and  Belgium.  Am  ' 
sending  it  next  week  to  Denmark,  Norway,  Sweden,  Portugal  and 




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•Haw  Yosk.,  July  «5th, 

Hotel  Metropolo, 

Seligmn 's  popple  here  understand  Insull'a  figure  only 

covered  Edison's  interest, 

If  their  London  agents 
Have  cabled  you  Edison  refused  dealings  J 
with  Seligmans  here  referring  item  absolutely  to  Gouraud.J peturn*" 
Gouraudhis  wrriten  or^er  for  fifty  machines.  We  have  his  order 

their  statements  falsi 


nes.  We  will  accept  nothing  less  until  thi's 
V  I  [a  ■ 

filled.  Shall  not  shig  any  until  New- York  credit  arranged. 

\  V  ! r- 

Consideration  through  Gouraud.for  original  ccntr act  his 
'V  .  ..  •;  1 

financing  business.  Must  aouanua  insist  on  cash  basis.  Vo  letter.^ 
■  v  ' 

yev  arrived.  Put  name  of  at  earner  on  envelop  in  future 

Insull . 

- -00O00 — - — . — « 

Chas  R. .Batchelor  Esq., 

Phonograph  Works , 


N.  J. 

Dear  Mr  Batchelor- 

We  have. been  corresponding  with  the  N.  A.  Phono  Co  in  regard 
to  certain  accessories  for  Phonographs  .  We  wish  to  make  a  good 
start  here  by  having  everything  in  the  wjcuof  fittings  of  the  best 
character  and  are  therefore  anxious  to  get  into  the  right  market  for 
them.  We  understand  from  The  N.  A.  P.  Co  that  you  are  malting  a  table 
for  combination  with  the  typewrite;;  and  Phono  and  shall  be  gla'd  if 
you  will  let  us  know  what  you  purpose  turning  out  so  that,  i  f  possibf. 
we  may  draw  as  many  supplies  from  one  source  as  we  can. 

We  have  made  several  combinations  here  but  they  are  all 
based  on  the  idea  of  the  Phonograph  being  covered  in  on  the  top  of 
the  table  itself  ,and  not  sink  as  in  the  case  of  the  N.  A.  P.  Co. 

Any  information  and  data  you  can  give  us  will  be  much 
appreciated  by 

Yours  faithfully 

Edison’s  Phonograph  Co 
J.  Lewis  Young, 



■T  "  ;r  *--- - OOUOO- - - - - 

I  g;  •;  ,  yfij!  v  ■  London,  3;uly. .30,1839 .• 

•  '  You  <rnlslaadrbo  advising  Gi Ilians  party  sailed' to  Sorvia.  - 
Thoy'roaohed-  Havre.  21aj^J.a  Bretagne.  Seligman's  representatives 
wont,. Paris  .atoqut  same  time.  Am  going  to  Paris  ond  of*  .week  to  ge  t 
on  tra^c-'^M^-  arrange,  for  •  informal  ion.-  Will  advise  before  'leaving 


London ,  July  gn,  ISSO. 

Gouraud  will.t.nkp  fifty  •jmohlnos  .account,  of  or  dor  for  thousand 
aha  arrango  payment  Now  York.  Am  obtaining  wrlttan .oonfi  nnution. 
This  is  Lost  can  do.  Tate. 

•  Yon:,  mus  tO  not  ao'o  ep  t  Gouraj 
V  '  cJUL  S'  1 

s  variation  of  order.  7/411  not 


44  WHI  STREET, . 

JVew  _ y# 

My  Dear  Tate: 

I  have  carefully  read  all  your  letters  of  the  22nd,  25rd 
and  27th,  What  you  have  told  me  about  Gouraud  is  of  course  old  so  far 
as  I  am  concerned,  and  does  not  in  any  way  surprise -me.  Your  investi¬ 
gations  simply  confirm,  and  prove  as  correct,  my  prognostications'  with 
relation  to  the  illustrious  Colonel,  ,  ■ 

There  is  very  little  that  I  need  comment  pn  in  your  letters, 
except  your  suggestion  as  to  leaving  Gouraud  alone  until  the,4arly  part 
of  next  year.  It  occurs  to  me  that  there  is  one  point  you  have  over¬ 
looked:  if  we  leave  him  alone  and  allow  things  to  drift  until  January 
next,  the  Graphophone  people  will  have  formed  and  floated  the  European 
Company.  Moreover,  they  will  have  obtained  the  money  necessary  for 
pushing  their  business,  and  our  chances  of  getting  a  big  price  out  of 
them  will  be  less  than  if  we  deal  with  them  now.  You  must  remember 
that  whilst  it  is  still  uncertain  as  to  whether  they  can  float  success 
fully  a  Company,  they  will  be  inclined  to  pay  us  a  much  better  price 
than  if  we  wait  until  such  time  as  their  Company  has  been  floated  and 
they  have  their  capital  in  their  treasury.  I  might  enlarge  on  this 
point  for  a  week,  but  I  would  be  unable  to  add  anything  further.  The 
Graphophone  people  to-day  are  undoubtedly  scared  since  we  broke  off 


coflnectAoxv  with  the  Ssligmanis,  They  have  sent  several  people  to  us, 
notably  1*. Haynes,  about  whom  Hr. Edison  can  tell  you,  and  I  am  confi¬ 
dent  that  Within  the  next  few  days  this  gentleman  will  again  turn  up, 
and  vail,  in  all  probability,  bring  with  him  a  Mr  ..Dos  Pasos,  who  is, 

I  believe,  the  Attorney  for  the  Seligaans  in  connection  v/itis  this  mat¬ 
ter.  Probably  by  the  tine  you  receive  this  letter  I  shall  be  again 
cabling  you  on  this  subject.  Do  not  imagine  when  I  do  so  that  I  am 
negotiating  with  the  So ligmans.  I  shall  do  absolutely  nothing  unless 
they  come  to  me.  I  had  a  long  conversation  with  Hr  .-Edison  the  night 
before  he  left,  and  he  and  myself  had  an  absolute  understanding  as  to 
how  to  deal  with  anything  that  might  turn  up  from  . the  "Children  of 
Israel."  Should  any  attempt  bo  made  by  the  Graphophone  people  to 
float  a  Company  in  London  before  they  settle  with  us,  not  a  moment 
should  be  lost  by  MT. Edison  in  acquainting  the  English  public  with  the 
fact  that  the  Graphophone  is  by  no  means'  the  Phonograph;  and  I  am  con¬ 
fident  that  if  English  capitalists  understand  that  if  they  go  into  the 
Graphophone  Company  separate,  from  the  Phonograph,  they  mil  have  on 
their  hands  a  big  commercial  fight,  they  will  hesitate,  and  I  believe 
refuse  to  put  money  into  the  Graphophone  until  Mr. Edison  and  the  Phono 
graph  has  been  dealt  with.  I  don't  think  it  will  be  best  therefore  to 
sit  quietly  down.  I  know  that  the  real  negotiations  for  the  sale  of 
the  Phonograph  to  the  "People  of  the  Promised  Land"  (the  Seligmans 
here)  will  have  to  take  place  here. 



Paris,  Auru.rt  16,  1889. 

Pirst  interview  yesterday  between  Gouraud,  T.  A.  Edison 
and  Sdligimn's  agents.  Discussed  bringing  out  Company  for  joint 
interests.  Could  not  agree  on  dividion  of  amount  to  be  paid 
Vendors.  T«*  A.:  Edison  suggests  proportions  sixty  and  forty,  our 
favor.  Seligman's  men  said  could  only  submit  to  their  principal's 
proposition  for  equal  division.  Gouraud  and  Edison  refused  and 
interview  ended. 


'•phonograph'  LONDON."  NoTmo 

EPSON'S. ft WtQiMQtG^iUiBHo  9VJSri  0i  aq0d 

««.,  3aMJ  1.  «oa  »  *56°  .Wiom.  ,o  «*  tooa,te 

.tamaatnaoo  edi  doado  zsm  aw  tefi  «fi«  ni  inamqnfa  9rii  9bao 

^  aw  eiaXqmoo  iaom  ed  of  bemaaa 

*  9W  ****  °.8  eXcfl3a0(I  a£  as  it  iasqa*  n£0  U0K  u  Jbi£t3  9rf 

.  OT0H:w  tori0H  o t  Giottos  a  no  Its  v  a di  fmaa 
edJ  tud  9-0 in  adooX  aairdosm  olb&Qtf  adi  oi  qoi  xxoi  adT 
Cb^%.-  rrevial  bWa  ad  i  has  *smiXl  ^tav  am  aagnld 

Edison  Phonograph  Works;?  .aidi  avoiqmX  ion  uox 

aanixiJ  wori  waortaa^-:-iK>v:.;8a  noo^ajs  anix  js  avsd  an  iaj 
.aaiioaaaoas  wan  gnidi^ns  an  bnaa  bnstSniaaax|oiq  ais 

Dear  Sir-  ,amo\;  vXXnldiin'i 

We  have  received  thfSSM¥n®h*a#eit,Ravensheugh  at  last.  The 
delay  in  receiving  these  goetlashasMchteea  very  great  inconvenience  and 
annoyance  to  Mr  Monteiro  e  Souza, andif  you  did  not  intentionally 
ship  them  by  the  longest  route  ,  i  shall  be  glarird*  gbutwida  maitbjfenql 
ries  and  censure  those  in  fault.  .alxsl 

Many  of  the  articles  were  broken.  5  of  the  Edison  glass 
jars  and-  a  great  many  porcelain  tops,.  Will  you  sake  up  this  defi 
o  inecy  in  your  next  shipment  and  state  if  the  goods  were  sent  at  ewnes 

We  are  anxiously  expecting  the  5o  machines  on  order  and  shal 

hope  to  have  advice1  of!  them  .very  isliortiy.  d '  1 4  0  8J  GH 

’  .auMayif-iftHAUKaeiMUKJj^on'  ",?( 11  uauocl  mo«icj 

Please  note  that  the,  last  lot  of  goods  were  received 


without  Advise  Note  or  invoice.  One  or  both  of  these  should  pre¬ 
cede  the  siiipment  in  order  that  we  may  check  the  consignment. 

.G8ac  iangj/A  diGX  .•  v 

The  present  shipment  seemed  to  be  most  complete  and  we  shall 

be  glad  if  you  can  repaet  it  as  soon  as  possible  so  that  we  may 

send  the  various  articles  to  Holland  or  Norway  . 

The  roll  top  to  the  treadle  machine  looks  nice  but  the 

hinges  are  very  flimsy  and  the  strain  is  very  gprc»ti0PeA&*8& ♦. 

you  not  improve  this.  '  <ai-ioW  dqsngonod'I  noaibH 

Let  us  have  a  line  as  soon  as  you  p$®aifOsay  how/things 

are  progressing, and  send  us  anything  new  in,$fc^9&yto$lf  accessories. 

Faithfully  yours,  -i± a  rsea 

edT  .iaeX  is  dgn9dan9V£HJte$etasn?i»8g§di  h aviso 9 r  9ved  sW 

hns  9an9in9vnoon±  is9Tg  nav  EeaJda Mandg»Jrao|^9aerf±  gni vi 90 9t  at  v-sXab 
^XX,sno±in9ini  ion  bib  uox  Itba^suoS  9  oriainbM  rM  oi  soos^onns 
iipAadriSB  Ehiitaslg  9<J  XXsda  I'T^einorNiassnoX  9di  vd"ra9di  qida 

aasXg  noaiba  9di  lo  S  .ns^ortf  9i9w  aoXOTirs 

il9b  2irl i  qu  9jf,sai  i/o^  IXJcW  .aqoi  nijs^90^q  Tfcasra  js  f>iis  axst 

aenwo  is  ins a  stew  ahoog  sdi  li  eisia  bos  insmqida  ixsn  moi£  ni  yssni o 

.  iXirsl  hi  9aodi  aflh/anso  bne  a  sir 


Xsda  bns  rsbn 

aanidosm  o3  9di  gni iosqxs  ^Xanoixns  sis  eW 



Paris,  August  18,  IS  oil. 

Seligman's  agents  state  are  authorized  negotiate  only  for 
Hugh  out-right  purchase.  Gouraud  and  Edison  refu  se  this  basis. 



i  ,,  sl 

“  -Kii 

Indications  c 

,*.*••••  AV  I  Accusd  de  rdceptior .  CR 

RP  .J  Tdldgramrae  rcconnandd. . .  TR 

Tdldgramme  collationnd .  T,C  |  Tdldgramme  a  fai/  si 

pnnjdcs  cu-  came  teres  remains  par  Vapparcil  tdJpaphiquo ,  lo  premier 
•  lo  nom  tlu  lieu  d’origine  esl  un  numdro  d’ojre,  lo  second  indiquo 
s,  lea  nulreMlcaignent  la  date  et  fhnurn  de.'^pdt  ’  •: 

fARlS  DE  NEVVYORK  149  37  VBEANGL-Qfc  iMS*? 


7  AND  o 

,>»  .OFJIO.  TELL 

3% *  STEA*ttR  LAS1  SATURDAY  24  10  DEAL  WITH  CSJhpfc’A 




August  31,  1889. 

care  Newark , 

'KVV'U'V;'  ■:'!  '  •  Paris. 

Can  probably  place  phonogieph  fc^.  Central  and  Scjaih' Amerio a 

herteu  ‘  Get  tehns  and  sixty  day! 
efn*  PpspabeB  by  French  S teams « 

option.  TeU.  BdieonSel  iguana  ,v 
last  Saturday  24th  tp:rdeial  with 


Copy  Lett ar. 

Paris,  3rd  September  1839. 

Colonel  (}.  E.  Gouraud, 


My  Dear  Sir, 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  or  your  letter  «6th  inst: 
asking  ms  to  inform  you  as  to  the  raaxiraun  prices  at  which  we  will 
bill  Phonographs  and  supplies  to  you  pending  the  determination  of 
definite  prices  later  on,  and  have  to  say  in  reply  that  we  can 
make  with  you  an  arrangement  similar  to  that  which  we  have  carried 
into  effect  with  the  Worth  American  Phonograph  Co: 

Without  profjudico  to  tliw  prices  n’llun  are  Id  DC  Oaeeu 
upon  actual  costs  incurred  in  the  manufacture  of  three  thousand 
machines,  and  for  the  purpose  of  facilitating  business,  we  have 
made  an  invoice  price  for  the  different  types  of  Phonographs  the 
details  of  which  I  give  you  below:-  ^ 

Motor  Phonograph. - Invoice  priee  SdjjfF*'  / 

This  price,  forty  five  dollars  includes  one  cell  of  old 
battery.  As  we  do  not  use  this  battery  now,  the  above  price  will  be 
reduced  by  about  three  dollars.  ($3). 

Motor  Phonograph  For  Electric  Light  Circuit.  Invoice 

Price  $'M. 

Treadle  Phono  graph. - Invoice  Price  S45 . 

Battery. - Pour  Colls. - List  Price - Siy. 

Not  Price. - $15. 

In  a  short  time  wo  expect  to  be  able  to  reduce  the  price 
of  this  3attory. 

All  these  prices  are  for  machines  and  batteries  in  the 
factory  at  "range  W.J.  and  do  not  include  charges  for  packing. 


The  quotation*  of  invoice  prices  made  herein 
do  not  include  the  percentages  which  I  am  entitled  to  receive  from 
you  as  royalty  under  my  agreement  with  yourseir.  These' percentages 
will  bo  added  to  the  prices  named  When  goods  are  being  billed  "to 

I  am  unable  at  distance  to  quote  prices  on  parts;  all 
such  details  you  must  obtain  from  America. 

I  ,to  not  understand  your  reference  to  an  order  for  fifty 
Phonographs.  I  know  of  only  one  order  that  has  been  received  from 
you  which  was  for  a  thousand  machines,  and  the  Edison  Phonographs. 
Works  is  expecting  you  from  day  to  day  to  arrange  the  details  of  , 
this  order  so  that  they  may  commence  its  fulfillment. 

yours  truly. 

(Signed)  Thos:  A.  Edison. 


_ Edison  I?ouse  “B,”  Ro^iphumbb^land.  Avenue, 

;  LONDON  •  a^oJciq  aJsniixoTqqs 

Private  Lettcrs\  "  wo 

vox  ob  bJis?aen±rfaera  grom  yns  a u  gnibnaa  uox  stA 
aa^st  ed  xieo  y9rfj-  fsdi  oa  aaxifcrfosm;  arid-  jlosq  of  r aid-ad  ad  XXiw  ii 
batfosq  sd  bXuorfa  y9rfi  tsAt''iaidi  aW  .yl afo  attotos  dno 

.  Vital/ oo  stdi  ot  9raoo  d-sdd-  aiei.tiw-aqyT  aid  sus  as  ad-9Xqmoo 
gnlXism  wan  9dd  lo  aaXqmsa  avsrf  of  bsX3  9d  oafs  XX  site  9W 
J.  C.  English  Esq.,  *a9X0tf  *>ns  sms-xg 

Edison  Phonograph  <V?6!Ffii£, ^■Ui/lrfd-.ts'l 

•  -  :  ■  .ragsudJ  X  rnaS 

e&ffl '’WBry bagful 

We  shall  hope  you  will:  Jceep -couTant  with  all  that  appertains  to 
the''  Phonograph  manufacturing  business, and  let  us'  have  samples  of  all 
accessories  that  you  max  adopt  fom  time  to  time.  . 

The  •writer  has*-‘seefi  Mr' Edison  In  Paris  and  he  was  told  that 
application  was  to  be  made  direct  to  you  for,  the  pxices^f^the  Various 
parts  that  may  be  required  to  be  renewed  through  wear  or  damage.  Will 
you  please  send  us  full  particulars  of  each  item  so  that  we  may  know 
how  to  charge  them  out  to  our  agents. 

„  We  should  like  to  know  the  maximum  prices. of' the  various 
machines  you  are  turning  out  as  at  present  we  are  only  in  possession 

,.00  fHAHOOWOHq  2 1  HO  2 1 G 3  . 

av. kxifs. gsMy H?f ;oO  ",SJ>  asuo^  aoeia3 

approximate  prices  .  ^OCI/iOJ 

Are  you  sending  us  any  more  machines?and  do  you^'t'1  foiinK 

it  will  be  better  to  pack  the  machines  so  that  they  can  be  taken 

out  3J8<te«t[9iiBI0ijigD^dj)^ly.  We  think  that  they  should  be  packed 

complete  as  are  the  Type-writers  that  come  to  this  country. 

We  Shall  also  be  glad  to  have  samples  of  the  new  mailing 

grams  and  boxes.  _  .  ' 

,.pa3  rfairlpna  .0  .T, 

,  F^ithfuny ^a%^ri(Js^onodg  noaihU 

oi  ani£di9qqs  isdi  IIs  dixw  tasTO09~aB~an~qe9d ifljfcw  uo\:  sqori  ILsda  eW 
IIs  lo  39lqnisa  ovsd  a u  isL  JbiLS,aa9nxaud  antiuj-dslnxisni  riqmgonodl  9/ii 
,  .  ani  i  of  emli  mol  dqobs  yjsm  uoy;  Asdi  as.JfcTqaasoon  ^ 
tsd&;  b.l oi.asw  -  9d bas\s$Ts<I  al  n6^iha;’,iM-  ddba'-'ajSd  ai/irw'.  sxIT  *'-*■  • 

2up^  ^^^t-a90jxg._»9it>|^6l  uoy  of  ioexifi  ehsm  ed  ot  asw  no'iisoilqqs.  N 
XX1W  .sssmsb  to  T sew  dgnordi  bewenai  ad1  of  barinpsr  ecf  ysm  isrii  aixsq 
wood  ysm  9w  tfndi  oa  mail  doss  lo  axsluoxixsq  XIi/1  a u  bn oa  eajselq  noy 
.ain9gjs  mo  of  ino  msrfi  9gi£rio  of  wod 
auoinsv  sdiloaaoirq  mumxxsm  edi  wond  oi  9dJfcI  Jbluoda  9W 
noiaaoaaoq  nt  ylao  sis  m  J-nssaiq  is  as  j-0O  gninn/i  9xs  uo^ 




4th.  September  1889 

T.  A.Jgdison 

Hotel  du 
Place  Vemdome , 


Dear  B(Jison*.  ' 

I  have  several  proposals  fox  -South  America  which  are  under' 

proposal  to  fresh  part  ies^but  would.of  ^ouTse ,  consider  any  proposal 
from  them  to  mb.  You  had  better  so  cable  IheA  ZT instrStiS 
tZilv  tZZa  t0  nescrtiate  Personally  here  which  thfycan 

nSLf?n^drtif>,tlley  busJnefis  ®m  *»•  *  have  two  or  three 
negotiations  on  here  with  parties  who  have  acted  upon  a  similar 
suggestion.  The  difficulties  are  great  enough  in  dealing  face  to  face 
I  shall  .close  up  several  things  in  a  very  short  time  after 
having  your  reply 'as  to  prices  -anti  possible  -quantities.  1 
Faithfully  yours, 

E.  <5ouraud. 

Jh 'LiuaM** 

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L°  w^°N’  nix  September,  1889. 

T.  A  .Edison  llsqr. 

Hotel  du  RMn, 
Paris  * 

Dear  Edison;- 

v  The  British  Association  meetings  commence  next 

Wednesday  end  last  fot'  .a  week.  I  have  received  several  very  pressing 
Invitations  fi’om  the  Committee  to  attend  and  give  particulars  of  the 
4atest  deyelopements  of  the  Phonograph.  I  am  not  certain  if  1  can 
do  so,  in  view,  of  my  engagements  here,  as  I  am  up  to  my  eyes  in 
Several  important  negotiations*,  but  if  I  should  manage  to  run  down 
for  a  day  two  I  should  very  much  like  to  take  with  me  as  the' 
greatest  nqpelty  in  connection  with  the  Phonograph,  the  small  Phono¬ 
graph  which  you  brought  over  with  you.  If  therefore  you  will  kindly 
lend  it  to  me  for  that  purpose,  please  send  it  with  mny  one  who  is 
coming  this  way  as  soon  as  possible,  and  I  will  return  it  to  you,  or 
make  such -disposition  o  J  it  as  you  may  desire. 

Yours  sincerely 



I  have  no  reply  to  my  letter  about  prices,  but  presume 
you  are  cabling  to  the  factory  about  particulars.  1  am  anxious  to 
hear  from  you  for  the  reason  that  1  have  to  fix  the  price  for  2,000 
Phonographs^  for  Which  1  have  an  offer  from  a  large,  advertising  firm, 
who  propose  a  use  for  them  which  .seems  in  every  way1' advantageous. 

Indications  do  service. 

Le  port  est  gratuit.  . 

.  :epiu6  h  soacbo  lorsqa’il  cbarg£  de  recouupf  unc  tax 

T-tr  I  SC CARE  BREXEl  PAR  I  S.  .I- "y 


^r.^.4,, . ; . - 

■jfrat  nW  Jcumu  A  aiiraifcv^tiiaUfft*  wmcff  /a  corrcjpondance  priW«  par 

iw  fcfWjropftfytw.  (Loi  du  39  novcmbrc  i$5o,  arl.  G.) 

Pour^~7t?~c'?r'*~~~~'  ri'i  -  ,  ■ — - - Depdtlc — - — ,  A_ h!~— 

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Paris  Soptewber  e,  IB 80.  i 

V  .  :  I:  .....  V.:;;.;v  V'  ;  • 

Has  Seligman  formed  Oompariy’ 'Anerica  or  here. Gtfuraud  Bays ; 

partita  nocotlatlng  for  South  AilwriOa.  Want  a year 
people  to  appoint  rapreochtatj ye  in  *«?iv!on.  '  Tate.  | 

Pour - i -  do - - — N° _ 1 _ Mats _ Dipot  lc _ _ _ ,  d _ k.  _ :  m. 

.  _  - . .... 

__Jf  F  DE  NEVVYGRK  206  27  VBRANGL  +]_^_  __  ^  .  _ _ ^ _ ^  J 

PLEASE  DGNT  N  £  G  07  1 A  IE  ON  _E  NG  LI  S  H_  8  SHARES  UNTIL  YOU  GET  LOVE  THINK; 


Cdison  FjousB  “B,”  Roi^phumbefsland  ^venue, 

LO  wx°N’  i&h  September, 1889* 

jJeair  Mr  Batchelor;- 

*_  a  **Jjf*0  hand  you  by  Colonel  GOuraud’s  in>- 
^S^Lbns,  OOgleg  <&  3»t*ers  which  ite  -have  Recently  addressed  to  Mr 
£disbn  da  regard  "to  the  delivery  of  machines  etc. 

, -.■  . ...  .  Kb  'Very  glad  to  -tell  -you  that  year  mailing  gram 

•^o^edjia  sp^hdld  condition.  -It  was  -A  great  eucoess  and  been, 
repeated  many  Hates*  3t  ^tltiraw  be  shown  as  a  curiosity* ..  Iwe  shall 
oe  to  soiote  &&#&  oi  thsm^  .and  in  .facfe  sauries  of  eversNa&fle: 

3°*  '»**  lh  America  in  the  business,  including  .the  fefljfnets;. 

^whiCh^fB  bapOjfOk  the  cSakC-'fli  the -host  of  carriage  -  which  is  an  item- 
'*?r®uft  3»w  ^ace  in  Ties  -pi  the  large’  Oder  are  have  placed  with  you  - 
^hfid  as  closely  "Possible.  We  understand  from  the 
^oa^ks  in^fche  a»sJ)»fetnr',s  Hand^ool  that,  you  that  you  have  now  got 
Jff  J*®  **3i  'wsty  PX  .Jiact±ngy(.but  ^rhen  we  tell  -you  that  the  last  four 
-^oirogi^hs  -received irere  posted -m  35  cases,  you  will  appreciate  our 
“tb  iwwe  things  Weil,  and  Jit  . the. same  time,  closely  packed* 

^  .  ^Bjreggrds  shipments  we^rould  like  to  get  onto  same 
Wo*  that  would  bring  goods  direct  *o  -London  at  a  very  low  rate.  We 
.^aiink  thfe  national Line  would  be ?a  good  -one,  and  shall  be  g lactjic* 
hear  that  you  h«ye  made -Oj#u^i*s>  -J  ^  grams  you  last  .sent  us  woxte- 
out  for  carriage  clone  over  4  -cents  ^acjh^  which  of  course  for  practica 
business  jpu^poses  Wopid  'he>;^est  draw  back  -on  their  sale;;  !  * 

t’oilih  fWiy  ywarp 

d .Lewis  young. 

q*5UB@tphelor  'assar, 

"Edison’s  jRhonogr^gh  yforjcsj 


Sew  Jersey, 



Copy  letter  from  Colonel  GouraudSto  Mr  Edison* 

7th  September, 1889, 

Dear  Sir .  ^  . 

•  •-  - ' !i  -'i-'have '  anljP t&»<iay  received' jfov-rc-letfcef  dated':Septri  ii 
the  3rd*  in  reply  to.  mine  to  you  wriit§iit;by2MS?^Ybdhg-infEawlsiI6a'£hex;.t 
26th,  delay^aS  >•  Iitfegtrd^eAXthe  envelope 

without  HbtiBing'' the^post-ilarJc^  t Tettensdncsou 
the  ordinary  course.,  my.  letter  to  you  of  the  4th* •ifiet'-w&uldi  obvious ljo 
have,  been  somewhat  m&difieBl,  ^^Su^SbS^ttJr^ftrtattOtfletter  is  in  the 
main,  sat is f act bTy,  -tEe' .principal'  pbiht'5  reiaihihg^taanSweyl&aabQdng.'tihat 
of  -the  maximum  prices','  !  ■i“-l  hiid:;h,ope^l'!-yduc;woui’d.!havait>denci;abldi'.it'Ot4i‘ 

give' me  the  maximum* prices  asKi  und^rstaM’that  ^'ou'  have  already  made 
d-KA.4terefr  thousand  machines,  which  was  to  be  the  price  determining  quairti* 
ty.  However,  ’so  far  as'-itonc^s'.the^fitet  ^housanSL  machines  which  I 
said  gome  time  agb  I.  would  take,  and  for  which -no  specific  instructions 
wereefeiVeti^;;  to3th§c'rhi^^d-aa!t e^f'5t''whieh"  I  ^sired;,  ... 

I  wiliyiiot^r^sW^yon.  up6crtids*lpbih4J'but'--will^acoeptt  for-Jthe.fpr.espntLV 
the  ‘irr^^fiieht/ybuip'^]^b'se'':bnd  which?  $r5u  %KpiMfted3is  4ftiata.whieh'iha£w 
been  aiffB^pted'"bSr'  ;t'he'''N6itth  !Affierl^anaiPh6hb'6x4i^lu'C6apa£iyi  -s  esxsl  oa  to! 
a  :oiJ,  si  — .  ^tl^WipSJifeestvttaa'Jiiot 

excded'tiip's^  X*5ft5dy  bf*4M^ttostwaa^LSaf  oi 

suBS“iiuli:blrv  at  ■wiliafiavBrbe'eh  ^livered^pridt  4b£4h6,2  deteT&ihntlbh3  0c£J 
the  definite  prices,  which  will  no  doubt  be  posfliblei;lohg3.before- thelo 
whole  thousand  are  delivered, 

1  now,  therefore,  beg  to  say  that  I  will  accept  deli  - 
ery  of  one  thousand  Phonographs  as  follows t- 

AtrjtSe  per  week. 

The  first  hundred  to  be  shipped  here  at  the 

earliest  possible 

1  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  cable  instructions  accord¬ 
ingly  upon  receipt  of  this,  and  ask  the  works  to  inlbrm'-you!f.or.imei, 
direct,  as  you  prefer,  and  by  cabdie  as  to  the  date  at  wh*.ch  X  <may.'. 
expect  the  first  shipment  of  one  hundred  or  any  part -thereof,,  and  elf. 
less  than  one  hundred  how  many  ? 

I  should  also  like  to  know  how  soon  you  can  ship  one 
hundred  machines  dirct  to  either  South  America,  provided  the  order  is 
cabled  next  week  ?  This  one  hundred  is  to  be  part  of  the  thousand* 

in  fixing  the  rate  of  25  per  week,  I  have  taken  a  very 
conservative  view  of  what  I  shall  be  able  to  do.  It  is  quite  pro- 


leaJrMT  'll:  q&Jh:.. 

«  Ot:ca  t -x stfue  Jqs3  d&V 

-table  that  I  shall  be  able  to  take  them  at  a  much  jbore  rapid’ ra%e*" 
if  frdmstiineiip  t ime-ojouy are ab  le  ~t  o  spjaxgJine c large^numbers  from 
thaiHoithaitassiMn-.£<^aade>dSMppJy.,y,  "£/0,.  0J  V-.^foiT  viget  . 

oqolovjxs  eh#Ltsd8iWSLprst'p„pd,rthai  PMf eh| ;  In.  ° 

ac  c  arflano  $  ,f withi Att  rf;  ggrggnieni^  namely ,  Caah;i;agaig§tgJav.oilj§i;a^ 
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«•  Copy  letter  from  Colonel  Gouraud  to  Mr  Edison. 


Deaf  Sir of  u.I  e.  .-ill  -  '  x  v  t  , 

In  oon!irMng!mySleUer*  of“the  7th*inst  j’“it  is  of  course- 
understood  that  my  order  therein  referred  to,  will  he  filled  only  with 
Phonographs  of  the  latest  type  containing  the  improvements  which  you 
described  to  me  in  Paris,  even  though  this  should  involve  delay  in 
the  first  shipment,  anxious  as  I  am  to  have  it  as  early  as  possible. 

It  is  obviously  important  that  Phonographs  that  are 
first  put  out  over  here  should  be  in  all  respects  the  very  best,  as 
they  will  be  tremendously  criticised  if  they  do  not  realise  expectat¬ 
ions.  I  know  that  you  appreciate  this  and  could  have  no  other  idea 
in  your  mind,  but  I  writ^.^J^^^qm. with;  the  object  of  asking  you  to 
give  very  positive  instructions’  •to  the  Works  to  this  effect,  lest 
through  oversight  or  aa^.p^^err^reason,  they  should  fill  any  portion 
of  the  order  with  other  tham*tiae  latest  Phonographs, 

The  experience  of  everybody  here  with  regard  to  the 
phonograms  with  the  grooves  inside  is  that  they  slip  very  badly,  so 
much  so  as  to  seriously  interfere  with  any  practical  use  of  the 
machine.  My  personal  experience  with  these  phonograms  since  my 
return  from  Paris,  confirms  this  statement.  In  other  respects  they 
seem  to  be  better  than  those  that  came  before* 

I  feel  no  doubt  in  my  own  mind,  that  if  any  of  these 
Phonographs  that  I  have  thus  far  receive^  had  been  put  into  use  with 
other  than  experts  they  would  have  seriously  injured  the  prospects  of 
the  business;  and  I  must  therefore  make  it  a  condition  that  the  Phono¬ 
graphs  which  are  shipped  to  me  under  my  order  above  referred  to,  are  e 
either  accompanied  with  phonograms  that  will  not  slip,  by  reason  of 
some  modifications  in  their  construction  or  that  the  machine  shall 
have  some  device  attac  .ued  to  it,  which  shall  prevent  their  slipping, 
fit  a  very  important  exhibition  of  the  Phonograph  here  yesterday,  the 
phonogram  slipped  to  such  an  extent  as  to  make  an  exceedingly  prejud¬ 
icial  impression.  I  may  mention  that  the  slipping  was  not  attributable, 
to  any  alteration  in  the  depth  of  the  turning  off  knife,  or  the 
tracking  of  the  recorder,  which  was  set  so  as  to  be  heard  only  to  the  degree. 

We  have  already  written  you  in  regard  to  the  washer 
spring  on  the  Spectacle  head,  and  have  explained  to  you  personally 
its  weakhess.  We  have  had  to  change  them  all  here. 


We  find  that  the  small  determining  point  on  the  repro¬ 
ducer  wears  out  the  record,  and  shall  be  glad  to  knew/  if  an^fii§g'lC';-a 
will  be  done  to  obviate  this  in  the  nev/;maehine, 

» «.“ti/oo  lo  or  St  ,  iani  dfv  erff  lo  Toffel'qrc  aiiinilinoa  nl 

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oao/if  io  fn/if  nv/o  jj/a  ui  fcfuob  on  I  sol  1 

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aiiSsiatitiS&s.  ion  zsa  guigoifa  s;«'r  fxdf  ucifnex;  -gcru  I  *nciaa3T.pii  Lai  ox  , 

Edison  House  (A) 
Northumberland  Avenue, 





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CdISON  P?OUSBv  “  B,”  rio^UlHUMBBI^IiAND  flVENUB, 






(jJ  ^  Direct  Communication  with  the  United  States  of  America 

by  Eight  Cables. 

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/]J  A%A>ITi 6  CABLE 


Senders  of  Messages/ will  save  considerable  time  .by- 
handing  in  their  Messages  direct  to  the  Company’s  Offices, 
through  which  they  must  pass  before  they  can  be  sent  to 
theiw  destination.  -  - - - 

Office  Stami>  &  Date. 

)  oL\0  Place  from  ['•  /  »y|  ff  [  n  Ifp,  ofa 

No  inquiry  respecting  this  JrVgow.qiw'nttemled  to  without  tho  production  of  tin's  paper, 

to  j  f!  J  /  -  ^  ./  j 

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'  GDISON  F?OUSB  “B,”  Ro^mHUMBB^liftND^p^NUB,  ,|88 



3t4th  September ,1889, 

M13'® . 

Dear  Mr  Tatei- 

I  shall  be  obliged  if  you  will  give  me  at  the 
earliest  possible,  moment  the  price  of  phonograms  at  the  works,  which 
1  can  relyA  upon  as  being  the  absolute  maximum  price*  If  you  are 
not  able  to  give  me  this  information  without  communicating  to  Mr 
Edison,  please  do  so  by  wire  as  I  am  expecting  to  have  to  fix  the 
price  for  a  large  order  early  in  the  week,  * 

I  note  what  you  say  with  regard  to  delivering 
■100  machines  immediately,  and  25  weekly  thereafter*,  and  I  have  also, 
noted  your  verbal  statement  that  by  iranediately  you  mean  that;;  tHey^ 
can  be  shipped  next  week,  "  •*s‘ 

Your  saying  *100  immediately  and  25  weekly  there¬ 
after1  suggests  to  me  that  possibly  you  have  not  put  upon  my  order 
the  same  construction  that  I  do.  myself.  By  *100  immediately  and 
25  per  week  thereafter*  I  did  not  mean  for  example  100  next  week  and 
25  all  the  following  weeks j  I  meant  sijg>ly  25  per  week,  the  first 
100  to  be  shipped  as  soon  as  may  be.  To  make  this  perfectly  clear, 
if  100  machines  are  shipped  next  week,  I  shall  not  require  the  next 
25  until  after  the  expiration  of  4  weeks* 

I  am  cabling  to-day  regarding  the  shipment  of  50 
machines,  and  writing  instructions  regarding  the  shipment  of  the 
second  50  as  there  are  particulars  which  I  could  not  sufficiently 
give  by  cable. 

Yours  sincerely 


A.O.Tate  Esqr, 

Hotel  Victoria,.  142, 




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Senders  of  Messages  will  save  considerable  time  by?.;j  TimnRWjORTQH  ST- 
handing  in  their  Messages  direct  to  the  Company’s  dffloes$  «VhJr- 
through  which  they  must  pass  before  they  can  be  sent  to  ’  ocr  f© 
their  destination.  ZOotrOW/ 


no  No.  i  J  6  Place  from  Na  of  Words  * 

NoJjiquir^rosjwcting^liis  Mos^go  can  bo  attended  to  without  the  production  of  this  paper. 


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'“the  western union  telegraph  company. 

ooraph,  London." 




■  ft) 

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Edison  F^ouse  “B,”  noi^NHUMBEf^AND  Avenue, 


*'■  .. 

^  '  > 

‘=r^*  * 

,  >£? 





taTHB  western  union  telegraph  company. 

"phonograph,  London.” 



September  27th  1889. 

The  Manager, 

Edison’s  Phonograph  Works, 


New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir* 

Defective  Machines.  Untrue  Shafts. 

The  report  1  have  to  make  upon  the  two  last  motor 
Phonographs  received  prior  to  those  shipped  for  Lisbon,  is  that  in 
each  the  main  shaft  revolved  untruly  between  its  centres,  one  of  them 
in  particular  was  very  bad;  but  both  unfit  to  use  pxcept  upon  the 
original  grams  of  white  wax. 

The  damage  seemed  at  first  to  be  in  the  female  centre 
caused  by  the  gate  centre  having  ihrom  up  a  burr  on  the  edge  of  the 
female  centre,  but  I  removed  the  burr  without  eradicating  the  fault. 

- - - - Battery.  ■  ■ — - - - - — ■— _ 

My  test  upon  the  4  cell  Edison  Battery,  after  setting"" 
rit  up  according  to  instructions,  resulted  in  its  driving  a  Phonograph 
at  the  rate  of  One  hundred  revolutions  per  minute  for  40  consecutive 
hours.  In  endeavouring  to  recharge  the  cells  I  find  in  each  jar  at  tl 
bottom  a  precipate^drystalzed  into  a  dense  cale  one  inch  thick  which 
is  almost  impossible  to  remove.  . 

. c'>-  } 

<,  The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company,  (Limited.) 

Head  Olflce,  Winchester  House,  50  Old  Broad  St.,  Loudon,  England. 

NEW  TORE  Offices,  40  Broadway  &  61  New  St. 

“  “  444  Broome  Street. 

BOSTON  “  Post  Office  Building. 

HALIFAX  “  Queen  Buildings,  Hollis  St. 

LONJDON  “  34  Throgmorton  St. 

LIVERPOOL  “  D  6,  Exchange  Buildings. 



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^  -ST  -6— 

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S,  jCL«~-S.  -»*--'  •"'  -*~> 

i  <2*>-c~*c  /<- 



__GdISON  f?OUSE  “B,”  ft01^PHUMBEF$L<AND  ^VBNUB, 

4th  October, 1889. 

Dear  Edison:- 

In  compliance  with  the  request  of  Tate  I  beg 
to  hand  you  herewith  copy  of  the  agreement  between 
ourselves  regarding  the  Phonograph,  of  date  I4th  October, 

:  yours-  s  ihcere  ly  " 

T^A.Edison  Esqr,  n.U  have 

Orange',  :  ■  ■  ■■'-  .• 

New-Jers'esy^’  ll 


i "  Sl  '  Cj 

“PhonograVh,  London.1' 


(^Private  Ldttrs\.  LONDON, 

$  J 


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GDISOft  I^ouse  (a), 


10th  October ,138 9. 

T.A.Edison  Esqr, 

Orange , 

New- Jersey, 


Dear  Edison:- 

X  enclose  you  letter  from  Mr  Garland,  from  which  you 
will  see  that  the  business  which  had  been  so  far  concluded  with  him 
as  that  he  actually  brought  his  money  from  Australia  to  England  for 
the  purpose,  has  been  dropped  in  consequence  of  the  impressions  he 
formed  in  his  visit  to  Paris.  This  is  but  one  of  very  many  instances 
in  which  similar  dpinions  have  been  expressed  to  me.  I  take  consol¬ 
ation  in  the  fact  that  it  will  only  continue  another  three  weeks. 

How  much  mischief  will  have  already  been  done  it  is  impossible  to 
estimate,  and  it  will  take  a  great  deal  to  overcome  it  -  to  which  end 
no  expense  or  effort  will  be  spared. 

The  writer  of  the  letter  you  will  remember  as  the  gentleman 
you  met  at  my  Office,  Member  of  Parliament;  and  as  he  had  interested 
with  him  the  Crown  Agentfor  the  Colonies  here  and  other  influential 

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F70USB  “B,”  riOl^iPHUMBB^liAND  flVBNUE, 


I6th  October,  188 9. 

To  the  Manager, 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 




Dear  Sir 

Since  writing  you  on  Saturday  last  we  have  been  in- 
fonned  by  Messrs  Stavely  &  Starr,  the  Agents  for  Baldwin  Bros  of  New- 
York,  that  they  have  received  a  Bill  of  Ladingfor  the  goods  sent  per 
Steamship  "-Othello*. 

We  observe  that  the;  charge  is  at  the  rate  of  twenty 
five  shillings  per  ton,  or  40  cubic  feet,  and  we  think  that  if  you 
have,  as  we  asked  you  to  do,  bargained  for  the  rates,  you  have  not 
made  such  a  good  bargain  for  us  as  we  could  have  wished.  We  have 
received  a  quotation  in  London  from  one  of  the  leading  Steamship  lines 
of  nearly  one  half  that  amount;  and  fearing  that  some  mistake  has  been 
made  we  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  look  into  the  matter  and  let  us 
know  the  result. 

We  must  call  your  very  serious  attention  to  this  shipp¬ 
ing  business,  as  a  great  deal  more  will  depend  upon  it  than, you  can 
imagine,  and  any  failure  on  your  part  to  carry  out  our  orders  will 
have  a  very  prejudicial  effect  upon  our  business  because  we  shall  be 
making  promises  on  the  strength  of  your  ability  to  carry  them  out  on 
,  our  behalf. 

We  have  during  this  last  week,  at  different  periods, 
received  boxes  of  attachments,  spectacle  frames  etc.  We  think  these 
, goo^qould  have  been  put  in  one  case,  and  they  would  have  thus  come 
;  to  uh:  at  much  less  expense  than  is  now  the  case. 

we  have  only  just  received  the  ten  sets  recorders  and/ 
spectacles/  and  you  have  not  even  advised  us  of  their  despatch  from 
New-York.  fWe  must  insist  upon  having  on  each  occasion  an  advice  note 
containing  a  list  of  the  goods  sent ,  aScf  the  casesPin  which  they  are 
to  be  found. 

eDisorc  r?ouse  (a), 


I8th  October, 1889. 

T.A.Edison  Esqr, 

Orange , 



Dear  Sir:- 

Your  cable  says  you  de  not  make  these,  although  I  unde# 
stood  you  to  say  that  you  did.  In  any  case,  I  may  state  that  the 
Graphophone  people  make  the  ones  I  explained  to  you,  and  I  have  just 
seen  a  gentleman  who  has  one  and  uses  it  for  dictating  his  letters 
while  travelling  in  the  train.  He  speaks  of  it  in  the  highest  terms. 
He  also  uses  it  when  travelling  for  grapho-grams  which  he  mails  to 
his  family.  I  certainly  think  you  ought  to  have  this  form  of  machine 
for  the  Phonograph 

Mailing-grams . 

X  hope  you  will  make  some  of  these  on  the  plan  of  the 
Grapho-gram.  They  are  using  a  very  simple,  and  so  far  as  itgoes,  a 
very  satisfactory  gram  in  a  stiff  paste-board  box  that  carries  it  all 
right,  and  people  are  constantly  coming  here  with  them  thinking  they 
can  find  a  Graphophone  here  upon  which  to  hear  them  reproduced.  Our 
grams  break  too  easily  in  the  mailing,  besides  the  expense,  although 
of  course  I  am  aware  they  are  net  intended  for  mailing  purposes. 
Kindly  write  me  with  respect  to  the  above,  and  whenever  you  adopt 
anything  please  make  it  somebody’s  business  to  send  me  a  gram  by  every 
mail  as  it  is  quite  the  most  effective  thing  we  have  te  show.  The 
only  one  I  have  received  of  the  kind,  soon  got  damaged  in  putting  in 
and  out  of  the  box;  besides  the  method  of  closing  the  box  was,  as 
you  yourself  expressed  the  opinion,  too  troublesome  to  be  practical* 

It  would  do  well  enough  between  Agents,  but  hardly  between  the  public. 
At  any  rate  you  said  you  oould  easily  simplify  that  and  you  no  doubt 
will}  tut  until  you  do  make  some  thing  better  I  wish  you  would  send 


me  one  of  these  by  every  mail ,  to  'it,. 

Slipping- grams , 

All  the  last  grams  sent  have  been  most  unsatisfactory. 
They  slip  badly,  and  certainly  warp  without  any  provocation'.  Batch¬ 
elor  explains  that  those  sent  me  were'too  freshf  and^ot  sufficiently, 
seasoned,  If  this  was  so,  why  were  they  sent  ?  .  Please  see  that 
only  the  best  is  sent  me  in  the  future. 

Gsr/i  gii.:- 



^  '  /"fr  ^  ^  i 

y/^  >  ✓  J^Szt 

A"^  ^y'^y 

X  ^  ^  '*  ^"'  ^ 

y£Az^  ^  s^gy^rLj 

^  <*&  ^y-^r  ^  yX 

S*£«=~  y£z~  ■***■  ^yjty^s 

A/A^t^y  JSrvfft-^y  ^ 

y^y  yy~<^y 


A?*^  A y?  r 


*  y(^~- 



€dison  F)ouse 



26th  October  1889. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.,. 

The  Laboratory, 


New  Jersey., 

Dear  Sir* 

We  send  you  a  a  code  book  which  is  very  large!#1 
trust  that  it  will  be  of  service  to  us  mutrkuil#',  -o  -  oscy  egos 

Yf  You  will  observe  that  we  have  fixed  a  cipher  code  which  can 

be  upd  for  -any  messages  that  you  may  desire  to  keep  private  beyond 
the  privacy  already  afforded  by  the  cables. 

On  page  x  you  will  find  examples  of  how  to  use-this  secret 
cipher  if  it  be  required,  but  for  ordinary  business  purposes  we  will 
use  words.  We  sha,ll  send;  a  copy  of  this  code  to  all  our  connections. 
Faithfully  yotrs. 

...Edison's  Phonograph  Co,. 

tfhrMi  -  £-<■ 

CDISOH  r?OUS€  (a), 


26th  October, 1889 

T.A.Edison  Esqr, 

Orange , 


Dear  Edison:-  . — - - - — — • — • — ■ — ~ - — — - — 

I  beg  to  confirm  my  cable  of.  yesterday.*- 

.  Noside  New-York,  with  ;/'• 

After  three  weeks  negotiations 

•powerful  Syndicate  Berlin  Bankers . probably  including  Siemens  . 
•offer  immediate  cash  bonus  Fifty  Thousand  pounds  for  half  cash 
•and  shares  they  get  for  us  from  German  public  Companies:  they 
"will  form  on.  terms  of  your  approval.  I  advise.. accepting*.  At 
•Committee  leave  tomorrow^  Answer;  quickly* .  lV  .  «  L  . 

and. acknowledge  receipt  of  yours  .  in  reply i-  , 

.  Gouraud;Nqrwqod,  ;  ;  • :  ■.  ;.c  A 

,  Otbi ■  '  i-'i;..*:  :  is.iiti.for  ..Germany, only.  Isias.l 
•Siemens  certainly  in  it*  *Is iGraphOamixpdTwith  it*fs,  ■«■■}  that  to 

to  which  I  replied  te-day  as  followsi- 

:  ■Only  .  Germany^  No  JSrapho »  Siemens  .  certain v e 
•if  can  make  for  German  Company , only  ontterms tofiyour  approval. 
■Dont  hesitate**  >a  .  *  •aopsrenb'iy*,  *  "  ut  ’  lor 
$  and*c  •  0  r  3  >!  1  c  ■  1  \e  public . 

It  is  not  tintendedrthat  the  contract,  between  us  a  • 
and  the  Syndicate  shall  be  in .^anyway  .public  ;:;and  i it  -may  be  that-  the  t 0 
Syndicate  will  be  registered  in.ikig.l^d  in  order.cto  avoid  makingcknown 
in  Germany  the  members  of  it ^  q,rithevl.conditions,  of  their  participat  ion 
in  the  profits  to  be  derived  from  the  formation  of  a  German  Company. 

The  effect  .of ]jthis^<ari:ai^ement.  .will.ibeicthat.jre  ous 
will  receive  £50,000  as  a  bpnus.tfpr„:giyingatJie;.members  iOf;ithej.^yndl*c 
cate  one  half  of  what  ",yte%  sub'se^m^t^  C^jmpany 

or  Companies  which  we  may  form  with  their  assistance.  Their  idea  is 
to  bring  out  a  large  German  Company  which  would  form  subsidiary  Com¬ 
panies  on  the  American  plan.  By  adopting  this  plan  It  will  be  un¬ 
necessary  to  disclose  under  the  German  law^.  as  would  otherwise  be 
the  case,  the  participation  they  receive  from  us  in  Consideration 
of  their  assistance  and  tbe  £50,000  they  pay  us  for  that  participation. 
This  method  they  prefer  because  of  some  objectionable  features  in  the 
new  German  law  regarding  public  Companies, 

I  am  told  that  all  the  members  of  the  proposed  Syndi¬ 
cate  are  wealthy  Bankers.  Siemens  at  first  refused  to  have  anything 
to  do  with  it,  and  tried  to  prevent  the  formation  of  the  Combination. 
He  told  Mr  Qnellmali  -  the  Dresden  Banker  who  is  getting  up  the  Syn¬ 
dicate,  and  who  was  one  of  the  earliest  to  communicate  with  you  from 
Dresden,  and  who  is  a  most  energetic  and  able  man  m  that  he  would 
join  the  Syndicate  if  he  could  have  the  manufacturing  of  the  machines 
for  the  public  Company;  and  Quellmalz  tells  me  that  Siemens  Lawyer 
attended  one  of  the  meetings  of  the  Syndicate  and  intimated  to  him  in 
very  plain  terms  that  If  Siemens  &  Halske  did  not  have  the  contract 
for  the  manufacturing  of  the  machines  that  we  should  have  their 
opposition.  The  Syndicate  are  anxious  to  have  Siemens  join,  and  see 
no  objection  to  his  firm  manufacturing  for  the  German  Company:on  terms 
acceptable  to  them  and  ourselves,  but  the  Intention  is  to  complete  the 
Syndicate  with  or  without  Siemens,  and  having  completed  the  Syndicate 
the  question  of  manufacturing  cam  then  be  settled.  You  are  aware  that 
the  Phonographs  have  to  be  made  in  Germany  after  3  years,  so  that  to 
keep  the  first  Patents  alive  manufacturing  will  have  to  begin  next 
year.  :• 

The  Graphophone  people  have  been  in  Berlin  making  a 
good  deal  of  stir,  and  it  is  with  no  little  difficulty  that  we  have' 
succeeded  in  making  this  combination  in  spite  of  them.  They  are  . 
showing  a  very  good* instrument  apparently,  and  talk  about  their  low 
price  of  cost  of  manufacture  and  consequent  low  price  to  the  public. 

I  am  anxious  to  close  this  business  promptly  and  trust 
there  will  be  no  delay  in  your  reply.  The  Committee  are  returning  ta 
Berlin  to-night  taking  with  them  a  sample  of  each  of  our  machines.  I 
shall  follow  them  early  next  week  and  close  the  business  while  it  is 
hot.  . 

I  tried  to  make  the  cash  larger,  but  the  negotiations 
finally  resolved  themseives  into  the  amount  named  or  nothing,  and -I 
regard  it  as  a  very  good  transaction  everything  considered.  If  we 



r-rj-  JtW  is 


•^IS^C^UJS  iCu,/  Sa. 

roizr  oaoj.lct 


djncJ.... . : . 

. c/yn 

Edison  L2ab0ratory.  "  : 

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'(pb  '/> 

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b^xJLAL^tr  C^AA.  (La  /3a^0—Z}  C5 

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Ca-ia_a{ja.^  &^tr~  (As^siKA^ 0~WA  3 /tArrv^if 

- ^(^O^.AjAI__^~ia^K>  CS~&-f--e^&A(-A-j6-iA^  ^ — • 

'  &u/'c(  ' 


^he  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company  y  .(Limited.). 

Head  Office,  Winchester  House,  50  Old  Broad  St„  Loudon,  England. 
NEW  YOKE  Offices,  40  Broadway  &  51  Now  St. 

“  ‘ “  444  Broome  Street. 

BOSTON '  7 '  '  "f!  ;  Post  Office  Building. 

HALIFAX '  “ ;  Queen  Buildings,  Hollis  St. . 

'LONDON  “  34  Throgmorton  Street. 

LIVERPOOL  -  “  ;  D  6,  Exchange  Buildings. 


40  Broad-way. 

,  NEW  YORK. 



8th  November  1889. 

J.C .English  Esq, 

Edisons  Phonograph  Works. 

Dear  Sir.. 

Wa  are  much  obliged  by  your  letters  of  the  30th.  October  andt 
the  information  contained  therein.Colonel  Gouraud  is  leaving  for 
America  to-morrow  and  he  will  -fcno*  doubt  confer  with  you  in  regard 
to  the  future  shipments  of  machines  &  etc,  Will  you  take  a  note 
to  send  us  in  each  case  a  detailed  invoice  of  the  goods  you  are 
forwarding  to  us  stating  on  it  the  cases  In  which  the  various  articles 
are  packed  . 

Faithfully  yours. 

Tie  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company,  (Limited.) 

No  inquiry  respecting  this  Message  can  bo  attended  to  without  the  production  of  this  Paper. 

.  EdIS'ON  L2AB0RAT0RY. ' 

/V^y^tr  7(4  ' 

ry  o-u/^  <°pJi 

. ... 



a  “B,’‘  nOMHUMBBF?LftND'  R  VENUS, 

V)nrl  1  *Jloocf  tot  ei  .gn  later  oil!  abi-ssav  ->k 


.  o  ilTNjfc. 

3«q  SSL  br&a  oi/ 

,’  eioivr  I  .f/ioa  need  serf  gniriJ- 
wpdomoa  #ju<f  sao  tesialnt 
r.  .  1  Xirtiatffcqifc^iBRpj  ,19/1* 

r  dvs  noxXgaa  vM  tf&p.  no\;  IX IV/ 

"  •  OTorli  riod-05»rii  lo 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.,  uo'i  229j-0  u0°  exjfMioes  vxoH 

Edison’s  LSbar^tory,  tYlsisonia  autoY  , 

Orange ,  V  *  >VS  ■  ■■ 

New  Jersey; — ' 

Dear  0.  M. 

I  have  not  heard  from  you  so  f'suppose  thatxyou  are  alright. 
You  will  have  been  struck  afinnost  dead,  by  the  telegram  1  sent  you 
today  saying  that  the  'Colonel  sailed  by  the  Umbria  in  company  with 
Moriarty  the  nephew  of  the  Graphophone  man,  Seligmaa.  I  expect  that 
you  will  have  a  warm  f ime  of  it,  but  I  hope  that  all  will  turn  out 
right  for  Edison  and  Everybody  concerned. 

Let  there  be'  no  jiggery  pokery  business  and  then  we  shall 
have  one  of  the  best  things  in  this  world.  There  is  nothing  advertie 
ed  in  Europe  like  the -’Phono  except  the  crucifixion.}  Lord  forgive 
me  for  my  irreverence.  -  But  it's  a  fact. 

I  hope  you  will  have  received  the  code  bopk  ere  this  and 
if  there  is  anything  that  you  want  to  know  telegraph  to  me. 

I  should  like  to  have  a  line  from  you  when  you  can  steal 
a  few  moments  from  your  busy  life. 

There  is  a  gentleman  named  Garland  -  a  particular  friend 
of  mine  .md  a  thorough  business  man  ,  who  is  coming  over  to  see 
Edison  about  the  Australian  business.  He  has  hung  around  here  for 
four  months-  E  saw  him  here-  trying  to  do  business  with  the  Colonel 
but  the  latter  could  not  make  up  his  mind  to  anything  definite 
in  a  business  shape^-.flf  course,  this  man  ,  who  is  an  M.  P.  and^sF 
big  pot  in  Australia,  {loes  not  want  to  go  on  the* buy  a  hundred 
machines  game*  but  desi-re*  t0rv.fi3c.up-  things  so  that  he  can  form 
his  companies  to  carry  on  a  blfl^thing.  I  hope  you  will  do  all  you  can, 
and  I  know  you  have  a  great  share  in  the  deliberations  ,  for  him.  You 
will  find  Garland  a  splendid  feliow  and  a  man  you  can  trust  .  It  seems 
peculiar  for  him  to  go  over  but  he  feels  that  nothing  satisfactory 
.can  be  done  here  in  the  present  state  of  things,  and  thinks  that 
E’s  presence  will  make  matters  right.  He  does  not  want  us  to  give 
him  anything  but  on  the  contrary,  will  do  more  than  we  expect  of 
such  a  man,  and  requires  only  fair  remuneration.  Thats  a  lot  about  qbxs 

;  i-i c[ a fi D o h o h ai  ’e'memz 

i  ,«iiKfivR  "aHAdjiaaMUHS^ofl  ",Q'‘  araupcl  mo$iq3 

As  regards  the  prpf  fi|^ip,/r9>yt'b00k*  1  fdnd  tka’1  t£fe=WEQ5S 

thing  has  been  sent.'  i  wrote  (thre^and  intended  to  let  yeti  rhay:^Mt^ 
briefest  one  but  somehpw.  6r  ®tfisE^.t  ^ot»  sent 'ixtNnistake  %d ^iny^bro^ 

: ther.  1  impMcfte rftf^kful^^ou-csS^  ®  a * 

i  1  Will  you  ask  Mr  English  at  tEr-5hoiw^rks\ t o  send  me  pars 

I  of  theisfactory  ther^.  ^  — 

!  I  **l'j  Now  good-^ye  and  God  bless  you  v  a  Sj)xT  Q  A 

I  |  ;  j  Yours^  sincerely,  J  'a'uotibZ 

I  j  i  j  Z1'  wad 

1  1  /  .^iT  »M  .0  xsotl 

•  irigixLs.  e-is  uoy/isdi  saoqqneTfpa  i/oy  moil  bmsri  ion  svsri  I 

uoy  ins  a  1  atiS9lei  sdi  yd  bnab  isonu&s  ionjria  na9d  9vxri  Iliw  uoY 
diiw  ynsqmos  xxi  sirdmU  9rii  yd  bsliua  I9nolo0!  srii  isrfi  b niyse  ysboi 
isrfi  iosqxs'  I  .osiasiisa  txnm  sno/IqoriqsrS  srii  io  wsriqon  srii  yixci-xoM 
tua  nxui  II  xw  IIs  isdi  sqori  I  iud  ,  ix  lo  e/Jixi  nrisw  £  svsri  I  f  iw  uoy 
•borrisoiioo  ybodyrsvb  bns  nosibH  iol  irfgix 
Xl-ida  sw  serf#  fen*  eesnisud  yxoioq  yisssit  'orrSb  sisrSi  is,i 
eiiisvos  gnirfion  si/aroxlT  .  .felxow  airii  ni  agnirffr  iascf  srii  lo  one  avasri 
evigrol  610J  {..noiXiilionio  erii  iqsoxs  onpril  erii  slil  eqoiuSI  r;i  bo 
•  iosl  £  zii  iuE  »90n9reveTXi:  vt.i  to  1  sm 
bus  airii  9X3  ripad  eboo  erii  b.vxsosx  sv&ri  II xw  uoy  sqori  I 

.sic  oi  dqjsxpelei  woml  oi  insw  i/oy  isrfi  gnirfiyos  si  siorfi  lx 
l£eia  nso  uoy  nsrlw  uoy  fflcntl  snil  £  ovjsri  oi  sail  bluoris  I 

.sill  yaucf  Tuoy  moil  ainomora  wsl  £ 
bass'll  rsiuoitraq  £  -  busline  bemsn  nsmelinss  £  ai  sisn'T 

332  oi  13 vo  gntoos  ai  oriw  asm  sssai.sud  riguoiorii  £  bn..  snici  lo 
lol  eieri  bnuoxs  suuri  axsri  9H  .aaeniaucf  nsilsiianA  erii  iuods  nos  ib  a 
IsnoloO  srii  riiiw  Basnisud  ob  oi  gniyii  -9xeri  ntfrf  wss  a  «-3riinom  iuoI 
eiinileb  Bniriiyns  oi  bnira  eiri  qu  sixai  ion  Wuoo  isii..  I  sat  iud 
^.bns  ..a  .M  rut  si  oriw  .  nsm  airii  v9axuoo  IQ  sqxris  ssanisud  x  n  i 
b  or  baud  s  yudVrii  no  og  oi  insw  ion  39  ob  .nilsxiauA  ni  ioq  Bid 
filial  ruse  9ri  inrii  ob  sgnirii  qu  ?cil-;Bi  .fesx-iasb  iud  ."snisg  esnirioxic 
vnso  uoy  II x  ob  II iw  uoy  oqbri  I  .gnxdi-Bid  £  no  ynxo  oi  aoxnxqaoo  siri 
uoY  .mxri  1  oi  ,  snoiixiadilsf)  9rii  ni  9ixria  isaig  £  ewsri  uoy  v/onri  I  baa 
'.jiasoa  il  .  iauxi  n&o  uoy  just  £  was  veil  si  bibuglqe  £  bn£li£0  6nil  Iliv# 
yxoiaclaiinB  gniriiaa  ixrii  alssl  sri  iud  rove  og  oi  miri  10I  iniluosg 
isrii  Binidi  5ns  .egnirii  lo  stats  insssiq  arii  ni  start  snob  sd  nss  . 
svis  oi  su  insw  ion  ss&b  sit  . Mgii  mettsa  sri£a  Iliw  sonsasiq  2ra 
+.  m  «srii  Sion  &b  Iliw  cyi£Tinoo  sri#  no  iud  gnirfiyus  niri 

o  nod*,  iol  £  aisriT  .noiisianunsi  xisl  y.tno  aatiupst  bus  .nsa  £  doua 


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fa# -A&fc  ffrf-  Sk^f  /X  ?/+£&  <&U*J&  dZuvuty  j 

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OkAsi'tyiA  ?  *px*As<t  | 

*  ! 
i  dyfa  (2>p/6^-/ ,  CA?  Jkrfitfoyvi  ^^lAyryv — ' 




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ODISC^f  f?OUSE  “  B,”  no^mHUMBB^LAHD-  fiVBtm&fti® 

*'  '  LONDON,  A  .  * 



.^c  ,  iwS*. 


kA  did 


/&yC>  ^£4 


A  WHWtu  ^  ***/i  *****  J?Ca"~ 


A**-*'  y**Jtr 

^  £*fc.‘: ;  **utiJcdL  >*■*** 

ye'i ffoAxti*  av  'Xe*~  ****?  U/ -  ; 

_  NO 




— <2-  \  '  2)  '  36th  »'*veirbev  18; 


Dear  Sir,  - - — ” — 

In  the  absence  of  Colonel  Gm.ramj 

pa~  t0  ^  of  date  8th  Inst:,  wMc ^  ^ 
CASE  91.  nefeis  to  the  Patent  -otter  . 

Sy  the  saire  post  we  received  +v  ,, 

received  iron  Messrs  Dyer  &  s»Mv 

-cation  and  Dv«v-;>,.n  +  or»eiy  oho  Spe<? lf±* 

an&s,  -ogether  wi^h.  various  Vov*r~  n-f  A+  + 

- = 

as  regards  translation  eto.  ’  ',S1  s;-"  fix  with  afflcior.oj 

Tho  Provisional  Specificati „„  s,,  v 

■*““  w  2ZT  -  m“  6>-  “ 

««ay  in  -ha  filing  of  th.  „Miriema  £  *»P  ««.t 

— y, ...  an  „,os„„y  „w„t;  ^r;  :™x  ?—  - 

)  r‘  ln  -u*  Agents  hands. 

/  Y°urs  faithfully. 



The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company,  (Limited.) 

Mo.  of  Words. . 

|  Head  Office,  Winchester  House,  50  Old  Broad  St„  London,  England,  [j 

NEW  TORE  Offices, 

40  Broadway  &  61  New  St. 

444  Broome  Street. 


Post  Office  Building. 


Queen  Buildings,  Hollis  St 


34  Throgmorton  St 


D  6,  Exchange  Buildings.  l 

OtLI'  op ^ 

40  Broadway, 


NOV  26  ifjjjQ 

The  following  J^BLEGRAM  reef 
From . . 

A  DIRECT  CABLE,"  atX  O  ^  <5_ 




No  Inquiry  respecting  this  Message  can  be  attended  to  without  the  production  of  this  Paper. 


jr  The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company,  (limited.) 

Head  Office,  Winchester  Hi 

50  Old  Broad  Sf„  London,  England. 

NEW  YOKE  Offices,  40  Broadway  k  51  New  St 
«  “  444  Broome  Street 

BOSTON  “  Post  Office  Building. 

HALIFAX  “  Queen  Buildings,  Hollis  St 

LONDON  “  34  Throgmorton  St. 

LIVERPOOL  “  D  6,  Exchange  Buildings. 



J  40  Broadway . 
new  you  ft- 

NOV  27  W& 


The  fol|o'oVfng  CABLEGRAM  i 



. JurtJjL  Vw 

CABLE,"  at^_ 


%.  EC-  £  I V j 

- NOV271H89  "" 

S (rt- 

/A,  „ 

AAa  A  ^ 



No  Inquiry  respecting  this  Message 

be  attended  to  without  the  production  of  this  Paper. 

<J0  '  (fs^-/ C.  £  '  sS 

'TUw'i!  'tfU-U  )  '.  ( .  SSD  . ’0  •<. 




v  ^  r 
(ptuJ.  A/.’f  f) 

j/r  sws»  /tsrk:kYYi 
/O.  JW  '''  :  *  J  I 

.*  :  t’  :  - 

/S' CM*'/*.  f  Off  X*4<*ty*&**,£ 

S,  ,:  \4:  i  rtOu,Y».<c& 

JY  Lfijs**-  'c  ■ 

r  /jSA^  /tst*L&- 


So  o  Sc^uf 

/  Xj  fo^At* 


The  Direct  United  States  Defile  CohiplhjQ(i«»it»iJ ' . 

Head  Office,  Winchester  House,  50  Old’ Btoaii  St.;  London;  England..  ‘ 

NEW  YORK  Offices,  40  Broadly  &H6i.New  St.,.. 
“  “  444  Broome  Street.  ‘ 




,  .Post  pfllco  Building. 

“  Queen  'Buildings,  Hollis']! 
“  _  84  ..Throgmorton  St. 

’  “40  Broiidr/rfy, ' 

t  ;•  -  -  NEVy  YORK; 

DEC  3  1889 

The  .followina^CABLEGRAM  received 

“YIA  DIRECT  CABLE  ”  atH&L*  ‘ r' '  m.7 
'7v*0-*^0<u_  > 



•  ,  DEC  a  1889 

i  . 

....  '  .  •  •  ^  L  r  ^  u'  2-  u 



A.  0.  Tate  Esq.,  L'w  C/-  ■ '< 

Edison’s  Laboratory, 

Orange , 

New  Jersey,. 

My  dear  Tatej- 

I  am  extremely  sorry  that  the  cable  message  was  not  capable 
of  interpretation*  but  you  will  notice  on  the  first  page  of  the  code 
that  the  "singular,  plural,  masculine,  and  fennfcMne  are  implied. 
Colonel  Gouraud  told  me  that  he  would  get  through  his 
business  very  quickly,  as  he  felt  sure  Mr  Edison  would  be  agreeable 
to  Ms  proposals,  and  in  that  case  he  would  be  back  by  the  same 
Steamer;  I  had  an  important  matter  in  hand  wMch  necessitated  my  know-' 
ing  whether  Colonel  Gouraud  had  sailed  or  not,,  ans  so  I  cabled  to  you 
thinking  that  you  would  probably  know  all  about  it, 

I  hope  that  all  the  negociations  that  havt  taken* place'  have'^ 
been  carried  out  to  the  murual  satisfaction*  df'  air  concerneciy~y6u  *  /" 
know  how  eager  w  e  are  for  real  bds inepsv  and\howvfar  the  market"'is 
prepared  to  receive  the  Phonograph,  wMch  I  am  glad  to  say  has  been 
xe-modeled,  and  I  hope  improved  thereby. 


Office  of  ithe.Edigon  Phonograph  Company^ 

New  York,  December  14th,  1889 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

V  <£t 

i  A m» bul eat  standing  of  some  days  since,  upo: 

v/hich,  at  your  suggestion  I  cabled  to  Holland  and  Denmark  advising 
that  the  Phonograph  should  not  be  distributed  until  the  Phonograph 

proper,  could  be  substituted  for  the  new  improvements  with  single 
diaphragm.  I  find  that  some  had  already  been  disposed  of,  but 
there  will  be  no  difficulty  in  effecting  the  desired  exchanges,  to 
which  end  I  beg  that  you  will  forward  possible  despatch, 

the  necessary  material,  that  is  to  say,  50  to*  Reubens,  Copenhagen 
and  25  to  Stieltzges;  also  50  to  Edison  House,  Northumberland 
Avenue,  London,  observing  the  same  shipping  instructions  as  in  the 

case  of  previous  invoices.  Kindly  advise  me  to  this  addrei 
shipments  as  made. 

I  hope  that  the  10  machines,  or  Phonograph  parts  of  same 
were  shipped  to-day  as  promised  by  telephone;  these  were  to  go  to 

As  regards  the  remainder  of  my  order  for  One  thousand,  in 
connection  with  which  it  was  understood  that  shipments  of  25  per 
week  were  to  be  made  after  the  first  one  hundred.  I  beg  to  say 

that  I  am  prepared  to  take  deliveries  on  account  of  the  same  as 
rapidly  as  you  can  deliver  them.  Kindly  let  me  know  at  vhat  rate 
X  may  count  upon  receiving  them  and  I  will  give  you  shipping  in¬ 
structions  accordingly. 


The  fairest  United  States  Cable  Company, 

JVo.  of  Wr»{fk  ^  U- 


:e,  Winchester  House,  50  Old  Broad  St„  London,  England. 

NEW  YORK  Offices,  40  Broadway  '&  51  Now  St 
“  “  "  444  Broomo  Streat. 

BOSTON  ••  Post  Office  Building. 

HALIFAX  “  Queon  Buildings,  Hollis  St 

LONDON  “  34  Throgmorton  St 

LIVERPOOL  “  D  6,  Exchange  Buildings. 

^LE  OPFj 

40  Broad 
mevv  York,  ' 
DE&.1?.,  ito* 

j  J  j\/£0 |^-'(f?^'(EquiTASu 

Deal-  Sir: 

Col.  Gouraud  tells  me  that  he  sent  you  about  a  month 
ago  a  certified  copy  of  his  contract  of  October,  1887,  with  Mr. 
Edison  relating  to  phonographs.  This  is  the  first  I  ever  heard 
of  U.  Y/e  have  been  trying  Tor  a  long  time  to  find  out  with  cer¬ 
tainty  that  this  contract  is  according  to  his  files. 

Y/ill  you  kindly  send  me  the  above  document  by  return  mail 
so  that  I  may  have  it  for  use  in  connection  with  the  contracts  re¬ 
lating  to  the  Edisons  United  Phonograph  Company. 

Very  truly  your 




Name  of  Person  Sanding. 
. Ware . 

cMng.  j  Time.  |  Date. 

. i...D.e.o...iat.h.r. 18.89. . m 

From  whom  received:  Mr . Insull ,Edis on  Machine  Works,  New  York. 
To  whom  sent:  Mr . Tate  .Edison 's  Laboratory ,  Orangey  N.J. 

The  decision  of  the  Attorney  General  and  the  receipt  for  the 
600  pounds  are  somewhere  at  Orange.  The y  must  be  Jtrere , as  Gou- 
raud  sent  copies, and  it  is  ve(ry  imp  ortant  wk  should/get  than, as 
their  absence  is  blocking  the  negotiations.  '  In  *(cldi tion,  there  is 
a  letter  from  Waterhouse  &  wlnterljotton/on  the/^xlject  of  the 
Stereosoopic  Co’s  claim.  Welhad  a  letter  f/an  Burcham  and  Co., 
on  the  subject, but  what  we  wantjipw  is  the  letter  from  Waterhouse 

&  Winterbottom. 


Gdisok  Rouse  “  B.”  RoRiPHUMBERiiANn  n  VRMTfP! 

"phonograph,  London,"  Np 




Deo  23rd  1889. 

T.  L.  Edison  Esq., 


I  beg  to  acknowledge  your  cable  as  follows;.-  Cdionel 
here-  new  Phonographs  a  few  days.  H.  •>'  r  < 

faithfully  yoursi,  ^ 

J;.  Lp; Young.!; 




He  has  no  relation,  with  Gouraud,  hut  used  tobe  with  him, 
Kingsbury,  in' Gouraud' s  office.  He  is  thoroughly  posted  as 
to  Gouraud's  methods,  and  may  possible  be  friendly  with 
Gouraud.'  He  is  quite  talkative,  well  posted  amd  known  well 
by  P.S.Dyer.-'  You  ought  to  be  able  to  get  from  him  a  great 
deal  of  general  information.  I  found  I  was  able  to  when  I 
was  in  london  last. 


Verity  is  by  no  means  friendly  towards  Gouraud,  but  will 
do  almost  anything  for  ua.:  If  Gouraud  is  dealing  with  Spen- 
oer  Balfour,  Sir  Geo.  Elliot,  or  any  of  the  same  crowd,  you 
oqn  probably  get  a  greftt  deal  of  information  from  Verity..  As 
to  the  exact  composition  of  this  crowd,  you  can  find  out  in 
conversation  with  Verity,  or  by  looking  up  the  Electrical  Com¬ 
panies,,  whose  Board  of  Directors  contains  the  names  of  the 
above  named  gentlemen,  including  Verity.  You  can  get  this 

.  A) 

information  of^Oompanipes  from  a  book  called  the  "Directory 
of  Directors",  which  is  published  I  think  in  the  month  of 
April  of  each  year. 

When  Verity  was  here  he  wanted  to  buy  the  Phonograph  for 
Sir  Geo.  Elliot,  Spencer  Balfour,  etc.  It  is  just  within  the 
range  of  possibility  that  these  same  people  may  be  interested 
with  Seligman,  as  at  the  time  we  werp  negotiating  with 


-Saligman  here,  I  cabled  Verity  to  know  if  his  friends  were 
interested  with  him,  but  so  far  as  I  can  recollect  we  have 
»ever  had  a  reply*  You  will  find  Verity  very  talkative,  and 
although  he  tries  to  be  quite  mysterious,  you  can  get  a  great 
deal  more  information  out  of  him,  than  you  need  give.- 
M.  M.  MOORE. 

He  used  to  have  relations  with  Gouraud  years  ago.  Al¬ 
though  they  are,  so  far  as  I  am  aware,  friendly/  I  do  not 
believe  they  are  at  all  confidential;  but  it  is  quite  possible 
that  Moore  may  be  interested  with  Gouraud.  I  know  that  per¬ 
sonally  he  does  not  admire  Gouraud' s  methods,  and  although 
I  would  not  be  inclined  to  treat  him  with  very  great  confid¬ 
ence,  I  am  sure  that  were  1  in  London  1  could  get  a  great 
deal  of  information  out  of  him,  if  he  has  any.- 

He  was  largely  interested  with  Gouraud  in  connection  with 
the  exploitation  of  the  telephone.-  He  made  a  great  deal  of 
money  out  of  Gouraud  in  connection  therewith.  I  have  gained 
the  impression,  but  from  what  source  I  cannot  remember,  that 
Gouraud  intended  to  try  and  interest  Parrish  in  the  Phon¬ 
ograph.  Parrish  is  the  largest  stock  holder  in  the  telephone 
business  in  England. 

■  pi 


I  very  much  question  whether  he  is  acting  as  Mr.Gouraud's 
Attorney...  He  nay  however,  figure  in  the  Phonograph,  in 
connection  with  the  disclaimer  of  the  old  Phonograph,  because 
he  is  Attorney  for  the  Telephone  Company,  for  whose  benefit 
the  original  Phonograph  was  disclaimed.  I  consider  him  the 
second  best  for  legal  advise,  owing  to  the  fact  that  he  is 
acquainted  with  Gouraud's  methods,  and  understands  the  general 
Edison  situation  in  England* 

R  E  N  S  H  A  W* 

If  Renshaw  is  not  acting  as  Mr.Gouraud's  Attorney,  he 
is  the  very  best  man  to  advise  you*  Par  several  years  he 
was  quite  intimate  with  Gouraud,  and  understands  his  methods 

thoroughly*  Knows  everybody  financially  in  London*  Probably 

hy  the  time  you  get  to  London,  we  shall  cable  you  with  relat¬ 
ion  to  one  or  the  other  of  these  two  Lawyers,  and  if  we 
instruct  you  to  go  to  one  for  legal  advise,  I  do  not  hink  it 
would  be  desirable  for  you  to  present  the  letter  of  intro¬ 
duction  to  the  other*  After  thinking  the  natter  over  a  ' 
little  further,  I  may  decide  to  cable  each  of  them,  asking 
whether  he  is  Gouraud's  Attorney. 


Owing  to  the  great  lenght  of  time  since  I  have  had  any 
personal  talk  with  the  above  people,  if  I  were  going  to  London 
myself  I  would  not  show  my  hand  in  any  way  to  anybody.  I 
simply  give  you  these  letters  in  the  hope  that  it  may  help 
you  to  get  information*'  You  will  find  John  Verity; the  moBt 
talkative,  because  like  most  young  men,  he  i3  very  anxious 
to  show  that  he  is  extremely  well  posted,  and  acquainted  with 
a  great  many  big  men.-  , 


,  If  Gouraud  offers  a  lump  sum  in  cash,  confine  it  if 

possible  to  the  smallest:.. territory.,  thtis  giving  us  an  opportunity 
for  further  dealings  with  him  on  outlaying  districts. 

Of  course  if  the  purchase  is  made  privately  hy  a  syn¬ 
dicate  ,  they  will  want  to  inolude  the  whole  world  outside  United 
States  and  Canada;  hut  if  it  is  made  with  a  Gomp*ny  to  he  brought 
out,  that  Company  will  certainly,  in  the  first  place  not  include 
anything  more  than  Great  Britain!? 

It  is  just  possible  that  Gouraud  may  dicker  with  Mr.; 
Edison  for  a  price  to  include  the  whole  territory,  and  then  turn 
around  and  sell  to  an  English  Company  for  the  same,  which  would 
leave  everything  ourside  Great  Britain  to  him,  at  next  to  a  nominal 

If  the  deal  is  with  a  private  syndicate,  we  must  know 

/ter  ... 

whether  purpose  to  pay  the  cash  down,  or  whether  they  purpose  ex¬ 
tending  the  payments  over  a  period*  In  case  of  payment  hy  install¬ 
ments,  we  shall  want  to  know  who  shall  he  guarantees  of  the  payment 
If  Gouraud  wants  to  bring  out  a  Company,  we  shoul^jrant  to  know 
his  proposed  directors,  and  you  would  haye  to  cable  thedr  full 
names.  The  Bankers,  brokers,  lawyers,  aooouritants  and  officers 
sfotfiStpi'Oposed  Company?  Also  whether  the  proposed  Company  is 
to  be  underwriter,  and  what  Stock  Exchange  people  would  act  as 
underwriters  *  We  would  also  want  to  know  •whether,  other,  parties 
Outsits  Gouraud  should  benefit  from  the  purchase  money?  I  i (in¬ 
sider  that  ^r.^oTU’aud  would  haVe  to- pay  these  other  parties,  ahd  • 

not  Mr  .Edison,  Although  f  have  not  the  contract  at  hand  to  naka 
aura.  Do  not  forget  to  get  from  ffouraud  as  soon  as  you’ arrive, 
copies  of  his  contracts." 

In  relation  to  any  orders  Gouraud  may  give  for  Phonog¬ 
raph*  ,  jtmp  Oawganrao  -iimm  frw— we  will  only  accept  the 

order  provided  payment  is  authorized  in  New  York  on  presentation 
pf  invoice  and  hill  of  lading.: 


5  0  UR  Aim  '.S  PLAN  POR  COMPANIES, 

Model  sane , as  .America.  Separate  . Company  for  eaoh  importjant 
country  under  hie  agreement. 


.  Pair  proportion  money  and  shares,  and 

fixing  for  first  year'8  operation  minimum  and  maximum  number 
phonos,  to  be  ordered  and  supplied. 

0,  &  E.  to  hold  all  shares  issued  to  them  by  sub  companies  (1/3 
of  share  capital  being  maximum  under  English  Stock  Exchange 
rules )  and  out  of  cash  consideration  to  purchase  sufficient  number 
additional  shares  to  control  sub  companies. 

General  Policy. 

To  be  left  to  respective  conpanies 
to  decide  as  to  selling  or  renting  instruments 

English  Company. 

Machines  to  be  rented  only. 

Patents  not  to  be  boW  to  a  parent  company  but  retained  by 
■ourselves.*  and  licensee  companies  to  be  formed  thereunder. 

Sub  oompanies  to  buy  and  own  phonographs  at  prices  to  be  agreed. 

Prom  oash  payments  received  from  different. ,  oompami'es  'fighting 
s  :fund*  of, from 4^3, 000  to^JJO.OOO  to  t*  formed,  to  placed  in 
trust  during  term  of  patents,  income  from  which  to  be  paid  E,  Ss  G. 

aa  accrued.  Principal  in  part  or  whole  to  be  applied  wh^  neces¬ 
sary  for  protection  of  patents.  Thin  to  enable  E,  *  0,  to  disorirai 
mite  aa  iid  litigation,',  and  {jive  th*ni  selection  of  lawyers,' 

0  0  II  R  A  u  T>  W  ANTS  to  KNOW:- 

(1)  Are  now  phonos,  as  loud  as  old  ones? 

(2)  Number  of  phonos,  ho  oan  roly  on  In  monthly  delivery  begin- 

(3)  Maximum  prices. 

(4)  Motor  madhinfta^r  *"•'  ' j 

Motor  machines  el-eotrio  It.  Circuit .v 
Treadle  machines,  x/ 

Reg.'  Chromate  battery,  >-■ 

New  oxide  (various  sizes) 

(5)  Re  combined  motor  and  treadle. 

(6)  What  phonos,  has  Gouraud  had?  Are  they  same  as  those  sent 

(7)  Confirm  thes< 

We  are  now  making  practical  commercial  machine. 
V/e  are  satisfied  with  it.  and  make  no  further 

There  are  700  in  hands  of  public  giving  satis¬ 

Price  of  first  1,000  to  N.  A.  P.  Co.  will  not. 
exceed  $45 . 00 „ actual  price  to  be  determined 
later  by  books. 

Want  his  orders  and  can  fill  at  rate  of  1  or 

(8)  When  will  he  reoeivo  a  oormorcial  phonograph. 

(9)  Price  to  G,  same  aB  to  N.  A.  P.  Co. 

(10)  Last  10  machines  sent  Oouraud  are  unsatisfactory.  What  ’ 



(1)  Great  irregularity. 

(2)  Diaphragms  easily  broken.  All  woken  thus  far. 

(3)  One  cell  seems  too  little.  Two  too  much. 

(4)  New  machines  less  to  be  relied  oh  than  previous  machine^ 

(5)  He  don't  want  any  more  phonographs  involving  experts . 

(6)  Prefers  phonos,  made  under  case  90, 

1889.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Frazar  &  Company  (D-89-60) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
phonograph  sales  agencies  in  China,  Japan,  and  Korea.  There  are  also  letters 
about  the  presentation  of  phonographs  to  Chinese  and  Japanese  government 
officials  and  about  the  search  for  wax  to  use  in  phonograph  cylinders.  Most 
of  the  correspondence  is  by  Everett  Frazar,  Edison’s  phonograph  agent  in 
Japan  and  China. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  Aimed:  routine 
correspondence  concerning  the  shipment  of  orders;  other  routine  business 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-89-41  (Electric  Light  -  Foreign  - 




124  WATER  ST. 

New  York, 


2nd,  1889. 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq., 


Dear  Sir: 

I  have  today  received  a  cable  from  Yokohama  in  which  my  house 
recommends  that  1  procure  from  the  Japanose  Minister  phonograph 
letters  to  prominent  officials  in  Japan,  the  same  as  have  already 
been  given  in  connection  with  the  graphaphone.  Mr.  Tate  has  prom¬ 
ised  to  call  tomorrow,  when  I  will  discuss  this  matter  with  him. 

•  Yours  very  truly, 

- -  . 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Tate! 

Mr.  Chas.  Gould,  of  the  North -American  Phonograph 
Co.,  was  very  desirous  of  going  to  China  with  me.  He  seems  to  be 
a  very  clever  kind  of  a  fellow,  and  if  ho  understands  the  machine 
thoroughly  -  as  I  believe  he  does  -  I  should  imagine  he  would  be 
a  very  good  man  for  Frazier  &  Co.  to  obtain  the  services  of.  He 
is  of  good  address  and  calculated  to  produce  a  good  impression. 

The  Washington  Capital  of  Sunday  had  a  short  article 
in  relation  to  the  graphophone  in  China  and  Japan. 

I  will  be  in  Chicago  at  the  Grand  Pacific  Hotel  for  the 
next  ten  or  twelve  days.  Will  be  glad  to  hear  from  you.. 

l  Jtu.  uh, 


yT^y  s&l  ^24*-^tOt.-/Le_ , 

gJ»/C,^  ^dezr-y&'&^r.  ,^?_<z  ^y  ^ 

Cy^y^  ZZg 

y^iS^p^  cj  /fcJJ?  '.XZ.y  ^  ' 

■  ^f^e^C  JyJ^cO^Jt  Jr?  ~<^-i  ^ 

'!^^n  Jn  r&$*t//£*v->  -^JJJJ  J^e  ^JJ  CZ>^ 

C*JJ  PfocJ,  typZ^.  Jl4yy?Jy&y*^ty  , 

jU-cm^  PJy^,  -*^rf/ 

(J^^-^4^-  y£jg~*^\ JJJPtyi — ^ 

*!Z— 5" 

<stj^  yJJ^'^-'^y^/'  y^JyJr  yj 

rJ^yC..  Tz^J ^Sr>^,  P'jr^typ/C^J^  £-?f 

(Jys  z>^y_ 

,  yJjJ-^Fy t-^  ^-JO  "'’"  '  ^<y^mr - 

t^yjkye^ypgy  zZKpyy  t 

UBS;  Ukam)  livcn  ii: JOsqiisi^ 

JhtAKK.liatKKlt  A5  COjitOMl/KTOltS. 


Parlor  1. 
..J.OT’y  1&, — 

My  dear  Tate. 

I  have  your  letter  of  Jan'y  16th,  which  was  reo  ’d 

shortly  after  I  wrote  you  yesterday.  I  feel  very  sure  that  Mr. 

&  y- 

Gould  does  not  possess  the  qualifications  which  -you  desire $J . 
Concerning  Mr.  Gould's  qualifications  on  the  phonograph  -  1  would 
have  you  thoroughly  investigate  that  before  giving  him  employment 
anyway.  My  idea  was  that  if  Gould's  qualifications  were  such  as 
would  fit  him  for  the  position,  he  is  a  man  of  good  address  and 
considerable  business  ability,  and  he  would  perhaps  be  a  good  man 
to  take  to  China.  I  have  no  speoial  interest  in  the  matter,  how¬ 
ever,  and  do  not  desire  you  to  think  that  I  am  pressing  his  appli¬ 

Yours  very  truly. 



124  WATER  ST., 

New  York.  Jan.  19th,  1889, 

Thos,  A,  Edison  Esq., 

The  laboratory, 

Orange  • 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  I  hand  you  special  letter  received  from  Y ok oh  an  a 
this  morning  in  regard  to  the  exhibition  of  the  American  Grapha- 
phone  at  the  U.  S,  Legation,  Tokio,  on  the  above  date.  This  cer¬ 
tainly  will  interest  you  and  shows  the  quiet  but  complete  action 
taken  by  the  Company's  agent,  Mr.  Austin  Herv,  who  arrived  in  Jap¬ 
an  Dec.  19th  from  San  Erancisco,  registering  himBelf  at  the  hotel 
as  from  Washington,  I  shall  be  pleased  to  learn  whether  you  know 
this  gentlemen  and  if  formerly  in  your  employ,  also  whether  he  is  a 
man  of  larger  experience  in  the  Graphaphone  or  Phonograph  than 
would  likely  be  the  case  with  the  young  gentleman  with  whom  you 
propose  to  furnish  us  to  exploit  the  phonograph  in  Japan  and  China. 
Kindly  return  the  enclosed  letter  to  me  with  your  reply  at  early 
convenience.  Also  please  state  what  will  be  the  earliest  date 
that  we  can  advise  our  expert  being  ready  to  leave  for  Japan.  Our 

Feb.  steamer  from  Vancouver  leaves  on  the  19th,  requiring  a  passen- 
The  March  Str.  loaves  on  the  19th, requiring  to  leave  N.Y. March  10th 
ger  to  leave  N.  Y.  Feb.  10th.^  Will  it  be  necessary  to  delay  to  a 

later  date  or  oould  he  leave  earlier  via  San  Francisco?  If  via 

Vancouver,  there  is  a  saving  to  us  in  passage  money,  but  this  does 

not  compensate  for  the  loss  of  very  valuable  time,  knowing  that 




•the  Phonograph  ia  already  ahead  of  us  with  its  representative  in 
•  Japan.  I  am  very  anxious  to  know  that  we  are  sending  out  a  really 
competent  person,  particularly  for  the  phonography but  with  a  fair 
knowledge  of  incandescent  lighting  and  installing  also.  This,  I 
understand  from  you  and  Mr.  Insull,  can  be  combined  in  the  same  pe* 

Mr.  Tate  ia  to  dend  me  a  rough  memo,  of  agreement  to  be  exe¬ 
cuted  between  us  for  the  conduct  of  this  specialty.  I  have  told 
him  I  will  leave  the  matter  to  him  and  your  good  self  to  make  this 
initial  memo.,  asking  lydu  to  form  same  upon  as  liberal  terms  as 
possible  for  us,  considering  the  expense  to  which  we  will  be  put 
with  certain  competition,  reducing  the  prospect  of  margins  of  prof¬ 
it  materially.  I  regret,  first,  that  the  graphaphone  is  in  ex¬ 
istence  at  all,  as  you  no  doubt  do  also,  and  still  more  to  find 
that  it  is  being  exploited  through  our.,  own  territory.  If  you 

briefly  state  to  me  in  a  letter^in  triplicate,  the  commercial 
and  social  uses  to  which  the  phonograph  can  be  put  and  its  advan¬ 
tages  over  the  graphaphone  I  shall  feel  greatly  obliged  and  will 
forward  same'  to  our  friends  in  the  Bast,  who  will  make  use  of  it 
with  both  the  foreign  and  native  presB  as  well  aB  by  circular. 

I  would  like  our  expert  to  take  with  him  at  least  half  a  dozen  pho¬ 
nographs,  if  same  can  be  got  ready;  if  not,  even  two,  that  he  may 
not  be  delayed  in  leaving. 

Believe  me,  dear  Sir, 





124  WATER  ST., 

New  York.  Jan.  24th,  1889. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Private  Secretary, 

The  laboratory,  Orange, 

Dear  Sir! 

I  have  your  valued  favor  of  the  21st  inst.  and  am  pleased  to 
note  that  you  will  be  able  to  arrange  for  phonograms  from  the 
Japanese  Minister  and  othera  in  Washington,  before  our  expert  goes 
to  Japan  and  China.  It  would  be  well  to  obtain  same  from  the  Chi¬ 
nese  Minister  also,  addressed  to  officials  in  Pekin  and  fran  the 
Japanese  Minister  to  officials  and  to  sane  personal  friends,  speak¬ 
ing  in  a  Bocial  way,  if  possible.  I  have  had  two  interviews  with 
the  Japanese  Vice  Consul  here,  the  Consul  being  absent,  but  due 
from  San  Francisco  shortly;  also  with  Mr.  T.  Takaki,  manager  of  the 
Yoko.'  Specie  Bank  here,  and  have  arranged  that,  at  the  proper  time 
when  you  will  put  me  in  the  way  of  same,  we  will  have  these  gen¬ 
tlemen  use  the  Phonograph  in  New  York,  sending  the  cylinders  to 
Japan  by  the  expert.  The  full  address  of  the  Japanese  Minister 
at  Washingtin  is  Munemitsu  Mutsu,  Japanese  legation;  the  name  of 
the  JapaneseVice  Consul  in  New  York  is  Ikunoshiu  Matsuoka.  We 
wil3  be  able  to  get  Just  such  assistance  from  each  of  these  offi¬ 
cials  as  we  may  need.  1  might  get  the  same  privileges  from  the 
Chinese.  The  Japanese  Vice  Consul  goes  to  Washington  on  Saturday 
for  a  few  days  and  he  promises  me  to  have  a  conference  with  the 

.Minister  there,  explaining  the  matter  fully,  so  that  when  our  ex¬ 
pert  calls  on  him,  he  will  have  been  informed  in  advance.  Please 
let  me  know  if  you  can  suggest  any  other  names  from  whom  we  would 
do  well  to  get  letters,  or  other  parties  whom  it  would  be  well  to 
have  use  the  phonograph,  that  the  expert  may  avail  of  same. 

In  regard  to  the  salary  to  be  paid  the  expert,  I  am  quite 
willing  to  defer  to  the  good  Judgement  of  Mr.  EdiBon.  Of  course, 
it  would  be  better  to  get  a  suitable  man  and  pay  a  little  more,  as 
you  say,  especially  if  he  be  a  person  of  some  little  experience  in 
electrical  business,  so  that  his  services  can  be  made  use  of  to 
advantage,  combining  the  Phonograph  and  elec,  lighting,  wten  visit¬ 
ing  the  different  cities  of  Japan  and  China,  thus  advancing  the 
whole  Edison  interest  to  our  mutual  advantage.  Please  mention 
this  to  Mr.  Edison. 

At  your  convenience  please  send  me  rough  memo,  of  the  agree¬ 
ment  between  us  and  let  me  know  the  result  of  your  latest  consider- 
ation  of  the  Berlin  matter  «=- 
Believe  me. 

Yours  very  truly. 

To  71  is  Excellency, 

The  Chinese  Minister, 

Washington,  0.  0. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  have  the  honor  tic;  inform  you  that  my  firms,  .Frazer  &  Co., 
in  China  and  Japan  have  been  appointed  by  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  liis 
sepcial  agebfts  in  those  countries  and  Korea  for  the  introduction 
of  his  Perfected  Phonograph.  We  are  about  sending  an  expert  to 
China  with  several  now  instruments  and  shall-  have  occasion  to  bring 
same  to  the  attention  of  the  different  departments  of  the  Chine so 
Government.  It  is  the  desire  of  botJi  Mr.  Edison  and  mysolf  that 
you  should  have  an  opportunity  of  hearing  and  testing  this  new 
speakire  machine,  which  I  feci  confident  you  will  agree  with  mo  is 
the  latest  and  most  marvellous  oi  Mr,  Edison's  invontions.  This 
aftornoon  Mr.  Edison  is  sending  a  gentleman,  Mr.  Miller,  to  Wash¬ 
ington  for  the  purpose  of  giving  an  exhibition  before  the  Commis¬ 
sioners  of  the  Patent  Office.  1  3hall  taka  the  liberty  of  handing 
Mr. Miller  a  letter  of  introduction  to  Your  Excellency  and  shall 
fool  groatly  obliged  if  you  will  grant  him  an  interview  with  the 
Plionograph.  I  shall  also  be  glad  if  you  will  speak  to  a  few  of 


yuin-  personal  friends  in  the  various  departments  of  the  Government, 
at  Peking  upon  the  Phonograph,  and  Hr.  Mill  a-  will  take  with  him 
tlio  recording  cylinders  for  use  in  Poking  upon  an  instrument  sent 
|jy  mo  with  our  export;  arid  your  friends  will  have  she  pleasure  of 
hearing,  your  own  voice,  as  though  yon  wore  personally  present. 

These  might  servo  as  introductories  to  our  export  when  snowing  the 
Phonograph,  and  you  will  do  me  a  favor  by  advising  the  Government 
that  a  full  supply  of  the  original  Edison  Perfected  Phonograph  will 
bo  sent  to  that  country  vory  shortly,  the  extend ivo  Edison  labora¬ 
tory  being  now  in  full  operation  and  turning  Out  about  40  comploto 
talking  machines  per  day. 

I  hope  to  bo  in  Y/nshingi.on  in  a  few  v/e-ks  and  shall  do  myself 
the  honor  of  calling  upon  yon.  Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your 
kindness  and  attention  to  Mr.  .Miller,  believe  ir.o,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Everett  Frazar, 

124  WATER  ST., 



Gt1;,  IGGD. 

To  His  Excellency, 

The  Chinese  iinister, 

Washington,  D.  C. 

Dear  Sir: 

This  will  be  handed  yon  by  Hr  .Walter  Hiller,  who  process  to 
Washington  tonight  in  the  service  of  Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison  of  Orange, 
N.  j..,  the  inventor  of  the  Edison  Perfected  Phonograph.  Mr.  Mill¬ 
er  will  take  pleasure  in  showing,  yon.  the  working  of  the  Phonograph 
and  I  shall  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  will  assist  him  by  allowing 
him  to  take  down  upon  the  Phonograph  seme,  short  message  of  your  owi 
to  certain  officials  in  China.  A  special  letter  which  1  Jmvo  ior- 
warded  to  you  today  by  mail  will  further  explain  m  regard  to  the 

Thanking  you .for  any  courtesies  shown  to  Mr.  Miller  on  Mr. 
Edison's  behalf,  I  remain,  Dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Everett  Frazah 

isi  WATER  ST., 


Feb.  6th,  lcJdi). 

To  If.  E, ,  Munemitsu  Hutsu, 

H.  I,  ,1.  Minister, 

Washington,  i).  C. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  havo  the  honor  to  inform  you  that  my  firms,  Frazer  &  Co., 
in  Japan  and  China  havo  been  appointed  by  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  his 
special  agents  in  those  countries  and  Korea  for  :.ho  introduction 
of  his  Perfected  Phonograph.  We  are  about  sending  an  expert  to 
Japan  with  several  novr  instruments  and  shall  have  occasion  to  bring 
same  to  the  attention  of  the  different  departments  of  the  Japanese 
Cover  rone m  during  the  months  of  April  and  May.  It  in  the  desire  of 
both  Mr,  Edison  and  myself  that  you  should  have  the  opportunity  of 
hearing  and  -.eating  this  now  speaking  machine,  which  I  feel  confi¬ 
dent  you  will  agreo  with  me  is  tho  latest  and  most  marvelous  of  Mr. 
Edison's  inventions.  This  afternoon  Mr.  Edison  is  sending  a  gentle 
man,  Mr.  Miller,  to  Washington  with  one  of  his  phonographs,  for  tho 
purpose  of  giving  an  exhibition  to  the  Commissi oners  of  the  Patent 
Office.  I  shall  take  the  liberty  of  handing  ijr.  Miller  a  letter 
of  introduction  to  Your  Excellency  and  8 ha 11  feel  greatly  obliged 
if  you  will  grant  him  an  interview  witli  the  phonograph.  1  shall  al¬ 
so  bo  very  glad  if  you  will  speak  to  a  few  of  your  personal  friends 
in  the  various  departments  of  tho  Government  in  Tokio  upon  tho 
phonograph,  and  Mr.  Miller  vfill  take  with  him  tho  recording 

cylinders  for  use  in  Tokio  for  use  upon  an  instrument  sent  by  mo 
with  our  expert;  and  your  friends  will  have  the  pleasure  of  hearing 
yo’.ir  ovm  voice  an  though  you  wore  personally  present.  These  might 
bo  wo  an  introilnctorias  to  our  expert  when  showing  the  Phonograph, 
and  you  will  do  mo  a  favor  by  advising  the  Government  that  a  full 
supply  of  tho  original  Edison  i’erfoctod  Phonograph  w ill  be  sent  to 
that  country  vory  shortly,  the  extensive  Edison  laboratory  being 
now  in  full  operation  and  turning  out  about  30  complete  talking 
machines  per  day.  If  .Mr.  Stevons  will  also  kindly  spoak  to  an  of¬ 
ficial  in  Tokio,  in  English,  and  allow  Mr.  Miller  to  tako  tho  rec¬ 
ord  cylinder  with  him,  1  shall  be  obliged, 

I  had  the  plosisure  of  an  acquaintance  with  your  predecessor, 
Mr.  Kuki,  and,  hoping  to  be  in  Washington  in  a  few  wool's,  shall  do 
myself  tho  honor  of  culling  upon  you. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  kindness  and  attention  to 
Mr.  Miller,  bolievc  me,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Everett  Frazab, 

124  WATER  ST., 


.5 rrsr- 

'  '-Peb.  6th,  1869. 

5>0  E. ,  Muhemitsu  Mutsu, 

H.  I.  j.  Minister, 

'  Washington,  D.  C, 

Bear  Sir: 

This  will  ne  handed  you  by  Mr  .Walter  Miller,  who  proceeds  to 
Washington  tonight  in  the  service  of  Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison  ol  Orange, 
N.  J.,.  the  inventor  of  the  Edison  Perfected  Phonograph.  Mr.  Miller 
will  take  pleasure  in  showing  you  the  working  of  the  phonograph  and 
I  shall  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  will  assist  him  by  allowing  him 
to  take  down  upon  the  Phonograph  some  short  message  of  your  Wn  to 
certain  officials  in  Japan.  A  special  letter  which  I  have  for¬ 
ded  you  today  by  mail  will  further  explain  in  regard  to  the  Mono¬ 

Tv1>f  J\lng  you  for  ar,y  courtesies  shown  to  Mr.  Miller  on  Mn 
Edison's  behalf,  I  remain,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Everett  Frazar, 

,  124  WATER  ST., 


Dr.  Ii.  K.  A3  Ion, 

I  have  the  honor  to  inform  you  that  my  firms  in  Japan  and 
China,  S’rassar  ft  t.o.,  have  been  appointed  by  Air.  fhos.  A. Edison  his 
special  agents  in  those  countries  and  Korea  for  the  introduction  oj 
his  Perfects  l  Phonograph.  Wo  Are  about  sending  an  expert  to  Japan 
with  several  new  instruments  and  shall  have  occasion  -,o  bring  same 
to  the  attention  of  tho  different  departments  of  tho  Korean  Gov¬ 
ernment  very  soon.  It  is  the  desire  of  both  Mr.  Edison  and  myself 
that  you  should  have  tho  opportunity  of  hearing  and  testing  this 
new  speaking  machine  which  I  fool  confident  you  will  agree  with  mo 
is  the  latest  and  most  marvelous  of  Mr.  Edison's  inventions.  This 
afternoon  Mr.  Edison  is  sending  a  gentleman,  Mr.  Miller,  to  Wash¬ 
ington  for  the  purpose  of  giving  an  exhibition  before  tho  Commis¬ 
sioners  of  the  Patent  Office.  1  shall  take  the  liberty  of  handing 
Mr.  Miller  a  letter  of  introduction  to  you  and  shall  feci  obliged 
if  you  will  grant  him  an  interview  with  the  Phonograph.  I  shall  ale 
so  be  very  glad  if  you  will  spook  to  a  few  of  your  personal  friends 

such  as  Judge  Penny  find  Minister  Dinsmoro,  and  Mr.  .Miller  will 
take  with  Mm  the  recording  cylinders  for  uso  in  Seoul  upon  an  in¬ 
strument  ecru,  by  n;o  with  cur  export.  Your  friends  will  thus  have 
the  pleasure  of  hearing  your  own  voice,  as  though  you  wore  per  -,.n- 
allv  present.  Those  might  serve  as  introdnetopico  to  our  export 
when  showing  the  Phonograph,  uni  you  will  do  mo  a  favor  by  advising 
the  Government  that  a  full  supply  of  the  original  for footed  Phono¬ 
graph.  will  be  sent  to  that  country  shortly,  the  extensive  Edison 
laboratory  being  now  in  full  operation  and  turning;  out  tuout  30  corn- 
ploto  talking  rat  i  hi  nor:  per  day. 

I  hope  to  be  in  Washington  vrithin  a  fow  wockn  and  sixo.ll  havo 
the  pleasure  of  calling.  upon  ifoxu  Thanking  you  in  advanco  for 
your  kindness  end  attention  to  Mi-.  Millar,  believe  mo,  dear  Sir, 
Yours  very  truly, 

Everett  Frazar, 

124  WATER  ST., 

Feb,  6th,  1869, 

Dr,  H.  II.  Alien,  .  x 

Sec’y  Korean  Legation, 

Wa nliington,  D.  C. 

Dear  Sir: 

This  will  be  handed  you  by  Mr,  Waiter  Miller,  who  proceeds  to 
Washington  tonight,  in  the  service  of  Mr.  Thoa,  A.  Edison,  of  Orange 
N.  .7 . ,  the  inventor  of  the  Edison  Perfected  Phonograph.  Mr.  Mil¬ 
ler  v/ill  take  pleasure  in  showing  you  the  working  of  the  Phonograph 
and  I  shall  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  will  assist  him  by  allowing 
him  to  take  down  upon  the  Phonograph  some  short  message  of  your 
own  to  certain  officials  in  Korea..  A  special  letter  which  I  have 
forY/arded  you  today  by  mail  will  further  explain  in  regard  to  the 

Thanking  you  for  any  courtesies  shown  to  Mr.  Miller  on  behalf 
of  Mr.  Edison,  I  remain,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 

IVERITT  FR1Z4S ,  /  '  . 

184  WATER.  St, 


Hr,  •  A.  0.  Tate, 

Edison 's  ' Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  .J..; 

Ky  Dear  Tates 

I  have  written- Kruesl:  tcnUay  to  send  the  young  man  Chhrchlll,  who- 1: 
told  you  I;  thought  would  suit;  for  Frazar,  down  to  the  Laboratory  Tor  you  to  see 
him.  ir  you  think  he  will  answer  the  .purpose,  you  had  -better  set.  him  to  work. 
When-  you  see^tkli  hlffl  that  .his  salary  wl-11  -be  $1200.00  a  year;  that 
whilst,  he  renalns  at  the  Headquarters  oX  the  concern  ^hat  Is- all  he  will  -be  al-! 
lowed,  -bqt.  when  he  Is  traveling  he  will  -be  allowed  his  traveling. and  hotel  ax-' 

I:  think.  Tor  the  -boy’s  .protection,  that- you  should  -make  arrangements- 
wl^b  Frazar,  that,  not  only  Ms- expenses  put.  tp  !Japan  should -be -paid,  :but  that  in- 
eyent  of  Frazar  &  Cov  not  requiring  his- services  - longer.,  -that  his  expense?  -back 
should  :be  .paid;  either,  ta  .New  York  or  -London,  as.. Churchill  -might  elect, 

Frazar  &  Co,  should  also- undertake  po'  .pay  hls  retuyn  expenses,;  IT  he 
he  Olives  them  of  his  om  aricord,  providing  jjfiat  he  stays-  In  their  .service  for 
a  .jp^rlod  of  twoi  yearsv  (j{ 

Representing:  Q  ' 




,fiy  dear  Mr.  Tates 

Enclosed  1  hand 

>Hr.  Churchill,  which  I  have  had  signed  and  witnessed.  Will  you 

please  call  him  into  your  office,  'have  him  sign  original  in.  ink 
and  duplicates  in  pencil  and  witness  acme  fto.r  him,  returning  them  ('J-J 
to  me  on  Friday t  He  called  at  my  office  today  and  feels  confident 
that  he  h^s  fully  mastered  the  use  of  the  Phonograph,  except  ,as 
to  taking  music  on  the  cylinders,  in  which  the  Serpsnv  geptlemen  in 
charge  agrees  to  instruct  him  on  Fri day  ^and rJBaturday.  If  you  will 
have  a  little  talk  with  Mr.  Churchill  and.  sat iafy  yourself  and  then 
so  inform  Mr.  Edison,  that  you  think  we  have  got  the  proper  person 
to  take  our  work  in  Japan,  China  and  Korea,  I  shall  feel  greatly 
obliged,  for  I  want  yoi  all,  as  well  as  myself,  to  be  satisfied 
that  wo  make  a  satisfactory  start  in  this  business,  hoping  for  the 
very  successful  introduction  and  future  for  the  Edison  Phonograph 
in  those  countries. 

Thanking  you  for  your  personal  attention  and  kindness  shown 
in  all  these  and  other  matters  connected  with  ;the  Edison  interests, 
which  I  appreciate  fully  on  behalf  of  my  linns  abroad,  believe  me. 

Yours  very  truly. 

<6,  •  Jr  C  L  tv  * 

Representing:  ^ 




124  WATER  ST., 


New  YoRK.March  11th, 


My  dear  Mr.  Tate! 

Thanks  for  your  letter  of  the  8th  inst*  Am  pleased  to  note 
that  Mr.  Edison  ie  well  satisfied  with  Mr.  Churchill's  qualifica¬ 
tions  and  that  he  thinks  we  have  secured  a  good  all  around  man 
for  elec*  business  in  China,  Japan  and  Korea*  The  two  copies  of 
agreement,  signed  by  him  and  witnessed  by  you  I  have  received,  one 
handed  by  you  to  Mr.  Churchill.  Before  you  leave  Orange  tomorrow 
morning  to  come  and  see  me  and  lunch  at  1  o'clock,  will  you  please 
see  Mr.  Batchelor,  to  whom  I  an  writing  a  special  letter,  in  re¬ 
gard  to  weights  of  phonograph  and  extra  cylinders,  together  with 
the  preparation  of  10  additional  phonographs  to  be  shipped  Friday 
or  Saturday  of  this  weekT  If  you  will  g>  through  that  letter 
with  him  and  take  note  of  such  itemB  as  I  require  informtion  upon 
that  you  may  supply  me  with  same  tomorrow,  in  order  that  I  may  write 
my  letter  to  Japan  to  overtake  Mr.  Churchill,  I  will  be  obliged. 

As  yet  I  have  not  supplied  my  Yokohama  firm  with  such  information 
as  they  will  expert  from  me.  I  am, therefore,  seeking  it  in  my 
letters  to  U».  Batchelor  and  yourself  and  shall  feel  greatly  oblig¬ 
ed  for  your  kind  attention  to  same. 

Yours  very  truly, 



../far /Sfv/y-..  June  7th..  1889. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Private  Secretary, 

Dear  Sir: 

Will  you  kindly  send  mo  a  copy  of  the  -two  following 
letters  from  either  you  or  Mr.  Edison  to  myself, viz.: 

Feb.  21,188-9.  Regarding  38  per  cent,  of  the  Phonograph 
Worlds  stock. 

March  9,1889.-  Regarding  the  arrangement  with  Frazar  & 
Co.  for  China  and  Japan. 

As  regards  the  last  naned  letter, I  find  no  documents 
whatever  relating  to  the  Frazar:  matter .  I  remember  that  you  and 
I  discussed  it  once,  and  that  it  all  I  recollect  about  it.  About 
the  time  your  letter  came  we  had  in  our  office  for  a  few  wee ks 
an  employee  who  turned  out  to  be  careless  about  papers, and  it  may 
be  that  he  has  mislaid  the  Frazar  papers, if  I  ever  had  them. 

I  am  ready  to  take  the  Frazar  matter  up  as  soon  as  I  get  from  you 
the  necessary documents . 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  early  reply, 1  remain. 

Very  truly  yours,  ^ 


..  /yU.„..  +  Jo,  r  , 



FRA2AR  &  00.,  YOKOHAMA, 



(JAPAN  AND  CHINA  AQENCIE0.)  NewYoRK.  June  18th,  1889. 

A.  O.Tate  Esq., 

Private  Sec’y  Thos*  A.  Edison, 

The  laboratory.  Orange.’ 

Ey  dear  Mr  Tate: 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  14th  inst*  and  note  that  you  call 
my  attention  to  the  fact  that  the  contract  given  to  my  firm  in  Yoko 
hama,  for  Japan  and  Korea  and  in  Shanghae  for  China,  ie  not  assigna¬ 
ble  to  any  other  company  or  party,  except  same  is  made  the  subject 
of  special  negotiation  between  us  and  Mr.  Edison.  Possibly  Mr.’ 
Edison  does  not  fully  understand  the  position  of  the  matter  from  \ 
the  remarks  made  to  you  when  in  ray  offioe  some  little  time  since.' 
Please  say  to  him  that  my  partnerwrites  me  that  it  was  proposed 
to  form  a  Japanese  company  for  the  purpose  of  exploiting,  or  at 
least  assisting  my  firm  in  introducing  the  Edison  Phonograph 
throughout  Japan,  with  the  view  of  enlarging  the  field  of  its  sale 
and  usefulness.^  I  feel  sure  my  partner  has  had  no  idea  of  taking 
such  a  step  as  to  form  a  company  and  place  it  exclusively  out  of 
our  own  hands*  This  I  should  not,  of  course,  expect  or  approve 
for  one  moment*  As  I  understand  from  his  remarks,  my  firm  would 
keep  a  control  of  same,  associating  with  them  certain  Japanese, 
among  whom  would  be  our  friends  with  whom  we  do  the  larger  part  of 
our  electrical  business,-  intelligent,  progressive  Japanese*  We 
would  not,  of  course,  for  one  moment,  take  any  steps  in  the  matter 


prejudicial  to  your  interests  or  against  your  full  approval  and  as¬ 

I  shall,  therefore,  be  glad  if  you  will  again  address  me  a  fevr 
lines  and  say  just  wherein  youthirik  the  objection  would  arise  and 
whether  you.  think  it  would  be  better  to  do  nothing  in  this  respect; 
then,  if  necessary,  I  will  cable  my  partner  on  receipt  of  your  let¬ 
ter,  on  Thursday  or  Sriday,’  We  are  open  to  receive  information 
and  suggestions  coming  from  your  experience  and  our  mutual  desire 
to  act  in  perfect  accord,1 
Believe  me,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 




(JAPAN  AND  CHINA  A<JENCIE8.)  NewYoRK.  July  16th,  18  9 . 

Thoa*  Av  Edison  Esq.,  *•' ■  y~ •- ••  S 

The  Laboratory,  0  r  a  n  g  e. 

My  dear  Mr,.  Edison: 

You  will  be  pleased  to  learn  that  Mr,-  Lindsley  has  had  the 
pleasure  of  presenting  to  the  Governor  of  Kanagawa  and  other  offi  - 
cials  of  the  Japanese  Gov't  at  Tokio,  the  phono,  messages  from 
the  Japanese  Minister  and  friends  in  Washington,  taken  by  Mr.  Mill¬ 
er  and  me  in  March  last.  The  officials  were  greatly  pleased  and 
said  they  could  recognize  the  individuality  of  the  several  voices. 
Gov.  Oki,  of  Kanagawa,  Mr*>  Athhdo  and  Mr,.  Kato  have  replied  to 
Mr«;  Mutsu,  the  Minister,  by  phonograms  which  they  hold.  Mr.  Sanu- 
shima  also  sent  a  short  message  to  Mr,.  Mutsu  on  the  same  cylinder 
with  Mr.  Kato.  Count  Okuma,  Minister  of  Poreign  Affairs  has  been 
pleased  to  send  a  phonogram  direct  to  you.  This  will  be  forwarded 
very  shortly.  Mr.  Lindsley  writes  that  he  would  be  pleased  to 
receive  a  personal  phonogram  from  you.  I  shall  be  obliged  if  you 
can  accommodate  him,  mentioning  the  great  success  of  the  instrument' 
the  number  which  you  have  made  or  are  turning  out  weeklyand  such 
other  matters  as  you  may  think  of  interest  connected  with  the  phono 
graph..  If  you  think  it  advisable  to  add  that  the  extreme  delicacy 
and  minuteness  of  its  manufacture  will  defy  infringement  by  the 
natives,  it  would  both  please  Mr.  Lindsley  and  strengthen  his  hand 

in  recommending  it  to  the  foreign  coransinity,  at  least  .  If  you 
will  kindly  deliver  your  personal  phonogram  to  Mr.  English  he 
will  send  it  to  me  with  other  matter  in  a  few  days. 

I  am  not  advised  as  yet  of  any  actual  sales  of  the  instrument 
They  have  been  kept  very  busy  setting  . the  machines  up,  advertising 
them  and  meeting  officials  and  parties  for  its  exhibition..  I  en¬ 
close  copy  of  speaial  circular  on  the  working  of  the  Phonograph  is¬ 
sued  by  my  Japan  firm.'  I  trust  you  will  find  ?ame  satisfactory.  I 
would  like  your  criticism  if  you  deem  same  desirable.  I 
also  send  you  a  copy  of  a  Japan  newspaper  and  engraving  showing  H. 
M.,  the  anperor,  receiving  from  his  officer?  the  new  Constitution 
promulgated  on  Feb*-  11th,  '89  in  the  new  Palace  building,  lighted 
•by  the  magnificent  Ediscn  electroliers,  being  a  portion  of  the 
plant  installed  by  ray  firm,  as  you  are  aware? 

Yours  very  truly, 



FRA2AR  k  00.,  SHANGHAE, 
FRA2AR  &  00.,  YOKOHAMA, 



124  WATER  ST., 

New  York.  July  23rd,  1889,? 

My  dear  Mr,?  Edison: 

I  must  thank  you  meat  cordially  on  behalf  of  fcy  Japan  and 
China  firms  as  well  as  for  myself,  for  the  time  and  interest  you 
devoted  last  night  up  to  1  a,in#  in  giving  me  the  opportunity  to 
inspect  and  hear  the  various  musical  phonograms  lately  prepared- in 
the  Laboratory#  I  shall  make  special  mention  of  this  in  njr  outgo¬ 
ing  mail  to  the  East  on  Friday  next#  I  shall  expect  to  receive 
Thursday  afternoon  or  early  Friday  morning  the  twelve  boxes  contain 
ing  six  dozen  assorted  musical  cylinders  to  be  sent  to  Japan  by 
Wells,  Fargo  express  the  same  day#  If  Mr#  Batchelor  will  give  this 
his  personal  attention,  as  he  promised  to  do,  I  shall  be  greatly 
obliged?  Please  do  not  forget  to  furnish  me  with  a  personal  phono¬ 
gram  from  you  to  Mr#  Lindsley,  to  be  enclosed  with  mire  taken  by 
Mr#  English  last  evening,  for  Mr#  lindsley,  both  acconyanying  the 
6  dozen  above  named#  These  should  all  be  packed  securely  in  one 
large  case,  marked  Frazar  &  Co#,  Yokohama,  Japan,-  E.P.W#  #l_Jer 

express#  aadvI  should  receive  same  early  Friday  morning  to  be  in 

M:'  '  '  ■  '  -  !k.  •*.  .  . 

time  for  the  outgoing  steamer#  I  will  mention  to  Mr#  Lindsley  that 
the  net  cost  of  these  cylinders  to  us  i a  30  /  each# 

Yours  very  truly. 

PLn.o'  Ch-ta.  ,c. 





(japan  and  china  aqencies.)  New  York.  July  29th,  1839# 

Ji:  C,;  English  Esq#, 

Mang'r  Edison  Phono.’'  Works, 

0  r  a  n  g  e? 

Dear  Sir: 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of  the  26th  inst#,  I  would  suggest  your 
having  the  three  oonplete  phonographs  got  ready  as  follows: 

One  for  H#  E#,  Id  Hong  Chang,  Peking,  please  mark  Prazar  &  Co#, 
Shangia  e,  E#P.W#,  Nos?  1  up;  one  for  H.M.,  The  Emperor  of  Japan, 
and  one  for  H#  M#,  :  ,-Jhe  King  of  Korea,  to  be  pactked  complete  and 
marked  Prazar  &  Co#,  Yokohama,  Nos.l  up,  B#  P.W.,  the  numbers  of 
the  packages  for  the  Korean  phono.'  to  follow  the  last  number  on  the 
packages  containing  the  machine  fori,  the  Emperor  of  Japan,  in  order 
that  no  confusion  may  arise,  as  both  machines  are  to  go  to  Yoko¬ 
hama  on  the  same  steamer?  I  understand  Ur,'  Edison  is  to  have 
handsome  nickel  or  silver  plates,  with  engravings  for  the  three 
officials  above,  with  compliments  of  the  inventor,  Thos#  A#  Edison, 
placed  prominently  on  the  front  of  the  machine/  also  that  one  or 
two  dozen  musical  cylinders  are  to  be  placed  inside  of  eaoh  of  the 
above  three  sets  of  phono#  packages#  Please  see  that  they  are  care 
fully  packed  with  excelsior  and  well  fastened,  as  they  will  re¬ 
quire  several  transhipments  to  reach  destination  and. are  liable  to 
be  damaged?  I  am  a  little  in  doubt  whether  to  recommend  battery 

or  treadle  machines,-  perhaps  the  latter  if  you  think  that  they 

•  -  ■  H 


are  eirail  ified,  they  being  liable  to  be  used  in  the  abBenoe  of  el¬ 
ectricians  competent  to  attend  to  the  batteriea,  by  the  officials.’ 
You  will  please  decide  this  matter  with  Mr.’  Edison  I  will  let 
you  know  a  ftw  days  fcn  advance  when  the  pacjcages  require  to  be  de¬ 
livered  in  Hew  York? 

One  case  supposed  to  contain  six  dozen  muBical  cylinders  has 
bean  delivered  at  my  office,  but  without  any  word  from  you  I  am  a 
little  in  doubt,-  also  as  to  whether  this  box  contains  the  cylin¬ 
der  upon  which  a  message  was  recorded  by  me  in  your  office  on  the 
evening  of  July  22nd,  and  whether  Mr.'  Edison  has  spoken  to  my 
Partner,  Mr.  lindsley,  in  Japan,  same  being  also  enclosed.’  This 
you  were  to  havd  done,  you  will  remember^  If  not  done,  please  ask 
Mr.'  Edison  to  attend  to  this  and  send  roe  the  phonogram  with  my 
own  to  my  office.’  let  Mr.;  E.k  speak  specially  of  the  intricate 
workmanship  of  the  phonograph,  the  inability  of  the  Japanese  to  im¬ 
itate  it,  the  large  number  you  are  turning  out  and  all  matters 
pertaining  to  the  phonograph  He  might  send  his  regards  to  Count 
Skuma  ,  of  the  Poreign  Office  and  Prof.’  Pujioka,  Bng'r  of  the  Tokio 
Elec  .Light  Co,>,  if  he  desires*’  the  latter  having  been  very  ill. 

PHONOQBAPH  POR  MY  QFPICE.  Mr.Bdie  on  was  to  get  the  consent 
of  the  Uuiager  of  the  N«>  Am.  Co.’  to  allow  one  to  be  sent  from  your 
Works  to  my  office  to  be  used  here  for  a  time  in  connection  with  my 
phono i  correspondence  with  Japan  and  shortly  no  doubt,  to  be  sent 
to  Japan,  but  not  sold  or  loaned  in  any  case  in  New  York  «•'  Mr.E.’ 
expected  to  arrange  this  with  his  friend,  the  Manager  of  the  North 
Acer! can  Co.! 

■  “8- 

Enclosed  I  hand  you  original  latter  from  ny  firm  in  Yokohama 
July  3rd,  addressed  to  your  office,  from  vdiioh  you  will  note  that 
Mr,;  Churchill  left  an  order  with  the  Storekeeper  in  your  Worka  for 
certain  articles  to  be  shipped  out,  Mr,  Batchelor  assuring  him 
that  this  would  be  attended  to;  but  it  has  evidently  been  overlook¬ 
ed.  They  ask  me  to  give  this  matter  my  early  attention  and  forward 
same*?  Will  you  please  refer  this  to  Mr<  Batchelor  and  the  Store¬ 
keeper  and  reply  to  same  letting  me  know  when  you  have  the  extra 
parts  ready  for  shipment.; 

I  la  ve  just  received  by  mail  from  Yokohama  four  phonograms- 
as  follows:  Three  for  the  Japanese  Legation,  Washington  from  the 
Governor  of  Kanagawa  and  the  Foreign  Office,  Tokio^  and  one  from 
Count  Okuma,  Minister  of  Foreign  affairs  to  Mr.-  Edison*?  Please 
say  what  I  had  better  do  with  these.:  Can  Mr.  Mutsu,  the  Jap.? 
Minister  at  Washington,  make  use  of  these  cylinders  without  having 
an  Ediscn  phono.?  in  his  office?  If  you  have  an  agent  in  Washington 
with  the  Phonograph,  he  might  perhaps  be  willing  to  send  it  around 
to  the  Japanese  legation  and  call  to  reproduce  the  phonograms.? 
Please  give  me  your  ideas  on  thisf 

Yours  very  truly, 

— c_^<^<_ — -o^-\ 

,  ^isz^s  'P>^ _ , 


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'  FRAZAR  &  00.,  YOKOHAMA, 




124  WATER  ST. 

YoRK.Oot.  2nd,  1889. 

The  Manager  of  Bdison  laboratory, 

.  Orange.' 

Dear  Sir: 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  28rd  ulto..  and  note  that  you  will 
report  on  the  samples  of  wax  as  soon  as  received  and  duly  tested  in 
the  laboratory.  ,  I  yesterday  eent'you  a  parcel  containing  two 
boxes  of  sample  wax,  one  from  Japan,  the  other  from  Korea.  Theee 
I  am  given  to  understand  conprf.e  the  entire  output  of  wax,  miner- 
al  °r  anlmal#  1  ^  *******  sent  you  copies  of  invoice  of  the 
Japaneae  wax  and  enclose  herein  a  litt  of  samples  with  code Wd 
re#  Korean  wax.  Prom  the  not*  at  foot  of  the  invoice  you  will  see 
that  no  considerable  quantity*!®  be  procured  in  that  county  and 
reliable  quotation,  are  difficult  to  get;  at  the  same  time,  if  you 
find  any  ofsame  of  real  value,  I  will  execute  any  order  as  promptly 
as  possible*  I  have  yet  to  hand  you  samples  collected  from  China 
and  will  forward  ease  M  so®  as  received*  I  shall  be  pleased  to 
Set  your  report  upon  the  Japan  and  Korean  wax  a.  soon  as  convenient 
in  triplicate,  remaining, 

Tour*  very  truly, 


Representing  •  P  ' 




124  WATER  ST. 


Contents  1; 

:onohra?i  r,*0RH5, 

OCT  3  Rcc’d  j 
ORANGE,  N.J.  ' 

Edison  Phono  J  Works, 


Dear  Sirs: 

I  am  as  yet  without  acknowledgement  of  ny  letters  ofthe  19th 
and  23rd  of  Sept,?  and  shall  be  glad  to  have  you  look  same  through 
and  reply  to  such  points  as  qre  required  by  me  for  transmission  to 
Japan  by  next  outward  maili* 

Regarding  the  three  phonos,  for  the  officials  of  China,  Japan 
and  Korea  I  would  Bay  that  the  wax  cylinders  have  given  my  firm  so 
much  trouble,  whereby  they  have  been  unable  to  effect  any  Bales  as 
yet,  that  it  would  be  better  to  await  a  final  report  on  the  last 
package  of  new  cylinders  sent  out,  when,  if  satisfactory,  I  shall 

want  the  three  instruments  got  ready  for  prompt  shipment*'  I  will 
let  you  know  about  this  later* 

fi£n°fraphic  Pa“Phlet .  Whan  may  I  expeot  copies  of  same* 

I  forwEffd^TIER:[ES*  Ih®  Pri«o  li«ta  sent- me  by  Mr.  Batchelor  which 
PI.  *rded  *Mapan  *«d  China  were  matted  in  the  ordinary  way  net. 

W  thi8  lilies  that  they  are  the  lowest  net  JrTST 
es  to  ny  firm  as  agents  of  the  phonograph,  or  are  they  subject  to 
Th8  6  b**»*®“  mentioned  in  my 

letter  of  the  19th  Sept*  I  would  like  got  ready  for  shipt.  from  the 
Works  not^later  than  Tuesday  next,  the  8th  inst.,  when  they  will 
be  forwarded  from  Pier  5  N.  B,;  via  the  C.  P.  B'y  in  Ume  for  the 
Tr.m  Vanoouv8r  Nov*  iet.  I  shall  require  gross 
weights  and  meast s.  of  sane  and  the  lowest  net  cost  to  mv  fi«nj 
Please  mark  them  Prazar  ft  Co*,-  Tokohama.  B.F.W  Nob  l  r, 

4  Prescott,  c/o  C.  p.  H»v..  Kindi,  '  UP!  N*  Y*°* 

pend  on  the  6  packages  being  ready  for  shipment  M^b^ve .  °an  d°~ 
Yours  very  truly, 




Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Ora  n  g  a.'  "Z-  M.  C 

Dear  Sirs: 

My  Yokchama  house  has  recently  shipped  to  the  Shanghae  firm 
-spectacle  #688, 

Phonograph  No.:  109  with  recorder  and  reproducer,  speaking  tube, 
hearing  tube  and  battery  and  the  following  extra  parts  j  one  double 
hearing  tube,  2  glass  Vs,  4  glass  ear  pieces  for  hearing  tube,  one 
extra  glass  Jar  for  battery,  12  extra  zincs  for  ditto,  1  doz.  blank 
cylinders,  15  musical  phonograms  in  special  wooden  box(  one  of  those 
brought  out  by  Mr,  Churchill, 

I  presume  there  will  not  be  any  charge  fcr  the  spectacle  No, 

986  ,  with  recorder,  reproducer,  speaking  tube,  hearing  tube  and 
battery,  as  these  alre  parts  which  belong  to  each  machine  .  Con¬ 
cerning  the  extras  1  am  in  doubt  as  to  the  proper  amount  to  charge 
and  shall  be  obliged  if  you  will  give  me  a  detailed  memo.'  of  th9 
cost  of  each  to  my  Yokohama  house.' 

They  also  mention  that  when  Mr. Churchill  went  out  he  took  with 
him  a  list  of  all  the  parts  of  the  phono/ with  Nos.:  against  each 
and  that  following  this  blue  prints  were  sent  out  covering  these 
but  the  Nos.  of  same  do  not  at  all  agree  with  those  on  Mr. Churchill 
list."  They  now  ask  which  set  of  Nos.  is  t  o  be  used  in  future.: 


the  Works  himself.  In  hiB  opinion,  the  treadle  machines  are  pref¬ 
erable  to  the  battery,  for  three  prineipal  reasons;  1st.-  they 
will  be  used  by  those  not  at  al  1  acquainted  with  the  battery  or 
*fee  manipulations  necessary  to  make  it  efficient;  2nd.-  trouble 
and  inconvenience  is  often  possible  in  obtaining  ohemicalB  in 
that  part  of  the  world,  to  way  nothing  of  the  expense!  3rd.-  there 
ia  always  a  certain  amount  of  dirt  in  changing  the  fluids  or  solu¬ 
tion,  which  would  be  prejudicial  to  a  great  many,  especially  those 
not  aooustome  d  to  their  use.  My  Yokohama  firm  asks  me  to  send 

'  them  out  one  of  the  treadle  machines  or  such  pari  of  parts  of  it 

as  can  be  attached  to  the  machines  they  already  possess.  They 

also  ask  me  to  send  them  somerausioal  cylinders  containir%  pieces 

X  X 

by  a  FULL  BAND  and  orohestra  of  a  high  olass  of  music,  such  as  is 
heard  at  a  Thomas  concwrt;  also  two  or  three  classical  pian^Sorte 
pieces  —  probably  3  dozen,  altogether,  will  suffice. 

Yours  vejry  truly, 




EVERETT  FRAZAR,  f  'ft-, 

24  WATER  ST.,  w - 

New  York.  Deo,  Uth,  1869. 

A.O.  Tate  Esq,, 

The  Edison  Laboratory, 


Dear  Sir: 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of  the  3rd  inat.,  I  Bhall  be  obliged  if 
you  will  send  to  my  office  in  one  box  marked  Prazar  &  Co.,  Yokohama 
E.P.W.  #1,  the  9  new  spectacle  attachments  intended  for  Japan,  and 
in  another  small  box  marked  Prazar  &  Co.,  Shanghae,  E.P.W.#1  the 
3  new  spectacles  for  that  house.  I  would  like  these  as  soon  as  pos 
sible.  Please  also  let  mw  know  about  how  soon  the  four  presents** 
tion  phonos,  will  be  ready  and  I  will  give  you  instructions  in  >e~ 
gard  to  marking  same, 

I  hope  to  receive  a  set  of  nos.  bf  parts  taken  out  by  Mr* 
Churchill  which  you  say  have  now  been  changed,  together  with  the 
prices  of  the  different  parts,  being  required  in  Japan  and  China 
for  replacement  &c..  Your  prompt  attention  to  the  above,  as  I  am 
pressed  by  each  mail  for  same,  will  greatly  oblige. 

Yours  very  truly, 



/%£? jd'/vat/tfA 



.s}/a/s?/fr£- 1 

De.QembeE._.3.0.,_lS89 . 

, .  V  *  '7  y. 

Alfred  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  H.  J., 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  find  that  Mr.  Edison's  contract  with  Erazar  &  Company 
as"  to  the  sale  of  phonographs  in  China  and  Japan  is  one  of  the 
documents  of  vhich  copies  will  be  required  in  perfecting  the  or¬ 
ganization  of  the  United  Co.  and  as  an  exhibit  to  be  annexed  to 
some  other  contract#  I  am  unable  to  find  a  copy  of  this  con¬ 

tract  in  the  office  and  would  be  greatly  obliged  to  you  if  you 
would  send  me  one  the  first  thing  in  the  morning,  as  this  is 
doubtless  one  of  the  documents  to  which  Mr.  Eaton's  telegram, 
concerning  which  I  spoke  with  you  on  the  telephone  to-day,  referred,,. 

1889.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Mexico  (D-89-61) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  commercial 
development  of  Edison’s  phonograph  in  Mexico.  Included  are  documents 
concerning  the  formation  of  an  Edison  phonograph  company  in  Mexico  and 
the  presentation  of  a  phonograph  to  the  Mexican  president,  Porfirio  Diaz. 
Among  the  correspondents  are  Thomas  B.  Conneiy,  Edison’s  phonograph 
agent  in  Mexico;  Edwin  M.  Fox,  a  New  York  lawyer;  and  Juan  B.  Ceballos,  a 
New  York  merchant.  Fox  and  Ceballos  were  organizers  and  investors  in 
Edison’s  Mexican  phonograph  company. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  coded  cablegram 
messages  and  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents.  The  cablegrams  were 
originally  exchanged  in  coded  form  among  Edison,  Tate,  and  Samuel  Insull. 
The  messages  were  subsequently  decoded  and  transcribed  by  Edison’s  staff. 
Photocopies  of  decoded  transcriptions  relating  to  the  phonograph  in  Mexico 
have  been  filmed  in  this  folder.  The  original  decoded  transcriptions  can  be 
found  in  D-89-20  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Secretaiy  -  Tate,  Alfred  O.). 

%x\min  p. 


4S?ootm  tSfi  <*„,/  fat/. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison; 

I  have  net  dene  much  with  the  spring  attach¬ 
ment  of  the  phonograph  since  I  «aw  yen.  I  have  get  it'm,s  very 
nicely  for  about  five  minutes  and  then  has  te  be  re-wound  but  I  mad> 
»y  mind  that  impr.vements  in  the  ph.nograph  had  better  be  left 
te  yeu.  lawyers  are  geod  eneugh  fer  trying  eases  but  they  ere  poor 
seientifie  develepers  and  I  am  m,r.  at  heme  in  C.«rt  than  in  .  Le¬ 
er  atery. 

Mr.  Caballes  with  when  Mr.  Cannery  has  oentraoted  rer  asseci- 
atiea  in  the  Mexican  company  is  one  ef  eur  leading  merchant,  and 
stand.  A.  1.  a.  y.u  will  find  by  reference  t.  the  Commercial  O.zeth 
I  have  had  numerous  interview,  with  him  and  i  knew  .f  „y  #Wn  know¬ 
ledge  that  a  better  oennectien  r.r  Mexico  could  net  possibly  be 
Termed.  HO  has  that  the  will  be  granted  fer 
15  y.«-e  exclusively  f.r  the  Edi.en  ph. n. graph.  ..  that  w.  need 
have  no  fear  ef  the  gr.phepone  ln  that  country,  immediately  up.n 
the  settlement  ef  the  twe  ,.i„t.  which  are  really  ef  ne  importance 
in  the  oen tract  with  Mr.  e.nnery  but  which  he  in.i.t.  u,.„  ...  will  send  yeu  .rder  f.r  twe  machine,  f.r  Mexico 

end  engage  the  y.u„g  man  from  y.ur  l.b.ratery  about  whom  y.u  spake 

J&W-0//&.,  o/ 

IPnm*  ibX.  W&x? 

U7  tfA'U 

<&' Iftrtt  7@S"t*t/tny. 

Moemi  *20*  a„0  *22. 

t.  me.  He  i.  te  send  «  Mr.  furtis  Own  t.  Mexie.  Immediately 
ae  his  representative  t.  arrange  as  t.  placing  machines.  I  knew  Mr. 
Curtis  and  he  is  a  thereughly  capable  man.  «r.  fceballe.  intreduoed 
me  teday  te  the  Spanish  Minister  and  he  and  several  preminent  parti, 
es  are  earning  te  my  errioe  teraerrew  at  neen  ts  talk  inte  my  Misen 
Phenegraph  and  the  cylinders  are  ts  be  taken  by  Mr.  Burtis  te  Mexioe 
It  weald  be  •  graceful  thing,  if  y.u  appreve  of  itf  f#r  y#u  t#  ^ 
•  Phenegram  te  President  *ia2  wbem  yen  met  in  this  eeuntry.  Mr. 
Caballes  says  he  is  sure  the  President  wsuld  appreciate  anythin. 

fre*  yeu. 

Mr.  (hennery  will  see 

»  yeu  temerraw  afteraeen. 
Very  truly  yaurs 

gxluiiit  pi.  fiM, 


w  *2?  «W  /i 

C/«<4  July  12th  1889  A*V 

Thes.  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison; 

I  have  at  last  after  muoh  difficulty  succeeded 
in  getting  the  phonograph  interests  in  Mexico  in  satisfactory  shape 
I  have  found  it  necessary,  ln  order  to  secure  the  concession, and 
raise  the  necessary  capital  for  the  carrying  .f  the  business,  to 
make  an  arrangement  as  to  part  of  my  interest  with  J.  M.  Ceball.s 
the  hood  of  the  firm  of  J.  M.  Ceball.s  *  c..  M  Wall  street  New 
York  City.  Mr.  Ceball.s  is  a  very  wealthy  man,  the  head  or  a  trans¬ 
atlantic  company  of  steamers  and  stands  as  high  financially  m  this 
city  as  any  man  doing  business  with  Mexico.  You  can  very  readily 
find  his  rating,  ho  is  a  man  er  great  ability,  influence  and  energy 
He  hs  been  in  cecmunicati.n  with  the  pr.per  parties  in  Mexico  and 
has  the  assurance  ef  the  concession  &  the  Mi.*,  ph#B,. 
S'aph  for  IB  years  at  least.  He  ha.  agreed  to  furnish  all  the  capi¬ 
tal  necessary  f.r  the  e.rrying  on  #f  the  bus  in...  but  there  are  two 
points  in  the  centra.t  that  he  must  have  year  assurance  about.  T„e 
-rat  i.  with  reference  to  the  clause  that  tho  company  shaH 
itooir  to  take  at  least  IBM  machine,  during  the  fir.t  year. 


lulnvxu  pt. 

*47  ofc,Mau 

si^j  m,'My. 

Aim  t2J>  a»</  tM, 

f«4~n . - . . 

sihl«  of  the  fact  that  you  are  making  important  improvements  all 
the  time  and  he  would  not  like  to  have  Mil  machines  of  the  present 
pattern  if  the  future  machines  are  improved  thereupon.  He  wants 
frjn  you  a  letter  to  the  effeot  that  the  company  will  not  bo  bound 
to  take  so  many  during  the  first  year.  Second,  he  wants  Clause  6th 
with  reference  to  the  privilege  inherent  in  you  to  subscribe  for 
one  hair  of  the  remaining  third  of  the  capital  stock  of  the  company 
modified.  Mo  willagroo  to  subscribe  ror  the  entire  third,  so  that 
you  are  not  bound  to  invest  any  money  whatever  in  the  enterprise, 
tr  course  this  is  in  aooordanoe  with  yeur  idea  as  you  probably  do 
not  want  to  invest  any  cash  money  in  the  enterprise.  His  idea  is 
to  invest  SSd,M*  in  cash  as  a  working  capital  but  if  more  is  neces¬ 
sary  he  will  invest*  A  letter  rrom  you  to  the  dfreot  that  you  waive 
your  right  to  subscribe  Tor  any  portion  of  the  werking  capital  will 
be  all  that  is  necessary.  Immediately  upon  the  receipt  of  this  he 
will  send  his  representative  to  Mexico  and  start  the  buoinoss,havig 
already  arranged  fer  the  concession,  and  you  and  Col.  Qeuraud  will 
then  receive  your  one  third  of  the  entire  capital  stock  as  per  the 
agreement.  He  aloe  authorizes  me  to  engage  the  young  man  about  whom 
you  opoke  to  Mr. fox  to  go  to  Mexico  as  a  mechanical  expert  with  the 

S&u.  0//,M  / 

iitiuiu  m. 

*47  ' 

am/  /SO, 

ofc  « 

. Stf 

machines  at  a  salary  .f  $33  par  week  w4  hi8  travelling  axpane... 

As  it  is  necessary  f.r  these  points  ta  be  settled  immediately 
I  will  eall  upen  yeu  temorraw  at  the  laboratary  at  4  a* alack  in  the 

I  congratulate  yau  as  well  as  myself  span  my  having  farmed  so 
excellent  an  arrangement,  as  the  name,  influence  and  antarprise  of 
Mr.*eballa,  i„  Maxica  will  assure  th.  mast  camplete  success  far 
the  phonograph. 

V««*y  respectfully  yaura 

!<lumv  pi.  f  us, 

'47  S’A.U 

Dear  Ur.  £disen; 

July  18th  1889 

Re  Mexican  Phenegrayh  Cemyany 

Mr.  Geballes  inrerms  me  teday  that  it  ia  neeeesal-y  f*r  the 
Cengrese  efMexice  ts  ratiry  the  yhenegrayhic  aencCBBifif  and  that 
Cengreas  will  net  convene  until  the  latter  ^art  ef*feyte»ber,  Ift 
view  er  this  fact  ii  will  mf  oeurae  be  neeeesary  yen  te  extend 
the  time  until  Cefcgress  meets.  I  weuld  suggest  tftfct  it  Ml  extended 
6#  days  arter  the  semmenoement  ef  the  next  seeaidt  *1 r  Cengrese, 
Please  write  Mr.  Gdimery  a  letter  te  thie  e^f*il. 

Mr.  Caballes  is  very  enthusidstie  ever  the  yhenegrayh. 

Ver>  truly  yeurs 

Tel  egrara. 

New  York,  .Tuly  13,  1889. 

Thomas  B.  Oonnery, 

Mr.  Edison  out  of  town.  Will  not  return  until  Monday. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

(A  ?  K I  -b 

JZ'a.u  €>//,-m  / 

giltuitt  pi.  ffias, 

<£?  r  J8  4/  y 

4ftoo„'i  /Sfi  ant/  /SO. 

<Mj  2 L 

7^^  f  ^ )f* 

J?  a^elS)  ^  £^l^y  ~^b 

•  «^£_ 

~f^.»/Cs  /^p  Xe_—  ttO-/£^rnLe^)  t~, 

bj-2/ftfu  j  opt^v'/  *S^  G,  y. 


tf^^c.  ~  /'j[(?£.  y^ir  t^yZl. 

^  ,  c/tpS — 

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wiAsLj  l*- <~ 

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t/Zte**+22r  '7<n^_  2^,  vO^ML 

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r^J—-z/~* — -c/L^n  _  L^-jr^£s\ *tiZ_ — z^L—  ^-z_ 

9^^'.  'J^_. 

Telegram  a. 

Heir  York,  July  17th,  1889. 

Thos,  A.  Edison,  Orange,  H.  J. 

Meeting  with  Oeballoa  noon  to-day.  Must  give  him 
asarramaes  that  two  months  extension  will  be  granted. 
Can  I  do  bo  .  Answer  telegrtph  important.  15.  M.  Pox. 

Edwin  M.  Pox,  July  17,  1889. 

Will  grant  two  months  extensiom  on  nv  own 
res  pom sibil  ity.  Oann ot  extend  further  until 
authorized  by  Gourard. 

T.  A.  Edison. 

liixuiw  w**> 

">7  af«*4<iu 

Cfoi?  July  17th . 

Thos  K%  Edison  Esq. 

D*ar  Mr.  Edison; 

T«ur  telegram  giving  the  twa  mantha  extenaiai 
eama  duly  ta  hanA.  This  enables  Mr.  ^.eballas  ta  arrange  abaut  the 
canoessian  with  the  Mexican  Samnmixx  Cangress.  Cangrees  meets  <n 
the  16th  af  September  and  i  have  na  deubt  from  what  he  says  that 
he  will  be  able  her are  the  time  expires,  which  will  be  under  yaur 
extanaian  Catcher  28th  1889,  ta  get  the  canoessian  ratified  by  the 
Mexican  Congress.  Mr,  Ceballss  today  oxoauted  the  contract  whereby 
he  undertakes  ta  proceed  at  anoe  ta  the  best  of  his  ability  to  or¬ 
ganize  the  Ceinpany  under  the  terras  er  the  Geuraud-Edisen-Cennery  a 
contract.  He  is  thoroughly  in  earnest  and  1  believe  ha  ia  the  very 
best  man  that  we  could  get  ta  promote  the  intereeto  or  the  phono¬ 
graph  in  Mexico. 

Will  you  kindly  have  Bateheler  see  the  man  of  wham  you  spake 
ta  me  as  phonograph  expert  and  upon  receipt  of  ward  Tram  me  send  tie 
man  ta  me  and  i  will  bring  him  to  Mr.  Caballes  who  will  engage  him. 

I  apeak  af  this  particular  man  because  you  recommended  him  ta  me 
but  any  man  whom  you  suggest  will  be  engaged  by  Mr.  ceballes  ta  ge 
ta  Mexico  as  meohanical  expert. 

Sincerely  yaura 

J&u,  0//<M  / 

IxUuiu  m.  fci, 

<£%7»eJ  J^ffuid/lfiy, 

cJita  .  July  19th  1889 . .,ff 

Dear  Mr.  Kdisen; 

Can  yeu  nset  Mr.  cannery  at  the  labaratary  an 
Menday  next  at  2  P.  Ul 


Truly  yaure 


.  '  " 

Motel  Xatropo&s,  lonton, 

Oonnary  vasts relieving  akangos  Usxlsan  sontraat.  Mtmtte 

u  •  •  !r. 

fit*  taratrst.  Oonranft  ant  Mi  non  rights  snbaarlUa  for 

.  V  ''  *”  :  ■..  ••  f.  .  -V  -  '  ■  *>. 

>karu  to  DO  nival,  Comtry  hasflrst  a  lass  partita  vho  will  pat 


op  all  naaaaaary  money.  Btlaon  strongly  r Avisos  oar  asttptanst 

CM^a.  ^iA/~#AA. 

^tA.  ■  CLAa 

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Northumberland  Avenue, 

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^'''''^un. *J2s^jC*Leu 

cJ-^dOC^^ L^t-^  StS  , 

£&»o  0//<cej  o/ 

Ixtwiu  2ft.  If  USE, 

•*7  <=#<'■“««  <8'hee4 

C$e-UA  tylaiA 

Oot  5th  1889 . 

T.-A.  Edison  Esq; 

Dear  Mr  Edison; 

Mr  Connery  and  myseir  start  Tor  the 
City  or  Mexico  next  Monday.  We  shall  atop  in  Washington  long  enough 
to  get  Minister  Romero,  So cry  Blaine  and  if  possible  the  President 
to  talk  phonograms  to  the  Mexican  authorities. .Por  th it  purpose  I 
will  Dring  to  Washington  the  machine  1  use  in  my  orriae.  We  will 
also  stop  in  Nashville  and  there  engage  as  expert  a  young  man  For¬ 
merly  employed  in  your  phonograph  factory  who  speaks  Spanish  .  He 
is  well  endorsed  by  your  people  as  thoroughly  capable.  He  left  your. 
Tactory  to  accept  an  engagement  with  the  Tennessee  Phonograph  Com¬ 

You  will  be  pleased  to  know  that  we -are- taking  with  us 
phonograms  to  the  President .and  high  orricials  in  Mexico,  spoken 
by  the  leading  Mexican  orricials  in  this ^Country.  These  we  obtained 
at  a  dinner  recently  given  by  Mr  Ceballos  at  the  down  town  club  at 
whioh  were  present  a  large  number  or  prominent  gentlemen.  The  phono¬ 
graph  worked  magniricently  on  that  occasion,  t  also  take  phonograms 
Trom  prominent  newspapermen  here  to  the  leading  newspaper  men  or 
Mexico  which  will  be  of  great  assistance --to  us.  Although  r  have  aom 
20.;  excellent  musical  records,  like  Oliver  Twist,  I  want  more  and  T 
^ would  much  appreciate  any  that  you  be  able  to  send  me  from  the  labo 

2  Edison 

gjtUuiw  ffjcrs, 

ratory,  as  T  know  you  frequently  get  some  good  ones  there.  I  want 
particularly  a  phonogram  spoken  by  yourself  to  President  Diaz,  ten¬ 
dering  him  in  your  name  the  Phonograph  designed  Tor  him.  You  can 
forward  it  to  me  care  of  the  U.S.  Legation  City  of  Mexico. 

Mr  Connery  and  myself  went  to  your  factory  on  Friday  to 
see  about  the  two  machines  set  apart  for  Mexico  and  we  left  an  or¬ 
der  for  thier  immediate  shipment  via  Wells  Fargo  Express.  The  freigi 
and  all  expenses  will  of  course  by  paid  by  us.  Please  have  Senl 
Diaz  name  on  a  plate  on  the  one  that  goes  to  him..  Concerning  the 
battery  to  be  used,  I  would  prefer  storage  batteries,  if  you  have 
them,  if  not  send  the  best  batteries  you  have.  I  will  take  from 
here  a  couple  of  storage  batteries,  such  as  the  Metropolitan  Co  use 
in  addition.  In  the  order  ror  the  machines,  we  did  not  specify  par¬ 
ticularly  the  accessories  to  the  phonographs  but  we  rely  upon  you 
to  ship  complete  outfits  in  all  details  for  the  two  machines,  in¬ 
cluding  extra  recorders  and  reproducers,  cords  double  ear  pieces  et 
Will  you  kindly  see  that  there  is  no  delay  in  the  shipment  . 

Our  latest  advices  from  our  associates  in  Mexico  are  very 
encouraging  concerning  the  concession  and  we  hope  to  secure  it  with¬ 
out  delay.  Regretting  exceedingly  that  I  will  not  have  the  pleasun 
of  personally  seeing  you  before  my  departure  and  congratulating  you 
I  am,  Sincerely  Yours 

(PWrio-  **2*  ivCe 

Dear  Mr.  Eox,- 

Mr.  Edison  reached  home  on  Sunday,  and  tea  just 
read  your  latter  of  Bth  instant. 

If  you  have  not  succeeded.  in  o btaining  an  expert  in  Nashville, 
let  us  know  at  onoe.  We  can  find  a  youne  nan  who  speaks  Spanish, 
and.  get  him  ready  for  you  in  a  very  short  tine. 

Edwin  M,  3?ox,  Esq . , 

^pX^tn-^o  ^ 

.1.  0.  English,  -Rq. ,  Ma nager, 

Ediocn  Phonogr^h  Works, 

Orange,  JT.  .T, 

Pear  Sir:- 

Here  in  a  letter  from  Mr.  Connery,  in  regard,  to  a 
phonograph  for  President.  Diaz.  Will  you  kindly  let  me  know  v/hat. 
is  being  dc me  about  the  machine. 

Yours  truly. 


,  JZUjZs 


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Mr.  Thoa.  A.  Edison, 

Orange . 

bear  Sir:- 

We  have  placed  in  the  hands  of  our  attorneys.  Mess. 
Stearns  &  Curtis,  58 ’William  Street,  the  papers  referring  to  the 
Mexican  rights  under  your  patents,  for  the  purpose  of  advising  us 
as  to  the  formation  of  a  corporation,  and  we  have  selected  the  name 
of  the  Edison  Spanish-Amsrioan  Phonograph  Company  as  the  title  of 
the  new  corporation. 

The  details  are  to  be  arranged-  in ^accordance  with  their  ad- 
vice,  and  we  will  oommunioate  further  with  you  in  regard  to  it. 

We  will  take  it  for  granted  that  the  above  title  meets  with 
your  approval  unless  you  notify  us  to  the  contrary,  and  we  remain. 

Yours  truly, 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

S'cr/'/e'- _ Dec  ember  24th,. ^89 

Dear  Sir:-  , 

Your  favor  of  21st  inst ..  at  hand,  and  contents  noted, 
It  was  our  intention  in  suggesting  the  "Edison  Spanish  Amer¬ 
ican  Phonograph  Co."  not  to  confine  our  proposed  Company  solely  to 
the  Mexioan  territory,  as  we  were  in  hopes  that  eventually  arrange¬ 
ments  could  be  made  whereby  our  interests  would  be  extended  to 
other  Spanish  American  countries.. 

It  strikes  us  that  by  so  doing  a  consolidation  of  all  that 
business  could  be  made,  and  satisfactory  terms  made  with  any  other 
parties  that  may  have  a  prior  olaim  upon  you  for  concessions  in 
any  of  the  other  Spanish  American  countries. 

Awaiting  a  reply  before  taking  any  further  step,  and  any  sug¬ 
gestions  in  this  matter,  we  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

P.S.  We  would  suggest  that  after  the  incorporation  of  this  Oo, 
some  Companies  be  established  in  which  the  mother  Company  would 
have  an  interest,  and  in  that  manner  the  Edison  Mexican  Oo.  could 
be  established  and  your  name  be  attached  to  all  the  Companies  in 
the  other  Spanish  American  countries. 

j  Edison  Liab0ratory. 



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The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
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Richard  F.  Foley  George  Tselos 

Rudolph  M.  Bell  Smithsonian  Institution 

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James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
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